The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 12, 1959 · Page 22
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 22

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 12, 1959
Page 22
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HIGHER QUALITY HAY for fop hr/uuum™ caft eliminate many 4olla» of tin. necessary expense and never change baste feeding or'milking practices or equipment All that is needed is better hfy. - - ' This has more meaning if you look at just how important good hay is to you, A 10-year XJSDA study shows that hay makes up 27* of the feed for dairy cattle. For many operators, hay makes up an even larger portion of the ration. .Tests have shown that cows produce much more milk from high quality hay than they will from poor hay. The big benefit from .quality hay, however, comes from the fact that it can replace purchased feeds. For example, one study shows that cutting at different growth stages caused a 384-pound difference in total digestible protein per acre of hay. Researchers indicated that this much protein would cost you about $30 to $35 if you went out and bought it in the form of soybean oil meal or other protein supplements. Another example — 100 pounds of hay had feeding value equal to 67.2 pounds of grain mix. The same hay cut at a later date pounds of grain to feed value, ",."„'' , the" idea is to take/ advantage of the total feeding value of forage and then preserve that value from cutting time until tiie day when cattle, eat the feed. Studies on hay making losses show that under common field curing about 25* of the total value may be lost. Losses in, storage are usually sufficient tb take this figure over 30*. If hay gets wet, nutrient losses can nm 100*. Getting Better Quality Hay The first step in harvesting high quality hay is timely cutting. You'll harvest the most digestible protein and total nutrients by mowing alfalfa in 1/10 to 1/4 bloom stage. Mowing at the right time is only part of the job, however. Most of the lost feed value comes from leaf shatter. It has been estimated that anywhere from 30 to 50* of the leaves stay in the field in the normal operation. Since the leaves contain about 75* of the protein and calcium and of ntttrtSb:Ios> , pretty f »»»««»•)., *• «»f ^-—-o— '".;*»• i after it is mowed jhe greater ,W~ ««» ~~~~.^ and alsd tha risk of. further IAMM fro* rain &mage. Modem machinery is die greatest: help to avoiding these losses. ' ',,""'*', Hay conditioners shouldn't cafe' more than a dollar per acre to own and operate under average conditions. Crushing the stems with these machines reduces drying time about £ And the stems dry at about,the same speed as the leaves. In other words, the leaves are not so dry'that they fall off by the time the stems are dry enough to bale. Figure that you'll have to cut at least 40 acres of hay once over to pay for the annual costs of a conditioner in terms of hay savings. Drying the hay in storage or in wagons is another way to save nutrients. To get top benefits, these should be either commercial units or designed specifically for your storage. 'With these systems hay .can be baled when it is at 35 to 40* moisture. F.EED EFFICIENCY*' AND EGG PRODUCTION. DoKnlb layers are brc'J .for'those- key profit factor? ' RAPID GROWTH, FAST FEATH* ER1NG leads to large,.uniform, thrifty pullets ready to lay at an early age . £& 4 DEK ALB Science Produces Better C TJTV fllA for GREATER PROFITS y There's no substitute for profits in today's specialized poultry industry. Yes, DeKalb layers, produced by modern, up-to-date DeKalb Science, are bred to give YOU the Hvability, production, feed conversion and egg quality under competent management that can lead to greater profits. And, DeKalb Science is continuing its search for even better chix and layers through its vast resources of scientific "know-how," volume and facilities. DeKalb Chix have what it takes to make your poultry raising even more profitable. Try them for your next laying flock. DEKALB AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION, INC. DEKALB, ILLINOIS Commere/J/ Producer1 1 Dfitr loatort of DtKitb Seerf Corn ( DeKlIb Chit t DtKtlb Hftrlf Sorghum r ' > * " * " ' ' ' ,^ ' , -,. EARLY MATURITY is necessary, for top egg prb'duction DeKalb layers mature early-and lay steadily at high rates r f EGG SIZE AND QUALITY. Because of careful breeding and thorough selection, DeKalb eggs have the size, shell strength, and interior qualities to. make them ideal market eggs. And DeKalb'layers are bred 'to maintain this high quality in eggs laid throug(v out their'layrng cycles. ' ., "JH? A .«y*_'**K,T\ ) *Jw«tF .B ,:**»( ; kjgfi •M To get top performance from a permanent hay dryer it should be designed specifically for your buildings and drying needs, as the one pictured above. Hay can be baled at 35% moisture and placed into storage and the dryer will bring it down to a safe level. This practically eliminates leaf loss and rain damage. Operations like this cause extreme quality , loss. This hajr will be too dry by the time the baler gets to it. You can lose up to .,'50% of the leaves easily if they get too dry. Leaf loss is where most of the feeding value of hay is lost. The leaves contain about 75% of the protein and calcium, 60% of the TON and most of the carotene or vitamin A. Iowa recommends raking at 40 to 50% moisture.

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