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The Plain Speaker from Hazleton, Pennsylvania • Page 1

The Plain Speakeri
Hazleton, Pennsylvania
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LEAD PRO-NAZI RALLY Eight U.S. Naval Planes Are Wrecked: Brazilian Officer Killed: Also One American 1 England Protests Jap Bombardment Of Railroad Station Worst Crash Of Recent Years Plane. Which Were Wreck, rd Cost Each-No Official Comment. Second Time For Dorothy Sinclair Leia Saya Ilia Wife Has Been Thrown "Out of Germany Before. Fifteen hundred men, one of the largest police details in New York history, guarded Madison Square Garden during a German-American Bund celebration of Washington's Birthday last night ar-ranged by the U.

8. Nazi leaders above. Left to right: national or-ganizer Gustave Elmer, fuehrer Fritz Kuhn and national secretary James Hill. ications Will Be Received Appl For Jobs In New Slipper Mill Here: Expect To Employ 300 the city schools; and James Koch, president of the City Authority who was mainly responsible for the factory's coming here, will be included Mercury Drops All Over U.S. Snow in Middle West and Set ere Gild Wave in Central North.

(By Ike AwociaUd I'res.) The mercury dropped as much at 30 degrees and cut short today an unscheduled visit ef summery weather to the eastern UniUd States. Snow was general throughout the middle wet where soma subzero readings were taken, rain dispelled fog in Florida and readings in the 20's were reported in Texas. New Englandera saw the mercury slide from yesterday's 66 to 36 today, while the weather bureau fore-catted continued cold and partly cloudy. severe cold wave chilled north-ern middle western states. Minnesota lows included 45 below at Park Rapids, 32 below at Wadena, 18 below at Winona and 2 below at Minneapolis.

Snow covered southern Wisconsin. Light snow in upstate New York accompanied a drop of 26 degrees in 24 hours to 11.6 at 9 a. m. At Niagara Falls the temperature was 18 at the same hour and the ice bridge in the gorge was one of the strongest and largest in recent years. The mercury was down to 36 in New York City and fair and moderately cold weather was predicted.

Pennsylvania had a mercury read ing of 45 this morning, 17 degrees below that of yesterday morning. Cloudy and cooler weather prevailed in Maryland where the tempera ture rose above 70 yesterday. Nebraska temperatures general ly were below zero, but fair and somewhat warmer weather was forecast The danger of high water was reduced in southwestern Mich igan as the mercury fell to below 20. Temperatures were in the low 20's in Indiana and Ohio and light snow was falling. Similar condi tions prevailed in Illinois, but ther mometer readings were lower.

Nine Motor Police Employes Let Out HARRISBURG, Feb. 21. (JP) Nine employes of the Pennsylvania motor police were relieved of duty today because their jobs were abolished. The announcement of what amounted to dismissals came from the office of Governor James. Those affected and the salaries they had received were: Capt.

A. M. Banks, pilot of the state police airplane, Roy G. McEwen, special investigator, L. F.

Horan, principal methods assistant, F. M. Williams, expert photographic technician, Russell G. Wrightstone, head police clerk, D. B.

Young, senior stenographic clerk, D. A. Beckwith, aircraft mechanic, Antonia Terrari, senior tailor, $1,620. Hope Wanes For Polo Star. PASADENA, Feb.

21. (JP) Hope ebbed today for Capt Pat Roark, British polo star, as he continued unconscious from a critical brain injury he suffered in an international match Sunday. An operation on his skull last night disclosed a condition which made physicians doubt he could recover. Newspaper Advertising Smallest Unit Of Cost SWARTHMORE, Feb. 21.

(JP) Newspapers afford the "smallest unit of cost" in advertising today, Regan W. Tomlin-son, Philadelphia advertising man, told Swarthmore College students last night. Tomlinsnn said proper advertising reduces prices, creates employment and raises the quality of the merchandise. WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.

Uft Official advices to the Navy Depart- mcnt today said two fliers from the naval air training station at Pensa cola, met death iu the crash of tight fog-trapped training planes. One of the victims. Lieutenant Guilhcrme Fisher Presser, was one of two Brazilian naval offlcera un. dergolng naval aviation training. The other flier killed was Lluuten.

ant (junior grade) Norman M. Oa- tcrgren, 20, of Fort Peck, Mont, whose plane crashed at McDavid. Fla. The navy madu no official mm. ment but officials nrivatclv regarded the accident as among the worst in recent aviation history.

Officials said they understood the planes were Boeing single-seater fighter planes, used for training, and costing upwards of 118,000 each. The circumstances of the trairedv recalled to officials the loss of seven destroyers and 22 of their crew on the California coast September 3, 1923. Similarly trapped in a sea fog, the destroyers steaming in a column followed their leader onto rocks off Honda Point, 75 miles north of Santa Barbara. Lieutenant Otterirrcn. one of the fliers killed, was a 1935 graduate of the Naval Academy.

He was a native of St Paul, and attended hich school at Great Falls. and the University of Washington before entering the Academy in 1931. Guards Stepped On Wrong Side Of Line BERNE, Feb. 21. (-Switzerland today released two German border guards who had spent eight days in a Swiss jail for stepping on the wrong side of the frontier.

The German guards had chased two refugees into Swiss territory in Praettigau Pass near Coire in the Canton of Grisons and were jailed promptly by the Swiss. The federal council decided the Germans were "inspired rather by an excess of official zeal than by any intention of violating Swiss territory." Turns Back For Black Cat SPRING GROVE, Feb. 21. (JP) Puzzled police investigated when they saw a motorist stop abruptly on a street, shift to reverse and back his car for almost a block. The motorist explained a black cat had crossed his path and that he was going a round-about route.

Duke's Yacht Strikes Rock: Asks For Aid SAN DIEGO, Feb. 21 (JP) The Duke of Sutherland's yacht, Sanspeur, radioed for help early today, saying she had struck a submerged rock in the Gulf of California and was filling with water in the forward hold. The yacht's position was given as 480 miles south of San Diego, off Santa Island. The message asked that a salvage boat be dispatched to aid the disabled craft The British consul at Los Angeles said he did not know the identity of those aboard. Accident Due To Sudden Fog During Routine Night Flight.

CRASH OCCURS OFF PENSACOLA Six Student Aviators Escape By Bailing Out In Darkness. PKNSACOLA, Feb. 21. (JP) Trapped in a dense fog, eight navy planei were wrecked and two pilots killed on a routine training flight last night. Ruin washed away the fog at dawn today, disclosing the full toll to officers of the PenBacola naval air station.

Six student fliers escaped by bailing out in the darkness in their first parachute jumps. Four pilots landed safely in south Alabama. Lieut. G. F.

Pressor, a Bra. tilian navy officer receiving regular training here, died when his plane crashed and burned at Corry Field, where land planes are quartered. Lieut. N. M.

Ostergren was found in his wrecked and burned plane near McDavid, about 25 miles north of Pensacola. The fog kept his fate a mystery until after dawn, when scouting planes took to the air for a search of the entire section. Lieut. J. P.

Monroe, aide to the commandant of the station, said a board of inquiry would convene1 today. Besides Lieut. Presser, another Brazilian officer, Lieut A. C. P.

llorta, was in the group. He leaped to safety. While no official comment was immediately available concerning the presence of the Brazilian officers in the flight, it was indicated they were taking the regular course as students. A law approved by Congress last summer permits training of South American aviators in United States service schools, the measure left regulations up to the president Nine advanced students and three Instructors took off early last night for a routine after-dark flight. Not long after they were aloft a aoupy fog rolled in from the Gulf of Mexico.

The well-lighted landing field was blotted out. Thousands, of (Continued on Page 4) Chimpanzee Goes On Tear Necessary to Kill Animal in Shop Because She Didn't Understand English. NEW YORK, Feb. 21. (JP) The death of Henriette, a temperamental chimpanzee, was blamed today by her owner, William Rose, on the fact she understood one language and spoke another.

Henriette was killed by a bullet from the gun of an S. P. C. A. agent yesterday after she wrecked Rose's Fifth avenue pet shop during a tantrum and bit two persons.

Before she was felled in a melee during which 30 shots were fired, the angry anthropid strewed the shop with gulping goldfish and startled puppies and tried vainly to kick out a plate glass window. She routed several police and stalled traffic for several minutes until death calmed the hubbub. Rose said Henriette cost him $800 last week. Explaining his inability to soothe her after she broke out of her cage, he said she had been trained by a man who spoke Portuguese. Rose said he had begun the study cf Portuguese but that Henriette so far hadn't been able to understand him.

Nation Warned To Avoid "War Jitters" WILMINGTON, Feb. 21. (JP) V. S. Representative James E.

Van Zandt of the Clearfield-Blair-Centre counties district of Pennsylvania, urges the people of the nation "to keep their feet on the ground and solicit their congressman not to entangle the United States in a war involving the problems of other nations." Van Zandt, former national commander of the Veterans of Foreign Wars who addressed veterans here last night, assailed "the effort of democracies and dictatorships of the world to drag this nation into their problems," and urged the nation to avoid acquiring "war jitters." New Arrivals. A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. William Gross of 229 North Broad street, West Hazleton, at the Cor-tigan Maternity Hospital. A son was born at the State Hospital to Mr.

and Mrs. Clyde Bred-beaner, of Drums. Day Abroad. (By The Associated Preta.) LONDON Britain prottU to Japan against bombing ef Hongkong territory; presses for expanded trade in Europe to aid appeasement policy. HONGKONG Japanese war-planes bomb rail ay station, killing Britikh Indian polire-man, wounding II other persons.

TOKYO Statements in Parliament believed to indicate Japan might take over Shanghai's international settlement NEWCASTLE King George VI, under heavy police guard, launches battleship named for father, King George V. PARIS France gives semiofficial emiiuary to Spanish NationalikUi fresh Instructions for laying groundwork for diplomatic recognition of Franco. VATICAN CITY March 1 set as day for opening conclave to elect new pope. BUCHAREST Foreign ministers of Rumania, Yugoslovia, Greece and Turkey meet to consider ways of attaching Bulgaria to Balkan entente. Pepper Favors Townsend Plan Florida Solon Calls For 3Iachinery to Improve Purchasing Power.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. (JP) Senator Pepper (D-Fla), giving a qualified endorsement today to the Townsend old-age pension plan, asserted that "we can never solve the economic situation unless we de velop machinery to stimulate and improve the purchasing power of the country," Testifying at hearings before the House Ways and Means Committee, the senator said the Townsend plan providing for payment of monthly pensions up to $200 to persons over 60 was "in the right direction and "has merit in it He said it dealt with economic problems in a fundamental way because it proposed to keep money circulating. Pepper sought to back up his point by citing the government's spend ing record. The government, he said, put $10,000,000,000 or into consumer purchasing power from 1933 to 1936 and economic conditions improved to the point where they were comparable with 1929.

Then in 1937, he said, the govern ment turned only $985,000,000 net into consumer buying power channels and a slump hit the nation and no improvement appeared until the government again resumed its former policy last year. 'I believe customers and not imag inary confidence will give confidence to the nation," he said. Prisoner Does Houdini Act. LOS ANGELES, Feb. 21 (JP) Amazed authorities reported today that a prisoner had vanished from the 15th floor of the Hall of Justice.

Sometime between 8 and 11 o'clock last night, they said, Paul H. Jones, 23, disappeared. The only apparent way of escape was a dangerous descent in an air shaft. To do this, jailors said, Jones would have had to be nearly as clever as the late Houdini. sections is a hopeful sign," Conover said.

Conover said the snow run-off and unseasonably warm weather recently was typical of a spring freshet "in advance of the season which usually comes in March." These other tentative crests were forecast at points along the river: Sunbury, 12 Vt feet 34 feet un der flood; Harrisburg, 12 feet, 6 feet under flood; Williamsport, 13 feet, 7 feet under flood, Low lands Flooded. BINGHAMTON, N. Feb. 21. (JP) Lowlands in the Triple Cities area were flooded today as the Susquehanna and Chenango rivers, already past flood stage, continued to rise slowly.

Meteorologist Thomas E. Reed predicted dropping temperature would check the rise and that both rivers would be receding by night fall. Danger cf serious flood conditions, he said, was slight At Whitney Point flood waters of the Tioughnioga river were 14 inches deep over the Binghamton-Syracuse highway. Traffic de-toured through Lisle, Rrithh Policeman At Hongkong Killed And Dozen Injured. IS CAUSE OF MW FAR EAST TENSION Eminent Chinaman Connected With Jap Rule Assassinated.

(By The Japanese bombardment cf a Hor.g. kong railway station resulted in a quick protest from Britain today, adding new complications to the Far Eastern situation while warring Spain kept Europe uneasy. One British Indian policeman was killed and a dozen other persons injured by a Japanese aerial attack on Lowu station, 18 miles from the heart of British Hongkong. Britain's ambassador in Tokyo was instructed to lodge a vigorous protest and at the same time press for a reply to earlier British inquiries concerning Japan's intentions toward other foreign powers in Japanese-conquered sections of China. Declarations in the Japanese Diet were interpreted as indication the Japanese army might march into Shanghai's International Settlement as to? result of assassinations of Japanese sympathizers there.

An eminent Chinese, Li Kuo-Chieh, said to have had connections with the Japanese-sponsored Nan king reform government, was killed there today. Tcheng Loh, foreign minister of the Nanking regime, was slain in another part of Shanghai yesterday. Both Chinese and Japanese, meanwhile, claimed victory in a huge aerial battle over Lanchow, import ant Chinese military base in northwest China. A Japanese communique said 36 Russian-made planes were shot down in the engagement but Chinese said onlf three Chinese pilots were injured while eight Japanese aircraft were downed. France gave her semi-official envoy to Nationalist Spain, Senator Leon Berard, fresh instructions fur trying to reach a basis for formal (Continued on Page 15) Plan State's Fair Exhibit Tentative Program Calls For Dedication of Penna.

Building About May 1. HARRISBURG, Feb. 21. (JP) The "go ahead" signal was given to day for authorities supervising con struction of Pennsylvania exhibit at the New York World's Fair. A spokesman announced the Penn sylvania World's Fair Commission, recently enlarged to a membership of 15 by the legislature, was "going: ahead with previous plans, plus some possible additions." The new commission was told at its first meeting last night that "haste is of paramount importance'' because the fair opens in another 52 days.

A tentative program was adopted for dedication of the Keystone State's building a replica of Independence Hall April 30 or May 1. "Various important Pennsylvania days will be designated to commemorate milestones in Pennsylvania history," a commission spokesman said. Further details will be worked out at the next meeting, in the administration building of the fair, March 21. Firbt Dust Storm In State. PITTSBURGH, Feb.

21. (JP) The first dust storm reported in this district in three years swept high over Pennsylvania and Ohio yesterday, interfering with visibility at some points, airplane pilots reported. Visibility at Avon, was cut to less than a half-mile, one airline announced. WEATHER. Eastern Pennsylvania: Snow in west and north and rain changing to snow in southeast portion touight and probably Wednesday morning; slightly colder south portion tonight.

New Jersey: Cloudy, with rain tonight and probably Wednesday morning; not much change in temperature. Delaware: Cloudy, with rain tonight and possibly Wednesday morning; not much change in temperature. Sandy Hook to Hatteras: Fresh northeast winds tonight shifting to northwest on Wednesday over north portion and moderate southwest winds, shifting to northwest on Wednesday over south portion; weather overcast with rain tonight and Wednesday. DETROIT, Feb. 21 (IP) Sinclair Lewis, author and playwright, said in a statement today that he was "extremely proud" of hu wife, Dorothy Thompson, newspaper columnist, who narrowly escaped ejection from a German-American Bund rally at New York last night for shouting Lewis, whose book "It Can't Happen Here" described an imaginary dictatorship in the United States, is appearing at a Detroit theatre with his stage play "Angela Is Referring to reports that an attempt was msde to eject his wlfo from the German-American Bund meeting by "storm troopers," and to her previous expulsion from Germany as a foreign correspondent, Lewis said: "This is the second time Dorothy has been thrown out of Germany by Hitler.

I hope that the third time of her ejection from swastika-crowned German territory will not be from the capitol at Washington." Have Their First Swim. YORK, Feb. 21. UP) With the mercury bobbing around 70, and a warm breeze blowing, residents along Big Conewaog Creek were re minded of summer days yesterday. Three young boys even tried a summer sport They paid their first visit of the season to the ole iwimmin' hole.

Nazi Boys Flatfooted. BOSTON, Feb. 21. (JP) More than 37 per cent of Nazi youths in Germany today are flatfooted, Erica Mann, daughter of Thomas Mann, exiled German novelist, told the New Century Club here last night The flat feet, she asserted, were caused by excessive marching. Bandit Robs Federal Bank.

UPPER DARBY, Pa, Feb. 21. (JP) Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation joined local authorities today in a search for a young bandit who robbed the First Federal Savings and Loan Association of $1,136 and escaped in an automobile driven by an accomplice. Valentines Returned: Tries Death. PHILADELPHIA, Feb.

21 OP) A man who told police his sweetheart returned his valentine gifts was recovering today after drinking poison. Weather Bureau Right 85 To 90 Per Cent WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. JP) Whatever the man who carries an umbrella to work and encounters a day of sunshine-thinks about the government's weather forecasting service, the Weather Bureau's predictions for 24 to 36 hours ahead are correct between 85 and 90 per cent of the time. In an address prepared for a National Aviation Forum, F.

W. Reichelderfer, chief of the Weather Bureau, said today those percentages hold true despite the fact changes in conditions sometimes are so rapid that a forecast for the next 12 hours is risky. "Stagnant" weather, permitting forecasts for days ahead, evens things up, he explained. storm troopers aside, picked him from the floor of the platform and, holding him high above their heads, ran to an exit. Most of his clothing was torn from his body.

Later, he was booked for disorderly conduct and held in $100 bail. Outside the garden, 13 persons al together were arrested in a series of fights involving the police who refused permission of anti- Nazis to picket the garden and the followers and opponents of Nazism. The first disturbance at the meeting involved Dorothy Thompson, newspaper columnist who had shouted "nonsense" during a speech by G. W. Kunze, the bund's national publicity director.

Amid shouts of "sit down" and "throw her out," a grey-shirted storm trooper and two policemen started to hustle her from the build' ing. Heywood Broun, another columnist, ran to her rescue, telling the police her identity. She was allowed to remain upon her insistence that "American free speech' gave her the right to express disagreement with any speaker. The most extraordinary police (Continued on Page 2) With Hazleton's industrial pic-; ture brightened by the announcement last night that a slipper manufacturing company which will employ 300 has taken over the top floor of the "story" building of the Duplan silk mill now owned by the Hazleton City Authority, it was stated today that applications will be received from those who desire to become workers in the factory. Back of the factory's coming here is the co-operation of the Hazleton City School Board and the State Department of Education in agreeing to set up a training school to prepare local people to work in the plant Those whose applications for positions are acted on favorably will have to undergo the course of training in the work, which is highly specialized.

Only those who pass will be taken on as salaried employ' ees. Dr. A. D. Thomas, superhT tendent of schools; Fred Haegele, pervisor of industrial education in James Agrees To Go Along Will Give Support to All-Weather Highway From Harrisburg to Pittsburgh.

HARRISBURG, Feb. 21. (JP) Governor Arthur H. James decided today "to extend every proper cooperation" to the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission for completion of the $61,500,000 all-weather highway between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh. The governor ended doubt as to his position toward the federal-financed highway project started dur ing the tarle administration a statement that the policy of his ad ministration toward it had been de termined after a detailed investigation by I.

Lamont Hughes. "The commonwealth of Pennsyl vania is not financially liable in any manner for the cost of this undertaking," the governor's statement said. "It does not underwrite any "of the bonds, neither does it guarantee that the project will ever be either physically or economically successful. "In view of the economic distress of Pennsylvania, I consider that it would be decidedly unwise for me to place any impediments in that path of this project." The 1937 legislature created the Turnpike Commission to construct and maintain the highway across the state by utilizing partly completed tunnels of the old abandoned South Penn Railroad. Mass Said In Bull Ring For Prisoners VITORIA, Spain, Feb.

21. (IP) Mass was sung today in two fa mous Spanish bull rings for govern ment prisoners held there in Nationalist concentration camps. At; an altar erected in the center of the ring, 3,500 former Republi can fighters heard mass in the Plaza De Torso here. Another mass was celebrated in the San Sebastian bull ring. The prisoners were taught also to sing the Nationalist anthem "Mar chia Granadera," (March Of The Grenadiers.) Ask Year's Term To Learn Trade.

PITTSBURGH, Feb. 21. (JP) Sentenced to six months in jail for stealing an automobile, William Dolph asked Federal Judge Nelson McVicar, "could you make it a year in the penitentiary?" Judge Mc Vicar obliged after Dolph explained he wanted the longer term to learn a trade. on a board of review in this connection. Before anything further is done, however, the quarters to be taken over by the factory will have to be renovated for the training purposes.

ine training win te located in a portion of the space being taken over. The State Department will pay the cost of ten teachers, whose salaries alone will bring 5,000 into this city. The teachers will be ex. perienced footwear workers; and the cost of power and other items will be borne jointly by the management and the City Authority through reduced rentals through the training period. The letters between state educa tional heads and the local school authorities by which the training (Continued on Page 14) Reaction On Bund Meeting Members of Congress Disagree Whether Gatherings Should Be Barred.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. (JP) Members of Congress disagreed today as to whether such organizations as the German-American Bund should be permitted to hold public meetings. Reaction to the stormy session of the bund in New York last night varied from a statement by Senator Bankhead (D-Ala) that he favored "concentration camps for those trying to spread un-American propaganda" to an assertion by Senator Downey (D-Calif) that "any group has a right to hold a meeting so long as it is legally authorized." "I think these bund meetings would amount to a lot less if the opponents of Hitler in this country would just ignore them," said Downey. Bankhead declared that "I am against attempts to spread the doctrines and theories of Fascism or Hitler in this country.

I don't believe in letting foreigners stay in this country, even if naturalized, when they try to destroy our Am erican government." One Republican senator, who ask ed that his name not be used, said "I detest this kind of meeting but I'd fight to let them hold it." Rep. Healey (D-Mass), a mem ber of the House Committee Investigating Un-Americanism said: "I deplore all gatherings assem bled under the banners of organiza tions not strictly devoted to the ad vancement of America and the ob jectives of our democracy. Such energies might better be directed, par ticularly at this time, toward the advancement of democracy and Am ericanism." France And Shah End Dispute Over Words PARIS," Feb. 21. (JP) The quar rel between France and Iran over the mixup in the words shah and cat has been settled.

Foreign minister officials said diplomatic relations which were broken December 30 by Iran would be resumed soon. The Shah had called his minister home in protest against the use by the French press of the word which means cat but is pronounced like shah. He had objected particularly to photographs of Paris cat show with Predicts Floods For One Or Two Wilkes-Barre Streets Wild Scenes In Madison Square Garden As Nazis Hold Rally NEW YORK, Feb. 21. (JP) In a Nazi demonstration that filled vast Madison Square Garden, leaders of the German-American Bund stood last night under the sign of the Swastika to denounce "international Jewry," some members of the Roosevelt cabinet, and any American alliance with European democracies.

While uniformed troopers marched intermittently inside the garden which at official estimate held 20,000 a moving throng of anti-Nazis, theatregoers and the merely curious, milled about in the streets outside. About 1,500 police reserves stood guard over the area, while violence spurted up inside the garden and out As Fritz Kuhn, national leader of the Bund, was concluding a peroration against Jews, Isadore Green-baum, a slight, 26-year-old hotel worker, leaped upon the great stage and ran toward the speaker. Instantly, a dozen or more storm troopers set upon him, knocking him down and beating him as he held his head in his arms, his black, wild hair flying. A squad of police pushed the HARRISBURG, Feb. 21.

(JP) The swollen Susquehanna will crest at 19.5 feet this afternoon at To-wanda but barring additional heavy rain there will be "little inconvenience," the weather bureau said today. The 19.5 reading would be three feet above flood stage. Leslie F. Con- over, U. S.

Weather Bureau meteoro- loeist said, however, that there would be "no danger" and only lowlands would be flooded. Flood warnings were also posted at Wilkes-Barre, another point on the Susquehanna's north branch. The river there will crest tomorrow morning at 25.5 feet, Conover said. That would be 3.5 feet above flood level. The reading this morning at Wilkes-Barre was 19.9.

"One or two streets in Wilkes-Barre will have water," Conover said. He did not expect Plymouth or Kingston to be affected. A near flood stage-was also forecast at Danville. "We can expect the crests to hold I if we don't get any more heavy rains. The absence of snow in many references to "his majesty the cat' i.

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