The Weekly Pioneer-Times from Deadwood, South Dakota on November 15, 1900 · Page 10
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November 15, 1900

The Weekly Pioneer-Times from Deadwood, South Dakota · Page 10

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Deadwood, South Dakota
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Thursday, November 15, 1900
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in. DfllftffMnt T .. t the variations of fact presented for settlement are endless and the decisions dust as many. Only one thing re rate of lncreaae in the past twenty or thirty years. The population of the WEEKLY ."PEER-TIMES- fcpeeties he hai heard and vote for life independent party candidates, the licnet oi his own race. it is a curious fact, too, that the candidates ot the native party has more white blood in him than the candidates lor the same office of the other parties. Robert W. Wilcox is a half-white, the son of a Newport. K. I., .sea captain. His mother was of a lamiiy oi petty duets on Maui. Sam laiKer. the republican candidate for congress, is a quarter-white. His gi aiidiaiher was a seafaring man who married a Hawaiian high chiefess early in the century, and from whom 1'ai ker's bioad a res of ranch land are largely descended. Prince David Ka wtiatiakwr"th' cetnwratitR candidate,, is a pure-bloodc c: Hawaiian, son ot Pikaii and nephew of the late Queen Kapiolani. and. :ke her, a descendant ol Kauwailn, tip. last king ot Kauai. He can tra i: his descent by well-authenticated genealogy through a thousand years. tees have no way of telling before election jii8tTTWvfirmto' they have established their fetterbecause there have been more political somersaults in this little territory of 12.000 voters than have been performed in all the rest of the United States, probably. Such lightning changes as a man being a delegate to a republican party, going home to organize the independent home-rule party in his district, and accepting a democratic nomination for the legislature, excites no comment. Nevertheless there are certain lines of cleavage discernible!, along which men are choosing their party affiliations: "" PrPfudiPes Timirmt'Ss are ttitr most potent factors. Cleveland, politically dead everywhere else, has a name to conjure with in Hawaii To the Hawaiian annexationist the process of reasoning is something like this: Cleveland is a democrat; Cleveland tried to restore the queen; therefore I will be a republican. To the royalist, especially the white royalist, the same premises lead into tfii' democratic: party. But both are puzzled to find that some of the most ardent annexationists, men who had formed political attachments before they came here, are nevertheless democrats. And if this puzzles the white royalist and the missionary family annexationist. . . -"UU. U nfflra ran httrn in iu ct-e-micw. ueLHrmniaTinn i. r , .u cvcriy county of me oiiiiB mac. me verdict nf Dakota be made responsive outh n the ut- reiuirai ucmauu ui pairiotic seutimu and placed beyond even the sWi" People familiar with the politics of South Dakota know how large a ta J was undertaken. Senator ivuigj had supported his campUiagn with whatever strength there was in th Bryan cause. He had fortifieu i,i,. in the entrenchments of the Populists. fici...cii up Uie rag c-mis of free silver republicanism. Out of all he had made a breastwork for himself behind which he organized a personal campaign. He has kept hooks 0 the politics of South Dakota for 'man! years aua'"hrr"p7an" nas hc'.-n"t() d maud usury upon every obli,, r.,tfw, .... , ue nas ueeu gracious toward those who brought him utues and merciless lowarus inose who opposed will. Senator Pettigrew counted i'1'ou his personal following to pull hun thru whatever might become oi I;n-U1 or anyone else on the ticket with Inra South Dakota with the grim ,-uur. age of an army in battle, has met tht allieu Hosts ot 1'ettigiew and won a famous victory. It has won a i ictorv for itself; it lias won a victory lor th- great wuicy in vviiicu 11 lies, an inspiring victotry for th at large. i it has wn country In the work of Tuesday South Dakota has done itself incalculable) service. The state availed itself of the great opportunity to answer ad calumny and to set itself right m the patiiotie sense and business integrity of the world, ll has given proof of its capacity for self-government, .t 0Ut. bound it has rid itself of the shackles ol a boss. A certilieate of gom c-har- u ter has been signed, scaled and de livered to the election returns of the country. It is accompanied with an emphatic protest against being held for indorsement ot what lias passed into political nomenclature as Pettigrew ism. .Senator Pettigrew has deiioiini ) his count i y and his stale . h, ,i.,n,. stands by the- country and i . pinhnte, Sonatoi Pettigrew. He is hooked fur homeless wandering. Senator Pettigrew souubi in p-arli the flout in politics upon In.- judi; men l of what was going to nappi-n., with idight regard for what cuiuht to happen and with blind e. . -s to In-, obligations to public: i -i m licit -nc and public trust. He was le ti.i;... by his judgment. The tiling.- h" calculated upon did not happen. He 1 1 . o I c lo.-ed the door of retreat, lie mi -hid on in unbridled passion to. In ; political doom. Sib h a spec tacle has Senaou Pettigrew made of himself that he- succeeded ill attracting the attention of the whobc country. In his frenzy he mistook this for fame. The in ws from South Dakota is welcome ic s and the occasion for felicitation, in every state in the union. The web nine is not confined to partisan line-, n- a full call of the senate of tne I'n.t --d Slates would demonstrate. It is a happv thing for South Dakota to have come out on tin- manly side of politics. -:ie Hon day this year marks a new era. i onteinpnran- eons with the incoming of a m w century, in its politics, ll i- the '! ''' Ij: every one who has contribute M to this result to particularly continue in the service on the new line. '1 he bu-iness of politics is to serve the state ami not the individual. Great? Language is inaMequate. There is excuse for any' kind ni enthusiasm that is agoing. Hut the so her truth la good enough. Around Town. The chief topic of conversation in offices, stores, ond on the stieets. i still the election and how it happened Next week perhaps they will VM mines and mining, commercial inter ests, football, and scandal, mu yet. Regublicans'ai!'imsvit -Reful' and populists sorrowfully but Kood' naturedly. Republicans in one office were fig uring out McKinley s popular ci. Somebody had said it was less i twit was four years ago. and they want; ed to know. "What difference does it make?" someone asked. ht they insiEted it made a great deal of difference. It showed the sentiment of the people. It roaUv wasn't nolite of "s- said a crrtrti mniih Mean on cue ... . K .. street "We could have done very well with a less majority and the other people wouldn't have fet so bad. "I Inst rot the late pal" vester- day." said a man from one of the -o lying camps, "and I sat up last m?D to read them all. My nar n'T i" calling to me to know if I going to sit up all night and I told hiir was too good stuff to leave. ta a little group of populists, on was telling of Mr. Bryan's charm "He is a man of suoh remarkable tality and kindliness." he said. he takes your hand, you f"'l there 1s a man who could meet aw emergency, no matter what one spoke of his personal beauty an his personal magnetism and else of his eloquence. "es. first man said with a sigh, "he is man that lacks only one thing, a Tko man in the corne' nndHut Ma IimiI "He can United States in 1900 Is 76,000,000. Here are the changes which a cen tury has made in the relative stand ing of the principal European coun tries and the United States. One hun dred years ago the United States was lower In the scale than any of the na tions here named. It had less than a third as many inhabitants as Great Britain and Ireland; half as many as Spain; less than a fifth as many as France, and but little more than a seveTitH as itraiiy ar Russia Th?. only nation of all those which have been named which leads the United States today in population is Russia. Benjamin Franklin, while still a loyal British siibjec t, surprised the gentlemen at the head of Ceorge MI.'s government by .showing them that the thirteen colonies were at that moment doubling their population every quarter of a century. That rate of increase continued for many years after the colonies gained their freedom, which is much more 1t a feat thai making that rale of gain when a country is small. It is now doubling every thirty years, the population in 1870 having been a little over 38,000,-(100. In another very important particular, however, the gain of the United States has been far more rapid than it has been in population. It is but a little over a quarter of a century since Mulha.Il, the British statistician, told England that the United States would soon pass it in the extent of its wealth. That pro phecy became history even earlier than its author realized. The United States passed the United Kingdom in that particular long ago, and took the first place among the countries of the world. Great Britain leading all the other nations until that time, with France second. Probably France holds the place next to the United Kingdom still, tho Germany has been growing in wealth with considerable rapidity for a European nation in the past twenty-five years. The true valuation of tho real and personal property of the United States in 1850, as computed by the census authorities, was, in round figures, $7,000,000,000. It was $16,000,000,00 In 1896, $30,000,-000,000 In 1870, $43,000,000,000 in 1880, and $65,000,000,000 In 1890. The figures for 1900 will probably not be computed for several months yet, but the Indications are that they will pass the $90,000,000,000 mark. In the 100 years in which the population of the countrty has been multiplied fourteen times, Its wealth has been Increased more than ninety titmes. At the present moment the wealth of the United States undoubtedly exceeds that of the United Kingdom and France in combination, and these two countries are the second and third, respectively, in this particular on the roll of the world's nations. THE HAWAIIAN CAMPAIGN. Honolulu, Oct. 20. Probably in no part of the United States is the presidential campaign developing so many picturesque features as in the territory of Hawaii. It is true, being a territory, Hawaii has no voice in the selection of the presidential. But it is a presidential campaign nevertheless. Big pictures of McKinley and Bryan are displayed as profusely as anywhere, and national Issues, imperialism, free silver and trusts, are bandied about from every political rostrum with as much earnestness as anywhere else. Still there Is a certain amount of crudeness in the adaptation of- campaign tustmns that carry theinselvese' by long use and force of habit in the states, which are odd and sometimes as laughable. Tye campaign is a revelation and something entirely new to the native Hawaiian, and, for that matter, to the large element of the white population which was born here or has lived here so long as to have forgotten how things were in the states. For one thing, the Idea of a political party being something permanent, aa embodying, a system of principles which accept for permanent political guidance, independent of the men who advocate or represent the party. Is something new in Hawaii. Parties there have been in Hawaiian politics, and In great plenty. In fact, the man who can give a list of the political parties of the last few years may be considered an encyclopedia of curious but useless, information. But the parties were all ephemeral organizations and combinations depending on particular conditions at the time of the election. Hence no election was ever any guide to the probable result of another.- The fetich of party name has never had an existence here. It la being created now. And campaign commit mains to be done now by the average voung wou.aa. that is, pi icuaoc complete working law librc'y They must digest the cases, an rW undone as a leading case an-1 bring ihi suitor within its rule. If Reginald shows symptoms of regarding Angelina as the only woman on cartel and appears about to proclaim that fact. Angelina should have handy to th"? sola, chair or hallway where such proclamation is likely to be mid?, the leading case. She shou' 1 steer him successfully to the state of facts therein adjudicated. She must answer on- lx.-Ui-t:jurUjiOJS. X.J!.dVi3l)n reIull'red; and then if he doesn't die or run away in the meantime there is hope-. It may affec t the romance oi the altair slight ly, but it will prove a triumphant factor before the jury. OUT OF A JOB. The Nebraska republicans have not onlv won the state tor .McKinley, nut the control of the legislature, thus de- ( at ill ; the scheme of senate. What The dispatche; sending Bryan will Br' in do to the now : say that when tin- returns dissipated Mis li am ol i,eing elected president he r !:'e i and went to sleep. It is to be hoped he slept soundly. But when he wakens up bright and early in the morning, will be be like a gian't refreshed, ready to set about rebuilding tbj airy fabric of the dream that h:i .-cil-pied bis waking hours for eight years past ' Very likely. He w u:'d Iiko, no doubt, al ter having led I h ' democratic party to disastrous defeat in two battles, to make a tli.c'd attempt b) w in the presidential c rnvn of thorns. But the candidate w':o has been discredited by two s'bh over whelming defeats is not likely to b" intrusted with the leadership of h.s partv a tliwd time. He has fou ;lit his last battle as a professional candidate He has not only lost his hull!.- but. his cause. It is not. only Jj.viu hut llrvani.-'tii that is cof al"d. His party will not i. nly repudiate Ins n'avTslii,' bin bis principles, his theores. all that In- stands for in his revolutionary and unanliic scheme of politics, r roe silver is dead forever. And if Tues-uay's veidiet mean- ;P)i y t h ing. it na-atis t'lat ;, na i c hitn will seal the :'ite ol anv pa lv in America that tries to make i a stepping stone to power i I -nc ol'ni I h Mr. Bryan is en;' of the :;;tn,v lefore the campaign opened the I I'ioiieer-Tiiaes in all kindness advised Promissory Joe to conduct a clean campaign, that there was no reason why he and .Mr. .Martin should not run along together, as they were not necessarily running against each other. He agreed that it was the proper thing to do, and promised to be decent, but like all bis promises, he did not keep it. The result, is before liiin. Now, we will overlook all this and again in a spirit of friendship tender a bit of advice, and that is to resign as judge of the: circuit court. It is not necessary to go into reasons. FLAG FLOATS IN SOUTH DAKOTA. (Sioux City Journal. I Well, well, well! South Dakota. No state in the union has made a better record than South Dakota. Hurrah for it: It is a great thing in llino to live in South Dakota. It is gratifying to be a neighbor. The petition to South Dakota was to send a message from the people and not from Pettigrew. The state has responded nobly. The state has taken its place in the column of good cheer. The state has put at rest all question; it is not ashamed of the United States of America, it stands by the flag at home and wherever the fla is assail ed, it knows a good thing when it sees tt-Conditions in South Dakota have undergone a great change since 1896. The. people .knew what hai times were then, and they are not unannre- ciative nor ungrateful now. What they wanted four years ago was a chance to work and a chance to lie; their ambition then was for prosperity and their ambition now i to keen it South Dakota Is to be congratulated upon the intelligenc and indenendeneo of its people. Everywhere tlrough-out the state they have had the is sues under review. They have studied for thejflselves. They have filed a verdict tothls effect: that thev ar for McKinley- and Roosevelt and the republican party by a big majority. They have made a declaration of ir- dependence'for themselves which partakes of the spirit of the declaration of '76. It is a jolly thing to welcome Smith Dakota home. It is a Droud thin t be able to extend to the state the heart iest congratulation. Senator Pettigrew may not have time for repentence, but he will have time for reflection. It may as well be admitted that ihe result in South Dakota is a surprise. There was faith to believe that the state would go republican; that the electoral vote of the state would m to McKinley, and there was strong uoye inai me legislature would h carried by the republicans and thus a republican senator secured to succeed Senator Pettigrew. But the landslide away from Bryanlsm and Pettigrew- ism surpasses in majesty and Klorv the pictures of tne imagination. A small republican majority in the state would have given the legislature LBADWOOD SOUTH DAKOTA SUBSCRIPTION - - - $2.00 PER YEAR Entered aa second-class matter t tn Deadwood Postofflce. TEDDY AND THE TIGER. Tammany's first round with wh rl,lpr ih a short one. On the the Sunday before the election, Devery. '" 'l'ammany'B thlcf of pelkewH" a general order to the police of Creator xi-, v,.rk .lir.wtini' them to pay no 1 V. v i . . , attention to the chief of the election i,i.n.u MrfliilloiiKh. and disregard his orders. This meant war. The chief of the Ki.rooti la an officer created by the laws of New York with certain spe clflc duties to perform in the way of protecting the ballot from fraud. He has under him ou election day a con Blderable force of special officers era nnln to,i l.v himself, to attend the ----- j polls and secure the arrest of repeat o,i ridtora and all others who CIS nuu -koii ofioimit iiv fraud or violence to etuff the ballot box or defeat the in tentlous of the majority of the voters One of the principal obstructions ap prehended by the republicans was the blocking of the polls by gangs of ruffians who after they had voted theru-Belves, would again join the "cue" and by their presence keep the legal republican voters who were in line from depositing their ballots as long &a possible by all means of challenging, foot treading und ruffianism. That sort of tning McCullough and bis deputies would look after as well as other Tammany devices. Now this order of Devery's meant not that only that his police should refuse to co-operate for the preservation order, but that they should 'do what Tammany has threatened All along, prevent the deputies from carrying out the law under the orders of the chief of the election bureau. It was a municipal challenge of the authority of the state. Governor Roosevelt's answer to this defiance was swift and effective. He gent a message iu iui calling attention to Devery's order, ... . . . , I J and notifying mm mat ue woum him, the mayor, offlclaTty' responsible for any disturbance or lawlessness at the polls that should arise from this attempt to nullify a state law. The mayor knew in a minute that this meant his removal from his office for misdemeanor. The laws of New York, for regulating the municipality of the city of New York, gives the governor that power in an emergency, and the mayor knew that the days of his official life welo numbered If he didn't act pretty promptly. He acted promptly. He drove In person to the police office, commanded Devery to rescind his order and instructed him to act with the election commissioner with the whole power of the police" for the prevention of fraud and disorder at the polls. But It will never beforgotten that it required the interference of the governor thus .directly, to draw the teeth of the tiger at the" election and prevent the boss from putting Into active effect the threats that he, had ..t.ll1w nHorerl n few dSYB DreViOUB- ly, of riot and violence at the polls. In Ma ignorance of the law or the power of the governor In the premises TaAAv'm limitation as a auick man with his hands, he fell down. AMERICA'S PLACE AMONG NA-TION8. In 1800 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland had 17,000,-000 Inhabitants. France In that year had 27.000,000; Russia, 35,000,000; the territory comprised In the present empire of Austria-Hungary, 20,000,000; Spain. 11,000,000; the states composing the German empire of today. In the neighborhood of 15,000,000, the territory In the Italy of the present, appxrolmately 12.000,000; the Turkey of today about 10,000,000. The population of the United States in 1800 was 6,308,44, or Ja round figures, 6,000,000. In 1900 Russia has 120.-000,000 lnhabiltant; the United Kingdom has 40,000,000; France. 88,000,-000; Austria-Hungary, 42,600,000; Germany, 63,000.000; Italy, 29,000,000; Spain. 18,000.000; Turkey. 28,000,000. The figures for 1900 tor all these countries are estimates based on the "Good-bye, self " Bill, take keer o' your Promissory Jce also ran THE BANNER REPUBLICAN STATE South Dakota is the banner republican stale of the Union. No othei .slate cast so many republican votes in proportion to voting population. To equal the ratio and keep up the pace set by South Dakota, New York should have given a majority of 7"U.-duo, Pennsylvania tiiiu.iiou, Illinois 500,001), Ohio I'.",, iiuu, Massachusetts and Indiana 'MDMM each, Michigan JTj.ouii, Iowa L'.'tit.wiu, Wisconsin, .00,-UUU. "Tell it to Grovel, also to Pel tlgrew, l.i o and Lien. THE PR E SI D tN I 6 CHINtSc POLICY. .Olll Ii.- crn l. l . -in ol oi.i poll. ei'ii in .-onic o. I lie paper.-. ill China. e. that .suppoii 1 He go Wl Ulllell L ill One I l eSIH i t.-- sec n;., hardlv Ian . n i.. l llie Clio, t thai e missed our upporl.iU liV. 'I hill Vilcll .-seilel.il 1 I ay sell out Ins open note, he got in icpiy nothing Hint is binding on anybody, mm llien u.is the tune- win u weouglil Ic lu..e proposed -and the piopo-i.. ni. Hie criliCM .--.!, would haw been accepted an Anglo-American alliance liie. moral eiic-ct oi winch. I hey lurlli 1 1 claim, would inryo been .strong UIOUjJl lO have- plc-Vellteil ll.i." Mll).-,e- Hiit nl Boxer I roubles. 'ilns is a ttinnge doctrine I Amei ic.au and a Republic an. 1 ii - ei it ics liiusl Know that President Mikui icy alone could mt form any sib Ii al li.inc e. Thai U would iiqiuiv a t v, u Iliads vote of the -Senate. Ami Ui j seem to forget that the president's ex pcrieuce with tho treaty of peace w ith Suam was not calciilald to encourage him to try any more treaties affecting our relations in tho Far East. Morcovci. tiny ignore the prevail ing temper of our people ill that re gard. U is true that when Washing leu i autioued us against "permanent all. an; es w ith any Kuropean power he expressed the opinio:! that we tould i.robablv attain all we wished by temporary allian- es Ioi spc ti tit-purposes. But politicians, in their comment, havo so commonly chosen to ignore this very sensuue distinction, that our peoplo have ubsorbed an aversion to all alliances. It will take a very urgent occasion to free their minds of this prejudice. Mr. McKinley, had he been disposed to try, would have found it almost, if not quite, impossible to secure the con sent of two thirds of the senate or a majority of the people to any such step. The critics complain that our offish policy will compel us to stand ready to carry out, single-handed, any undertaking we rosy wish Against prob ably a -iandnd world ; - . It is not at all likely that we will over wish to carry out anything against the banded world. That is what the free silver theorists asked and the people refused, even when it was a' question of internal policy only. It grows more and more impractic able every year for any one nation to do that. History is likely to pronounce Mr McKinley's Chinese policy just, wise and admirably carried out. MATRIMONIAL BARRIER. Matrimonially inclined young women are advised that another barrier has been erected in the already rough pathway that leads to marriage. Men themselves are not responsible for it, but the courts. A widow in Rochester sued a widower for breach of promise of marriage. He defended himself by saying that as she had proposed to him, he had the privilege of a woman in a similar situation, and could change his mind at any moment. He had found that there had been a mistake and he conld never be happy with her; therefore, it was best for them, etc. The court has decided that the wid ow in the case has no cause of action. She had proposed and could not collect damages for the widower's failure to marry. When anything once becomes the subject of litigation there Is there after no end to tne decisions of the courts. Like railroad damage suits. contracts on commercial paper, wills. and the more pertinent divorce suits, m how must it puzzle the simple-minded Hawaiian? The only conclusion he can reach is that it is a "haole" (white! man's scheme, from which the native w ill get the worst of it. And the only thing for him to do is to join the independent home-rule party, which he is satisfied is nuti-hanlc and whieh he secretly believes will restore the queen. But though the campaign here is not more truly a campaign of education than it is elsewhere, it is bringing to the minds of the voters certain propositions of information, or misinformation, which are having a mark ed influence on the outlook. With the passage of the territorial act. Robert T. Wilcox began the organization of tile independent home rule party. His innoiineed principle was that the peo ple of Hawaii, for the present at least, could have no interest in the party divisions of the mainland, as Hawaii had no voice in the selection ot a president and no vote in congress; that the prime interest of the people centered in their home affairs; (hat it was to the management of these that the people of Hawaii must look for their welfare. He called a convention, got these ideas embodied in the platform, and with astute political tore-sight got himself nominated for congress, and this before; Hawaii wa even a territory. Then he began a tour of the islands and had his party well organized before the oth-litical parties hail thought of organi.-ng. In effect the independent li"i-.--uile paity was -io ,i':i 1;.,. e anti mi .-sionary movement. The republicans, on the other hand, assumed that every one would naturally be a republican; the white man because the administration was republican, the native because it was a republican congress that had given him the franchise, and both because that was the only way to get a political job or a political office. The question was not who would vote the ticket, but who would control the organization in which Gov. Dole sat quietly by and saw his political enemies use the ma chinery and patronage of some of the departments of his government to get control of the party machinery , with which to fight him. Honest himself, he could not believe such treachery or political greed possible. But the danger of this was seen by others, and the control ot tne party was wrest ed from these manipulators and the party energy was directed to securing votes and victory at the polls. The democrats were the last to organize. They,, could promise UOthlng in the way of political preferment; therefore men must Join their ranks purely from principle. But, strange-l to say, this seemea the strongest appeal that could be made. Democrats turned up in the most unexpected quarters. Many Hawaiians seeing the" futility of the independent programme, and that sooner or later all citizens must align themselves with national and not merely local parties, enrolled tnemselves as democrats, conjured thereto doubtless by Cleveland's name. The democrats have been able to present a ticket which in the personnl of its candidates, in their Individual character and standing as business men representative citizens is admittedly as high ana in some respects higher than the republican ticket. But with the registration, with its overwhelming preponderance of natives, it is seen on all hands that the Independents will win unless the republicans and democrats can detach enough Hawaiians to give one or the other of them a plurality. It looks as though It might be the democrats. The republicans have the biggest meetings and torchlight processions, but there Is a good deal of Insincerity among the natives who join In them. It Is felt that the natives go to these meetings tnd join In the- parades because they feel that their employers want them to and it Is in the Polynesian nature to want to please. ' But when the native gets Into the polling booth, with the Australian ballot before him, tt is feared he will forget the republican more enthusaism and get less vote he said, "than any man who ever rM for president." ' i

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