The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on June 14, 1960 · Page 22
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 22

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, June 14, 1960
Page 22
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*H When weeds begin to come through smoll grain, harvesting efficiency takes a nose dive. Careful studies of losses of combining weedy grain compared to clean grain show that you will lose almost 10% more of the crop. For example, if you have a 30-bushel- per-acre yield of wheat and it's clean, chance* are you will be able to put afmost 20 bushels in the combine bin. If the crop is weedy you'll be lucky to get 25 bushels out of the weeds and into the bin. Combining early you get ahead of weed growth. Save time, effort money! Silage covered with GER-PAK-secured with "TY-FASf Net goes up quickly, lives conptote protection! Nothing compares with this low-cost team for reliable silage protection! Economical? There's big savings in just avoiding permanent construction. Effective? Why with sunlight-resistant Black GER T PAK Polyethylene Sheeting silage losses are negligible-if any! And tied down with mildew-proof "TY-FAST" Net, damage from wind whip is no longer a problem. Both are easy td set up anywhere on your farm. Write Dept. RG6 for free literature. Cell tfcfe eMnpeper fer Wmmm ef •• Prepackaged OER-PAK SILO CAPS SmmtM-mWaiit Ma* • Mtwy My • S Sin* In Mb 4 *tf « M FKE HWACLC TAPE PATCH NIT WITH EVEMY CAP FM EXT|A LIFE! H •" «• «"»mi and can be UM d to tie down GER-PAK covered farm equipment, truck tarpaulin*. £P "?£"• C J",'?. rue Ji2r •«•'"* «*•**«* come, in * ™ *J? i"!2 '* S I0 ° «T lth tootn for tyin « *""«• on ipecial order. Re-iuable over acveral aeaioiu. prevent costly silage spoilage seal out air and moisture handy 101 ways EARLY HARVEST of SMALL GRAIN can increase yields and improve quality Each year as small grain harvest time approaches, most farmers begin watching the weather with increasing concern. One bad storm when wheat, oats or barley is ready to combine can often cut yields 50SE or more. While this rarely happens, an untimely shower or delay because of machinery breakdown allows weeds to "gain" on the crop and combining becomes difficult.. Actually "green-stuff" turns into a vicious circle. A rain delays harvest and the weeds grow more. Green weeds then, in turn, increase moisture content of combined grain. Careful studies by colleges have shown that the process of combining adds 52 more moisture to oats or barley if the crop is heavily weed-infested. Weedy wheat will not show as noticeable an increase in moisture. You can usually figure about 2Z more moisture in the grain after combining. Early harvest, before the grain crop becomes dead ripe, is becoming more practical. Many fanners have purchased "batch" grain driers or have installed grain bins equipped with fans. In most cases this equipment was purchased primarily for com. But that doesn't mean it can't be used during small grain harvest too. Wheat can be safely harvested at 18* to 201 grain moisture with no harmful effect on its quality. It must, of course, be dried down to safe moisture content for storage or sale. Oats also can be combined when they reach a moisture content of from 18% to 201. Studies at several colleges throughout the Midwest have shown that these are safe, practical levels to begin combining if drying equipment is available. Most modern combines can be adjusted to do an excellent job when harvesting high moisture small grain. Power requirements will be eomewhat higher though. Sometimes fanners who have attempted harvesting small grain with small combines equipped with an engine find the combine is underpowered. This will rarely happen with the larger units or when the combine is a power take-off model and a large tractor is available. Major adjustment changes for combining 20* moisture small grain are limited to the cylinder. You may nave to narrow the concave-cylinder clearance more than for normal small grain combining. In addition, the speed of the cylinder may need to be somewhat faster. However, in no case will the grain be damaged enough by the cylinder to lower its grade if you are careful. The straw racks, sieves and cleaning fan actually will perform slightly 'more efficiently when the grain ranges from 15X to 20* in moisture than when drier, providing there's no surface moisture such as dew on the grain. No specific changes are required compared to normal combining adjustments. Approximately one more bushel per acre of grain will be saved on the average from early combining. However, in some years it may be as much as ten bushels. Most researchers feel that from $1 to $10 higher return per acre is possible from early harvest. In addition, you have the opportunity to take advantage of thegovemment support program every year. This may not be possible where you do not have drying equipment since in some yean you limply can't wait after the grain reaches 14S moisture.

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