King Ranch - Santa Gertrudis Cattle

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King Ranch - Santa Gertrudis Cattle - Santa Gertrudis Cattle Feature^ 1 In 'Fortune'...
Santa Gertrudis Cattle Feature^ 1 In 'Fortune' A story on Santa GertrucBs cat- ua la featured in the current issue of Fortune Magazine. Entitled, "Santa Gertrudis: a Lot of Beef," the story deals not only with early development of the breed but also with its effect of the future of the beef cattle industry. industry. . "On the sparse Texas plains," It was stated in the Fortune story, "a-Santa Gertrudis calf at eight months will weigh "oOO pounds against 500 for the. British breeds. Four-year-old Santa Gertrudis steers will outweigh their British cousins by 200 pounds or more." Discussing early phases or. the crossbreeding program on King Ranch, the- magazine story said: "Most of the original King'Ranch crosses had been made with Shorthorns Shorthorns since they had been on the ·worst pastures .and needed the Brahman infusion most. Kleberg decided to continue with..the'Short- boms because they were somewhat better mothers. But he knew that crossbreeding was only the first step. . . A first generation cross may be magnifielent, yet produce progeny full of recessive characteristics. characteristics. To constitute a new breed, Kleberg knew, .the characteristics j would have to be permanently fixed. fixed. This could be accomplished, experience experience indicated, only by discov-i ering some great individual animal j and carefully Intensifying its blood j by line breeding (mating distant was roughly three-eighths Brahman, Brahman, five-eighths Shorthorn. But the important fact was that he had all the beef characteristics Kleberg had been looking for, plus enough Brahman, blood to be hardy, plus prepotency. He was put in with a herd of first-cross Brahman-Shorthorn cows, and all his calves ~were outstanding, and turn, prepotent. "Then began! the labyrinthine process of inbreeding and line breeding to Monkey. At that time, knowledge of animal genetics was less advanced and the King Ranch program was'-viewed skeptically. Yet, generation after generation, Monkey's blood was gradually spread" throughout the ranch. By 1940 the unique Santa Gertrudis characteristics were sufficiently proved for the breed to be officially recognized by the U. S. Department of .Agriculture and the livestock world in general. Working with world's largest purebred herd and following sound genetic principles, Bob Kleberg and the King Ranch had succeeded in creating a new breed in the · short space of 20 years. ; .. ". . . Many cattlemen say in another generation 75 percent of all beef cattle butchered in the TJ. S will have Brahman bloo-3. If so, the largest number will probably probably be descendants of Monkey, for the. Santa Gertrudis has got a big headstart over the other -Brahman -Brahman crosses developed . . . last March, 137 v Santa Gertrudis breed- relatives) and inbreeding (mating ers foregathered in San Antonio to closer relatives). "A3 it happened, the 'great individual' individual' that was to sire to Santa Gertrudis breed was not the product product of any scientifically controlled mating but a fortunate accident, A Brahman 1 bull named Vinotero, which was servicing 50 selected Shorthorn heifers, got together with a 'milk cow on the ranch's Laureles division. Following their natural inclinations, Vinotero and inaugurate an International Santa Gertrudis Breeders' Association and to create a registry for the breed. All members of the association association will get scientific breeding guidance from, the King Ranch. Already Already some 1,500 breeders from places as far away as South Africa and Ceylon have declared their intention to 'go Santa Gertrudis' as q u i c k l y as become available. The King Ranch's the Laureles milk cow collaborated j'new breed is clearly not only in the production of a big cherry- red calf named Monkey, which grew up to be the great grandpa of all good Santa Gertnidis. "Monkey was bom in 1930 but his pedigree went back to 1910. Ir. that year a K'ng Ranch neighbor named Tom O'Connor had given the Klebergs a huge first-cross Brahman-Shorthorn bull that came to bs known as the O'Connor Bull. He was turned In with a herd of purebred Shorthorns and all the bull calves from this mating were castrated but one. This bul), Chem- mera, was later mated with all the females descended from the O'Conner Bull. Monkey's mother, descended from the O'Connor Bull, carried one-sixteenth Bran- roan blood. His sira was an American Brahman -- three quarters quarters to seven eighths Boa Jndlcus, th» rest Shorthorn, Thu» Monkey to stay but is going places at a loping gallop." Methodists Name New Council President GRAND CANYON, Ariz., April )--Bishop Arthur J. Moore of Atlanta, Ga., was elected president president of the 78-member Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church at the conclusion of the five-day session of the council here yesterday. yesterday. Announcement of his election election was made today. He succeeds Bishop J. Ralph McGee of Chicago in the top office office of the church. Other officers elected arc Bishop Fred Pierce Corson, Philndclphia, na vicft president, anct Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam, Now York, ace rctory. in ty A. . to of do Johnny

Clipped from
  1. The Corpus Christi Caller-Times,
  2. 29 Apr 1951, Sun,
  3. Page 55

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  • King Ranch - Santa Gertrudis Cattle

    mcm_tx – 21 Feb 2013

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