The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio on February 3, 1937 · Page 12
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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio · Page 12

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Wednesday, February 3, 1937
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12 THE ENQUIRER, CINCINNATI, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1937 "ZERO HOUR" Awaited In South As Mississippi Kiver Inches Toward Crest. Flood Fighters Confident Of Victory Levees Holding Back Muddy Waters. Memphis, Tenn., February 2 (AP) Encouraging reports brought optimism to the 1,200-mile Mississippi River flood front today while windlashcd waters of the stream inched toward a crest. The tense feeling caused by the coming of tho "zero hour" kept United States Engineers silent be-1 yond official, carefully worded statements, but confidence spread among 120,000 flood fighters all the way from Cairo, 111., to New Orleans. Strong winds that sent huge breakers pounding against straining levees showed signs of abating. The easing of this additional threat gave the weary pick and shovel army a breathing spell after a sight of concern. At the major danger points Cairo. 111.. Hickman, Ky., and New Madrid. Mo., and minor areas where crises continued, there were reports of favorable weather and levee - topping operations that brought the barriers higher than the anticipated crest. WAITING FOR CREST. Lieutenant Colonel Eugene Rcy-bold, District United States Engineer in charge of the manpowei directed against the unruly river, iwasn't talking tonight. He watched and waited for the crest to roll on Southward. And he was ready for a battle at which no expense would be spared. The crest of the Ohio River flood possibly reached Cairo last night, he said, for the river was sta tionary from 9 o'clock last night until noon today. The peak of the flood had been reached, barring another bulge similar to the one felt at Evansville Sunday. But even mother bulge would raise tho gauge only slightly at Cairo. Patrols were vigilant and maintenance crews alert everywhere. Giving strength to the feeling of victory were reports from Cairo, near where the Ohio empties into the Mississippi, that the fight to save that city's seawall was about won and from Hickman that the Blowing of the winds had relieved the tension on the levee. All along the line such levees as the Mcllwood and Ferguson in Arkansas were holding together and growing higher steadily through topping operations. SIX BODIES FOUND. A break today in the slough neck landing dike in the vicinity of Bessie, Tenn., caused little concern, Since water from previous breaks, widening to 500 and 1,000 feet respectively, was flowing straight across two-mile neck and reentering the Mississippi at mile 80 and above. Backwater prevented the aeveiopment of a strong current and there was no indication a new channel was being made. The escaping water has not gone toward or raised the water level at Tiptonville, but that town was nearly surrounded by overflow water from the banks opposite it. Five additional Civilian Conservation Corps companies moved into the fight to strengthen the slough neck dike at Cates Landing, where a break might threaten Rcelfoot Lake. Major General E. M. Markham, Chief of Army Engineers, touring the upper flood zone with President Roosevelt's Flood Relief Commission, headed by Harry Hopkins, Works Progress Administrator, reiterated his belief that every main levee would hold the expected crest. - . . . .me pnj;inoeis continued their investigation into the sinking of h barge of levre workers in the Bird's Point-New M.idiid, Mo., floodway, Saturday night. Fifteen bodies have been recovered, five yesterday and 10 more today. Before the recovery of the eighth today, the engineers had issued a list of 23 still "unaccounted for" of the more than 100 on the barge when it sank. Memphis strengthened levees on the south and north ends of the city to keep backwaters from industrial and residential areas. The Mississippi rose to 46.7 feet at Memphis and the gauge at Helena, Ark., hit 56.50 today after slow rises. Norwood water has been pumped into Cincinnati mains through two six-inch pipes. Besides these channels some Cin- cinnatians have obtained water from the homes of Norwood friends, but in these instances Norwood res- idents have been paying for the water. All of these sources except pri vate lines were cut off yesterday. Since the matter presented serious problem, city officials in charge of distribution immediately began to draw more heavily upon other artesian well supplies, particularly those of the Burger Brew ing Company, Cincinnati Milling Machine Company, and United States Playing Card Company. SUI'FLIES ARE LOW. The water supplies of several distributing points was dangerously low at several times yesterday and last night, but officials de clared the situation would be well in hand again today. Hundreds of persona who have been hauling water from Norwood also were compelled to seek othiir sources of supply. The Norwood supply was cut off not because there is any shortage but because the wells have been pumped faster than they can stand. Rjopening of Norwood schools and the traditional Monday washday wer& said to be reasons for the unusually heavy drain yesterday. "We have plenty of water, but we have just been takine more from the well than it could stand and we had to call a halt until the reservoir supply is replenished," Edgar H. Kellcy, Norwood Safety-Service Director, said. Kellcy said the Norwood storage supply would be replenished fully early this morning and- that the supply for Cincinnati would be available again today. Norwood water and approximately an equal. amount obtained daily from the National Distillers Company, Lockland, have constituted the city's chief auxiliary supplies. Cold weather and a biting wind did nothing to lessen the discomfort of thousands of Cincinnatians who are transporting water in jugs, bottles, barrels, and vessels of every description. It was a disagreeable task under mild weather conditions, but it was doubly dis agreeable when the mercury fell well below freezing yesterday. Theater Unit Troupes Entertain Flood Refugees r NEW TASKS CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE. METHODISTS To Protest Dismissal Of 0. S. r. Students W ho Ilefused To Take Military Training, Field Worker Asserts. TAPS TO RUN CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE. week. Tomorrow, however, it can be reasonably expected that sufficient water for domestic purposes will be available in the great majority of Cincinnati homes. The City Manager made it clear that all hydrant water must be boiled for 10 minutes until official announcement that the supply once again is pure. Yesterday Cincinnati's drinking water problem was aggravated further when -j 2,500,000 gallon daily supply of Norwood water was cut off at 8 o'clock yesterday morning. This water, however, will again be available today. Normally Norwood uses about . 1,000,000 gallons of water a day. Since the East End pumping plant has been out of commission the Norwood Waterworks has been pumping 3,500,000 gallons a day, 2500,000 gallons, going to Cincinnati. Cincinnatians have been obtaining Norwood water in three ways: It has been available to all who called for it at Norwood firehouscs or the waterworks. Flushers and tank trucks have been delivering approximately 200,000 gallons daily to emergency stations at schools and other points in Cincinnati. At intervals throughout the day Columbus, Ohio, February 2 (AP) Rev. L. S. Norris, field work er of the Ohio Methodist Confer ence, reported tonight that the Ex ecutive Committee of trie Confer ence Education Board planned to protest dismissal of Ohio State Uni versity students who refused to take military training. Rev. Mr. Norris said the protest, concerned with two recent expulsions, would be mailed to Dr. George W. Rightmire, university President, and would state "that the university cannot continue to run counter to the consciences of Christian youth of the day." The military trainine- subiect came up at the Ohio pastors' conference in a sectional meeting at which Dr. William P. Merrill, Presbyterian pastor from New York, was a speaker. Professor Alva W. Taylor of Van-dcrbilt University at Nashville, Tenn., recommended to the pastors a four-point campaign against the liquor traffic, including: Local option of all communities desiring prohibition; strictly non-profit gov- ernmentally supervised sale of intoxicants in communities not under local option; licensing of mir- chasers as well as sellers of intoxi cants; and a campaign of scientif:c temperance education in the schools, churches, and homes. gas mains have been damaged on the levee, but the water main is believed to be intact. This main functioned until the Torrence Road Pumping Station went out of commission At the sixty-one-foot stage city officials hope to be able to estimate the work required at the Municipal Airport. One of the big problems discussed by the Rehabilitation Committee at its meeting yesterday was the disposal of vegetables ruined by flood- waters. Tons and tons of cabbages, let tuce, raaisne3, and onions were made unfit for human consumption in various buildings along Front and Second Streets and in other parts of the flood area. It is expected also that many potatoes rotted in the waters. All of these vegetables will have to be destroyed. After previous ifloods this work was done at the city incinerators, but because of the enormous waste in all parts of the flooded areas it will be impossible to use the incinerators for the burning of vegetables for several days. Plans were made to ship part of this waste out of the city for destruction. A representative of the United States Department of Agriculture arrived here yesterday to take charge of the work. inspection work was well under way yesterday under the direction oi C. M. Stegner, Building Commissioner. Stegner said he would not announce addresses of his 15 inspection offices as these offices would be moved from day to day to facilitate, the work. WARNING IS REPEATED. Health authorities under the direction of Dr. F. K. Harder, Health Commissioner, continued to urge that all water be boiled, particularly in homes that have bee pied within the last two days. The Health Department issued the following cleanup orders yesterday: "All food utensils and containers which have come in contact with flood waters should be carefullv cleaned and disinfected before being used again. "Knives, forks, glasses, and dishes should be boiled or dipped in some disinfecting solution. "Containers such as bread boxes, ice boxes, and mechanical refrigerators should be thoroughly cleaned with soap and water and carefully dried. Some disinfectant should also be used on the insi-io of such containers. This will take care of the -.::;')7 l7?Fi HFW fcjKlH hi $ i i if f . j n . sJ II II ,n 1 "SkMttl l"1 T I ' 1; 1 1 vp yd BLUM INDORSED On Defense Plans By French Chamber Of Deputies, 405 To 186. Four -Year Program Cost Put At $874,000,000 Air Force Is Strengthened. health aspects. The repair of mechanical portions of the refriger ators is a problem to be settled between the owner and manufacturer or service man." DRY OCT RADIOS, TOO. Persons having radios in the flooded area were cautioned not to turn on electricity in them until they are examined and found to be thoroughly dry. This order was is sued to avoid fire hazards. Orders issues by C. A. Dykstra, Disaster Council Administrator, yesterday relative to the cleanup were as follows: "Cleaning of private dwellings will follow general cleanup of the streets. Inspection will be made of all dewllings by the Building Department. As soon as preliminary inspections have been made Works Progress Administration forces win double back and begin cleaning dwellings under the supervision of the owners. "Do not make individual request i by telephone or personal calls at the Works Progress Administration offices, the City Hall, or the Red Cross. "The police will prevent remova of foods until inspected by the health authorities. This inspection is being made by areas at the present time. "All greens and vegetables served raw must be washed in boiled water. "Any suspicion of gas leaks or pockets should be reported to Cherry 6700 for inspection. "Combustible and noncombustible wastes must be kept separate as usual. MUST AWAIT PERMIT. "No one in flooded areas may use his house for living purposes unless 'preliminary inspection' and a health notice is posted. "Health and building warning notice must be observed. "All water must continue to be boiled." Isaac Van Cieeff, Superintendent of Markets, Weights, and Measures, ordered that all retail merchants in the flood districts whose scales were damaged by flood waters must have them properly serviced and tested for accuracy before use in sale of food commodities. The same order applies to industrial scales. Ail food stores in flood areas must pass a final inspection by the Health Department before permission can be given for reopening them. Another call for workers who have been engaged on the Morgan Road project to report for duty this morning was issued by L. A. Gillett of the Works Progress Administration. These womers ate directed to report at Cleves City Hall at 8 o'clock. Flood refugees in Red Cross Canteens in Cincinnati are being entertained nightly by Works Prog ress Administration Theater Project troupes. These photographs were taken at a performance given last night at Christ Church. Three entertainers as they appeared on the stage are seen in the photograph at the upper left. They are, left to right, Mary Lang, Earl Stevens, and June Lang. The audience of children at right seem particularly Interested in the performance as they sit with head on hands and mouths open. But it is hard to say whether the two youngsters being held by nurses in the doorway at the rear of the auditorium are enjoying it. The little girl on the right is drying her eyes. Flood Situation By States GREEN LINE CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE. the company. The officials made the following statement: "The Cincinnati, Newport, & Covington Railway Company has concluded negotiations to purchase the busses of the Peoples Central Transit Company, Inc., and the Ludlow Transit Company, Inc. "Beginning with operations February 3, busses of both these companies will be operated by and under the supervision of the Cincinnati, Newport, & Covington Railway Company." P. G. Vondersmith, general manager of thecal- company, announced last night that operation of busses from Covington across the Suspension Bridge into Cincinnati would be resumed tomorrow morning. He said the company expected to resume limited operations on the Fort Mitchell and Main Street lines al the same time. Meanwhile, a Main Street bus line will be placed in operation today. The Newport East line has been extended into Dayton. Greenhills Provides Sixty Men For Duties In Flood Cleanup Union Levee, Aliov! City officials are expected to cross their fingc-is tonight if the recession of flood continues at the present. rate. Early tomorrow morning the surface of the Union Levee will break above the receding waters or what remains of it. It is known that several washouts cut into the levee before it was covered by water. Since then rumors have been current that the levee had washed away. Tomorrow morning will tell the tale. Approximately 60 men, including executives, architects, engineers, and other technical men, from the Greenhills project of the Resettlement Administration near Mount Healthy are aiding city and county forces in the gigantic task of mopping up behind the receding flood waters. Since the height of the crisis a week ago, a number of Greenhills men have been aiding in flood relief work. Additional men were called to duty with the start of rehabilitation work. John S. Lansill, Director of the Division of Suburban Resettlement, Washington, ordered all Greenhills personnel and facilities placed at the disposal of C. A. Dykstra, Disaster Administrator during the emergency. Eight trucks, with drivers, divided in eight-hour shifts to keep the machines working steadily 24 hours daily, were sent to the Red Cross and Army Engineers by C. H. Trask, resident engineer. Trask, member of a sub-committee of the Cleanup and Rehabilitation Committee, is in charge of assisting technical personnel to city and comity agencies to assist in directing operations of Works Progress Administration labor in cleaning up flood areas. C. W. Ransler, Assistant Regional CoordinatoL', has served as liaison officer between Dykstra and Washington officials of the Resettlement Administration. Brice Martin, project adviser, is assisting in administration -work of the Cleanup and Rehabilitation Committee under C. M. Bookman. Carloton F. Shnrne. rnmmnnitv manager, is special assistant to Dykstra and executive director of the rehabilitation mmmittoo Greenhills ara assisting C. M. Stegner, City Building Commissioner, in inspection cf buildings in flood districts. Twenty other members of the Greenhills technical staff are working under J. E. Root, director of public works, in directing operations of Works Progress Administration labor Charles Bonsficld of the Greenhills engineering st.iff and ten engineers and estimators are working under W. Allen Stcne, county engineer, to assist village authorities in rehabilitation work. Additional engineers will be assigned to aid Stone in a survoy ol damage done by high water to il-.c Millcreck interceptor sewer project. Although ths Greenhills personnel has been stripped of its technical staff, work is continuing there. Operations were resumed Monday with approximately 1,500 men, chiefly skilled mechanics, reporting for' work. (BY ASSOCIATED PRESS) ILLINOIS. Cairo Hope that the low-lying city would escape inundation reached a new high. For 12 hours the Ohio River remained at 59V4 feet a half foot below the top of the seawall and three and a half feet under the top of the surmounting bulkhead. Meteorologist pre dicted river would flow at current stage or slightly higher for several days. Engineers estimated water forced through sand strata under the levees had bubbled up in 50 places, but it caused no great concern. Harrisburg Ohio backwater covering 80 per cent of town rose slowly. Pneumonia cases increased. Evacuation continued. Fuel inadequate with temperatures below freezing. Works Progress Administration figured more than 75,000 persons were homeless in 12 Southern Illinois counties. MISSOURI. New Madrid Mississippi River pressure eased. Residents of half deserted community cheered by army engineers' announcement levees would hold. River edged up slightly but still more than a yard below levee peak. Grappling for bodies in New Madrid-Birds Point floodway continued as Representative Orville Zimmerman of Missouri asked an investigation of barge sinking which cost at least six lives. More than a score of the men aboard when scow went down last Saturday still missing. TENNESSEE. Tiptonville Mississippi broke through Bessie Landing Neck Dike for fourth time. Much of Lake County threatened. Boatmen evacuated lowlanders. Tiptonville nearly surrounded by overflow. Memphis Laboring man army raised protective levees along mid dle and lower river valley to meet test of record rise. Mississippi scaled up to 46.7 feet here. Red Cross disclosed more than 200,000 had moved away from big stream in Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, and Mississippi. KENTUCKY. Paducah Fire broke out in flooded city almost completely deserted by 30,000 citizens. A grain elevator and two houses destroyed and hosiery mill damaged in $75, 000 blaze. Thirty mules and horses killed. General quarantine in effect. Louisville Physicians and nurses concentrated in inundated towns to check disease. Kentucky losses estimated at $350,000,000. Vanceburg Three hundred influenza cases reported. Hickman Mississippi calmed when wind subsided. Levee defenders cheered. ARKANSAS. Little Rock Hundreds of men drafted from refugee camps and rushed to levee-strengthening service on Mississippi River front. Arkansas homeless estimated at. 116.000. Mellwood Isolated. Workers heightened dike after waters reached top. Fort Smith Melting ice and snow swelled Arkansas River eight feet in 48 hours. Now within yard of flood stage. ENQUIRER BDRKAO BPSOIiL DISPATCH, Washington, February 2 Water systems In 94 cities and towns with a combined population of 1,401,756 persons are entirely out of commission by being submerged by water in stales affected by floods, a report to the United States Public Health Service disclosed to day. In 21 other cities and towns with total populations of 207,000, the water systems have been restored to operation, under the supervision of United States Public Health Sanitary Engineers and municipal health officers. In cities where water systems are out of . commission, drinking water is being supplied from tank cars or trucks or is being pumped from wells that have been chlorinated under supervision of medical officers and sanitary engineers. The Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service now has at work in seven states of I he flood area, 159 public health specialists medical officers, sanitary engineers and sanitarians. This force is working closely with those of other Federal and state cooperating agencies. Health conditions throughout flood areas continue to be very satisfactory, all of the reports today indicated. REMOVAL Of Berrodin Is Feared MISSISSIPPI. Vlcksburg Tallahatchie River levee reported dynamited near Tippo to avert flood threat at Sumner, Marks, and Lambert. Mississippi passed forty-five-foot mark here with crest of 52 expected. INDIANA. Evansville Red Cross planned to move Indiana refugees to concentration centers. Homeless estimated at 26,650 families. Major industrial plants reopened here and 10,000 returned to work. Cleanup under way at New Albany, Jef-fersonville, Lawrenceburg, Aurora. National Guard calculated Indiana damage at $100,000,000. As Labor Forces And Eagles Hold In Bill To Set I p I! mean Of Public Assistance. Rim Of Bottoms Flood Area Is Scoured By Cleanup Army As High Waters Recede Sharpe, formerly was assistant to City Manager Dykstra, was more recently City Manager of St. Petersburg, Fla. Harry Pries, supervising architect, and 15 technical men from !'' The upper edge of the Cincinnati "bottoms" district appeared as dry land yesterday as flood waters receded below Pearl Street. A cleanup army, equipped with brooms and shovels, pounced upon and scoured it, then waited for more land to appear. Today the army expects to advance almost to Second Street in certain points along the front. The advance by boat extended far into the flood territory. Owners, officials, and employees of firms, anxious to get their buildings reconditioned, did not wait for the land to appear. They went out with hip boots and in boats to start the cleanuD and salvaging. The front took on the appear- Columbus Bureau, 207 Spahr Building. SPKCIAL DlSrATCH TO IBB ENQUIRER. Columbus, Ohio, February 2 Labor forces and the Fraternal Order of Eagles proved too strong for the Democratic majority in the Ohio House of Representatives today, holding up the Maxwell bill to establish a division of public assistance in, the Department of Welfare. Fear was expressed by the allied groups that Henry J. Berrodin, Akron, may be displaced as Old-Age Pension Director, as his bureau is taken into the reorganization. The Democrats caucused on the question and then named a subcommittee to confer with Governor Davey and endeavor to solve the problem of the bill. It was made a special order for next week. Separate state and national ballots were decreed in a proposed constitutional amendment offered by Gus Kasch, Summit, but the proposal is held to have been ruined by its sponsorship if it otherwise had a chance for adoption. . The House voted unanimously to restore pay to rural Board of Education members for attending ses sions. The maximum is $20 a year, but the issue is regarded as an im portant one in the country regions. Senator L. A. Kane, Hamilton, introduced a bill to permit the Tax Commission of Ohio to enforce the collection of delinquent taxes when local authorities do not act. The state administration may get behind this bill. In the House last night a bill was introduced to compromise uncollectible delinquent taxed by establishment of county boards. Paris, February 2 (AP) A vast program to strengthen France's armed forces over a four-year period at a cost of 19,000,000,000 francs ($874,000,000) was disclosed to the Chamber of Deputies today by Defense Minister Edourd Dala-dier. His speech outlining the plan was cheered wildly and at its conclusion the Government was accorded a vote of confidence, 405 to 186, indorsing the national defense policy. Designed to match German military preparations, the plan includes these points: Industrial mobilization in wartime, i Extension of the conciete and steel "Maginot line" along the Belgian and Swiss frontiers to stand as a barrier to invasion between Dunkerque on the English Channel and the Jura Mountains. Construction of roads paralleling frontiers to facilitate swift movement of men and materials. LABOR TROOPS POSSIBLK. Increases In the' size of mechan ized army divisions; formation of a corps of 15,000 specialists to strengthen professional shock troops, and more stringent prepar ation of youths for military service to cope with Germany's youth-' training labor service. Legislation to a land, air, and naval generalissimo to be under control of a national defense ministry committee in time of conflict. More intensive training for officers and non-commissioned officers. The four-year program outlined today is in addition to the ordinary defense budget and the extraordinary armaments budget for 1937. These two budget allotments call for expenditure this year of a little more than 19,000,000,000 francs, or ' another $874,000,000. Air Minister Pierre Cot sail France had increased the number of ' her first-line fighting planes by 37 per cent since last June, material by 67 per cent, munition supplies by 50 per cent, and air armaments by 70 per cent. EXPECTS MORE PLANES. Leftists applauded heartily when he implied the air force was strong enough to meet any aerial threat by Germany, and second among world powers only to the Russian air force. Cot expressed hope the addition of 1,500 fighting ships would be accomplished before the end of the year. Daladier pointed to 2,000,000 men which he said Russia has ready to march "at a moment's notice," asserted Germany had half that many ready for instant action and said Italy's industries already were on a war-time footing. He admitted certain French factories supplying defense needs were two and one-half or three months behind in orders because of recent strikes. Madrid, February 2 (UP) General Emilio Kleber has given up command of the International Brigade, it was' revealed tonight. H was said to have disappeared from Madrid. Madrid Communists adopted a resolution imploring their hero to return. UNDER SIX FLAGS. Born in Austria 40 years ago, he studied medicine, but when the World War broke he joined the Hungarian infantry. After the war he visited the United States and went with the American Expeditionary Force to Eastern Siberia, He went over to the Russian revolutionists, became a brigade commander of 3,000 guerrillas. In 1923 he became a Canadian citizen. Later he joined the Chinese army to fight the Japanese. He arrived in Spain last September, between flooded buildings and the water's edge. Trucks stood there ready to take salvaged merchandise from the boats. Workmen with hip boots boarded up windows where driftwood had smashed costly plate glass. Office fixtures, destroyed beyond repair, were carted away. New equipment was moved in almost before the old was out of the buildings. Late yesterday watchmen were at a premium. Everyone wanted a watchman to stand guard at his plant or store during the night Debris thrown from flooded buildings told the story of the flood. In front of the George Schorr Company, novelties, Pearl and Vine ance of a harbor as johnboats, Streets, and the Licht and Wankel- rowboats, and motorboats traveled man Company, dealers in toys, fire works, and novelties, Pearl and Race Streets, were paper masks that never will frighten or entertain; kites that never will fly; fireworks that never will explode, and paper flags that never will wave. Tea and coffee that never will stimulate or be sipped when Cincinnatians sit down to chat floated down the flooded streets. Paper that never will be marked by pen or pencil floated by. But business must go on. Farther west on Pearl Street electric pumpers poured two huge streams from the basement of the Westing-house Electric Company, Pearl and Elm Streets, and one stream poured from the Chatfield-Wood Company, Pearl and Plum Street. Issued Against Gas Fumes Com plaints Should Be Referred To Fire Prevention Bureau. Along with his announcement yesterday that the Fire Prevention Bureau at City Hall would remain open 24 hours a day until the inspection of buildings is completed, Fire Chief Barney J. Houston warned citizens against displaying any open flame in the event they detect the odor of gas in their home or some other building. Persons should call CHerry 6700 when the odor of gas is evident. An inspector then will be sent to investigate. New York, February 2 (AP) General Francisco Franco, Spain's insurgent dictator-designate, today outlined a program for a Spanish totalitarian state modeled on Italy, a concordat with the Catholic Church and popular forms, in :-e-ply to questions cabled by Roy W. Howard, editor of the New York World-Telegram, and published by that newspaper in a copyrighted article today. General Franco did not answer two of the questions. One of these asked whether he would support a constitutional monarchy with a reconvened Congress, and what limits he would place on suffrage. The other asked when Franco expected to capture Madrid. "The result of' (February, 1936) elections were .falsified or even reversed, in order to give a majority to the parties of the Popular Front, and anarchy, injustice, and crime were let loose by those in power," he said. Question "Would you consent to independence of Catalonia, and do you think Catalonia could be restored without another civil war?" Answer "If we left Catalonia to the fate which has overtaken it the historical unity ol Spain would be destroyed, for Catalonia is as much a part of Spain as Lancashire is a part of England or Pennsly-vania is a state in the union. The world already knows something of . the terrible suffering experienced by Catalonia under Red Rule." Avila, Spain, February 2 (AP) Socialist militiamen who deserted to General Francisco Franco's insurgent ranks were reported today to have divulged an anti-religious drive by Communists among the government forces. - --

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