Martin J. Hawkins - Raid

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Martin J. Hawkins - Raid - A. MEMORABLE RAID AS RECALLED BT- BT- A...
A. MEMORABLE RAID AS RECALLED BT- BT- A SURVIVOR. Twenty-Fonr Twenty-Fonr Twenty-Fonr Union Troops Penetrate the Heart of the Rebellion, Meal aa Engine and Make Off, With It. The death last week of Martin J. Hawkins, at Quincy, 111., gives occasion for the recall of the most daring and thrilling expedition of the late war, and one ot the most extraordinary extraordinary adventures in the annals of history. Lieutenant Hawkins was thtyjtucer of the party of union raiders wiio in 13G2, - made the famous trip from the union lines north of Chattanooga down into the heart of Georgia, boarded a train at Big Shanty, on what was then the Western & Atlantic or Georgia state road, extending from Atlanta to Chattanooga, cut the telegraph wires and ran away with the engine and cars, almost succeeding in rnnuing the rebel train into the union lines. ..The expedition is well authenticated and has been in years gone by a fruitful. theme among the tellers of adventures. William F. Siartsnian, of 113 Spring street, this city, c (aims to have been one of. the twenty-four twenty-four twenty-four vfho undertook Uie perilous project,' but his name is not given in the authentic account published by Lieutenant Pittinger, which includes includes a list of all the participants, giving their regiment and company. ! The purpose of the raid was to destroy the railroad which was the main line of comma-nicalion comma-nicalion comma-nicalion between the confederate armies, and was the only route by which the rebel armies in Chattanooga and Corinth received supplies supplies and reinforcements. The . project, was planned by J. J. ! Andrews, a Kentul-kitin, Kentul-kitin, Kentul-kitin, familiar with the Tennessee mountains and the region, which had to be traversed. Twenty-four Twenty-four Twenty-four men were chosen by him' from three Ohio regiments in Sill's brigade. The were not informed of the precise nature of the enterprise, but knew it to be something desperate. In April of '6'2, just after the battle of Shiloh, the party, clothed as citi zens and supplied with confederate' money " by jhe government, left the nnion lines and met at a rendezvous a day's journey out. Here, in a dense thicket, they surrounded ' Andrews, while he gave them the details of the expedition. Traveling separately, aud in . the guise of Kentuckians ' who were tired of ' the "Liucoln - govern-ernment," govern-ernment," govern-ernment," - they were . to meet f in i Chattanooga, thence proceed, by rail to Marietta, Ga., thence back north eight miles to Big Shanty, where there was no telegraph station, but where passengers on -the -the northbound northbound train stopped for breakfast This was in the very core of the confederacy, not many miles from Atlanta, and two hundred miles from the union lines. To a clear understanding understanding of the expedition,. it roust be remembered remembered that the road ran direct to Chattanooga Chattanooga and through, north ward, into the union lines. The ' purpose was to get the start of all pursurers; to keep the wires cut; to burn bridges behind the raiders; to pass all trains on schedule time unsuspected, dash through Chattanooga and onward to glory and safety in the federal camp.! The scheme seems impossible impossible of execution, and would be beyond credence, were it not; that it was actually carried carried out and almost brought to successful fruition. . , " The party reached Big Shanty, in safety, after many narrow escapes from confederate guards. The train stopped, the engineer, conductor and many passengers went to the eating house. The smoking train was left unattended, although there were ten thousand thousand raw rebel recruits in sight, but unsuspicious. unsuspicious. ' The time was ripe, for action. Andrews, the leader, with nn blanched cheek, walked ahead to see that the switches were rigbtand the track clear. He knew every inch of the road. to the north, and he knew just where the two regular ''south-bound ''south-bound ''south-bound trains should be passed. : Returning to the train alter assuring himself that all was in eadiness, he uncouplednhe rear cars; quietly aud carelessly called his men about, him, quickly leajt'd into the engine,- engine,- followed by three of the party, who were competent engineers. engineers. Several of the boys mounted to the top of the, baggage cars to act as braklcmen, aud the remainder quickly jumped into the forward baggage' car. . It was all over in a t winklings A hiss of steam, a jar, and away the traiikflew before the very eyes! bt the paralyzed loungers and soldiers. A few wild shots were sent atter.it, but all danger for1 the time was soon over and the bold raiders, wild with excitement, were soon miles away, scoaring past farm houses aud through villages at the very devil's pace; By fait running, time was gained; the train stopped, took, iu wood, cut the telegraph wire aud tore up a rail to delay pursuit. But lack of tools made it impossible to inflict inflict serious damage to the track speedily. When the wild train flew out ot sight of the astonished confederal s at Bi2 Sliantv two men, of quick wit and long wind, pulled out on foot alter it amid the jeers of the crowd, lhey ran several miles, impressed a uauu-var uauu-var uauu-var auu kchi gang aim continued the pursuit twenty miles until they were j thrown down the embankment, where the track had- had- been destloyed. After a delay they pluckiiy set out) again iu pursuit At lose, at a war! , station, by one of those rare '. chances that occur to few men but once - in a lifetime, and to most men not at .all, the pursuers found an old engine, long discarded, - with steam up prepared for some trivial switch service. This was turned to the pursuit. Meantime the union boys with the stolen train were driving along turiously, stopping as otten as circumstances would permit, to obstruct the track. At qpe place the switch was not properly adjusted. .Andrews cooily walked into the station, took down the. keys and threw the switch, explaining to the agent that he wits running special with a car load of powde'r tor General Beauregard. His assurance saved him, and the train sped on. The two regular south-bound south-bound south-bound trains were passed without exciting suspicion, but now tiie danger was iucreased. tor the engines; which had been parsed could be used ia pursuit pursuit so soon as they came within hail oi the pursuers who had thus far been at a disadvantage disadvantage with their worn-out worn-out worn-out engine. While " trying to tear - tip the track the runaways were so seriously seriously delayed that the pursuing train hove in sight, and the race became a" frantic one, indeed. The uaioa bovs pressed ou every pound of steam that their engiue would bear, and soon distanced the enemy. . But every tew miles it was necessary to stop and cut the i wires to prevent word being sent ahead. Another great disadvantage was encountered. encountered. -There -There were two special trains, comiig south and these had to be passed. A long delay was occasioned an switches from this caused, 4nd again the pursuers were in' sight. But the specials happily came along. and once more the runaway train took the lead, thundering along at a frightful pace, darting over bridges and rahing a thousand wild echoes itf.tiie black pine woods along the way. Atjhe last stop a load of tics had been taken on. All hut one car had now been cut loose from the train and left as an incumbrance to the pursuers on the road. The rear eud of the remaining car had been knocked out, and through this opening ' ties were dropped upon the track, to further impede impede the pursuers. Dalton, Ringgold and other towns were passed iu safety, but every time the runaways stopped to take np a rail, the inexorable pursuers, now crowding forward with three engines and several carloads carloads of soldiers and armed citizens, came into view. At last the fuel gave out; pieces of the car were used and every effort to make Chattanooga, now only fifteen miles away, wav made. - But in vain. The steam was falling low; oil and water were exhausted, exhausted, and the brasses on- on- the journals were melted from friction; speed was slack, ening, while on came the pursuers. An effort was made to fir the ear and leave it blazing on a bridge: bat- bat- the motion of the train and fast falling rain quenched the'l cames. l ne magnincent scheme, so oraveiy carried out, was thus to fail of full success. The only hope was now to escape, and all of the nnion men alighted in safety from the train and made for the wood. - ! And now began one ot ' the most remark -able -able man-hunts man-hunts man-hunts on record. Chattanooga and all that section of rebeldom, now informed of the daring raid, turned out in pursuit of the fugitives. Blood hounds were set upon their tracks, and after several days all of those who had engaged in the expedition - were captured. The story of their capture and imprisonment is a tale of almost superhuman endurance and hardship. After being driven about from place to place, chained together and lodged in foul dungeons, eight of "the men, including Andrews, were hung as spies, although ail ! acknowledged that' -they -they were United States soldiers on an expctii;ion, and demanded the- the- rights- rights- of prisoners of war.' Eight others ei 'aped after six months' confinement, confinement, am. .he remainder, nearly a year after capture, were exchanged , alter an experience experience that few men of modern times have endured. All of those who reached .the "union lines were awarded medals by on-gress; on-gress; on-gress; President Lincoln commended them iu person, and each was given a lieutenant's lieutenant's commission for bravery. The "Southern Cohfederacy," a paper published at Atlanta, ita giving an account of the adventure said that "it eclipsed anything anything Morgan ever attempted To think of a parcel of federal soldiers coming down into the heart of the confederate states to seize a. passenger train in sight ot several regiments of troops, to barn bridges : aud get through safely. to the federal lines, would have been a feather in t he cap of any rnsn or men. We Joubt if the victories of Manassas or Corinth were worth as much to us as the frustration of this coup d'etat. Had they burned the bridges the enemy, would have occu pied Chattanooga and had possession of all East Tennessee; Lynchburg ( Ya.) would have been moved on, and probably our army, in Virginia; would have been taken, in the rear, iteieated, captured or driven ouf of the state." .Pittinger, who was one of the survivors, ' his book, "Daring and Suffering," gives a detailed account of the expedition and the experiences of nil who were engaged in it, THE METHomvr riNISTR Condemn Progressive Euchre Arraijcinj to Have Saw Jones in Indianapolis The Methodist ministers' meeting this morning was to have been addressed by Rev. J. W. Duucaa on "Pauperism," but as he could not be .present the address was postponed postponed for one week. -The -The hour was spent in an informal discussion of popular amusements, amusements, progressive euchre coming in for general condemnation, and this subject will be taken - up . again and considered. The proposed visit of Sam Jones to this city was discussed, and the information was given out that be had gone to his home at Atlanta to rest two weeks and on his -way -way from there to Chicago he would stop off here and preach one night. He has j promised to hold protracted meetings- meetings- - here during the summer Cor . four weeks, .either in July, August or l September the conditions being that he sliiall not come or preach under the auspices of any one church, nor shall the serviced be held in a church, but in- in- a tent, which will hold at-, at-, at-, least 4,000 people, and which shall have open sides, so that seteral thousand more . can hear him. the ministers this : morning . estimated , that . it would take $4,000 to pay the-expenses the-expenses the-expenses of these meetings and they did nol apprehend any particular difficulty in raising that amount, the only trouble bein in getting Lenough money to put up- up- the tent and get the-meetings the-meetings the-meetings fairly started, it having been, the experience in other -cities -cities that when they were ouce fairly started, the voluntary contributions would be more than- than- sufficient to defray their expenses.- expenses.- Jones, himself, does not fix any certain sum for his services before the protracted iuee.tings begin, waiting until they are concluded for whatever com-tiensation com-tiensation com-tiensation be given him. Nearly all the large cities in the west are trying to get him now. i f ' : . i . ' Defending lloosicr Made Flour. The remarks of Superintendent Fl etcher, of the Insane hospital to the effect that spring wheat (Milwaukee) flour had.proven better and more economical than the Indiana Indiana winteT wheat, figur, are excepted to by several flour manufacturers. Mr. T. H. Blanton, of the Arcade mills, says that if the spring wheat flour spoken' of made sixty - rounds 'of bread .more to the barrel than the 'home-made 'home-made 'home-made flour, it only proves that the asylum-.has asylum-.has asylum-.has been buying the best- best- quality of Milwaukee flour and the poorest quality of Indiana flour. He says that the spring wheat flour will not make sixty or half thdt number of pounds more than the betted grades of winter . wheat flour manufactured in this city. He says, flirt he ruUre, that the spring wheat flour, betaase it is stronger, will absorb more watfrf arid will therefore make a -trifle -trifle more breail, by weight, than will the ludiana floitr; but the increase being water contains no nutriment and is ot little advantage. He ventures the opinion" that he can demonstrate through competent bakers that the Indiana Hour, best grades, will pro- pro- duPe as good results as the spring wheatand he suggests that the hospital authorities give the local brands of tipper grade flour a trial. .Abuses on the lsieatuer Dolphin. Harry Lewis, brother of Frank Lewis, with Sliover & Christian, who was serving as apothecary on the new naval steamer, the Dolphin, has returned home, and he tells a' remarkable story of the alleged cruelty of lieutenants Aliioone and cutler, the former in command, toward the crew. - Mr. Lewis, himself, has no grievance, his relations both with the olticers and crew Iwmg pleasant. The latter sire principally Norwegians aud Swedes, buti there are fourteen AmWicaus, unaccustomed to the brutalities with which all ot them : are treated. Mr. Lewis says that tliie oiiicers never give a command nn-accompanied nn-accompanied nn-accompanied by insult or abuse, and any resentment resentment of outrageous treatment is severely punished by confinement in the "b?ig." Mr. Lewis also states that the vessel ia carefully guarded from visits by newspaper men, aud every precaution is taken against allowing information to reach the. shore;- shore;- and. he claims that in his general complaint of ill-treatment ill-treatment ill-treatment he is only acting in humane interests interests njid with the desire that the naval authorities authorities at Washington may leara of the abuses. "" 1 Referred to the Master, i The suit of the Mercantile trust company I X 1.1- 1.1- - . . r..- r..- anu .ouie v,. ouuer, trustee, against tue Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis rail road company, has been., referred to Master in Chancery Fishback, With instructions to findodt: (1.) The priority of liens. (2.) The amounts due on the several series ot bonds, (3.) The receiver's indebtedness. (4.) The amount ot claims accruing for six months prior to the receivership. (5.) The amount of unpaid claims accruing six months or longer prior to the receivership. Decline of the Valentine Business. ; The -postoffice -postoffice officials report that there was a' marked decline in the number of vol entines sent this, year from last year, especially especially expensive valentines, and they don't know whether to attribute this to hard times or a natural falling off in the observance of the custom. About -13,000- -13,000- -13,000- valentines were sent through the office since Saturday, two thirds ot them being of the alleged "comic order and intended for local distribution. Nearly 400 were detained for insufficient postage. .' Aanaseinents To-Night, To-Night, To-Night, Mary Anderson at the Grand ia two of Gilbert's plays, "Pygmalion and Galatea" and "Comedy and Tragedy." Roland Reed at English's in Fred Mars- Mars- den's successful play. "Humbug." f Edwin Arden at the Museum ia the zotlo. drama. "Eagle's Seat," . A ' or his-own to-morrow, in to in of be so -tnatelv R. for be R. or be of at '! 1 I

Clipped from The Indianapolis News15 Feb 1886, MonPage 1

The Indianapolis News (Indianapolis, Indiana)15 Feb 1886, MonPage 1
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  • Martin J. Hawkins - Raid

    nqwk – 20 Aug 2014

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