The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on November 12, 1967 · 69
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · 69

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Cincinnati, Ohio
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Sunday, November 12, 1967
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69
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Wtp. Wf Kentucky Politics Voters Wanted Change IX ' Ik? J ' I Enauirtr (Bob Lynn) Phatoi WILLARD BOGGS feeds sorghum cane info mill operated by tractor. The juice pours out into a bucket at right. Making Molasses Sorghum Regains Popularity BY BOB LYNN Of The Enquirer Staff FRANKLIN FURNACE, Ohio "It used to be I couldnt give away sorghum molasses, but for the last eight or nine years it has sold like hot cakes," says George Gerlach, who operates a sorghum mill on his farm next to US 52. "Everyone used to make the stuff," he says, "but now costumers come from 50 to 60 miles away and tell me I have the only mill anywhere close." The 44-year-old Gerlach, a third generation maker of sorghum, wound up his 25th year operating the ancient tractor-powered mill recently. When his grandfather started the family sorghum operation on the farm 75 years ago a horse furnished the power. The milling operation can be seen from US 52. Eight acres of sorghum cane is planted by Gerlach in May "just like corn" and harvested and made into molasses from the middle of September till the end of October. He and two assistants work seven days a week, eight hours a day during harvest time. Making sorghum is a simple operation. The cut cane is fed into the outdoor mill, a conglomeration of grinding cogs and rollers, which is operated by a large pulley belt attached to a tractor. Juice from the cane is squeezed out and runs into a wooden barrel. WHEN THE BARREL is partly filled, it is hand lifted and the sorghum poured into a second, higher barrel. The sorghum then drains through a common garden hose to the evaporator, which is housed under an open shed. The evaporator, which is heated by a wood stove, is a metal pan about 10 feet long and four feet wide. The raw syrup is worked with a square spoon through a series of channels. When it reaches the opposite end of the pan the water has been evaporated and the syrup is poured through a filter of sorghum seeds into a bucket. The boiling, finished product is poured into quart jars or five and 10 pound buckets to be sold. A quart sells for $1.25, a five-pound bucket for $2 and a 10-pound bucket for $3.50. Gerlach, who operates a 20-acre truck farm with his wife Imogene during the rest of the year, sells his product "right at the mill," mostly to local people and tourists. He says he sold about 500 gallons this past season. "It's been a good year." f -- yq M llr- tm'Zm GERLACH works raw sorghum through evaporator pan with square spoon. The 10-foot-long-pan is heated by a wood stove. Ohio Senator's Role How Land Grant Act Came About BY DR. JAMES E. POLLARD Emeritus Professor of Journalism Ohio State University COLUMBUS, Ohio Opening of the 81st annual meeting of the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges today in Columbus points up the forgotten and neglected historical fact that a senator from Ohio, quite as much if not more than a Vermont congressman, deserves credit for the passage of the Land-Grant Act of 1862. The senator was Benjamin F. Wade. . . The law as finally passed is known generally as the Morrill Act after Justin M. Morrill, who introduced the original bill in 1857 which President Buchanan vetoed in 1859 for a number of reasons. A landmark In public higher education, the legislation eventually brought about the establishment or development of the present 68 land-grant universities in the 50 states, and the land-grant college idea has become a world-wide pattern. WITH THE Civil War barely eight months under way, Morrill gave notice in the House of Representatives on December 11, 1861, that he intended to introduce another bill donating public lands to the states for the purpose of establishing agricultural colleges. He did so on December 16. The measure, designated at House Bill 138, was read for the first and second time and referred to the Committee on Public Lands, where it ran into opposition. The committee finally reported on it on May 29, 1862, "with a recommendation that it do not pass." This meant it was dead. By then Wade had entered the picture with a companion measure. On May 5, 1862, he asked for, and got, unanimous consent to introduce a similar bill, No. 298, in the Senate. This was done almost certainly with the knowledge and support of Morrill. Wade, who was known variously as "Bluff" Ben Wade and as a Radical Republican, persisted in the matter and despite obstacles thrown into his path, had the satisfaction of seeing his bill passed in a little more than five weeks. The Senate vote was 32 to seven. THE "CONGRESSIONAL Globe," then the official organ of Congress, discloses that between the time it was introduced and June 10, when the Senate passed it, Wade brought up the matter seven times on the floor of the Senate, insisting that he be heard and overcoming interruptions. On the day the Senate finally approved the bill, Wade declared: "I now renew my motion, and I will not give up for anything." Nor was Morrill to be denied. On June 5 he asked for unanimous House consent to have a substitute bill printed. This was Wade's measure, Senate Bill 298. There was objection to Morrill's request, and it went over to June 17. On that day Morrill got the House to take Wade's bill, but again there was obstruction. A motion was offered to refer it to the Committee on Public Lands, as was done with Morrill's earlier bill. This was beaten as was a proposal to postpone action until January, 1863. Objection was offered also that this substitute measure had never been before the committee. To this Morrill replied that "It has been five years before the country, and is essentially the same bill that has repeatedly been before the House." The House then proceeded to pass it by a vote of 90 to 25. The Senate was informed of this action the next day. ON JULY 2, according to the official record in the "Congressional Globe", John G. Nicolay, one of President Lincoln's two secretaries, notified the Senate that Lincoln had affixed his signature to the Wade measure on July 1. There is an unexplained discrepancy between the commonly accepted fact that Lincoln signed the so-called Morrill Act on July 2, since the official report in the "Globe" makes it clear that by Nicolay's account, he did so "on the 1st instant." Even Hans L. Trefousse, author of a 1963 biography of Wade, barely mentions the fact that the Ohio senator had a major part in the land-grant legislation under which the government in time distributed millions of acres of Federal lands to the states in the ratio of 30,000 acres for each of their members of Congress. It was hoped that the grants, in the form of scrip, would sell for not less than the established price of $1.25 an acre. Ohio's share was 630,000 acres, but its scrip, when sold, brought only 54 cents an acre, or $340,906. ON THE BASIS of the official record, then, the Land-Grant Act finally passed deserves to be known as the Wade Act, or at least as the Wade-Morrill Act, since it was the measure introduced by the Ohio senator and passed subsequently by both Houses that actually became law. BY JAMES OTT Enquirer Kentucky Editor Analyzing last Tuesday in Kentucky is like trying to find out why a mud ball splattered the way it did against a brick wall. For certain, the voters wanted a change. The vote showed clearly the mood of the people who have been bothered by taxes, crime, Vietnam and apparently the actions, words and faces of politicians who held office. Despite this, there were some surprises. Bernard Eichholz, who led the ticket in the Covington city primary election and considered the unbeatable man in Covington, ran fifth and out in the race for the city commission. Eichholz fell victim to the movement toward "New Faces." He also lost support of some people because he initiated the investigation of Covington city government last year. His work toward getting an Open Housing law in the city helped him but also hurt him. Perhaps more than these, Eichholz did not campaign while his opponents went to the point of knocking on doors. ANOIHER SURPRISE was the majority compiled by Ronald B. Turner, 25, who will be the youngest man ever to hold the office of commissioner in Covington. Turner's campaign was largely the work of Louie DeFalaise, a senior at Villa Madonna College, Covington, who lias been active in Republican politics since he stepped out of knee pants. Although their victories were expected, Republican State Representatives-elect Arthur Schmidt of Cold Spring and Carl Bamberger of Belle-vue surprised everyone with the size of their majorities. Schmidt beat State Rep. Henry (Bud) Overman (D., Ft. Thomas) by 4814-2614, and Bamberger mastered State Rep. Eugene Ostertag (D., Ft. Thomas), 4742-2781. Leo Lawson's victory over veteran State Rep. Dan Roberts (D., Walton), was a surprise. Lawson, a former magistrate in Boone County, managed to do well enough in Boone to overcome his losses in the Gallatin County precincts. THE VOTE ALSO showed another tendency that should strike fear in- TE h-J BACKGRQOTD J Sunday, November 12, 1967 THE CINCINNATI ENQUIRER 3-F to the hearts of Democrats, whatever faction. The anti-administration vote that formerly went to factional Democrats appeared to go Republican this election year. Republicans didn't make many gains in the House from Kenton County, but the GOP fared much better this year than two years ago. The anti vote going Republican also was a factor in Gus Sheehan Jr.'s defeat in the Kenton County senate race. But Sherhan's case is a special one since be always campaigned as anti-administration until this year when he changed horses in the middle of the stream and tied up with Henry Ward, Democratic nominee for governor. Clyde Middleton, the Republican winner in the senate race, picked up in the Democratic party split which featured Mrs. Catherine (Dixie) Lee running as an independent. Everything counted in politics, as it usually does. Troubled Waters Abend Political 'Picnic'? Time: January, 1968. Place: Frankfort, Kentucky Purpose: Picnic Really, it will be the General Assembly of the State of Kentucky meeting in biennial session. Republican Louie B. Nunn will be at the helm of the ship of state. His cabinet officers will be divided between four Democrats and four Republicans. That alone spells trouble for Nunn, especially when the Democrat, Wendell Ford, will be second in command with ambitions to the governor's chair in 1971. The all - important crew, the people who should be doing the work of government, will be a troublesome lot on both decks of this ship of state. The upper deck will be composed of 22 Democrats and 16 Republicans. There had been 26 Democrats and 12 Republicans. On the lower deck, more trouble. THERE WILL BE 55 Democrats and 45 Republicans. The old lineup was 64 Democrats and 36 Republicans. Kentuckians voted this two-party arrangement last Tuesday. It's a little more favorable to the Republicans than it had been in 1943 and 1927 when Republican governors also were elected in recent history. Next year's assembly bears all the trappings of a political picnic. It will be interesting to see what happens. Two Historic Farms Scheduled For Acquisition By Government BY PAT SCHROCK Enquirer Contributor GREENFIELD, Ohio Two historic Buckskin Township farms just southeast of Greenfield which belong to descendants of James Wilson, a pioneer settler in that area, are among the dozens of properties scheduled for eventual acquisition by the U. S. Government for the Paint Creek dam project and its twin reservoirs on Paint and Rattlesnake Creeks. Perhaps the more familiar of the two farms is "Maple Lanes," a title given comparatively recently to the large parcel known to earlier generations as the Boyd Wilson place. Beyond it to the south is the Rev. Alfred Lee Wilson farm. They are located between Rapid Forge Road and Paint Creek. The driveway entrance to "Maple Lanes" turns off that road at the base of Boyd Wilson hill. Beyond the crest of the hill, a turn west onto Frog-town Road leads to the Rev. Wilson property. The farms and the successive generations of the family who have owned them figure prominently in this area's history dating back to the Immediate post-Revolutionary War period. REV. ALFRED LEE Wilson, a retired Presbyterian clergyman and owner of the one farm, and his wife now reside at Daytona, Fla., and are engaged in negotiations with the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers for sale of their property. Their son, Dr. Thomas Lee Wilson, a professor of chemistry at Mont-clair (New Jersey) State College, and his wife visited here recently in connection with the impending vacating of the property. Just how much of the farm the government will buy Is a matter of negotiations, nor has it yet been Hoosier Hustings ?0Cyw..vs.vv ill : Ju - - " ft r J 4i pi -HI rHk "MAPLE LANES," located on a broad shady lawn off Rapid Forgo Koad just southeast of Greenville. J ?? it . , IJ Jk ; - ssjl Prof. Thomas Lee Wilson and Mrs. Wilson visit his family s ancestral home. I he house dates back to the early 1840s. determined whether the house will be included in the transaction. While here, Dr. Wilson tentatively arranged for the Greenfield His- 'Learn How To Live With Drink? BY JIM GREEN Enquirer Correspondent A state official who is in a position to know what he is talking about says we are living in a drinking society. His name is D. Bruce Falkey and his job is Administrative Director, Division of Alcoholism, Indiana Department of Mental Health. He told me recently, "75 to 80 of everybody uses alcoholic beverages. We have to teach people to learn to live with the stuff whether they choose to drink or not." Falkey pointed out there is actually an Indiana law which provides for grade school, classroom instruction on alcohol. He said, "In Indiana it has been a state law since 1947 that there should be appropriate teaching on the effects of alcoholic beverages starting at the fourth grade. This can include learning how to live with alcohol." Falkey said children from non-drinking families meet children from families who do drink and eacty has to know how to handle the difference. When asked If he gets in many fights with churches over his approach to alcohol education Falkey replied, "I don't like to think about fights. Maybe a difference of opinion with some of them. The problem is that churches have to understand they have a right to a total abstinence tradition. "This Is all right. However rather than presenting this as the only point of view the National Council of Churches Is recommending churches seriously consider the greater good for the greater number of people. Alcoholism is a sickness and an illness they all have to work with." "IT HAS BEEN our experience," Falkey added, "that 90 of the alcoholics don't need hospitalization. On the other hand for the 10 that do, they need it immediately and can't be placed on a waiting list." Falkey took note of what he described as, "an increasing interest on the part of many community hospitals" in dealing with the problem of alcoholism. He said, "If all of us do a little bit more at the community level instead of shoving it off on to the state we could improve our services 95." He expressed a belief that the public attitude toward drinking is changing. Some 250 science-health teachers in the Gary area recently held a day long session with Falkey's staff. Associations from a variety of agencies have expressed an interest in what his division is doing and regional mental health centers have started hiring counselors on alcoholism. Falkey said, "These are all signs of a modification of attitude." We apparently are beginning to move in the direction of treating alcoholism as an illness rather than a crime. The U. S. Supreme Court has agreed to hear a case from Texas on whether chronic alcoholism is a defense for public intoxication. According to Falkey two U. S. Courts of Appeals have ruled it is a defense. The end result would mean that a man couldn't be placed in jail but he could be held for treatment of alcoholism. torical Society, Inc., to take charge of several family possessions, including rare wooden farming implements and tools and a Conestoga wagon. Mrs. Fern Wilson, widow of Paul Wilson, owns "Maple Lanes," but for reasons of health she closed the home some time ago and is living in Cincinnati. Their only child, Alice Parker Wilson, is the wife of Stan Matlock, who is associated with a Cincinnati radio station. They have removed from "Maple Lanes" some of its lovely furnishings and heirlooms and personal effects, but are "marking time," as it were, pending final decision as to how much of the acreage will be needed by the Corps of Engineers. THE FAMILY IS hopeful that the residence itself can be preserved by the erection of protective dikes. The founder of this Wilson family in what was to become Buckskin Township was James Wilson, who first came westward to the area as early as 1782. He homesteaded on Upper Twin in 1804-05. Born there were his son, Robert, and the latter's son, Alfred. Alfred became the father of George, Boyd and Frank Wilson, born in the brick and stone home on the Frogtown Road property. George Wilson remained at the home and became the father of Alfred Lee Wilson, and it also was the birthplace of Dr. Wilson. Two dates may be discerned on the exterior walls of the house. One reads: "May 18, 1840, R.M.W."; the otker: "Sept. 9, 1843. AL.W." i t i nMXMi mt- r - - - - - -

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