The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on September 20, 1991 · Page 7
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 7

Cincinnati, Ohio
Issue Date:
Friday, September 20, 1991
Page 7
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A-8Nation, From Page A-1 the Cincinnati f.nqi irfr Friday, September 20, 1991 TC i C I W.. . ! I ' til If! . Illll I H 1 - ir III 1 1 II lir - - ...-a . . uJ H Equal degrees don't yield equal pay College-educated blacks paid less than whites with same schooling LANDSCAPING, INC. Over 10 Years Of Quality Materials & Service "BEST MULCH & PROCESSED TOPSOIL IN TOWN" FALL SPECIALS A 1989 salary study showed blacks lagging economically behind whites: 25 and older average salary with some college education: Black men: $31,380 White men: $41,090 Black women: $26,730 White women: $27,440 Dark Hardwood Mulch or Cypress A Mulch 3 cu. ft. Bag (Reg. 3.69) 2.59 Buy 2 yards Dark Supreme Mulch at Reg Price get the 3rd Free (Pick up only) Save 25 on all Reg price Nursery stock Free Delivery on Reg Price purchase of 100.00 or more 25 and older average salary with four years of high school but no college: Black men: $20,280 White men: $26,510 Black women: $16,440 White women: $16,910 THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON College-educated white men earn nearly one-third a year more than black men with similar backgrounds, the Census Bureau said Thursday. The study, conducted in 1989 and 1990, showed blacks lagging economically behind whites by almost every measure. Higher education moved blacks ahead of less-educated whites, but they still lacked the earning power of whites of equal education. Black men 25 and older with four years or more of college on average earned $31,380 in 1989. White men of equal education earned $41,090. The gap between black and white women age 25 and older was narrower. College-educated black women earned $26,730; white women, $27,440. Among people 25 and older with four years of high school but no college, black men earned $20,280; white men, $26,510; black women, $16,440; white women, $16,910. Ronald Walters, political science chairman at Howard University, said the study dealt "a devastating blow" to the idea that race is declining in significance in the United States. "Race as a factor is growing, and racism accounts for . . .some of this," Walters said. As college-educated blacks climb the corporate ladder, many at some point reach the "glass ceiling," an informal barrier to Source: Census Bureau sought by college-educated blacks have moved from the cities where they live to the suburbs, where there are fewer blacks, Walters said. Type of company. Clau-dette Bennett, author of the census report, said college-educated blacks are more likely than whites to work in service industries, where salaries are low. Time with a company. Taynia Mann, a research demographer at the Population Reference Bureau, a Washington research group, said college-educated blacks are relative newcomers to the labor market and so have had less time to win promotion and higher pay. Although the rewards of education were less for blacks than for whites, blacks were more likely to have four years of college in 1990 than 10 years earlier, the census study said. Last year, 16 of blacks 35 to 44 had completed at least four years of college compared with 8 in 1980. In that age group, 80 of blacks had completed four years of high school in 1990 compared with 63 in 1980. But fewer black men just out of high school had enrolled in college 25 in 1988 compared with 26 in 1980. Black women were more likely to go to college: 31 of recent high school graduates were enrolled in college in 1988 compared with 29 in 1980. The Census Bureau study was based on interviews with 111,000 people in 1989 and 1990. Other economic disparities The study found that by other economic measures blacks in 1989 and 1990 were less well off than whites: Black families had an average income of $20,210, virtually unchanged from 1979 when inflation is considered. Whites families' income averaged $35,980, representing a 3 increase in purchasing power. 31 of American blacks were poor in 1989, about the same as 10 years earlier. That works out to 9.3 million poor blacks in 1989. Among black workers, 13 of the men and 19 of the women were in managerial or professional positions. Twenty-seven percent of white men and women workers were in those positions. 4 of black men earned $50,000 or more compared with 14 of white men. The difference among women was less: 1of black women earned at least $50,000 compared with 2 of white women. The Cincinnati EnquirerBrenda Grannan Pick-up & Delivery Limit 1 discount per order not valid with any other coupon. Expires 93091. 3 Locations M-F 7:00-6:00 Sat 7:00-3:00 promotion. Rather than rising, "they languish in jobs that are below their qualifications, or they are siphoned out of the company to a new entry into the black position of another firm," Walters said. The Labor Department report, released in August, said much of the bias was unintentional, caused by such practices as word-of-mouth recruiting, lack of access to management development and training and the failure of executives to foster advancement of minorities and women. Other factors that lessened the value of a college education for blacks include: Urban residence. Jobs 3700 Round Bottom Rd Newtown OHIOl NtlHSI RYMINV 271-1119 9700 E. Kemper Rd Loveland 683-8883 Northland Blvd. (Behind Porsche dealer) (Bulk Mulch, Topsoil only) 271-1119 ASSOCIATION r A0 Gates covered deals, ex-CIA official said TOMORROW ONLY SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21 Oeu Sal Day i) ( TAKE AN ADDITIONAL I FINE OEWEiIrY KNIGHT NEWS SERVICES WASHINGTON A former top CIA official turned congressional investigator Thursday called Robert Gates a liar who had covered up and continues to cover up his deep involvement in the Iran-Contra affair. The testimony was the worst yet delivered against President Bush's nominee as director of central intelligence. Thomas Polgar, who served in the CIA for 34 years and investigated the agency's role in Iran-Contra, said Gates "participated in the concealment and cover-up" of the affair and "misled the Senate intelligence committee," the panel now weighing Gates' nomination. CIA memoranda show "the falsehood" of Gates' claim that he was "out of the loop that he was not told about the events now known as Iran-Contra," Polgar testified before the committee Thursday. "Gates was fully in the loop," said Polgar, who as a chief investigator in 1987 for the congressional committees that investigated Iran-Contra reviewed many documents not released to the public. Furthermore, Polgar testified, "Gates played a key role" in "a campaign of concealment and obstruction" at the CIA once the existence of the secret White House schemes was revealed in November, 1986. Gates has sworn that he had limited knowledge of the Reagan administration's arms shipments to Iran, next to no knowledge of White House and CIA efforts to circumvent laws banning aid to the Contra rebels fighting the Nicara-guan government and no knowledge White House aides had diverted millions in profits from the Iran arms sales to the Contras. Gates had a generally favorable reception from intelligence committee members during testimony earlier this week. Gates served at the CIA as deputy director for intelligence, deputy director of central intelligence and acting director of the spy agency as the schemes were carried out in 1985 and 1986. Gates has sworn he knew nothing about the diversion of funds from the Iran arms sales to the Contras "because he was 'com-partmented out,' " Polgar noted. SAVE 5 Additional 15 W'miimx-iiX. seal.... r - . , - Biden: Abortion activists wrong about Thomas llillllillllil ... tt ; SAVE 3 Additional 15 ALL DIAMOND AND GEMSTONE JEWELRY Reg. 125 to 6995, SALE 87.50 to 4896.50, less 15 74.37 to 4162.02. Diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires, blue topaz, amethysts and more! SAVE 3 Additional 15 ALL 14K GOLD CUBIC ZIRCONIA JEWELRY Reg. 74.95 to 1095, SALE 52.46 to 766.50, less 15 44.59 to 651.52. Earrings, bracelets, necklaces, rings and more! SAVE 2 Additional 15 ALL NAME BRAND WATCHES Reg. 69.95 to 995, SALE 55.96 to 796, less 15 47.56 to 676.60. Styles for men and women from Seiko, Pulsar, Citizen and more! Slliil ALL 14K GOLD CHAINS, STERLING SILVER AND VERMEIL JEWELRY Reg. 19.95 to 2595, SALE 9.97 to 1297.50, less 15 8.47 to 1102.87. 14K gold neckchains and chain bracelets. Sterling silver and vermeil earrings, bangles, more! SAVE 3 Additional 15 ALL PEARL JEWELRY Reg. 49.95 to 2400, SALE 34.96 to 1680, less 15 29.71 to 1428. Freshwater and cultured pearl strands, rings, earrings and more! SAVE 3 Additional 15 ALL 14K GOLD ACCESSORIES Reg. 25 to 850, SALE 17.50 to 595, less 15 14.87 to 505.75. Earrings, earring jackets, bangles, rings and more! - s sT "" THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON The Democratic chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee challenged abortion-rights activists Thursday when they said Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas would vote to consign American women to back-alley abortions. Sen. Joseph Biden Jr. of Delaware said the activists showed a 'failure of logic" in citing a 1987 speech Thomas gave that praised an anti-abortion article. Biden made the comment as abortion-rights representatives urged the Senate to reject Thomas' nomination to be the nation's second black Supreme Court justice. "The record shows that, if confirmed, Judge Thomas would indeed vote to take away this funda mental right to take this nation back to the days when women had no alternative but the back alleys for health care," said Kate Michel-man, director of the National Abortion Rights Action League. But Biden said, "I did not find anywhere in the record . . . where he evidenced extreme views." Thomas testified that his praise of the article was intended to win support for his ideas on natural law and not an endorsement of its conclusion on abortion. Biden's comments were the first indication that he did not agree with other Democrats that Thomas was disingenuous when he insisted that he had an open mind on abortion. Hearings are to end today. The panel could vote as early as Thursday, with action by the full Senate the next week. V SipiiIliI.jsH not included. Our F&F and Gucci collections not included. Selection may vary by store. No special orders. Prior purchases FINE JEWELRY Drugs CONTINUED FROM PAGE A-1 talk from recovering drug abusers to focus on prevention in grades kindergarten-six. "Our drug message is 'Don't even start,' Newsom said of the popular DARE program, in 70 public and parochial Tristate schools this year. The program, developed in Los Angeles and brought to Cincinnati two years ago, combines information on drugs with decision-making skills and techniques to raise Shop Saturday 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. self-esteem. And when the push to be drug-free starts in elementary school, even Ninja Turtles can be put to good use. "Who's going to be offering you a drink or marijuana?" Cohen asks a group of Whittier sixth-graders. "Is it going to be Michaelangelo, jumping out of a sewer? "No, it's going to be your friend and it's going to be hard to say no. Forest Fair Mall Beechmont Mall Swifton Commons We Want What YOU Want

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