Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on May 10, 1894 · Page 4
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

Logansport, Indiana
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 10, 1894
Page 4
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John Gray's "CORNER" .ON UNDERWEAR FOR LADIES, .flKHTLEMEN, BOYvS, GIRLS AND CHILDREN. EVERYBODY KNOWS WHAT A COMPLETE LINE OF UNDERWEAR WE ALWAY3 CARRY BUT THIS SUMMER WE EVEN EX/CELL ODR FORMER EFFORTS IN THIS LINE. P. S.—NOTICE A FEW SAM- MIES IN OUR SOUTH WINDOW. J, I, Henderson & Sons DAILY JOURNAL OF fURNiTURE, t flND I UPHOLSTERS. i*/* -, * - ___ | ; : HO. 320 Fourth Street, ItOGANSPORT, IND. ' - JTACTOBVi - fos. 5, 1 anfl 9 Finn Street. F. M. BOZER, D. D. S, DENTIST. Haij painless Metnod" used in tne ,. miiufl oftcetn. N MUM Over State National Bank •'turner Fcurtb and and Broadway It's the Part of Wisdom. TJmMmay be bard and money cloie bnt •M tilings have tbelr compensation. We can Dun watches and will, at very close tlgurel to tttm money. Come and see what you can do i;,^JttlHUe money. I am an»U>n» to »«U not i&'lttr mtobes but otber goods. Diamonds, Clocks, IKWIW, Spectacles and Novelties, I am y>-,^na tot the Lytle Sale and Lock Co,, Cincinnati WJlMo. Call and »e«a small sample. D. A. HATJK, JJtWELKR JLKD OPTICAN. TIME TABLE fcOGANSPORT •ACT BOOITD) York tepresi, daUj... :gjS?5 n«Aeom.,exept Sunday o. 0*Toledo Ki.Biopt Sanday 11: lfennsylvania Lines. Vralna Run by Central AH KOU.OW» : • Dallr. tUnllr, Mcept SnniUr. n....»U.BOam »a.Wam ,2,40am « i.lBsia 8.15 am 13.au am ib^~ahd Cincinnati....! 6.«am t"-»P» RPointmd Chicago t $» • » IPA ES ''Mio«iiiil"ii.' ...... -T* "-"I" 1?*??^ XSmodtUon, Lea™ " <30.pm jfc WBBT B001TD. fo«.on«xIatK>c.anl?«i, except Sunday, »|">«°> t Besmodatlcn, arrtw, " " »»am Tlie Pennsylvania Station. * 8.00 a m SoSiKttoT(iutortiIi"*ia.JBpm i I.WPID "^ 1 Cincinnati...»l!l.GOpniM.M pin •• "~> ..„• 2.30 pm • 1.36pm -• • t .,»i.»pra»i.a6pin VANDALIA LINE. lad. TOB THI !fOBTH. n JT K( ™ FOB TH» IHWJTB. t .. <to -'ia^.s.* orTe ™ H " rte - >CM<t, irrtng all tralni and toSriMUoS H to MM Published every day In Hie'week (excop Monday by the LOGAMSPORT JOURNAL Co. Price pep Annum Price per Month . . $6.00 . . 5O THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE CITY. iDOEWORTH, Agent, [Entered us aecond-clMS matter at the Logans- pott Post Olllce, February 8, 1888.] THURSDAY MOBNIMG. MAY 10. CONSIDKHING tho lake seriously, H Is well said of the Coxey "plan" and "petition In boots" tbat "bad roods and good money are better than bad money and good rohda." CHICAGO'S franchlees seem to be held beyond the reach of the people to whom they belong in the grasp of the corporations who bought them for 'a BODR" from Chicago's boodling Range of city officials. THE proceeds of the fifty millions of gold bonds issued under Cleveland JnanclerinR havol 1 'gone up the spout," and again the sacred gold reserve is dwindling. The Republican party was always a debt paying party, democratic management, as arulo, makes debt. TOE free coinage of both gold and silver, and a double standard of specie value the world over, appear to be in sight through international agreement, and in accordance with the Republican doctrine on the silver question. It will be a sound and safe solution of the metallo money problem that will bring groat and lasting benefits to all mankind. THE satisfactory adjustment of all the questions arising from the long and laborious task of organizing the new gas company, is very cheering to the promoters of the enterprise who have toiled almost incessantly for months in its behalf. It !s also very eaoouragtnfi to every subscriber for the stock Of the new company, and should be an incentive to the prompt payment of the installments of such iubsorlptions. THE city councils of Terre Haute and Shelbyvllle knocked out the Me- Hugh law by creating vacancies in the offices filled by the preceding council, and choosing Republicans to fill the vacancies. It is "war to the knife and the knife to the hilt," in those cities but our BOW nine to one In the council are less balligerent, and probably wisely so. To wait a little with them ii to give evidence of the absence of mere partisan feeling on their part. THK new tariff bill reported to the Senate of Congress gives mere protection in spots, and in that respect ia a further repudiation of the Chicago platform, but the "spots" are badly and even disastrously located—sec- tlonaliy in the South and dangerourly to the whole country among the worst trusts in the land. It is in many respects the worst bill of the lot, and there never was hatched a more miserable lot. Can such a bill as this be passed P or is It, as Schuy ler Coif ax used to say, "the third trial and out." Lotus hope that it may be tho source of a •falling out" that will give the people Of this country an opportunity to git down on all such schemes o.f 'tarlB reform." WIIILK so-called tariff reformeis, and other odds and ends, rag-tag and bobtail, are engaged in efforts tote- stroythat "most perfect ,ani scientific legislation ever enacted on tariff protection" called the MoKinley law, Grand Old Man Gladstone is sadly lamenting the rapid decline of free trade sentiment in England and predicting a change there to tariff protection. He evidently lears that the change will come with the next gen. era! parliamentary election. The G. O. M. has radically changed his poll*, leal opinion «everal times during his Ion? public career, and it is to be hoped that he may live to rejoice in the overthrow of his free trade theo* ries and prejudices. But what shall we say of the men in this country who have witnessed and shared the benefits of tariff protection, progressing backward to free trade, while en lightened Englishmen, tired of free trade are proereiitng forward in the onlyiound polior tor »ny country, protection! *;. ... . :; >••'/ . ';. ..;•' : PKEPAEING tfOR WAE. The Big Gun Shop at the Navy Yard at Washington. Monster Cannon. Whoso Coiit If Xtt\- mutuil »t Ono Hun<lred Tliounand Dollars Knob—Method* Employed In Tlielr Munul'ar.tur*. [Spoclttl All of the oflluers of tho nnvy are very proud of tlio bip tf un shop which is located at the Washington navy yard. During the past years five of tho greatest cannon ever made In Ameriea for service were completed In that big: gun foundry. They are called built- up breech-loading rifles, and are of tho very latest scientific conceptions and mechanical patterns. They are all of the same size, each of them being 1 of thirteen-lnch caliber and weighing- slxty-fivo tons. They are forty feet long, and each of them is capable of throwing an armor-piercing projectile of one thousand one hundred pounds' •weight a distance of thirteen miles. It takes five hundred and fifty pounds' of Blow burning powder to drive one of the projectiles th at distance and to give the shot a muzzle velocity of two thousand one hundred fort per second. There is an old adage that in time of peace wo should prepare for war, and after a visit to the gun foundry of the navy yard anyone will be fully convinced that this country is acting upon tho wisdom of that motto. No sooner was the work upon tho five monster cannon completed than five more were commenced in the gun foundry. These monsters of modern warfare aro intended for the armaments of the three new battleships— Indiana, Oregon and Massachusetts. Four are placed on each of the battleships, two forward and two aft, so that they can be used in action with deadly effect, regardless of the position of tho man-of-wur at the time of firing the guns. We all know in this country something about tho tremendous cost of war, for wo went through four years of one of tho most terrific struggles the world has ever known. But the people do not generally know in time of peace how much it costs to prepare for war, and only a faint idea can bo gleaned from the fact of the cost of theso guns. They cost one hundred thousand dollars each. When all of them have been completed, the total cost will have been 51,200,000. When we take into consideration the fact that smaller guns are being made all the tjjne'j and that tho navy must be supplied with costly battleships before these guns can be placed upon them, the cost of preparing for war in time of peace may bo partly re:ili/ed. It will cost seven hundred dollars every time one of these immensi! guns is fired in action. The cost will be five hundred dollars for the nickel steel projectile, and two hundred dollars for the powder. Tho work upon those guns was commenced a little over two years ago, and they were completed in :i little more than ten weeks; that is, except tho breech mechanism and the mounts, OKEATKST OUN' EVER MADK IX AMERICA. which required a couple of months longer. Heretofore the navy yard gun foundry has turned out in considerable numbers, four, five, six and eight-inch rifle guns, and a few ten and twelve- inch rifles. Uut those thirteen-inch giants of destruction aro the largest ever attempted in this country. They are regarded as the perfection of experiment. study and research, although their fabrication is by very interesting processes, which are comparatively simple. The forgings of all these guns have been purchased at great, cost, either at the works of the Bethlehem Iron company of Pennsylvania, or the Midville Steel company at Nicetown, near Philadelphia, These forcings are the result of mechanical and mathematical skill in the application of a long and difficult art to the raw material. Tho forgings for each gun cost $05,000, the manufacture of the gun proper, $10,000, and the construction of the mount, j?3, r >,000. Under the act of congress malting appropriation for these guns, congress insisted by a special provision of the law, whiuh has been reiterated every year since the commencement of the new navy, that the ores and substances und elements which go into the making of American warships and their armaments shall be of American production and manufacture. Therefore in the creation of a gun forging, it is necessary tihat it must be of the best steel in America, compounded exclusively of American materials. This forging must be of the finest open-hearth gun steel and the casting must weigh about double what tho forging that is to be made from it will weigh. If there are any bubbles, or any flaws or rifts whatever, in the steel it will bo rejected by the gun foundry and turned back to the producer of it. The forging is made into a shape approximating that of the finished gun, so that it i» all •ready for manufacture when It l«acbea '"(31 all of the processes which are gone through with at tlic navy yurd gun foundry in the manufacture o f a largo camion, the preparation and placing of a jacket is the most interesting. Tho jacket is a large cylinder placed over the original tube at the re;ir, and compassing the powder chamber to give it greater" resistant strength. Tho jacket forging is bored up from the inside to a diameter slightly less than the exterior diameter of the tube which it is to encircle. The jacket is then expanded by heat in a hot airfur- naoe, and, lifted carefully by means of a crane, is placed directly above tho original tube which is perpendicular and securely hold with the breech upward. The jacket is not only heated to a white heat, but to an almost imperceptible dull red. It is allowed to descend from the crane accurately and to slip down over the breech end of the tube, the expansion of the heated metal of tho jacket making this movement possible, notwithstanding the fact that the inner diameter of the jacket is somewhat loss 'than tho outside diameter of the tube when the jacket is cool. This process of putting on the jacket is one of tbe most remarkable Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report Baking Powder ABSOLUTELY PURE pieces of skilled work that can be done with machinery. When the jacket is finally lowered into its place over the rear of the original Uibc, the jacket fits tightly over the tube ;iud compresses it as it becomes cool. I!y this operation the tube and jacket are practically combined into one piece. There arc four hoops also bored out to a diameter slightly less than the respective portions of the gun which they arc intended to encircle, and one after another they are put in place by the same process as that used in jacketing, the metal cooling and contracting, and compressing- the inner layers firmly in its embrace. The great cannon i's thus thoroughly reinforced and then the work of rifling and finishing begins. The first thine to be clone when all the jackets and hoops arc on is to take the gun from its upright position, put it on a lathe and have it turned down over its whole inside to the finished dimensions necessary to its completion. When you remember that each one of these grins weighs Bixty-five tons, you will realize that the mechanism in the gun foundry which picks up and lays down and moves arr.jnd these immense bodies of bteel must be an approximation of perfection. This work is only rendered possible by reason of the fact that the gun foundry conta.ins eight prodigious gun lathes'of unique design and unlimited "power; and that the lifting power of the crano is limited only by the horse-power of the steam engines. One of the immense lathes in the gun foundry has a capacity for boring guns fifty-one feet in length and of turning tubes of fifty-seven feet, and consequently could bore guns of sixteen : inch caliber. The process of rifling a gun is very interesting indeed. The interior surface of the bore is cut with fifty-two spiral grooves, each of which is five- hundredths of an inch deep and about half an inch broad. Into these little grooves will fit the projectile to be be used, which is encircled at its base with a soft copper band slightly larger than the caliber of the gun. The action of the powder charge forces the projectile through the bore and the rifle grooves into this copper band give rotation to the projectile. The rotation insures greater accuracy in firing and has the still more important effect of keeping the projectile point headed fore-most from the time it loaves the muzzle until the time it strikes the object at which it is aimed. It is interesting to sec one of the great cranes traveling from one end of the big shop to the other, noiselessly, smoothly, stretching from one side of the ceiling to the other, its little wheels well oiled and not a sound to be heard save when the clanking chains are let down to encircle some heavy object. The man who stands in the crane, and is its engineer and director, is so high in the air that he looks like a mere boy. While it may be true that the hundreds of men below who are rifling, polishing, finishing and perfecting the great gun may be mere scientific, and their work may be more important, nevertheless, when you visit the big foundry, you will carry away with you a more distinct memory of the man in the crane than of all the other wonders of the placo- S.MITII D, FBY. CLEVELAND'S BLINDNESS. A Bound of Solid Shot from * Democratic Cun. President Cleveland has written a letter deploring the state of collapse to which the democratic party under his guiding care hns come. It is not as effective a letter as the one in which he transmitted to congress h:s august disapproval of the Bland seigniorage bill, and it can hardly be expecUd to undo the damage which that one did. It is unhappily a fact, that when Mr. Cleveland writes for his party he pens mere platitudes, but when he takes his pen in hand to serve his masters in the New York clearing house his words count. There in nothing in the president's latter to the association of democratic clubs which will awaken enthusiasm. There is not a thought which is not commonplace. In the midst of such a condition of popular turbulence as has not existed in this country since the civil war Mr. Cleveland confines himself to vague generalizations and a word or two about tariff reform. Ho does not often speak to the nation except through his official state papers. When ho breaks silence uad makes public address to a great association of democrats it might bo expected that his words ' would ring like a trumpet blast instead of having the cold and irapassionate phrasing of a diplomatic document Grover Cleveland is secure in the white house, serving his last term. The profits of his official station have put him beyond the possibility of personal poverty. But it is not too much to expect that a millionaire president should take some note of the bitter cry of a distressed people. The country resounds with the l ramp of unemployed men marching upon Washington, there to explain tlu-ir grievances. Everywhere thera is trouble be: ween masters and men. Strikes <".isturb the course of tr;uV, paralyze industry and breed poverty and distress. Farmers are bowed under the ever-increasing load of indebtedness, fostered by the falling prices of grain. Merchants suffer because customers have no money. Thorc is more active discussion of radical pures for social and commercial ills than there has ever been \jeforo on this side of the Atlantic. Upon all this the president is wholly silent Concerning the currency question, which more than anything else is exciting the people, ho has no word to say. His one word of counsel, expressed with trueCleveland- esquc pondcrositj', is: "AM who arc charged on bchalt ol the democratic party with tho redemption of those pledges should now tm Impressively reminded that os M-C wor. our way to victory under tho banner of tariff reform, so our insistence upon that principle 1» the condition of our retention uf tho people's trust, and that fealty to party organization demands the subordination of individual advantages and wishes, and tho put- tlDg aside ol potty and ienoblo jealousies alia blc'wevlngs when party principles and party integrity and party existence aro ut stake." How is it to be wondered at that in the face of such fatuousness, in the presence of such inane insistence upon a single dogma and blind ignoring of the people'* more strenuous demands voters are forsaking Grover Cleveland in armies? Tariff reform is a great issue, but it is not the sole issue upon which the campaign of this fall will be fought The question of silver it an equally vital one, and for that tho president has not a passing word of friendliness. The effect of Cleveland's letter upon the national association of democratic clubs will bo something very like that of a fire in the rear.— Chicago Times (Dem.). __ DRIFTING TO DEFEAT. The Certain Downfall ol ihe Ul oortlunt Democracy. "The one point on which all critics agree," mournfully observes one of the principal administration organs, "is that the democratic party is drifting to certain defeat." This candid admission is tho basis of a solemn warning to the leaders that they must soon show a, better order of statesmanship or all chance of success either this year or two year* hcnco will be miserably ost. The party is really In a condition of chaos, so far as relates to all important questions and purposes. A process of disorganization Is at work which means that nothing but misfortune is to be ezpocted. "If the country has changed iU mind," this disturbed organ goes on to say, "about the principles enunciated in the Chicago platform, the party cannot do much better than wait till tho logic of events has demonstrated their soundness." But if it waits, it is as sure to be beaten as if it plunges ahead. It ha* (riven cromises that it must at Awaraeti highest Honors-World's Fair. PRICE'S The only Par* Cream of Tartar Powder.-No Ammorf.; NoAh* Used in Millions of Bbnies— &o Years the Standard least make an effort to keep; it h*« entered upon a policy which it must carry out, or confess itself an organized fraud. The situation could not easily bo worse, all things considered. There is a lack of harmony on every pending issue, and nobody seems to know how the many differences of opinion and preferences are to be adjusted, or what id likely to be the final result of all the wrangling. It is impossible to Bee how a party thus divided against itself can get itself' together ino any practical and effective • sense. Th« causes of conflict aro not. accidental or superficial; they pertain to matters of fundamental importance for the most part There are various factions that are even more antagonistic to each other than they are to tho republicans. These inharmonious elements cannot be united upon any basis broad enough to accommodate so many opposing views and prejudice*. Each one has ita pet desires and its favorite aversions, which it is not at all inclined to surrender or to modify for the sake of peace. This has been apparent ever since the beginning of the present administration, and the fact becomes more pronounced every day. It is all very well to say that it ia the.- duty of all members of a party to subordinate special wishes and sentiments • to the demands of general necessity and expedience; but there U no way to enforce such a doctrine against those who • refuse to abide by it. That is why the democratic difficulty U not likely to be settled, but rather to grow more serious as time passes, ".'lie conditions are all favorable to a coiui::uancc of the trouble. ?.s nnyone cnn roadil\' understand who intelligently considers them. It is not to be supposed that the leaders will find a way to restore harmony when the enmities are so bitter, and. the clash of rival interest* is so vital. The outlook is plainly and altogether such as makes republican success a foregone conclusion next fall and in 1896; and the democrats have themselves principally to blame that such ia the case.— St. Louis Globe-Democrat —Edgar—"I have no money." Elsie— "Nor have I." Edgar—"1 am of humble extraction." "Elsie—"'So am I." Edgar—"I have had a cousin hanged." Elsie—I have never had any relatives hanged, but I have a hundred that. ought to be."—Town Topics. —The ladybird is a most valuable insect destroyer. It is the special enemy o£ the little green aphis that destroys- tender plants, and is always seen upon, the rose bushes in summer time, because the aphis especially attacks th» rose. STORAGE. For storage in large or amali' quantities, apply to W. D. PRATT. Pollard & Wilson warehouse. D OLAN'S OPEEA HOUSE. WW. DOLAN, MLUU6KK. THURSDAY. MAY 10. The Funniest of Comedians, EZRA KENDALL In His Funniest of Comedies, I PAIR OF KIDS! Supported by a Splendid Company or Players. Including the Peerless Dancing Specialists, LA VERDE SISTERS; the Funniest ol EccMitorlc Female Character Impersonator*, GILBERT SARONT, of "Babes In the Wood" fame; tb« Favorite Comedian, JOHN MAGBE, In Clog and Reel Dancing; MISS LILLIAN GILBERT. HERBERT DUNTON, and Other well known specialists. __ Regular Prices. Reserved seats on sale at Patterson's. D OLANS OPERA HOUSE. WM. DOLAN. ONK K10HT, MONDAY, MAY 14. THE GREAT BIS HIT, EIGHT BELLS. INTRODUCING THE VTORLD FAMOUS BROS. BYRNE. SEE THE WONDERFUL REVOLV. ING SHIP! SEE THE LAUGHABLE CARBAIGE RIDE1 w~~~ STREET! TO OPERATE SUCCESSFIir.lv IS WAIL STBEET JolnotrCo-OperatlTii B. It. Stock Snrileate. 1W '-.Ji^^cenrper annum easily m»de, and wltli- JT send for ••Pro.pecwiand DallyMarked Letter," mailed free. HlgSert Reference. Out record up to date per rent. 88 P*rw»t C totnesubierlbere. as the rejalt.ofoperations DwBnber, 189S, to April WtH, 189^ Stock*, Grata and ProrWoM-

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