Clipped From The Times
I been in The i. at the have the of the to and The that DISCOVERIES IN EGYPT. WORK OF THE BRITISH SCHOOL. fl. The second half of the season's work, after that described in The Timet of April 22, waa devoted to the great city sites, Memphis, where the school has worked for four years already, and Heliopolis, where no British work had hitherto been done. The need of working down 6ft. or more under water obliges these sites to be taken when the water - level ia low, late in the season. At Memphis, which waa in the charge of Mr. Mackay, a gigantic sphinx of alabaster haa been found, lying between the two well - known colossi. This is the largest sphinx that has ever been transported, being 26ft. long and 14ft. high, and weighing about 80 tons. Happily it has never been defaced, and except for some slight natural fissures, the face is as perfect as when carved. It does not bear any name, but belongs either to the XVLUth dynasty. tne oest worn oi tne - VLA.m aynaaiy, aoou 1.300 anciently, but it will be se mer, and will remain as Memphis, like the great c Up 8 of the sights oi Further north, in the temnle of Ptah. a fine group in red granite has been found, representing representing Ramesea IX and the god Ptah, standing. standing. Here, again, the faces are quite perfect, and only a small amount of weathering has occurred on the lower parts. The scale is life - size, with large crowns of feathers on the head, and the work ia of the best class of the period. As the whole weighs about nine tons, it will be sent direct to the Ny Carkberg Museum, Copenhagen. It is Denmark and not England that providea for the excavation ofMemphia; but some day it is to be hoped that museums in England may have spirit for such work. A large figure of a scribe, covered with inacrip - ' gToup" Theae scidptures lay by the north the j aow VM ft E o Alm.nerabat III., showing in and up the ia - the of - hat he had built this gateway. This is specially nterestintr as Herodotus ascribes the north gate to Moeris, the Greek name of this king. Thus it ia seen that Herodotus had correct information about the builders, aa he also correctly attributed the western pylon and Mr. Engelbach were searching the history of tne site, preparatory to neavy worn in luture. The most obvious feature is that the city had in 525 B.C. The top surface is dated by the the sixth century B.C., and there ia trace of the Ptolemaic. Roman, or Arab ages. The reason for this appears to be tnat tieuopous was tne key to Memptus, bamng the road of an eastern invader. Hence it waa obstacle to be destroyed, for the Persi so as not to hinder future access to Memphis. The temple enclosure was three - quarters of a mile lone. It was surrounded bv two great walls, each 40ft. to 50ft. thick, which massive brickwork, but this could not be traced far. owing to the obstruction of a cemetery and the cultivation. The great surprise, how - Petrie discovered i bated to the Hyksos. This fort at Heliopohs of the same form, a rounded square, and the me size acrossa quarter of a mile and haa e same thiekttasa of wall ovnr a hmvWI feet. It likewise haa no gateway in the axis, the wall or bank where it ia apposite to the the wall or bank where it ia opposite to the obelisk being still 12ft. above the base of the the , .the "Z T tei"byb - BY upon the aides of XIX th dynasty walls the square fort. Its age n tho Vlth and XVIHth dynasties ; and a no Egyptian would have made such an earthwork, the date is brought to the Hykaos age, or tbe earlier barbaric inva - The j LS! PlZ - !JZ!. C. bruMing. of the XHth dynaety temple, and thrown up an earth zaribeh round it, after obelisk was hired, and dug over down to native and re - inscribed by Rameaea LL The raaiiau gateway of.ihe whole temple waa found, and fragments of inscrmtior were also found, besjinc the names of ten different knurs. AltrJ gether the first attempt to trace the history of HeUopoh. has proved of much mtexea and further excavations will be moat desirable.