The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on March 26, 1967 · Page 108
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 108

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Sunday, March 26, 1967
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THE CINCINNATI ENQUIRER Sunday, March 26, 1967 So. Now We Know Page 26-1 BY EDDY GILMORE DOVER, England cpv-"Of course, the Earth's not round," said Samuel Shen-ton, "It's flat." Flat? "No man knows the ultimate shape of the Earth," he replied, "but that portion that we live on is most definitely flat. "No man will ever know what the whole complexity is like, I suppose, because it goes beyond his sphere of observation, investigation and comprehension." Speaking very slowly, patiently and even gently he added: "The small area that we occupy is actually deep within the Earth, and yields to water levels, horizons and horizontals and is quite correctly termed a flat Earth." But what about those photographs taken by the astronauts? "That's right up my street," he answered. "The astronauts took their pictures with wide-vision lens. The wide angle lens is what distorts. It's a deception of the public and it isn't right "People today are unable to conceive of the Earth mass in any other form than that of a globe. Consequently, they are very After A Year, Couple Still SURFSIDE, F 1 a. (UPI) Aaron and Sally Goldman last saw their son a year ago, the prisoner of a burly kidnaper. But like the family dog that goes to the .. front door to wait each afternoon, they won't stop believing that someday Danny will walk In again. This week will be one of the worst for the Goldmans since Danny was taken away. The telephone will ring even more than usual, with hoofers and well in-tentioned callers on the other end. But they want the calls to come. The Goldmans think the new stir of publicity ac-companing the anniversary of Danny's disappearance may bring forward someone who knows something he hasn't told. The telephone, and the agents of the FBI who work methodically and silently on the bureau's first-ranked unsolved crime Pullout PARIS (JP) Just 50 years ago, America poured her fresh blood into a France all but mortally wounded and helped drive out the German invader. Just 23 years ago, Americans again landed on French soil, xnis time to rescue a bleeding France from the Nazis. Just 20 years ago, the U. S. Marshall Plan transfused new life into a prostrate Western Europe. The Americans raised up a crippled France with massive aid more than extended to any other one country. Just 18 years ago, France and Europe joined America in a North Atlantic alliance to shield the continent while it struggled to rebuild from World War II. France would be the keystone of NATO. Just one year ago, the United States received a blunt eviction notice: Get American forces out of France by April 1, 1967. France was quitting the integrated military command of the 15-nation NATO alliance as of July 1, 1966. When the NATO agreement was signed in 1949, Americans did not dream of thinking the unthinkable: That France, the oldest of U. S. Allies, one day would order the Americans out. But today, as the result of President Charles de Gaulle's decision, the whole Allied military structure is moving out of France. Supreme headquarters for Europe, the main NATO continental command, will relocate in South Belgium. Some other installations go to West Germany. WHAT DOES President de Gaulle's order mean to the United States? To France? To NATO? Americans and other allies agree: President de Gaulle has damaged NATO's military and political posture and limited its flexibility by depriving planners of a sure The Earth Is Not Only The world is definitely flat and absolutely motionless, say Samuel Shen-ton and the International Flat Earth Research Society. To say ships disappear over the horizon and astronauts circle the globe is just brainwashing the youngsters, he says, with firmness - and a touch of despair. easily persuaded that the press, TV and films present the true picture of space' flights." SHENTON, a retired sign painter and a man of property, is also an elected Fellow of the Royal Astronomical society and the Royal Geographical Society. Astronomy and geography have been his hobbies since he was 16. At 63, Shenton is secretary of the International Flat Earch Research Society, whose headquarters are at his home, 24 London Rd., in Dover. Warming now to his theories, he continues: "Flat Earthists hold that, rather than being a self-evolved, whirling, gyrating globe, the Earth is of special construction, and absolutely motionless." in this area, are the only hope of the Goldmans. Danny was their only child, a youngster with no more problems than most 18-year-olds when the kidnaper took him away in the half-light of dawn, March 28, 1966. Both the Goldmans', especially the father, remember that morning In Its every detail. "It's just as fresh today as It was a year ago," Goldman said in an interview. As he relived that morning he pointed to spots where he had stood, where the kidnaper had stood. He walked to a window of their unpretentious home and looked out. "I saw him last through this window, as the car backed out of the driveway and drove away," he said. Mrs. Goldman, a pleasant woman whose eyes show the strain of the year, said she was not sleeping well that morning and had got Of NATO, U.S. In six days, American forces will be out of France, at President de Gaulle's invitation, leaving behind 440 major bases, a billion-dollar investment and a long history of friendlier days. How did two historic allies come to this point? What will be the effects of the American pull-out on NATO, on the U. S. posture in Europe, on Franco-American relations? hinterland behind front lines. This narrows the possibility of derense by conventional weapons and pushes the Aliles closer to nuclear retaliation in case of conflict with Russia. He has presented the Americans with a gigantic and costly task: Removal of 69,200 personnel and dependents and 787,320 tons of supplies from French soil. The French thus far have not even begun to discuss the issue of who pays the bill. The French president unilaterally canceled or broke agreements signed with the Americans in 1951-58. The pacts stipulated they would remain in force as long as the treaty, which meant indefinitely. President de Gaulle attempted and failed to drive U. S. economic, military and cultural influence out of Europe. While he was chasing American soldiers out the door, other Americans armed with briefcases and billfolds were coming in through the window, with the eager co-operation of Frenchmen. Inveighing against what he saw as a threat of "American hegemony," President de Gaulle launched an offensive against the U. S. dollar with gold purchases, seeking to sap the dollar on world money markets, and showing the world France did not trust the dollar as much as gold. He swallowed, smiled patiently, and continued: "If you can prove, or anyone else can prove, that the orbital speed of the Earth is 66.000 miles per hour, some 20 miles per second, and explain how still water can be convex, well, I'll guarantee you one thing. I'll shut up and say nothing more about the Earth being flat. "I maintain that the assertion of this fantastic speed of the earth unsupported by evidence is definitely a crime. While such proofs are lacking, our younger generation should not be brain conditioned to accept orthodox speculations as facts." SHENTON receives 20 to 40 letters a day from all over the world, many, from the United States. "I really can't answer them all," he said, "because ten up once. She was drowsing, she said, and "suddenly I just felt somebody had come in the room." She looked to the doorway and saw a man there with a gun. She screamed and awakened her husband. "I shouted, 'Get out of here,' thinking he would be scared away, but of course he wasn't," Goldman said. The shouts brought Danny from his bedroom and the kidnaper tied all three with rope. The man first asked for money he wanted $10,000. and was told there was very little cash in the house. "He rummaged around for a little while, but he didn't really seem to be looking very hard for anything," Goldman said. THE MAN was barrel-chested and square-faced, with a baseball cap pulled low over his eyes. He seemed to Goldman to be about 50 years old. He attacked the American presence In Southeast Asia. He espoused a Vietnam solution which sounded simple but which many Americans viewed as impossible: Get out of Vietnam, and don't look to De Gaulle for help in mediating that war. But he addressed no appeal to Communist North Vietnam. NOT ALL the aspects of President de Gaulle's withdrawal from NATO were bad. If nothing else, he forced the alliance into a long-needed review of policies and future structure, and he removed the French presence from a position where it had held up decisions. The allies now are able to agree on plans more quickly. At the same time he has brought home to the other allies the gravity of the question whether the Americans will continue to stand by them. Thus, his actions may have had a boomerang effect, tending to isolate France. Gaullists insist that the eviction notice to the Americans was logical, that NATO as a defense alliance was an anachronism. To President de Gaulle, the Cold War was over. The Soviet threat had become a thing of the past since the October, 1962, Soviet-American confrontation in the Cuban missile crisis. Thus, in his view, NATO had become simply a vehicle for U. S. political and economic domination and Europe for one thing, I'd go broke buying postage stamps." He held forth a letter dated February 21, 1967, and postmarked Eldorado, Iowa. It said In part: "Our entire physics class of 11 and our instructor at Eldorado, Iowa, are seriously worried about the prevailing scientific attitude towards the shape of the earth. The nature of our concern lies with the unscientific explanation of the earth's spherical shape. "We support your society's attempts to show the true flat shape of the earth. We agree so heartily with your organization that we wish to become connected with it, if not through actual membership, perhaps through associate membership." But Mr. Shenton, what about those ships that disappear over the horizon? "Ah," he replied with an air of gentle resignation, "that is the oldest one of all, perhaps. "THEY SEEM to vanish because of the perspective. No astronaut has ever gone around a ball -like earth just as no ship has ever gone around a ball-like earth. "See here, now. If one stands at the base of the Dover Cliffs (the white cliffs of Dover), beneath old Dover Castle, looking eastward, one sees a water level, a sea horizon. They Sit "I remember his glasses the light from outside reflected off the rims. The entire deal was like a sales approach. He didn't make threats, there was no shouting. The intruder seemed to ponder a long time before he told the Goldmans he was going to take Danny. "I couldn't belive it when he said that. It just didn't make any sense. All. the time he was there it never occurred to me he would do that I thought he would just take some things and go away," Goldman said. "He asked for the keys to the car, and he asked if Danny could drive with one arm. Before they left he untied one of Danny's hands and the way the car backed out of the driveway, it looked to me like it was Danny driving." It was after the kidnaper had left that Goldman made what he considers to be the worst mistake. Forces faced a new danger: Overbearing U. S. presence in his own country and in Europe. Some saw in the eviction a plan to keep a traditional rival, West Germany, in a position of perennial inferiority between two nuclear powers, France and the USSR. This would require the removal of U. S. forces and the exclusion of Britain, the other European Nuclear power, from the Common Market. Coming to power on the wave of the Algerian crisis in 1958, General de Gaulle subsequently was armed as a strong president by a Fifth Republic constitution. He also came into possession of an atom bomb what he calls his "Force de Frappe" and what others derisively call his "bomb-ette." Thus, he was further ag-grived when the Americans under President Dwight D. Eisenhower and again under John F. Kennedy declined to give France a favored position . over the other Allies. Another blow to his pride came when President Kennedy and British Prime Minister Harold MscMillan met at Nassau to dovetail Britain's nuclear forces with those of th Americans. President de Gaulle saw this as new evidence of As the American Flag came down for the last tm at Camp des Loges, IT. S. Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen had tears in his eyes. He was not the only one. "We very much reeret leaving France," said Sen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer, commander of American forces in Europe. The French were polite but unsentimental. In the national elections only days before, voters in districts having American bases had voted overwhelmingly for President de Gaulle's candidates. Flat It's Motionless, Too "Now go to a point on higher ground near St. Radigund's behind the town. Here, one observes that the horizon has equally risen and is then cutting through the castle keep some 350 feet above the original position. This would AP Newsftaturw Photo Samuel Shenton, 63, a retired sign painter In Dover, England, and secretary of the International Flat Earth Research Society, is seen with a globe at his home, headquarters of the society. The globe does not represent his idea of the earth which he maintains is a complexity whose small occupied area is deep down and flat. And Prnv Hopes "I yelled for help," he said. "If I hadn't done that, the word wouldn't have gotten out and the kidnaper wouldn't have been frightened into hiding by the press." The word spread instantly and before long newsmen had set up camp in front of the' house. The Goldmans feel it was the press that kept the kidnaper from returning their son then, but they said the press is what will get him back now. "There may have been people who were out of the country and didn't know about it, and maybe they'll remember something now if they hear about the case," Mrs. Goldman said. "One little scrap of knowledge could lead to the solution." The Goldmans do not believe their son is dead, even though they admit to the possibility and have said they will pay an undetermined sum of money From France Raises Questions Anglo-Saxon scheming against France. HE STRUCK back, slammed the door to the Common Market in Britain's face by vetoing her application. He then turned Pullcut of U. ?. mi'itary NATO from France does not end the grov.'ing Americen influence. It is found in big American and both big and small French businesses. Parisians, who formerly ate big lunches at home or in drugstore" or just "le drug." not be possible upon a globe." With an answer to every question, he is very emphatic on the difficulties of SDacemen in catching up with the earth's orbital speed. Kidnaped Son for information that will tell them for sure he is dead. The ransom money the $25,000 the kidnaper wanted is wfitin? a', a ri?a.- hy bank and arrangements have been made to get it immediately. "One of our hopes is that the kidnaper became frightened and hid Danny," Goldman said. "Maybe he'll make contact now. "I really can't see why the thing hasn't been solved," he said. "There must have been more than one person involved. There must be a wife, or somebody else, that knows and will finally come forward to tell something." The FBI also wants to know the solution. Agents still are assigned to the case on a full-time basis. "They come to see us often, here at the house or to see me at work," Goldman said. "They don't fill us in on Eastward to offer close French association with the West Germans. He flew to Moscow to sign a French-Soviet pact. Thrnks to America and NATO, he was in a position forces and restaursnts. (topi at, lunch tables in a lunch place, zs in this one off the Champs Elysees. One of a number of Paris versions (bottom) of "le (AP Newsfeatures Photo) Suggest to him that the atmosphere is carried round by the earth, and indeed, is a part of the earth, he smiles slowly and says: "I have counted five different layers of cloud going in different directions a very hard thing to do. "That would never be so if there was the greater thing of the orbital speed. It would all be carried along together." HE SAID THE parent of the International Flat Earth Research Society was American. "Yes, it really started in America in the 1870's when it was known as the Universal Zetetic Society, searching to know rather than theorizing. The headquarters were in New York." Shenton said that George Bernard Shaw attended one of the meetings here, stood up during the discussion and said he found the arguments very persuasive. "He added that the discussion had led him to the conclusion that the earth was not flat but like a cylinder," said Shenton. How did Shenton become a flat earthist? "It was towards the end of the first world war," he explained. "The German Zeppelins got me to thinking. I thought of designing a massive cargo carrier which could be inflated and raised, with its load, above the earth's surface." He smiled and went on: "There it would stay while what they're doing, so we don't know what progress they might have made. They Just ask us questions to clear up some points, to see if we remember somebody or if we ever knew somebody else. They don't tell us why they ask." THE GOLDMANS said as far as they knew there has been no significant break in the case since shortly after the kidnaping, when a man with a convincing story telephoned a New York Rabbi. The man made a second contact but hung up in the middle of the call and has never been heard from since. Many other contacts have turned out to be hoaxes and two men who made false calls seeking ransom money were caught and convicted on extortion charges. Sally Goldman said the calls have numbered in the hundreds. "We just can't count the to do so. Through the bitter Cold War, NATO had provided the protection which kept the Communists at bay. Cuba had proved the American deterrent was a real one. now eat Amcrissn-style counters or standing at the old earth spun. I could see it spinning until America was underneath the cargo carrier, then it would come down. Think of the possibilities of sucn a method of world transport It was staggering." What happened? Shenton laughed out loud. "IT WAS ONLY when I went into this theory," he said "that I realized that the people who were supposed to be the experts knew even less than I did about the 'rotation' of the. world. "I began researching and thinking and it became pretty evident to me why my cargo carrier would never see America or any other plate revolve beneath her. I realized the earth is motionless." Shenton and his views come in for a lambasting. "I get a lot of adverse publicity, of course," he said with some resignation. "People think I'm a crank and so on, but that's all right because, you see, young people are getting interested." He stopped and looked off in the direction of the white cliffs and said: "At times one wonders whether or not it's better to live and die like sheep rather than pay the price of great individual effort to advance a little nearer the truth the truth of life and being." Lives calls . . . Sometimes there won't be anything, maybe just breathing on the line," she said. "Other times they say things that just don't make sense." It has made Goldman a quiet, brooding man. He once was a successful contractor, but of late the business is going downhill, he says. "It's hard to sell without enthusiasm. It's hard for me to be enthusiastic about the things I used to do." Mrs. Goldman suffers from frequent headaches and an ulcer. She has kept Danny's room Just as it was when he was home, except that "it's a little neater than it usually was." They say the old, half-blind family dog, Skippy, goes to the door every afternoon to lie with her head between her paws. She, too, is waiting for Danny to come home. Frenchmen in positions to reflect his thinking say that because of the Soviet-Chinese split, the USSR no longer is a military threat to Europe. Others ere less optimistic. They agree Moscow is more amiable and the mood should be exploited, but things could change. The Americans say NATO saould build on facts, not on presumptions of Soyiet intentions. The eviction machinery ,vas set in motion a year ago when President de-Gaulle wrote, in his longhand scrawl, a message to De dispatched to Washington by the U.S. Embassy in Paris. It said France "intends to recover on hre territory the full exercise of her sovereignty, now impaired by the permanent .presence of allied military elements or by the habitual usa being made of its air space." THIS MEANT the 440 NATO facilities scattered throughout France has to go. These included Camp czs Loges, a unified Army-Navy-Adr Force "Pentagon on the Seine," the top command for all U. S. Forces in Europe; a $60-million air base at Chateaureux; a 15,-C00- acre ammunition stor- ,' a?e depot in Southwest -I : ance; a vast headquarters of the U. S. Army Communications Zone at Orleans wliich was the supply stor-and dispatch hub for a quarter million U. S. forces in Western Europe. There was also a 390-mile, 12-inch petroleum products pipeline from Donges on the Atlantic to the West German border. U. S. headquarters placed the American military capii-1 tal investment in France at about $979 million. The U. S. shrae in over-all NATO j c oerational facilities ini .."ranee was $232 million. The rest of the $979 million was made up of the storage complex, pipeline, air bases, communications facilities, hsado.uarters and miscellaneous installations. j

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