The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 15, 1959 · Page 22
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 22

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 15, 1959
Page 22
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shift to BIG STICK farming &*. " - " • t 'a 3-way punch! a new three-way punch ... 42 percent more pull^Wlow range . . .almost. 50 percent more speed in tilgii .range . . ; and Jive power talce-off that matches forward speed to crop conditions., ,That's the exclusive Power Director (The Big -Stick) in action! , •' , But that isn't all. In Allis-Chahners Dynamic D-14 and D-17 Tractors, this extra power, and speed are used to full work capacity through the TRACTION BOOSTER system which gives ground traction auto- .matically as needed. .With this modern combination of pull power, speed.and traction .you farm deeper . . . wider ... faster ... with less fuel used per acre. All this . . . and more ... is yours to command • from the easy-riding seat of a 3-plow D-14, or a 4 or 5-plow D-17 . . „ when you shift to Big-Stick power. Your Allis-Chalmers dealer invites you to try this new kind of farm power in a free demonstration on your own farm . . . any, day you say. Make it soon. AUIS-CHAIMERS, FARM EQUIPMENT DIVISION, MILWAUKEE 1, WISCONSIN Listen! National Farm and Home Hour Every Saturday — NBC ALLIS-CHALMERS TRACTIOK DOO«TEK U in AUU-Chtlmeti trademark. 1501 newly decorated rooms. Central air-conditioning for maximum comfort in all seasons-all with radio, many with television. Just a step from State Street Shopping, Theatres, Merchandise Mart and LaSalle Street financial district. Telephone FR 3-2100 World-famoMi restaurant* HUIIIIM HETBEHOtSE PHOTO CREDITS A. M. Wettach; Jack McMahi- gal; United Press - Photos; Hamilton Wright; Wide World PhoTos. oven-ready in 15 minutes! Recipe on package tractor used when soil ttioisture conditions are cor- ; |fe& ;torVtfflage, ' t Many farmers who have . .j'lk* j" 4 *«?'_, ifr _' =.*' * it. *ii..« L1 » , i ^ , I * , \ 1 ~ l u ^^l ; ^-'„- J N this age of larger and heavier fa«ii'.«—^— 7 and crop specialization, sdil compaction is becoming an increasingly seriblis problem.'" More .intend sive grazing, putting a higher, proportion of the land into row crops and more exposure of open land to. heavy rainfall also cause more compaction. : ;; <. Quite similar to compaction in most folks' minds is the development of an induced 'plow sole or , hardpan. These are caused by tillage^; equipment, and repeated trips over the land. , , Agricultural research at various schools has in-' dfcated conclusively that serious compaction cuts crop yields. For example,.'Purdue University has;, found that corn yields were cut as-much as 30$ when the soil was compacted in/the springs i ,;. The University of Minnesota set up trials to" determine tihe effects, of compaction on yields, and found that under norinal, tillage practices yields were 8^.1 bushels per acre. When the surface.soil; was packed by a truck carrying 3Ji,tons'of weight on each dual wheel, yields^ dropped ioJ.Tt: bushels per acre. Then when a tractor with a special^ ,ibn wheel in Che,"luflttiwV ttlfW surface compaction, {Were used, yields" were onl^ ^ bushels. t What You Can Do About C&MpacttoYi , ; Prevention seems tb be the best way to c^ni* bat compaction.tCure : Js^approaching the problem. the hard way -«4t sort of eompayes to the old adage . jif. Closing^e barn door-after the horse has; been^ stolen:X However, there fe tio '^tablished set of /; „• rules for preventing compaction. -You simply must abide by good farming practices and hope that this Will do the job for you s Here alre suggestions:', ' First of all,,watch the moisture content of;the', .soil. If the soil can^beipack^d into a plastic ball 4 _or is nioist enough to hqld^togethef when rolled into '- a'wire form a quarterUnch thick, it is too wet. : - Another point,is your tractor siize. Generally speaking, the'trador should be as light as possible^ arid sHll do the .job without" slippage. Slippage iif' the furrow^bottom; can be »ahnost as seriousVas , weight. : Jractor size alone, though, is no indication , of compaction because a Small, light tractor can do more'damage, to wet soil than a larger, heavier k. . ' * ' ' ' 4i ^ 4 ..__ _—that stay wet believe ftey are better off •^:ft.taV4 Mfg^et equlpneht $0 they delay tillage until i in6fetttte^iiidi«ons are right and *an then work 1;fatf enough to get the job done on time, -: Cyanic matter is a gdod form of insurance. ,',. It; helps keep the soil porous and open. Legumes i: ,are good for this too, although neither addition of 5 ^manure for organic matter nor deep-rooted legumes \will put the soil in shape for several years of eon; ^centrated tillage. , , . h , r r Reducing the traffic on a field will help. This ^Smajrbr may not mean minimum tillage. You may f 'get'the same results simply by doubling up on the .jobs like disking and harrowing. Chemical weed ;"/•- control, rather than several cultivations, is another ,_way to cut down traffic.over the fields. If you'rejaced with a situation where you must cure compaction, then changing your cropping sys- x tern to include deep-rooted w legumes is probably as good as any. Breaking natural hardpans with deep plowing or chiseling may work. ..Results have hot •been consistent. Recommendations must be tailored to particular soil conditions. The induced plow pan can be broken tip wRh a chisel or deep plowing, however, and then it is a question of fbl- , lowing the prevention procedures. Standing water in'a field like this may be due to plowpans, natural hardpans, br : general compaction. At any rater th^soil; could not absorb :,the water as ,fast as it fell arid that runoff 'followed the slope to this point. Alabama researchers/are con- vinced that much of the soil in the Coastal Plains area is almost totally impermeable because of com-j paction. These soils can be drouthy loo, as the water cannot get'to the subsoil and will rapidly dry out or drain off. . « If you -want compaction problems, here's cm excellent way to get them. Working soil when it is too wet forces the soil-particles together. Slippage of ths tractor tire can also "seal" the bottom of the furrow and form an almost impervious layer of soil. If you can roll out the soil into a wire shape a quarter of an inch thick, it's too wet to be worked. This fellow is doing a good job of farming. One trip over'the field is completing two jobs for him. This reduces the possibility of compaction, plus saving time, labor and fuel. Root penetration like you see in this ditch in a bluegrass pasture is what you want in your fields, Tight layers of soil will slow, down natural root, development. If, the layer becomes too impervious, water can't get through to.the subsoil and all the root 'development will be near the surface. This will tend to make soils drouthy, simply because the plant can't reach the subsoil moisture reserves. Adding organic material to a soil is a good way to help prevent compaction. Manure increases the permeability of the soil and will increase water intake rates, By itself manure won't do the job of preventing compaction,, however. Good tillage and crop rotation practices are also needed. "FIRESTONES PULL BETTER -WET OR DRY!" says A. A. Barger, Lamed, Kansas "Firestone tractor tires pull better in wet fields and wear longer than any other tires I've seen. There isn't any tire that puts in a day's work for us like Firestones. And Boh Yeater t our Firestone Dealer, gives us fast, dependable, reasonable service." Tests-prove Firestone Tractor Tires are built to specifications which" give you longer service in the field or on the road. Firestone's stronger S/F (Shock-Fortified) cord body resists impact damage. The tread is specially compounded with exclusive Firestone Rubber-X to give longer wear in the worst soil conditions. The flat tread contour, with curved and tapered traction bars gives sure-footed traction in all types of soil. The special Firestone Rubber-X sidewall compound is different from the tread and it resists aging, cracking and costly flex damage. See your Firestone Dealer or Store and find out how Firestone Rubber-X and S/F cord give extra service at no extra cost. And see the great new All Traction Champion* . . . proven to be today's beat tractor tire buy. Save costly downtime delays with Firestone's Free New Tire .Loaner Service. Your Firestone Dealer or Store will loan you new tires while your old tires are being repaired or retreaded. CHAMPION GUIDE GRIP* v' .-.'••• -• FRONT TRACTOR TIRES give you easier cleaning better steering longer wear ALWAYS A YEAR TO PAY BETTER RUBBER FROM START TO FINISH Enjoy tkt Voice of Fireitone on ABC Mention tftry Monday evening '•'.'• *HRKTdNET.M. Copyright l9S9,The fireitone Tire & Rubber Comfanv '

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