The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on September 15, 1991 · Page 12
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 12

Cincinnati, Ohio
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 15, 1991
Page 12
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A-12 THE CINCINNATI ENQUIRER Sunday, September 15, 1991 Babies good transplant candidates, but tiny organs scarce EALTHSCIENCE be saved. But if asked, manv parents would be willing THE ASSOCIATED PRESS PITTSBURGH Babies are some of the best candidates for heart transplants because their immature immune systems accept organs more easily, but there aren't enough tiny hearts coming from donors, a surgeon says. Dr. Leonard Bailey said physicians may be timid about suggesting organ removal to grieving parents of brain-dead infants whose hearts and other organs could to approve donation of their child's organs, he said. Bailey, director of heart-lung surgery at Loma Linda University Medical Center near Los Angeles, performed the world's first successful heart transplant on an infant at Loma Linda in 1985. "There's a significant reward in knowing that one or two other babies may be doing well because of their baby," Bailey said. Proposal: Prevent child abuse Visiting new parents is most effective, says panel THE ASSOCIATED PRESS DENVER A national blue ribbon panel warned Saturday that child abuse threatens to corrode the nation's social fabric and existing programs appear powerless to stop it. The U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect proposed that health care workers visit new parents in their homes to offer advice, discuss health care and make sure the parents know how to care for a child. The program would be voluntary and cross all income lines, it said. "No other problem may equal its power to cause or exacerbate a with the start of the Ninth National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect in Denver. The report was to be discussed at a hearing today in Denver and was planned by the House Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families chaired by Rep. Patricia Schroeder,' D-Colo. The entire report, called "Creating Caring Communities: Blueprint for an Effective Federal Policy on Child Abuse and Neglect," will be released to the public on Oct. 14. The 15-member board said in its recommendations that "no other single intervention has the promise that home visitation has." range of social ills," the panel wrote in its second annual report to Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan. A summary released Saturday said the current system of response to child abuse and neglect by state and county governments rather than prevention is "overwhelmed and on the verge of collapse." "Such negligence threatens the integrity of a nation that shares a sense of community, that regards individuals as worthy of respect, that reveres family life, and that is competent in economic competition," the board said. The report's release coincided Always elegant and unique: shoes and handbags from J. Renee. Meet J. 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Auctioneer note: This is one of the finest variety of rugs and carpets with instruction to insure complete disNsal of all merchandise. Col Nojad OHALNO 1668 Preview holiday '91 and spring '92 styles at our J. Renee trunk show. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21 10:00 am to 6:00 pm In Women's Shoes Mm Research on AIDS falsified Scientist Gallo, aide investigated CHICAGO TRIBUNE WASHINGTON Dr. Robert C. Gallo's landmark 1984 article reporting the isolation of the AIDS virus is riddled with fabrication, falsification, misleading statements and errors, an 18-month investigation of Gallo's research has concluded. Responsibility for the fraudulent portions of the article, which contributed substantially to Gallo's status as a scientific superstar, was attributed by investigators to Dr. Mikulas Popovic, a Czechoslovak refugee who was then Gallo's chief virologist. But the investigators said Gallo had "created and fostered" an atmosphere in his laboratory that gave rise to the fraud and had "acquiesced in Dr. Popovic's wrongdoing." Censure advised A preliminary, 200-page report on the Gallo case by the National Institutes of Health concludes that Popovic, but not Gallo, was guilty of scientific misconduct. However, the report states that "even though Dr. Gallo's actions do not meet the formal definition of scientific misconduct, they warrant significant censure." In an unexpected revelation, investigators discovered that Gallo deleted from the manuscript of the article an acknowledgment that Popovic had succeeded in growing an AIDS virus sample sent to him by French researchers. The deletion, made over Popovic's protests, laid the groundwork for a bitter international dispute YOUR CHOICE: 999 THREE FULL-LENGTH FURS AT ONE TERRIFIC PRICE! ONE WEEK ONLY: SEPTEMBER 15-21 DOWNTOWN AND TRI-COUNTY ONLY! 1 if m - 4 p m mm if' ''lrx over credit for the discovery of the cause of AIDS and for the inven 1 X, : tion of the widely used blood test for that disease. The investigation is the first ever by the NIH into research by mmmMmmsm one of its senior scientists. In less than a decade, Gallo rose from an obscure government sci 74! &' W entist to become the world's most prominent AIDS researcher and a frequently mentioned candidate for mi a Nobel Prize. Now it seems likely the scientific article that arguably h ' I. nil wk&mm m ifi j ly I ' $999 did the most to enhance his reputation will have to be retracted. The NIH investigators termed Popovic's explanations for the falsifications in the article "singularly unconvincing" and said they "removed any question as to whether the misrepresentations resulted from honest errors." 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Noting that Gallo "had a sub stantial role" in the rewriting and editing of the article, the investiga tors said it was "difficult to see how he could have failed to recognize that some aspects of the paper were manifestly wrong. LAZARUS The draft NIH report is subject to change. It lacks written respon ses from Gallo and Popovic as well as a final determination on the question of whether someone in Gallo's lab deliberately stole the virus sent from France and claimed SHOP SUNDAY TRI-COUNTY NOON TO 6 PM; WEEKDAYS 10 AM TO 9 PM. SHOP DOWNTOWN MONDAY AND THURSDAY 10 AM TO 8 PM, OTHER WEEKDAYS 10 AM TO 6 PM. CLOSED SUNDAY. it as Gallo's. V t 4

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