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The Plain Speaker from Hazleton, Pennsylvania • Page 1

The Plain Speaker from Hazleton, Pennsylvania • Page 1

The Plain Speakeri
Hazleton, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:

TIE ASSOCIATED PRESS DOUBLE TRUNK SERVICE THE Tartly cloudy and slightly cooler in west and north tonight; Wednta. day fair and slightly cooler. FIFTY-FIFTH YEAR, HAZLETON, PA TUESDAY AFTERNOON, JUNE 1, 1937. TWO CENTS A COPY. Roosevelt Asks Law To Stop Evasion Of Taxes By Very Rich Almeria's Death Toll From German Attack May Reach 200 Mark EUROPE FACES NEW CRISIS OVER BOMBING OF NAZI SHIP North Pole Telephone Service Inaugurated In Special Message He Says Minority Is Engaged In Practice. CITES VARIOUS METHODS USED Known Loss of Life Thirty But Much Debris Still Unexplored. ENGLAND JOINS IN PROTEST TO SPAIN Devices Used To Escape Taxes President Submits Various Methods For Dodging Payments. ft i I i at Bombing of the pocket battleship Deutschland by Spanish airplanes all shore leaves in the German navy. Here the Deutschland is shown Two Young Men Killed: One Hurt When Car Hits Pole MOSCOW, June 1. (IP) Di-rect telephone service to the North Pole started late last night Soviet explorers close to the pole talked with their wive in Moscow on a direct two-way radio telephone hook-up established at 11:35 p. (4:33 p. E. S. after several days experimentation. The radio telephone aboard Mihail Vodopysnoff's plane was used on a 33 ameter wave length. Previously the Comintern station in Moscow had broadcast a special program for the Polar band, sending them new reports of the Spanish civil war and a special concert. SPANISH SITUATION (By The Associated Press). Peaceful solution of a new European-Spanihh crisis, the result of a Spanish aerial attack on the German pocket battleship Deutschland and the Reich's retaliatory bombardment of the Spanish port Almeria, depended on these circumstances: BERLIN The Reich declared the Deutschland incident closed. ALMERIA Estimates placed the cost of the German naval shelling as high as 200 dead and injured; devastation widespread. The known loss of life is 30. VALENCIA The Spanish government accused Germany of a "war of invasion" against the Republic; cabinet considered steps. LONDON Britain joined Germany and Italian protests against Spanish attacks on shipping; move seen as effort to create "safety zones" for neutral warships, plaeate Berlin and Rome and win them back to European non-intervention i ROME Italian fleet off Spain unsheathed anti-aircraft guns alert against attack. GENEVA Spanish government abandoned plan to demand special League of Nations Council meeting. TARRAGONA Wounded sailors charged "large submarine," unidentified, sank their sailboat; incident followed Barcelona accusations that Italian submarine torpedoed Spanish passenger liner, causing heavy losses. MADRID Government forces engaged insurgents at La Gran-ja, 33 miles northwest of Madrid; government attack believed strategy to relieve Bilbao. Duke And Wallie To Wed At 11:30 A. M. MONTS. France, June 1. VP) The wedding that will make American-born Wallis Warfield the Duchess of Windsor, will take place Thursday at 11:30 a. m. (5:30 a. m. EST). Herman L. Rogers, American spokesman of former King Edward VIII, announced the half-hour advance in time today. He said the change was arranged in order to give the Duke and Mrs. Warfield ample time for their wedding breakfast Racing Yacht Crippled. NEWPORT, R. June 1. The main boom of the big, blue-hulled sloop, Endeavor II, one of two potential challengers for the America's cup, buckled today, crippling the racing yacht as she prepared to set out for a trial spin. that the German warship, a unit of the international patrol to curb the flow of arms and munitions to the civil war, was not at Ibiza on control duty but "to protect insurgent forces and keep insurgent boats and airplanes, which are attacking cities of Loyalist Spain, our merchantmen and battleships, informed by radio or other means." The Spanish government further charged that the Deutschland had provoked the attack on it by govern ment airplanes by first attacking them. (Germany declared the Deutschland had not opened fire on the Spanish planes.) "Our planes did nothing more than defend themselves against wholly unjustified attack," the government said. "The German government continues to search for a pretext for undisguised invasion of our territory." and caused the cancellation of passenger ship in the background. (The Associated Press) Was "Murder" Charges Lewis Head of CIO Comments Bitterly On 5 Deaths In Chicago Strike. WASHINGTON, June 1, John L. Lewis, chairman of the Com-; mittee for Industrial charged today the Republic Steel Company and the Chicago police i force were "guilty of planned mur- der" in Chicago's week-end steel strike violence. Dispatches from Chicago said five persons were killed in the Memorial Day strike riot. Lewis' office said six were killed. Lewis asserted that "the brutal massacre of the Chicago steel work ers is a blot on the national conscience." "They were unarmedj" he said in a prepared statement "The killing took place on the open prairie, six blocks from the gate of the sacred pany. Six men were killed, a hundred others were shot, gassed and clubbed. Not a single policeman was shot. Those who were injured suffered from the naked hands of men who were fighting for their lives against armed killers. "The nation knows the Chicago police force is corrupt. It is the same force that for years has protected the hoodlum and the thug. It now aids the Republic Steel Company. This company and the police force are guilty of planned murder. "Somewhere in this nation should be a force strong enough to bring these uniformed killers and their conspirators to justice. Somewhere in this nation should be a force greater than a steel company. Somewhere in this nation should be enough earnest and honest citizens to compel action by the federal and state authorities. "Can it be true that striking work men may be shot at will by the very agents of the law? Is the blood of our American workers less valuable than that in Spain for which we weep? Is labor to be protected, or is it to be butchered? The answer is important both to labor and Drops Dead Umpiring Game. PITTSBURGH, June 1. (P) Homer Teaman, 48, veteran sandlot baseball umpire and founder of the Pittsburgh Umpires Association, dropped dead umpiring a game. British Stand Calculated To Reassure Berlin And Rome. ALMERIA, Spain, June 1. (JP) The known loss of life in Germany's naval bombardment of this Spanish government port reached 30 today with huge piles of debris still unexplored and some estimates forecasting a toll of 200 dead and injured. Officials expected to find more bodies in the high mounds of masonry and broken timbers but they said the casualty lists undoubtedly were reduced by an air raid alarm before the Monday dawn bombardment hydroplane launched from one of the German battleships flew over the city on an observation flight shortly before the broadside began. Most of the population, roused by the alarm, found shelter in time. Although almost every house in the port was struck, most of the damage was eonf ined to abandoned upper floors. Only two persons were injured when a shell crumbled the rear wall of a hospital, other patients having been moved to a less exposed part of the building. "More than 200 shells dropped into the city without any fixed objective," Gabriel Moron, the civil governor declared, "and on a defenseless civilian population. "In less than an hour the projectiles destroyed more than fifty houses and seriously damaged the majority of buildings. "There was not a house that did not suffer from the rain of shrapnel. Many inhabitants, especially women and children, ran panic-stricken and only partly clothed through streets, pelted with shrapnel Many houses collapsed, burying their peaceful, innocent England- Joins In Protest LONDON, June 1. (JP) Great Britain joined Germany and Italy today in protesting Spanish govern ment violence against neutral ship ping apparently as a measure to bolster Europe's peace. The British stand, well-informed sources was calculated to give reassurance to Berlin and Rome that their demands against the Spanish government were justified. At the same time it was intended to obtain safety of shipping through the creation by the Spanish govern-(Continued on Page 2) Anthracite Coal Business Cains Shares In Advances Made By Various Industries of State. PHILADELPHIA, June 1. (JP) April industrial employment and payrolls in Pennsylvania were tht highest since 1930, the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia reported. The bank said a widespread increase in wage rates was the "most striking development" of the month. Wages amounted to $26,400,000 a week. This was 41 per cent higher than April, 1936. Prospects for the farmer, manu facturing output and retail trade sales showed improvement The report said "output of manu factures, anthracite fuel and crude oil during April was at a somewhat higher rate than in March and substantially above that of a year ago. "Retail trade sales have been in larger volume than last year. "Agricultural conditions on the whole reflect favorable seasonal de velopments and the current income of farmers continues materially larger than in recent years." Starts 24th Tear As Chief. HARRISBURG, June 1. (JP) Chief of Police George J. Shoemaker began his twenty-fourth year today in the Harrisburg police department. He was appointed June, 1. 1913. WEATHER. Eastern Pennsylvania: Partly cloudy, preceded by local thunder showers in southeast portion this afternoon or tonight; slightly cooler in west and north portions tonight; Wednesday fair and slightly cooler. New Jersey and Delaware: Local thunder showers this afternoon or tonight; Wednesday fair and slightly cooler. Sandy Hook to Hatteras: Moder ate south and southwest winds over south portion and moderate to fresh southwest winds, shifting to northwest late tonight over north portion; weather partly overcast tonight and Wednesday preceded by shower and thunder storms. Some Have Color Or Legality But All Violations He Says. WASHINGTON, June 1. (JP) President Roosevelt asked Congress today to stop tax dodging "by a minority of very rich individuals," The chief executive, in a message saying evasion by the wealthy shifts the tax load to those less ablo to pay, urged legislation at this session "specifically and exclusively aimed making the present tax structure evasion-proof." "We face a challenge to the power of the government to collect, unifor-mally, fairly and without discrimination, taxes based on statutes adopted by Congress," ho said. Mr. Roosevelt declared the full power of the government would be thrown behind a treasury investigation of income tax evasion fend avoidance. He asked authorization to expand the inquiry, giving the treasury full power to summon witnesses and compel testimony. The president transmitted a preliminary report on the investigation, and expressed confidence Congress would share with him a feeling of indignation at findings of evasion. The report, he said, "reveals ef forts at avoidance and evasion of tax liability, so widespread and so amazing in their boldness and their ingenuity, that further action with out delay seems imperative." There are a variety of tax dodging methods, Mr. Roosevelt added, explaining: ''Some are instances of avoidance which appear to have the color of legality; others are on the border line of legality; others are plainly contrary even to the letter of the law. "All are alike in that they are definitely contrary to the spirit of the law, "All are alike in that they represent a determined effort on the part (Continued on Page 2) Germany Wants Action By Pope Claims LatterV Failure to Disavow Mundelein Menaces Relations. BERLIN, June 1. (JP) The German government today formally accused the Vatican of endangering normal relations with the Nazi Reich by failing to "disavow" the critical speech of George, Cardinal Mundelein, of Chicago. A diplomatic note, handed to the Holy See by Diego von Bergen, the German ambassador to the Vatican aid. "The Holy See must realize that its unexpected and incomprehensible attitude in this matter, go long as it remains unremedied, has removed the pie-conditions for the normal course of relations between the German government and the Roman Curia." (The Roman Curia is the body of Congregations, tribunals and offices through which the Pope governs the church.) The foreign office said the note did not mean that relations with the Vatican were now being broken off. Von Bergen, it was explained, left Rome on his usual summer vacation. But, it was stated, "he will go back for some time." Earlier the German government had made formal representations to the Vatican against Cardinal Mun-dellein's speech, in which he called Adolf Hitler "an Austrian paper hanger and a poor one, at that" and assailed German trials of priests and lay brothers on immorality charges as "atrocity propaganda." New Arrivals. A son was born today at the State Hospital to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Mol-inaro of 811 North Vine street A daughter was born today at the State Hospital to Mr. and Mrs. John Craig of 654 Arthur street A son has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Robert Conroy of Philadelphia. Mrs. Conroy is the former Miss Dorothy Smith of Drifton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Smith of Drifton, formerly of West Birch street this city. A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Michael Panco, of 530 Tama-qua street McAdoo, at the Corrt-gan Maternity Hospital, on Saturday. A son was born yesterday to Mr and Mrs. George Litavis, of 693 Lincoln street at the Corrigan Maternity Hospital. The mother was inner! Uiaa Laura Milesty WASHINGTON, June 1. (JP) Here are the devices President Roosevelt told Conarress todav are being used to dodge federal taxes: l. foreign personal holding corporations in the Bahamas, Panama, Newfoudland and other countries "where taxes are low and corpora tion laws lax." 2. Foreign insurance companies, to which Americans pay a single large premium for life insurance policies, then borrow back almost the entire premium without Interest. 3. Domestic personal holding companies. 4. Incorporating yachts and country estates, so as to make deductions for wages, depreciation and similar expenses. 5. Artificial deductions for interest, losses, such as interest on loans to them by their personal holding companies. 6. Creating multiple trusts for relatives and dependents. 7. Husband and wife or father and children partnerships. In addition to the eight types of "moral fraud," Congress was ask ed to correct three provisions of existing law, as follows: 1. Precentage depletion by which oil and mining corporations are entitled to deduct for depletion of their mines or wells. 2. Division of income between husband and wife in the eight community property states. 3. Taxation of non-resident aliens. "Rent Strike" Begins At Pontiac, Michigan PONTIAC, June 1. (IP) Charles Barker, chairman of a United Automobile Workers committee appointed to bring about a reduction in Pontiacs rentals, announced today that "the strike is on." "It is up to the property owners now," he said. "We have instructed tenants to withhold rent payments. "We are ready to go before the circuit court commissioners in cases of eviction, and into municipal court in garnishment actions. We intend to stall and delay and make it as dif ficult as possible for landlords to do anything until rents are reduced." Asks Police To Turn Off Gas. LANCASTER, June 1. (JP) Lancaster police received a tele-phone call from a woman visiting in Radnor, asking them to go to her Lancaster home and turn off the gas under a roast in the oven. Patrolman Earl Labezius borrowed a ladder, climbed into the apartment home and found the gas hadn't been turned on. Hot At Pittsburgh. PITTSBURGH, June 1. (IP) A spring heat wave sent the mercury past 90 at noon today, and threatened an all-time record for the day. Post Accepts Plaque Socialists Refused READING, June 1. (IP) A plaque in memory of Lieut. General Hunter Liggett Reading native and World War commander, arrived in Reading for the Gregg Post of the American Presented by the Army and Navy Club of San Francisco, the plaque was refused by the Socialist majority in City Council who said such memorials tended to glorify war. General Liggett died in San Francisco in 1930. Berks county commissioners agreed to receive the plaque and the legion will put it in its home. Triplet Sisters Same Time In CARTHAGE, N. June 1. (JP) Wedding bells rang thrice in the Zehr family today as triplets Doris, Dora and Dorothy marched to the altar with three 6talwart North country farmers two of them brothers. Prim in white satin gowns, the 24-year old sisters came to the small Methodist Episcopal Church here from their home in nearby Croghan for the second time in 24 hours. Last night, the triplets, daughters of Mrs. Flora Zehr, a widowed farm mother, rehearsed the triple ceremony for more than an hour as curious village folk watched through open church doors. Three times they marched up the aisle with their three sisters, Delia, Pearl and Florence as attendants and grouped themselves with other members of the wedding party about a crescent platform before the Key. William K. Bradshaw. House dresses sufficed for the rehearsal and their -a- brought death to 23 German sailors entering the port of Hamburg, with a Mountain colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company as a mine laborer and was a member of the Jeanesville mine local and the M. E. church of that town. Surviving him are his mother and the following brothers and sisters: Marion, Jean, Anna, Louise, Margaret Ruth and Louis. Slahor was employed at the Jeanesville colliery of the Lehigh Valley Coal Company and was a member of the Slovak Lutheran church of this city. The family moved from Jeanesville to Tresckow sevefal years ago Surviving bim are his parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Slahor and several brothers and sisters. The double fatality takes from Hazleton.the credit of having suffered no auto deaths since January 1. This district led the state for the whole of the year up to June 1 in safety on the highways. The funeral of Bevan will be held Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock with services at the family residence at Jeanesville. Interment will be made in the Mountain View cemetery. Arrangements for Slahor's funeral have not yet been completed. Amelia Earhart Begins Flight Takes Off For San Juan On First Leg of Around World Hop. MIAMI, June () Amelia Earhart took off for San Juan, Puerto Rico, at 5:57 a. m. (Eastern Standard Time) today on a second attempt to fly around the world "just for fun." The slim aviatrix waved a bare arm in farewell and then gunned the I big, twin-motored monoplane some 2,200 feet along the runway before she lifted it easily into the brilliant tropical dawn. Just before the takeoff, her husband, George Palmer Putnam, leaned into the cockpit to kiss her good bye and shake hands with her navigator, Captain Fred Noonan, who is to accompany her on the west-to-east journey. Putnam panned to remain in Miami until his wife reaches Natal, Brazil, her jumping-off place for Africa. A commercial airline (Pan American) will monitor her fight over its regular route to South America and expects to have reports on her progress. Miss Earhart planed to cruise the 1,033 miles to San Juan at a leisurely 150 miles an hour to test her plane further and said she would return to Miami if anything went amiss. Earle Jumps Into River To Rescue Pet Dog HARRISBURG, June 1. (JP) Governor George II. Earle plunged into the Susquehanna river today and rescued his prize-winning Manchester terrier, "Mickey." Mickey and the governor, both drenched, walked more than half a mile back to the executive mansion. The governor explained that he and "Mickey" were out for their morning stroll along the river front Mickey suddenly took a fit, rolled down the steps from the drive, and splashed into the stream. Earle wore a light walking suit at the time. yJ Supreme Court Ends Its Term Agrees to Pass on Financing' of Grants For Power Projects. WASHINGTON, June 1. (JP) The Supreme Court wound up an eight-month historic term today by agreeing to pass on constitutionality of federal loans and grants to aid in financing muncipal power It then adjourned, not to meet again until October. Before ad joutninny-th -court de clined to review litigation by the Electric Bond and Share Company challenging the 1935 act regulating utility holding companies. That left, in effect, a lower court ruling which required such companies to register with the securities commission, but did not involve constitutionality of the legislation. Among other actions today, the court: Refused to review a decision by the court of appeals ordering a trial to determina whether the Tennessee Valley Authority could expand its power program in eight states. Declined to pass on two cases challenging the Wagner Labor Relations act on the ground that it made no provision for a judicial review of decisions by the National Labor Relations Board as to who should represent employes in collective bargaining. Consented to review a ruling by the Court of Claims that Robert A. Taft of Cincinnati, son of the late William Howard Taft, could not collect $1.07 interest on a gold Liberty Bond which had been called for redemption. Agreed to pass on conviction of Gertrude Kay of New York of violating sections of the Home Owners Loan Act prohibiting false statements. Long Journey To See Circus. NEW YORK, June 1. (IP) The lure of seeing an American "big top" circus brought Charles B. Cochran, British theatrical producer, here on the first lap of a transAtlantic junket, he explained today. "I always wanted to sec an American circus," Cochran said, arriving on the Cunard-White Star liner Aquitania for a week's visit. "The one-ring circuses in England aren't bad, but they're not up to the standard I've heard about here." Married At Village Church black hair, freshly waved, was held in place by curlers. It was Dorothy and Dora who conceived the idea of a triple wedding when they became engaged to Sherman Kloster and his brother, Francis, respectively, young Belfort farmers. Then Doris completed the plan by accepting the proposal of Dewey Hill of Lyons Falls, also a farmer. The Kloster brothers and the triplets grew up together in the same school district in Northern Lewis county. The girls left school at 16 and since have been helping their mother at home. Interest in the wedding soon caused the three brides to arrange th? ceremony in the Carthage church with a seating of 500. The triplets planned a small reception in their home in Croghan before leaving on their wedding trip together. They're all going to Eeloit Ohio, to visit relatives. Two men were killed and another injured at 4:15 o'clock this morning at a point near Beaver Meadow known as "McGee's Field," when an auto in which they were riding crashed into a telegraph pole near Levis-ton. The car had just recently been purchased by Paul Slahor, of Tres-ckow, one of the victims, and was brand new. He was the driver. The two dead men are Calvin Bevan, aged 23, of Jcanesville, who died instantly from a fractured sljull; and Slahor, aged 22, who passed away at the State Hospital at 12:15 o'clock noon after being unconscious since the accident Joseph Christina, also of Tresckow, sustained lacerations of the forehead and right arm and a probable fracture of the right leg. The three men were taken to the State Hospital here by passing motorists but Bevan was pronounced dead by the surgeons. Mr. Bevan was born at Tresckow. His father, William Bevan, preceded him in death two years ago last November. His mother was formerly Miss Jean Muirhead of Audenried. He was employed at the Spring Earle Seeks To Break Deadlock Calls In Leaders On Poor Board Ripper and Police Merger. HARRISBURG, June 1. (P) Governor Earle summoned Democratic leaders to the Capitol today in a final effort to break the deadlock in the legislature over his relief program which would eliminate poor boards and set up a department of public assistance. New assaults on the plan came from two sources over the holiday. Rep. Robert E. Woodside, Dauphin Republican, charged that the administration had prevented the joint legislative committee appointed to investigate relief from making a report Woodside is a member of the committee. "The report was blocked by the administration," he said, "by having the chairman refuse to call a meeting after it was determined that a majority opposed the poor board ripper and desired to expose an unanswerable flaw in the Goodrich plan." The poor directors themselves last night made another effort to forestall legislative extinction by a statement issued through Thomas S. Stephenson, president of the Pennsylvania Home Rule Association. Stephenson charged that the administration was "threatening a special session" if the relief program were not approved and "threatening to take away the patronage of the Democratic members of the House welfare committee and to kill the bills these legislators now have on the House calendar unless they bow the knee to Earle and Lawrence." In some quarters there was an Intimation that the police merger proposal was as much a bone of contention as the relief bill. The relief, police and three bills to give the state liquor control board more power are the last to be settled by the legislature if it is to carry out the Earle program and adjourn by Thursday. Spain Charges War Of Invasion On Part Of Reich And Italy VALENCIA, June 1. (JP) The Spanish government charged Germany and Italy today with waging a "war of invasion" against the Republic. The statement, issued after a hurried cabinet meeting to consider the bombardment of the port of Almeria by German warships, accused the two governments of using the nonintervention control as a cloak for hostile acts against Spain. "These acts, hitherto concealed, are now open and have culminated in the un-peakable bombardment of Almeria," the official statement declared. "Almeria was shelled and many of its inhabitants were killed by German warships on the prextet that two Spanish airplanes on a recon-naisance flight attacked the cruiser Deutschland which was illegitimately anchored off Ibiza." The Valencia government strcsscl

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