The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on October 6, 1991 · Page 6
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October 6, 1991

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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 6

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Cincinnati, Ohio
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Sunday, October 6, 1991
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A-6World THE CINCINNATI ENQUIRER Sunday, October 6, 1991 MO Haitian I eldership at standstill in wake of co international demand for Aristide's return, including warnings that no option, including the use of force, had 5 i BY KEVIN NOBLET m The Associated Press A 11 O I l C j C PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti The " military overthrow of Haiti's first freely elected leader has created a power vacuum at 5 .. " been ruled out. While some have publicly called for Aristide's return, many of the 21 senators and 83 deputies in the National Assembly were disenchanted with Aristide before the coup. They accuse him of taking legal shortcuts to undermine the authority of the legislature. Cedras said he was draeepH I i i 1 I V ... v. - y-J , , riu " N" - 'V slk . I ' into the rebellion, and that troops even shot into his office at headquarters when he initially refused to lead the assault on the snow-white palace. Some foreicn dinlomats arrpnt i' P! A! .t: Diplomats warn Haiti of sanctions ENQUIRER NEWS SERVICES PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti A multinational team of diplomats Saturday gave an ultimatum to leaders of a military coup to restore ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power or face severe political and economic sanctions. The warning was delivered to Gen. Raoul Cedras, the army commander who was recalled to a second session with the eight-nation task force from the Organization of American States. All OAS foreign ministers will probably be summoned to a meeting in Washington next week to consider the next step in the Haitian crisis, an OAS spokesman said. Cedras on Saturday held out the possibility of Aristide's return to power if the army received unspecified guarantees. . fA Cedras' account. Others, however, 'l7 '." J .'.V, t said animosity was growing tween Cedras and Aristide and the home and a diplomatic dilemma abroad. Brig. Gen. Raoul Cedras, army commander-in-chief, declaring "there is no military government," has asked the elected parliament to find a democratic solution. He ruled out the return of deposed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. But a high-ranking delegation from the Organization of American States has pressed for the restoration of Aristide's government. Team keeps its distance The OAU team met with military leaders at the nearly deserted international airport for safety reasons. But it also prevented them from seeing firsthand the country's reality. Only a few cars move through the city's streets, strewn with scorched car bodies, smoking tires and other debris. Most shops and offices are closed. Soldiers patrol the slums of tiny, tin-roofed houses and garbage-filled alleys. Shots ring out from a ragged soldier's rifle or machine gun. Cedras apparently envisions the legislature drawing up a plan that includes new elections. But leading legislators appear uncertain what to do. "We want to have a clear vision of the crisis first," said Jean Belizaire, the Senate president. He said he expected it could take weeks to canvass political, church and military officials. The lawmakers are clearly preoccupied by the general was aireaay considering a coup when he was pushed into Cedras action by restless soldiers. The Associated PressChris 0 Neara An armored personnel carrier sits parked and empty in Port-au-Prince Saturday as soldiers converse with civilians. A member of the OAS team, Foreign Minister Guido di Telia of Argentina, said he held out "great hope" of a peaceful solution Saturday. But he said outside military intervention could not be ruled out to return Haiti's first freely elected president to However, confusion arose later when the Army High Command issued a statement that seemed to contradict Cedras. "Aristide's return is not negotiable," said the statement issued over state-run radio. "It is a serious rumor that has angered the whole army." Army troops had been infuriated by Aristide's open disdain for the military and his alleged neglect of their pay and benefits. Cedras said Aristide was arranging for a special presidential militia. Politician Marc Bazin, runner-up in the December presidential race, said Aristide governed with a highly personal style involving "not issues and answers . . . but emotions and manipulation." Bazin said that Aristide, a Roman Catholic priest ousted from his order for urging rebellion, has a deeply ingrained disdain for traditional authority. Violence on Peace Road 'yiiiw. mmmmmi" imp ijwim.nwi.iii.pj pi. v m1 'ig'iwm'1-1."1 ywygpuwa uyiijpwuinipni. . umq .jMiyilin.il)) II, j),)pi. jjujuun j . pwwMW "mi 1 , ' V L "lift V' - Book calls Mulroney alcoholic Canada reads all about its leader THE NEW YORK TIMES TORONTO A book that portrays Brian Mulroney as a recovered alcoholic and womanizer who flunked out of law school has much of the country snickering and friends of the prime minister trying to discredit the author. Mulroney: ' If ( '. j .:; ' , '(h v , ft r y i -' Sj; ' i"i J I A" t f t ' t f -J I if . - n - ,.U N I : Vvj,... The Politics of Ambition also shows, however, that he has conquered his alcoholism, relies on his Yu-goslav-born wife Mila as "his strongest supporter and Croatians are urged to arms THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ZAGREB, Yugoslavia Croatia's president issued a desperate call to arms Saturday after the secessionist republic and federal forces failed to agree on a truce during a day of raging battle across the republic. President Franjo Tudjman in a broadcast shortly before midnight urged all Croatians to "fulfill their sacred duty" and join in Croatia's defense, saying Serbians had launched an all-out attack on his secessionist republic. "This requires us to mobilize all our forces for the defensive war," Tudjman said. He appealed to all Croatians owning weapons to report voluntarily to the Croatian defense forces. Witnesses said roadblocks were being erected in Zagreb, and the Croatian capital fell under darkness of a blackout for the second straight night. Earlier Saturday, federal troops advanced on the Adriatic port of Dubrovnik and redoubled efforts to seize Croatian strongholds in the east of the republic, where hundreds have died since independence was declared on June 25. Serbs welcome prince Also Saturday, in Belgrade, the crown prince of Yugoslavia's royal family, born in exile, received a jubilant welcome from tens of thousands of Serbs on his first visit to his ancestral land. Many wept with joy and waved royal flags as they crowded the airport to catch a glimpse of Aleksandar Karadjord-jevic, his wife and three sons, who arrived on a trip sponsored by Serbia's political opposition. "Today is the happiest day of my life, I have returned to my fatherland," Kar-adjordjevic, speaking in halting Serbian, told a crowd of about 7,000 people at an airport ceremony. He knelt to kiss a piece of turf brought from the royal family's native village of Topola and stood on it as a choir sang the royal anthem, "God of Justice." The Associated PressJerome Delay Thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews clashed with police in Jerusalem on Saturday, resulting in at least 1 0 arrests and nine injuries. Ultra-Orthodox Jews oppose new road ENQUIRER NEWS SERVICES JERUSALEM Club-swinging police officers on horseback charged into surging crowds of ultra-Orthodox Jews Saturday in the most severe clashes over Jewish religious sensibilities the city has experienced in several years. Several thousand demonstrators, virtually all men in black hats and caftans, took to the streets in Jerusalem's Hasidic neighborhoods of Mea Shearim and Beit Israel to protest a new road that runs alongside their neighbor hoods. Orthodox Jews are forbidden to drive on the Sabbath, and they regard the thoroughfare as violating the sanctity of their holy day. As the demonstrators' numbers grew, they knocked down police barricades in an attempt to march about 100 yards onto the multilane road. Dozens of regular police officers and paramilitary policemen charged back, including some on horseback who swung at demonstrators with their clubs. Some of the Hasidim retaliated with a barrage of stones, most of which landed ineffec tually on the pavement. Ten protesters were detained and four policemen injured, one requiring hospitalization, city police spokeswoman Anat Granit said. Ultra-Orthodox leaders said five protesters suffered injuries from police blows, Israel radio reported. The new four-lane highway, named Peace Road, was opened Tuesday and runs along Arab east Jerusalem. It was built partly to allow Israeli motorists to bypass stone-throwing protests by Palestinian uprising activists. Gorbachev wins technical aid for economy toughest crit- Mulroney ic," and has repeatedly bounced back from failure and defeat, "somehow turning each seemingly fatal setback to his advantage." Its author, John Sawatsky, 43, a journalist, said research for the book began in 1987 as a project for the investigative journalism course he teaches at Carleton University in Ottawa. He and his student researchers reconstructed Mulro-ney's life on the basis of more than 600 interviews with people who have known him. "I wanted a balanced and fair book," Sawatsky said, adding that he asked to interview Mulroney himself but received no response. Since his election in 1984, a number of other unflattering books have been written about Mulroney, 52, who according to Canadian polls is the most unpopular prime minister in the history of such opinion surveys. But Sawatsky's book is the first to assert that Mulroney flunked out of Dalhousie University law school. The official Mulroney biography says he voluntarily left Dalhousie University in Halifax after the first year to transfer to the Laval University law school in Quebec City. Mulroney bounced back by not only eventually obtaining his law degree but landing a job with one of the most prestigious law firms in Montreal. And, the bull story The Sawatsky book also says that the young Mulroney became a courier for contraband bull semen in 1962, when he was working as an assistant to Agriculture Minister Alvin Hamilton. France, it says, had rejected Hamilton's attempt to import Charolais cattle to raise the quality of Canada's breeding stock. The book also includes accounts of heavy drinking by Mulroney when he was head of the Iron Ore Company of Canada, and reports that he bragged about sexual conquests. Mulroney and his staff have refused to comment on the book. But friends say the book is full of inaccuracies and unfounded gossip. An old friend of Mulroney, Pat MacAdam, now an Ottawa lobbyist, has been calling Canadian journalists to disparage it, telling the Toronto Star recently that Mulroney "was absolutely, totally crushed by this smut." f in i I ' .. . Experts teach Soviets free-market economics THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Under terms of the agreement reached Saturday with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Soviet Union and its republics will get: An ongoing IMF analysis of the Soviet Union's economy, policies and new economic developments. The first team of 10 experts is to begin on Monday to identify a plan of action. Actual work is to begin in November. Technical assistance on developing Western-style banking, foreign exchange, budgeting, taxation and social security systems. This will entail developing programs to ease the inevitable joblessness and higher prices as subsidies and state-run enterprises are subjected to market forces. Training courses at the IMF's university to teach Soviet officials how to plan, develop and manage a free-market economy. Attendance at meetings of the 155-nation IMF, including its annual meeting next week in Bangkok, Thailand, when Western nations are expected to consider Soviet requests for loans or loan guarantees to cover the debt payments. The Soviets will be required to open their books and provide whatever economic information is required by the IMF. ENQUIRER NEWS SERVICES MOSCOW Opening the way for the Soviet Union to receive large-scale Western technical aid to help its transition to a market economy, President Mikhail Gorbachev signed an agreement Saturday that grants his country special association status with the International Monetary Fund. Under the agreement, the IMF will advise the Soviet Union on combating its high inflation, setting up a Western-style banking system, gathering accurate economic statistics, and establishing a social safety net for those hurt most by economic reform. The IMF has stopped short of offering the full membership status sought by the Soviets. Full IMF membership would make the country eligible for loans to help meet payments on its $65 billion foreign debt. ' But IMF advisers will help the Soviets devise plausible economic programs to encourage private banks to make loans, said an IMF official who requested anonymity. No 'miracles overnight' The associate status was created especially for the Soviet Union and its 12 republics. Full membership will be considered later after an economic review. The accord, which goes into effect immediately, contains no explicit Soviet commitment beyond supplying economic The Associated PressAlexander Zmiinnirhor.i. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, right, shakes hands with Michel Camdessus of the International Monetary Fund in Moscow Saturday. with Gorbachev. "None of us here believes that this agreement will create miracles overnight," Camdessus said. "On the contrary, this agreement represents the beginning of a difficult and challenging course of economic reform that is unique in our history." Under communist rule, thp Rnvipt- statistics to the IMF. But implicit in the negotiations has been an understanding that the Soviet government will continue to push for market principles as it negotiates to transform itself into a loose economic confederation of sovereign republics. "This agreement paves the way for the U.S.S.R. and the republics to take their rightful places in -the world economic swtem," the IMF's managing director, MVhel Camdessus, said after meeting Union repeatedly denounced the Washington-based IMF as an instrument of capi- Mulroney must face election within the next tufy years. j'jtalist exploitation.

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