May not end the war

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May not end the war - Return of U.S. troops, POWs may not end the war...
Return of U.S. troops, POWs may not end the war By RUDY ABRAMSON S L.A. Times-Washington Times-Washington Times-Washington Post Service WASHINGTON The last of them start home today, the last of more than 2.6 million million Americans sent to South Vietnam since 1965. But release of the last 67 prisoners in Hanoi and departure of the final jetload of soldiers from Tan Son Nhut air base in Saigon no more ends the war in South- South- ISens analysis east Asia than arrival of U.S. Marines eight years ago began it. The future course of the struggle is altogether altogether up to Hanoi, and, in the judgment judgment of most Southeast Asia experts, North Vietnamese leaders have not cemented cemented their strategy. But the Hanoi government has apparently apparently begun a carefully conceived effort effort to test the durability of the month-old month-old month-old Paris peace agreement even while it tries to settle on long-term long-term long-term plans. "There is a high order of probability that their program for now is to test the agreement and just find out what the traffic traffic will bear," said an intelligence analyst who has studied the intricacies of the war in Southeast Asia for the last eight years. Much evidence for that already is in: continuing infiltration, installation of missiles missiles in South Vietnam, outbreaks of fighting designed to gain territory, and repair of a major airfield. Now, according to the latest intelligence intelligence reports, North Vietnamese troops are paving roads leading into the demilitarized demilitarized zone from the South. The Paris recognifion of self-determination self-determination self-determination self-determination for South Vietnam notwithstanding, notwithstanding, it is widely believed in U.S. intelligence intelligence circles that Hanoi has not changed its fundamental objective of 'imposing a Communist government on the South. The more pertinent questions are how and when it will choose to move, now that the Americans are gone, and how the Nixon administration will choose to respond, respond, when it has no men to protect and has declared Saigon ready to defend itself. itself. In Congress, in the Defense Department, Department, and in the Slate Department, President Nixon's statement of March 15 is taken as an indication that he would not stand by and watch an immediate immediate North Vietnamese offensive. Warning against continued movement of men and arms into South Vietnam, the President told a press conference, "Based on my actions over the past four years," the North Vietnamese "should not lightly disregard such expressions of concern." Officials interviewed recently believe a major new Hanoi offensive in South Vietnam would bring heavy retaliation by U.S. bombers against supply trails through Laos and against North Vietnam itself," even at the great risk of creating new POWs. With the re-introduction re-introduction re-introduction of American ground troops in Southeast Asia a flat impossibility, the United States has essentially essentially three ways to influence events: By prevailing upon Peking and Moscow to withhold war materiel from North Vietnam; by the administration's politically politically explosive plan to give Hanoi a stake in peace by rebuilding the country; and by the renewed use of air and naval forces. The first has never shown any promise of success. Considering the hostility between between China and the Soviet Union, it is considered unlikely, if not impossible, PO Ws' 'welcome' may change By JACK FOISIE s L.A. Times-Washington Times-Washington Times-Washington Post Service CLARK AIR BASE, Philippines As the American prisoner release begins its final day today, some well-intended well-intended well-intended "welcome "welcome home" plans are undergoing hurried hurried revaluation. In its final phase, the men being liberated liberated at Hanoi are becoming progressively younger and with decreasing time spent in captivity. A high percentage of them are bachelors. Many have not been away so long from this massive air base with its attractive nurses, WAFs, civilian secretaries and charter line stewardesses that they have forgotten, or been forgotten, by girl friends. "ThCy might have something on their minds besides a shower and a good steak," an Air Force spokesman conceded. does not provide any female companionship. companionship. Last night's arrival of a plane load of 40 liberated aviators added this new joy-ousness joy-ousness joy-ousness to the superslick yet sincere flightline ceremony of greeting. While generals and U.S. Ambassador Henry Byroade waited to shake hands, the newly freed pilots tripped down the gangway from the big ambulance plane to the shouts of fellow pilots shouting their nicknames and pretty girls shrieking shrieking with excitement. Even older women were enamored. "We Love You Also "Clark Grandmothers," Grandmothers," a banner read. And there was a bevy of wives of pilots of the Clark-based Clark-based Clark-based 523rd Tactical Fighter Squadron to welcome back two men of the unit. "One more to go," a rooter of the 523rd that either would hold out on Hanoi and let the other charge it had abandoned a Communist ally. Whenever the administration sends detailed plans for the repair of war damage in North Vietnam, it will face spectacular and quite possibly insurmountable insurmountable opposition in Congress. So, with the prisoners saved and the troops home, the United States faces a situation where the administration says its interests are vital but its options have been drastically narrowed. The fragile Paris peace agreement hangs on the good will of adversaries See CONCLUSION Back page, col. 4, this section "What about Andy?" "Hush, he's still MIA (missing in action )" For the first lime in the more than a dozen welcome home ceremonies here, restraining lines were broken. A Navy lieutenant, Denny Mendenhall of Los Angeles, rushed forward to bearhug two of his flying mates from the carrier Coral Sea. They were shot down over North Vietnam last April. The pair, Lt. Cmdr. James Souder of Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., and Lt. Albert Molinare of San Diego, blinked back the tears. Air police sought to restrain Mendenhall Mendenhall but he fought them off to pin naval wings on the prison suits the men had worn out of Hanoi. Aboard the ambulance plane bearing them freedom-bound, freedom-bound, freedom-bound, the 40 liberated See 'WELCOME v JSP fcfl yJa fe.-VA fe.-VA fe.-VA Associated Press A VIET CONG MEMBER of the Joint Military boarded a plane at Saigon's airport. Nineteen planeloads

Clipped from The Courier-Journal29 Mar 1973, ThuIndiana EditionPage 1

The Courier-Journal (Louisville, Kentucky)29 Mar 1973, ThuIndiana EditionPage 1
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  • May not end the war

    tarayagal – 28 Mar 2017

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