Elisha Mitchell 1835 report asserting NC has highest mountains in the US

Elisha Mitchell 1835 report asserting NC has highest mountains in the US - WSIfSM iireelplanr bjrparty .1- .1- 7,! r XH...
WSIfSM iireelplanr bjrparty .1- .1- 7,! r XH BEE DOUj&SS PeiSfij : 1 VS -1 -1 t 5,- 5,- -: -: -" f v- v- 5T il "1 ;" i TEIWIS. TiiKtKlJoxtAM pr annura--dne annura--dne annura--dne annura--dne half in aavaner . ;Tho! who Jo not, either t the time of ioWnhin? i; it nhequentlyi jri notice of their wish to hae be PTr; ;ditcont(nued.at ifi e piratlonlof th year, will be presumed asuesinn; iU conUnuance until couniermanaeu. r - - s Not exceeJhi lijctetn Kitet, will be inserted ;f Are fr Dollar j and twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five cents fof eah 'rabseaaent publication: those of greater lentth, in proportion If the number of hisertioftale ot narked on them, Uiey wui oe roniuiueu uom w- w- ? Jered out, and charged accordingly. - . "?vco!iiiainricATi6ivr FOR TOE REGISTER. 4-' 4-' 4-' Tlie mountains of Carolina The toungr Michaux, on hit waj frhm the Valley of the Mississippi, in the pall of 1 802, Twssetl ; through" the counties of Yancjr "and- "and- Bafkei and in-the in-the in-the small pTo? Jume, con tanning an account of his travels, that wa p4bli$bed soon after.his retui to Paris, the opinion ! is ex pressed, - that in these 'copntie, the Alleghany Mouutairis attain their fgeatest elevation. He".nen tions, in evidence fjthatthls belie! is fill founded, that his father found trees pml plants growing upon thenwhichJhe' did not meet wiihagam before reaching Ca- Ca- ; The GeoTogy t)f these conte has some j pecirliarifcatores. They were visited dur-ing dur-ing dur-ing the last Su mmer, for the pu rpose of tracing the boundaries of their rock forr maiions. and alon with other collateral objects, pVovisi on , was' .'mad e for measuring measuring the heights of their principal Moun tains, with their bearings and distances frm each otherr Some gentlemen in he West,'' who expressed an interest in jlhe subject were promised an account of the results; j and they are Communicated with some explanatory- explanatory- remarkst to the Register, Register, in the beliefthat they will: not be without interest for persons living in other parts of the State. - , - - 'j. It is well known thatthe Mercury j in the tube of the Barometer 4 continually 6cilating, especially in the high latitudes; latitudes; so that vc cannot, from a si,rle observation of tts height, infer the elevation elevation of any place above the level of th? sea. But i DAViLife found fronr a compairisprjof the Meteorological. Registers, kept wth great care for a series" of years in difTer-ent difTer-ent difTer-ent pats of Europe, that the changes are simultaneous and MmilarJn, place ctlij-sidrably ctlij-sidrably ctlij-sidrably reinoterom each other. j One-Barometer One-Barometer One-Barometer was therefore stationed at Mirgantpn, odaf record iept of its movements by Mr. Pearson of that place. This Served as a standiJrd.. The obser vations made at the same time (nearly,; Upon the tops of the Mountains and at Morganton,;furnished lhe data for calculating calculating their elevations abflVe that village, and the mean of ten observations, on successive successive days gave what is-probably is-probably is-probably a near approximation to the height of Mor- Mor- ganton above the .'level, of the Sea 968 feef. :- :- Deducting fnm this the descent to the bed of the Catawba, there remains only about 800 feet offall . between the turn leaning over; Minviiie anu. ioe oca. This will not be regarded as' ar extra va- va- gant estimate by those who are acquaint ed with this stream, and pv sucn as nave had no experience in investigations of this kind, it will be condemned as falling far below the truthv v , - J . North of the point where the James River leaves the Mountains, the first high riifge of the Alleghanies is called the Blue llMge. In Nprth-Garllina, Nprth-Garllina, Nprth-Garllina, thisiaihe is appli&d to the? range that ;'separates the Eastern and Western waters. : This is commonly the firsthighIountain,but not always. The Table Mountain ,which forms so fine and striking to feature in the sce nery about MoFgantoD,m not a part of the Blue Ridgey butalsr or outlier. It seems, when seen fronv Morganton, - to be a round tower; rising-perpendicu- rising-perpendicu- rising-perpendicu- rising-perpendicu- larlv from, the summit of the first range of the Alleghanies Vlt isin fact, a nar row ridgf. afTordiit ft :rcry fine prospect ol the jertile taUef ot the; Catawba and its. tributaries on the South-east South-east South-east and Eaxt and. of nature in her wildest drefs where the" .Linville ptHars o,ver the rocks along a deep ravine, wholly untenanted and snciurtivaled, and xf a vast extent of Molintaiii peaks and ranges on the North tastw Its lop 2,453 teet above MorT canton, and a little more than 15 miles distant iha right tine. - - The OrandfaiherV 17, miles from the Tableland 28 from Morganton lias hi-' hi-' hi-' therto beeirgeuerailppoaettthe Jigh est Mountain in North Carolmau 'Bill it Is found that;Abeipg jdiflScult jf access" nd enveloping himself itt raysteryit i4s nanneneu 10 mm. as n ww uov in frequently to mm, piaiembrrie t ing circumstances; that he hareh reputation to which , he, is bytio means titled. .The best j point of jle r ascending the Grandfather Ja the Clobe. settlement fiear the head of Johii'i RUer, where the travelterwill njutti p'asant home in a beautiful vallejrand aUWs Riddle's, 1,600 feet above, on Re side of the Mountairi. a faithful ahd lntcHient jjuide Frorthedistance aniJ i will nr as my mentis ami quonla nupiis, Messrs. VJL.iauuAN ami uosko; ugh can testify. person inexpe- inexpe- ricnceil in travellinsi; on tqotlJto visit the rnp and f retra g:iThe iummit is 4,588 v " am c A r K M t yve ma v notice here, an error tn the Ac.t of the Legislature establishing Yan- Yan- cy Countf and ass igning its boundaries. It ;is said, that thel shall with he Tennessee . line theCounty"of Ashe : thence with the lineof saU! County to the Grand mot hi r Mountain", i&c. It is here supposed hat the Grandmother is'-eithpr is'-eithpr is'-eithpr ieanwMontaih with the Grard father, br cniitin aUonfo'f i t, a n d trii the Ashe line,5 whereas he is 3 or 4 miles distant fromj bot hljShe sitshumbly snn submissively at the feet ol her vne-rable vne-rable vne-rable soouse. with the! ilittle Grandson oelweena; pattern to,ajf good dames in the country belr Frm the fact that Her head is crowne J with the balsam fir (jnq very certain sigh) she may probably have anlevation:of 2,600 feet. ;If there should seem to be any thing to warrant a suspicion of a want , of 'affection Jn this worthy couple, in he distance at which they have located jhemselves from each oher9 their great bulk should not, whilst we are forming bur' judgment, be neglected.'. neglected.'. f:v -t!!: -t!!: ' v 1 jThe Roan Mounjfain is 15 miles from the; Grandfather, "jmd S5. N. W. from Mor2antrjw,lyingdiectlfepyer,or beyond, thelHawksbill. It rouehes the Tennessee line, but the highest peaks are in North- North- Carolina. This is the easiest of access, the most beautiful,' and twill best repay the labor of ascending it;j of all our high Mountains. By one of my friends, the preference is eiveri to toii Yellow, which is in fact a continuation the Roan, on account of the symrnetry: 6f its form ; but it is considerably lower. ;3! Wih the ex-ception ex-ception ex-ception pf a body f rocks looking like i ne ruins or an om vpsiie,Tiear i ooum-western ooum-western ooum-western extremity, the 'op of the Roan may be described as a vast meadow, with out a tree to obstrvct the prospect ; where a personlmay mount his horse and gallop for a mile or two,,witii Carolina at his feet on one side, and Tennessee on, the other, and a green ocean )f Mountains raised inko tremendous billiows jimmediat'ly a- a- bout him. It is the Elysium of a Southern Southern botanists a number of plants are found growing in thiscoldj&huinJ(d atmosphere. which are not seen again tilt we have gone some hundreds of nines f farther north. It is the pasture ground for the young horses of the! whole countrjnaboufit, during the Summer. We found the Strawberry here in the greatest abundance and of the finest quality, in regard to ioth size and flavor, on the SOth of July. The elevation of thisMduntain was tjwee iakeri; on the 2d and Oth Julywitlrajdifierence of 28 Tf et -in -in the resultj-5,042 resultj-5,042 resultj-5,042 and 5,070 above Morganton. Of hese measurements, the latter was made with the greatest care and in the most favorable; Weather. The height assigned to the other. Mountains ws "also rudely verlified; from this, by means of a. water level. , S ; - - The Black Mountain, lying mostly in Yancy, but forming through a palrt of its coutse the boundary between Yaucy and Buncombe, is a; long jridge at a medium distance of about 50 miles from Morgan-ton. Morgan-ton. Morgan-ton. It. has some Peaks of greater eleva tion than any point that has hitherto been measured in North -America. -America. East of the Rock v Mountains, and is i believed to be the highest Mountain in thief Of States. It is a matter pi consuigiapie oimcuuy, in the case of aiong ridge 4ike this, that swells here and theie into s. knob two or three hundred feet higher Jtlian its neigh- neigh- bors; to ascertain which it is that overtops the rest, iroin our luaoiiuy howl much of the apparent to determine elevation of inpJ amonkt a number, is due to its near nesgjci how much to Jjeighti the Black Mountain cost nearly a week's fabor in D T. T v fixing upon the Peak to bei measured and the measurement. We asce ruled brst trie j ta n IT1 1 n)irpir thpr! road! leading from Morganton to Burnsyilte, and found it 92 feet Ibwer . than the. iRoan, with Peaks considerably more eteVated farther South. Yeatea wnoD, Deiween me waters oi va nev River and lvey, va9 next represent ed asiover-topping asiover-topping asiover-topping every thing in that part c-phe c-phe c-phe country. iThough higher than the Gcahdmherit prdyetl p. be consi-derahl consi-derahl consi-derahl v MoivVrthlinthe Rbaii, but from its so inmit we had a fineviev? , of the Black ; Mountain Hidge sweeping ; round in assort of iircteV atl th drsianee1of,8 or id miles ahd'were ablf to distinguish the hiffheit KnobTwo iwere1 1 very nearly eq uall ba t the one: at thei head of the ridge betweeii the Worlli anu Miuuie torxs oi Cane River, was final lyxed ppon as the hikhestiff 6rt ; itsltoniHe Barometer stood at 2307"; inches and j it has an e- e- legation of 5, 508 feet abovefjMorganton or 6,476 above thb level pf the Sea: , .., . x tie. mean eic;vauii ii.' aaHty r.vuvj above'Bu'rke, is ibout lOd feet j isp that it iljabout SOO'abiieiitWfeveljof. the Sea Tie Forftof Toe iUvm rreariTHo-mas rreariTHo-mas rreariTHo-mas YpuiiQrsVviai j 1,632 above Morgatitdnlf l the'Blue Ridge froiit TljIrke Cove Creek thSGapia:l,66;teet;a iorithe akpfcopaNso ing heiglitaare p v.ep. Tha'- Tha'- rii tre are copied troni WorceaterV Gaxetteeri " Mount -Washington -Washington in New Hampshire,; ::.hUbertoaciuote4 the highest Mountain Mountain Jn the p, ,8tate--highest ,8tate--highest ,8tate--highest ,8tate--highest Pak ; . Maftsfield Mouitain yermont, ' t Saddle f ount&in Massachusetta, r Round Top - highest of the Catskius, . Peaks of Otter-Virgifiia, Otter-Virgifiia, Otter-Virgifiia, -Tabie -Tabie Mouutaih--Burke Mouutaih--Burke Mouutaih--Burke Mouutaih--Burke j N. Carolina, .GUaodfauior, - . '; iyetesV Krioh, ; Black, at Thomas Yoang'a, 1 Highest Peak of the Black, ,6,24 r 4,279 4,000 3.804 3955 3.42 n 5,895 6,946 6XQ9 y 6,476 There are lother high Mounfa ins at ho 7great distance from those' that were m ea s u red; . as', the Bald Mountai n in the Western partt af Yancy and the While Top in yirglnja'i which are nearly if not quite, as high laV the (loan. In the Soyth-eastern Soyth-eastern Soyth-eastern part of Hay wood county, naV the South-Carbiina South-Carbiina South-Carbiina line, there is a'tremend ous - pilei, and between 'the counties of Haywood and Macon and the State pf Tennessee, the jUnikee Mountain 'swells to a great eljevation. Btit' these apfear to the eve tr be lower thanl the -Black. -Black. . ; As, the Western Mbuiitairis, now (hat theirrrespectability in regard to height and interest is ascertained, are liki'ly to attract an occasional visiter from below the Ridge, and perhans from the neigh-1 neigh-1 neigh-1 borhnod of the ! Coast,- Coast,- a few directions answering' the purpose of a " Guide to the Mountains,',' are added. ' The Pilot has not infrequently been the Ultima flntlh or rather the Columna Her-culb, Her-culb, Her-culb, : by whh the excursions of such as have travelled heretofore in search of Mountain scenery have been limited. It is a remarkable mountain, but after hav ing been for a time amon&rst the giant- giant- of he VY'esr, one cannot help feeling some contempt; for the Pilot as he passes it on us return. ;Its height is just about that of the low-gaps low-gaps low-gaps in the Blue Ridge. By such as would see mere of the Mnun- Mnun- ains, the first point to be reached is Mor gantor). From this place the Table Moun tain i frequently visited : "h easy of acv cess, ana will nardlv be nedected bv a- a- uy on who is in' search of beautiful and romantic yiews and prospects. The Falls of Linville are riot far distant from the Table; and though not at present a place o oe visited by the sotier, will repay one of the harder sex for the fatigue of'find ing his wav -by -by a : rough road over the . : I t 'II. n e - riuges, ,io Linvine i-ove i-ove i-ove ; or ciamoering he yet rougher hills that still intervene between him and the object of his travel. and of jwading the river two or three hundred hundred yards for the purpose of reaching he finest point of view. It is perhaps the wildest and most picturesque scene in North-Carolina, North-Carolina, North-Carolina, with a splendid de-scription de-scription de-scription of which, if we had room, t leisure, leisure, and the inclination, we niisht em bellish this communication to the Regis- Regis- er. But he is a churl that will insist Upon plucking all the flowers that adorn his path, and not leave a pink or rose for those who are to come aRer him Pasing ay flic Old Fields of Toe, and the Forge, where Iron little (inferior to the best, if t be not absolutely the best made in the United States,; is manufactured, he may reach the summit of thek Roan by this route, over the top of the. Yellow. His are and accommodation ill not however lie of the best, and although the Poet de clares that : j A Summer,rii.?ht in green-wood green-wood green-wood spent, t Were, but to-oaon-ow to-oaon-ow to-oaon-ow to-oaon-ow to-oaon-ow merriment, we think a good house and comfortable bed verjr much! to be preferred. The other route is by the way of the Pleasant Gardens and Turkey Cove, or (if the Burke County Coo rt wll have the road a dots' Mc Kinney's put,in repair) over. Linville Mountain to Cagje Creek. where he will find himse f m t15 Baker nd and' worthy settlement, amongst a k people. a Fronr thisi place if there be la- la- dies in 'the com pa ny, they may ride wi th out danger or much fatigbe, quite-.' quite-.' quite-.' to the top ot the Roan a distance of 4 or 5 miles. .. :.!.,; It is most, desirable to have a clear day for the excursion, and it is worth. waiting for, if our visit happen to be .made at a time when the Mountains jare wrapped in clouds. I Such a condition of things is by no means j improbablet: The Rain falling falling annually about the head of Toe River may be estimated at oouble of that de-. de-. de-. scending upon the same area, below; the noge ana at some atstance irom n. ic wasvpart of our scheme-to scheme-to scheme-to collect materi als for giving'grieater" precision and accu racy to the Map or, this part or the htate, nor" was it through, a Want" bf ieat or faith- faith- ful labor (if; requires very little of either knowledge or skill) tlut we lailedv; but during the whofe ternj of dour, sta.abnut the Mountainsvtherewerp but two days that theyf had not cloudrestin"; upon them, a large part ot the time j Bute even - under such Circumstances, theretis no want of objects of attention Often, especially in1 the mornings the Mountainsl liftitheir head ntp a serene sky abovea sea, of mist aind cloud 'that inlles their sides. vJTenay be afiscnd-edhenUf afiscnd-edhenUf afiscnd-edhenUf Ifbliit other object, for the sake of the prospect which awakened the slums bermg lire in iiieposorttoijBEArriE, ano inspired one. of the finest passages in the llndft the craciuTha loM to climb v J When ail ill xniattha world betw waa lost What dreulful piasjjra f there; to ataod sublime, f Like shipwreck d irnarmer on deeart cosjt, AnJt viaw th anoriaea waata of vku test In Uniowa lengthening to the horizon: Tound,. .. 1 "Now scoop'dittgujff with niouittins now eni-4 eni-4 eni-4 4L:; brtss'd,' sftV; A -i -i - I -';.. -';.. --'4 --'4 --'4 .:.- .:.- ' And ht ar tha voice of mirth and song rebound"; : Flocks, har k, and waterfalls along the4 hoar prp- prp- ..... .. &nnd,'jr.;';;? 'i'.. .' Or; v iihbdt going above, the ctouds, he mavfinll in the streams below, an hum bier but not less agreeable amusement; in ithel capture ohe speckled Trjiut with which' they abound; ?. If is a luxuiy to feel hxt bite ; he takes hold with such earnest earnest pi s, ieal anl hearty good-wilt good-wilt good-wilt and thid Jdxury is- is- exchanged for another not less alluring when after. having ben prepared prepared by thecunrring haud of a coniely hie-iand' hie-iand' hie-iand' maiden. the bite'riH bij$nlnkfiik. turn. SeH)oiighty?sCaiinetof NIr.Hist.vol. 1. p.145-9.3 p.145-9.3 p.145-9.3 Gf instead of ihe Trout, he may catch the amiable quadruped with the finany names that is associated with hinil (called in Yancy the Crocmlile or Wafer Puppy) who is not found except in the tributaries of the' Ohio, and, we believe, believe, is confined to the clear cool streams that flow down the Western declivitii! of the Alleghanies cook him and shew the Yancy people that the dislike 'generally 'generally entertained for him is a prejudice, and that he is in facf excellent eatings The roughness of the sides and top of e Black Mountain is likely to prevent his being -"often ascended from motives of curiosity and pleasure. A route, very much better than that pursued by jus. is not likely to be discovered, .and that pan hi accomplished only on foot j and for between one and, two miles, it is thro thick laurels and along a :"bear trail. What these are, must jbe learned by experience, as' description' alone will not convey an accurate idea of them to the mind of a lowlantfer. The laurels are so closely et, and their strong branches' so interwoven, interwoven, that a path cannot be forced by pushing them aside ; and the hunters have no method of advancing, when they happen happen to fall in with the worst of them, but hat 'of crawling. along their tops. The Bearinvpassing up and down the Mountain, Mountain, finds it wisest to keep the ridges, and trampling down the young laurels as hey spring up, breaking the limbs from the old ones and pushing them aside, he forms at last a sorVof burrow above ground, through this bed of vegetation, along which he passes without difficulty. This is a hear trail ; which though an excellent kind of turnpike probably in the view of the animaLthat formed it, is much less highly approved by the two-legged two-legged two-legged aniroa who tgies it after him, and who submits with s'bme degree of shame and indignation indignation t4the fashion of the place in "regard to the? attitude he assumes as he travels up and down the mountain. From such an expedition, 4ie is likely to return, tho-roUghly tho-roUghly tho-roUghly fatigLied at night. The top is covered covered with the Balsam Fir, from the. dark and sombre shade of whose foliage it doubt Te-s Te-s Te-s received, the name of the Black Mountain. The growth "hi" the tree is such iitt these high summits, that it is e.a- e.a- sy to climb to the ton and taking hohl of tne hijiest branch look abroad upon the prospect. ' At1 the time of our visit, the Mountain wasenveloped in mist, which prevented ourjseeing more than a couple of hundred yaihls, and we were so uncom fortable from cjold; that gome of the company company urged a return with the least possible possible delay, and this when it was clear wea-ther, wea-ther, wea-ther, at a small distance below the ridge and the; Thermometer at 80. Theftemperature of a few Wells and Spring is subjoined. The finest iced water isa vapid? drink, in comparison with the pure element that gushes from the sides or tnese western Mountains. Wells on Chapel-Hill, Chapel-Hill, Chapel-Hill, Oct. 17, Well in Lincolnton, July.6, Morganton, July 16, Spring! Keller's Field, : J Daniel Moore's Globe Battlement . s James Riddle's, 59 61 58 58 57 54 p f Near the top of the Grandfather , I Ascent of the Roan, 53 S2 u f I North side of the; Black Mountain, 50 I Another, same Mountain, . 43 Politics of the Ifcay.' EVENTS AT NASH VI LLE. Judge White has been tmammoush e- e- fected Senator as the reader 4 knows, -not- -not- -not- wiinsianunAnairresiueni jacfcsoo en-tered en-tered en-tered the neld'against him in person, and condescended to circulate,' under the pri vilege which the Constitutibn conferred qn the Presidential officebr patriotic, not malevolent purposes, the base slanders, coined by his Kitchen counsellors. V Gen. Jacksotf has not only been foiled in his yin- dictivevand arbitrary attempt to overthrow Judge White in his confidence of Tennes see, but is .placed by the failure in . the most humiliattngv ror; President of the S. inthe mostltiegraVlingjattitude. fHe has not merely faileit'to overthrow Judge V hi te bu it he has mos t si b al I y lo wered himself in the goodi)Jfinions oftsewfiose good opto loTTs hy may be supposed to value the most-the., most-the., most-the., people ot nis own Stated Hif woirst" enemy coultt not ask to huve lhis enmity indulged by seeing him placed -in -in a more n.ortifyipg aocph temptioie position it i aiwajs.rKHcu-tnita. aiwajs.rKHcu-tnita. i tn Wt ntit fnr wiml.'' and cotne -home -home shom.w ) Gan. Jackson undertcirt pleuitudapfhi cwelt xd I

Clipped from
  1. Weekly Raleigh Register,
  2. 03 Nov 1835, Tue,
  3. Page 1

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  • Elisha Mitchell 1835 report asserting NC has highest mountains in the US

    lessonsilearnedonhigh – 17 Feb 2017

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