Algona, (la.) Upper DM Melnw Tuesday, February 8, 1966 M«rry-0o-ltoiind Drew Pearson WASHINGTON - The Lincoln Memorial is calm and stately in the snow these nights; silent •in the moonlight. Almost no one comes there to disturb the monument of the lonely man who sits thinking in his chair. There are only one or two tracks in the snow leading up the steps. So he sits there, looking out at the cold and beautiful world, the trees along the Reflection Pool ghostlike under the new moon; the shaft of stone, built in honor of another great President, standing against the horizon, very much alone. Lincoln's image looks as if he were thinking about the problems he faced in those difficult, days when brother was fighting brother over union and slavery, and when he had to make decisions to continue, intensify or abandon that war. Looking up beyond the trees heavy with snow and the Tidal Basin covered with ice sits another President, also thinking, also faced with decisions whether to continue or intensify or abandon another war - a war much farther away than Vicksburg or Appomattox but also involving union. That other President seldom sleeps out a whole night any more - and the decisions he faces must be made today and" tomorrow and the day after tomorrow. Part of those long, lonesome nights he sits up in the big bed Lincoln slept in. The telephone - which Lincoln never had - is alongside the bed and about three every morning this President calls the Situation Room to find out what has happened in the war for which he has to make decisions - especially how many boys were killed that day. Part of the night he also sits up reading the history of Lincoln's decisions, how he reversed his cabinet, removed his generals, ignored his Senators. - o- --DECISIONS, DECISIONS-Then he ponders how far he should go in. doing likewise. Should he listen to his generals who, like Gen. Henry W. Halleck at the battle of Fredericksburg, want more and more men? Or should he listen to the old soldiers Gen. Jim Gavin, Gen. Omar Bradley, Gen. Matt Rldgway, all of whom replaced MacArthur in Korea, all of whom advise against sending more American boys to wade through the elephant grass, recommend keeping them in easily guarded encampments along the Viet Nam coast instead ? Should he replace Gen, Westmoreland, who may be getting tired, with Gen. Creighton Abrams, as Lincoln replaced Halleck with Grant ? Sometimes late at night he reads Bruce Catton's great book "Never Call Retreat" on the decisions Lincoln faced. There was one important difference between Lincoln's drive for union and the policy against union the President inherited on the other side of the world, Lincoln was driving to keep a dismembered nation together, With the dead piling up on both. sides in a way that makes the Viet Nam war seem like pop battles, his Senate friends, many of his Cabinet, begged him to end the fighting. He Ignored his critics, overrode his Cabinet, vetoed the Senators of his own party -to keep the country together. - o- -PEACE PROPOSAL ROUTINGS— The laconic White House statement that the United States had made a direct peace proposal to North Viet Nam started the diplomats guessing and raised a storm in Saigon. This column can now reveal what the direct approach was. It took the form of a letter, dated Dec. 29, which the American Embassy in Rangoon, Burma, delivered through diplomatic channels to the North Vietnamese Embassy in Rangoon. Arrangements for this direct contact were made through Secretary General U Thant of the United Nations, a Burmese, and by Sen. Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., the Senate Majority Leader, who recently visited Rangoon on a Senate survey of foreign policy. U Thant had been one of the earliest peace promoter sand had reported in the summer of 1964 that he had the North Vietnamese willing to negotiate. Sen. Mansfield has been an administration leader who felt that President Johnson inherited a bad situation in the first place and should have moved for. peace immediately after his reelection. News of the highly secret contact was madebypress secretary Bill D. Moyers in disputing the statement by Yale professor Staughton Lynd that no direct approach had ever been made by the United States to North Viet Nam. Secretary of State Rusk was not as successful as the official communique indicated in calming Premier Ky and other South Viet Nam officials. Premier Ky was still grousing when Rusk left. Ky's position has been that South Viet Nam cannot go to the conference table as long as the Viet Cong controls around 1,600 villages and the South Viet Nam government only 700. To hold an election with two-thirds of the nation under communist control, Premier Ky claims, would be political suicide. - o- --DOVES VS. HAWKS-Sen. George McGovern, DS, D., a former professor of history at Dakota Wesleyan University, delivered a significant Senate speech on bombing North Viet Nam - a subject which he as a World War U bomber pilot knows something about, The speech was calculated to bolster President Johnson in one of the most important backstage bird fights LBJ is facing. McGovern knew that in this bird fight the President was being pressured by the war hawks to resume bombing North Viet Nam immediately, The hawks include: Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge and Gen William Westmoreland in Saigon, who know all about Indo-China but not about the rest of Asia; such Southern Congressmen as Rep. Mendel Rivers, D" S. C., who Is an expert on putting his son on the poverty payroll but knows little about foreign affairs; and such GOP friends as Sen. Everett Dirksen of Illinois, who is an expert Senate floor fighter but not a profound student of peace. McGovern also knew the President was being urged by the doves to continue the bombing holiday. The doves include: President de Gaulle, who knows Indo-China from eight years of French disaster there; Premier Sato of Japan, who has great influence among Asian nations; President Tito of Yugoslavia, who knows Ho Chi-Minh well; Prime Minister Harold Wilson of England and Prime Minister Lester Pearson of Canada, who are sincere friends of the USA. Having talked with some of these doves, Sen. McGovern warned: "these concerned governments who have placed their confidence in us now need time- perhaps many months of time to convince Hanoi that a satisfactory settlement can be achieved with the United States. if we were to resume bombing now or in the near future, this would be a staggering blow to our presently favorable position with the governments whose help we have asked in the search for peace. «. o - --CHINA CHIDES-- "These governments are being bitterly chided by Red China, which is telling them that the bombing pause is just a lull before we hit even harder. Let us not play into the hands of the Chinese communists and undercut our friends by resuming the bombing as China insists we are about to do." As a former bomber pilot, McGovern also made these points: 1. "We have suffered a heavy loss of skilled pilots and costly bombers over North Viet Nam. In one instance we lost three highly trained pilots and three expensive bombers trying to knock out a little bridge. 2. "Bombing attacks infuriate and unite a people behind their government in rigid resistance to the attackers. 3. "The bombing attacks have been largely ineffective. They were designed to stop the flow of North Vietnamese soldiers into the south, but Secretary McNamara now says there are several times as many North Vietnamese in the south as when we started bombing last February." "Patience is cheaper than blood," concluded the former bomber pilot from South Dakota, "and an honorable peace Is better than the length of the daily body count." - o - - THE POPE'S BLESSING-- When Rep. Herbert Tenzer, D-N. Y., with his friend, Jack Holland of Lawrence, Long Island, and their wives were Introduced to Pope Paul during a recent private audience, Tenzer, an orthodox Jew, remarked: "We are four Americans of the Jewish faith who have come to pay our respects." "We thank you for your visit," greeted the Pope. "Your holiness, we thank you for your visit to the United States and for your warm welcome here in Rome. Perhaps you would be interested to know that we are orthodox." The Pope clasped Tenzer's hand in both of his. "My son," he said, "we bless you on your Journey and for being orthodox." Emmestsburg has a new gimmick for annual St. Patrick's Day event there, in March. After a meeting at Blarney Canning Factory No. 2, a committee came up with an idea for manufacturing special St. Patrick coins, to be used as legal tender in Emmetsburg stores that month. FOR $1.00 AN ACRE* YOU CAN INCREASE YOUR CORN YIELD UP TO 10%. COME TO OUR MEETING. FIND OUT HOW. We're going to demonstrate and talk about a proved new post-emergence method of controlling weeds and grass in your cornfields for only $1.00 an acre chemical cost. It's called the Leaf-Lifter method, developed by The Dow Chemical Company. It saves cultivations. U stops weed seed production. It can increase corn yields by 10% or more. And, it's not dependent on rainfall after application as pre-emergence treatments are. May we count on you to come? Bring your friends along. There'll be free refreshments. Door prizes, too. The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan. Thorp oil th» ch»micaii «>»<. V.F.W. BUILDING - ALGONA, IOWA FEBRUARY 16, 1966 - 7:30 P.M.
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