The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 22, 1949 · Page 6
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March 22, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, March 22, 1949
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BLYTHEVTLLE «ARK.) COUK1"EK NEWS TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 1949 THI NATION TODAY America's Founders Hail Doubts That New Nation Could Forever Hold to Policy of Isolationism (EDITOR'S KCfTE: This te the tinl of Jour ttorles on th« Atlantic Put, giving Its background and It* purpo«.) By Jmm«s Mmrlow WASHINGTON, March 22. W)—We've just Uken a sl*p which miy and in w«r or prevent w»r. « In the Atlantic P»ct, Just announced, we're entering > peacetime military alliance with Western Europe, aimed »l Russia It'» like drawing a line down* through Europe, dividingit Into two »rmed camps, and telling Russia: "You and your allies are on that «ldt. We're on this. If you try to crott over, it means war." But there's no «hoc)t over the news of the past. Why not, since we've had a tradition of Isolationism, of keeping out of Europe's affair's? In the first place, our joining the United Nations In 1945 to keep world peace was definitely saying joodbye to isolationism. That put us Into Europe's affairs. And we've been up to our neck In them since then by helping one country in Europe after another to stand up against Communism and Russia. But in the second place, our so- called isolationism U a myth, as the last two world wars show. In his book, "Paths to the Present," Arthur M. Schleslnger, one of the best American historians, shows what a myth It's been from way back. '. He points out that this country ' Including Its Colonial days, IIRS : been Involved In one way or another In nine, not Just two, world wars since 1689. Need for Alliance Cited These Included the American phases of bigger European wars In , Colonial days, the American Revolution, the French revolutionary wars, the Napoleonic wars, nnd the "First" and "Second" world wars. But isn't a military alltnnce 'n peacetime with European powers contrary to t)ie thinking of tills . countrys founding fathers? Even if It were. II would mean nothing if this country now found itself confronted with a danger they couldn't foresee. But— Jefferson and the men who help•- tt him put together the declaration of Independence in 1176 forsaw the possible need for alliances. The declaration says: ". , .These United colonies. . .have ; fun power to levy war, conclude /; peace, contract alliances. . ." But didn't Washington warn n gslnst "entangling alliances" • ! That's what Henry Cabot Lodge ' biographer of Washington, said In 1916. But Lodge made a slight mistake . : : It wasn't Washington who said 11 It was Jefferson, as Schlesinge notes in his book which, recently i published, Is very pertinent to lal! -.,;, of the Atlantic pact. Washington In his farewell ad '••!: dress said it might be "unwise i . u» to implicate ourselves. . .In thj •' ordinary vicissitudes" ol Europe politics. But he said "lempornr alliances" might sometimes tie nee • •tury. Thtmr we not Ordinary Tlrae< The changes going on in Europ HOW are not ordinary. The Atlanti ' pact fs for 20 years, If that ca . be considered temporary. Jefferson gave his warning a . «tuut "entangling alliances" in h first Inaugural address In 1101. without explaining whnt he meant. But he must not have had a closed mind about alliances for In the next year, 1802, when he thought France was going to get New Orleans from Spain, and thus control the Mississippi River, ne felt "we must mnrry ourselves to the British flcot and nation" for rotecllon. There weren't any world wars etween 1815 ano 1914 nn It was that period that this country egan to feel remote from Europe But, Schleslnger says, thli ountry lias "never managed to a- old participation In any foreign onflfct involving operations In the orth Atlantic. So apparently It's o accident that the full name of he present pact Is the "North tlnntlc pact." Russian Exports To United States *each New Low WASHINGTON, Ufarch 22— (Ft— Russian exports to the United 'tales-dropped 75 per cent In Janary to the lowest point since the U. S. slapped a ban a year ago on hlpmcnU of Industrial goods or \var potential" to the Soviet. The Census Bureau, reporting his todny, noted that Russian shlp- nents of two strategic materials he U. S. is stockpiling against a var emergency—manganese nnd chrome—dropped to $1.200,000 In January from $2,100,000 in Dccem- >er. Officials said this might Indicate hat the Russians were commencing .o carry out reported threats to curtnll Soviet shipments of Mnng- inese and chrome, but that ft single month's developments could not be considered conclusive. Brannan Asks Storage facilities for Grains WASHINGTON. March 22. W>— Secretary of Agriculture Charles P. Brannan asked Congress ye&terday for power to acquire storage facilities for crops—especially grain—on which the government makes loan? In the farm price support .program Without this authority, he told the House Banking Committee, many grain farmers may be forced to sell their crops below price sup. port levels next fall. 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