The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 12, 1959 · Page 23
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 23

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 12, 1959
Page 23
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Research carried on by the USDA points out what quality means to the cattle. Heifers fed U, S. No. 1 alfalfa put on a pound of gain with only 10.8 pounds of hay. Over 16.5 pounds of U. S. No. 2 alfalfq*timothy mixed hay .were needed for a pound of gain. Milking cows pro* duced more milk on No. 2 alfalfa from essentially the same pounds of dry matter as cows getting No. 3. A hay conditioner crushes hay stems to cut drying time by as much as 50 per cent, reduce leaf loss and increase feeding value and palatability. The cross-section at left shows alfalfa stem photographed immediately after cutting. Note how stem at right is crushed and cells are squashed, aiding moisture evaporation and quicker drying of the hay. Crushing the hay enables it to dry faster. Iowa studies indicate that if the hay is mowed and crushed early in the morning it may be dry enough to bale before evening. This way you eliminate one night of exposure 1o weather. The speedier drying of stems lets them get dry enough to bale before the leaves are so dry they fall off, too. You can get dual benefits from mower-conditioner combinations, They're cheaper,to operate than mowing and conditioning separately and they may do a better job. Crushing or crimping will reduce the drying time about Vb. To get best results as far as reducing weather damage risk, hay should be mowed and conditioned early in the day. '

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