Special Agents Chicago 1895

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Special Agents Chicago 1895 - out-lands had-ouur-dered blood-spotted CHINESE...
out-lands had-ouur-dered blood-spotted CHINESE AS SMUGGLERS How Treasury Officials in Chicago Preventing OpiumJTrade. SLIPPERY CELESTIAL Many Fruitless Expeditions in Search of Stores of the Drug Laundry Firms With an Astounding Number of Partners. Chicago Chronicle. "Our special agents," said the late Daniel Manning, secretary of the treasury during President Cleveland's first term, "are the eyes and ears of the treasury department." This was a great compliment, but one thoroughly deserved by a class of officials who have done much to suppress smuggling and to keep the moral sense of certain iuqiort-ers up to a working pitch. There are eighteen special agency districts in the United States and the amount they save Fnclo Sam in the way of duties in the course of a year is enormous. In the fifteenth district, whose headquarter are in Chicago, during the last fiscal year undervaluations were discovered which resulted in turning $S0,000 more duties into the national treasury than the importers contemplated. Chicago merchants act up to the strict letter of the law as a rule and aid the revenue officers in every way to collect what is due the general government. But scattered throughout the district are a few importers who think they are smarter than Uncle Sam and try all manner of tricks to evade the full duty on certain lines cf imported poods. It is this class who run foul of the special agent of the treasury and find that the way of the customs transgressor is hard and unprofitable. Such firms as Marshal Field fc Co.. Carson, Pirie, Scott & Co., Schlesinger & Mayer. Mandel Brothers and others comply strictly wifh the provisions of the tariff law ami aid the special age nt in every way to do his duty. "Chi-crgo has the cleanest lot of importers in the country," said Special Agent Crain yesterday. They keep us posted as to goods that may be undervalued and are always ready to supply the office with information as to current prices. But for their aid, which is freely rendered, the office would be much more difficult to administer than it is." The work of the special agent is pome-what diversified. He not only has to look out for undervaluation of goods entered in his district, but he has to examine and pass upon the accounts of all the ports therein. Any requisition for the increase of salary for help, etc.. on the part of a collector is referred to him for report and recommendation, and he has. moreover, to supervise the papers of all Chinamen seeking admission to his district. He has power to administer oaths to witnesses In cases of fraud iqion the revenue, to arrest suspicious characters, and make seizure of property wrongfully imported. Then he has to inspect the bonded warehouses to iee that goods are not removed without the regular permit, and has a general supervision over the drawback system. Each morning he examines the consular invoices so as to be ready to act in cases of undervaluation. In this work he is aided by the report of the board of general appraisers in New York, which passes upon all doubtful invoices, and makes a record of all advances in imported merchandise. By reason of familiarity with current prices in foreign lands undervaluations rarely escape the vigilant eyes of the snccial acent ami his assistants, mid would-be defrauders of the government are soon convinced that honesty is the test policy in dealing with Uncle Sam. Another part of the special agent's duties is the inspection of steamships, to determine whether the captains and engineers have licenses and the vessels the legal complement of lifeboats and life preservers. The fifteenth special agency district consists of Chicago, Milwaukee, Cairo, Galena. Peoria, Itock Island. III.; Burlington, Council Bluffs, Pes Moines, iMibuque and Sioux City, Iowa, and La Crosse, Wis. Mr. Crain lias also temporary charge of another district, viz., the customs collection district of Minnesota, Duluth and North and South Dakota. A man is detailed as special customs inspector at. Duluth. another at St. Paul and a third at Pembina, N. I. Under the regulations of the treasury department uo ugent is permitted to examine -the affairs of his own district. Mr. Crain, for instance, might be detailed to examine the New York agency, but would not be allowed to take a prominent part in the examination of his own office, for which duty the New York agent might be assigned. Up to a year ago the capture of opium smugglers formed the most exciting feature of the special agent's duties. The Wilson bw reduced the tariff on that drug from $111 to per pound, and there is not tho same incentive to smuggling as under tho old rate, but the special agents like to recall the lively days of the past when their wits were pitted against those of the wily smugglers, whose range of operations included the whole northern frontier from the l'acifie to the Atlantic, and not infrequently extended to the gulf ports and tho Mexican border. Some of the stories told by Mr. Crain are especially entertaining. Just before the new law went into effect information came to the office through the medium of a friendly Chinaman that there was a lot of smuggled opium in a laundry on the West Side. Accompanied by M. B. Ilerely, Chinese inspector, the special a gout went to the designated place, and surprised tho smuggler in the act of selling a quan tity to the informer. On trying to arrest the man several inauspicious events oc-cured. The smuggler dashed through the back door of tho laundry nnd stools thrown to tho lloor by the Mongolians In ought Crain and Ilerely suddenly to their knees as they rushed in pursuit. By the time they recovered their feet the smuggler was out of sight, but John Chinaman then undertook to steer them to the spot where the opium was concealed. This proved to be a house of doubtful character, whose landlady, on the pretense that their visit was ill-timed it was .1 o'clock in the morningrefused admittance to the officer. Nothing abashed, however, Crain, Henley and the Chinaman scaled the backyard fence. Just as they dropped into the yard two savage bull dogs were released by tho landlady, and at once sought the acquaintance of the intruders'. Mr. Crain silenced one by a kick in the jaw, and Ilereley caught the other by the tail and battered its head against the wall. The Chinaman made a da ah into the house, ran upstairs and jumped out of a second-story window, nnd has not been seen from that day to this. The officers had their trouble for their pains, however. The opium, which had been concealed in a bed lounge, had been removed, and the smuggler was nowhere to be found. Some days ago the proprietor of a storage warehouse on the south side sent word to Mr. Crain that a quantity of opium was in a trunk left with him. On going to the warehouse Mr. Crain found a dark colored substance oozing from the trunk, which contained about X"0 cans resembling the uroal opium package. The stuff was seized, but oa examination at the appraiser's office it turned out to te- molasses. This discovery led to another. An alleged smuggler had been making the rounds of Chinatown and taking orders for opium at a reduced rate. He show oil a tin containing the genuine article, but delivered one containing molasses after receiving an order and the money therefor. It did not take the Chinamen long to test the quality of the giwwls, and, when they found that the "dope" possessnl none of the virtues belonging to opium they chased the impostor out of town. According to Inspector Ilereley, who has a deep knowledge of Chinese character, it takes a pretty smart man to swindle a Chinaman, but this molasses man had inveigled several hundred dollars from the keepers of the opium joints before the bogus nature of his wares was exposed. A year ago last spring a young fellow was arrested noddling smuggled opium in Chicago. He told the ollicers that he wa not to blame. "The stuff was sent to me by my father, who is in St. Louis," he whined. "I did not know there was anything wrong in the business. If anybody should bo punished it is my father." SiH-cial Agent Crain took the same view of tho casv. He did not wish to see an in nocent lad punished for the misdeeds of an unscrupulous parent. He went to- St. Louis and found the old man at work in a flour mill. On learning the mission of the special agent, the miller at once de clared his boy was innocent, and he alone was to blame. "The difference between tho old man and his son was very marked," said Mr. Crain. "The son was anxious to save himself at the expense of his father, whereas the father at once threw himself into the breach to save his eon. We had to arrest the old man, who, by the way, was once a prominent oierator on the Chicago Board of Trade, and he was placed under bonds. But I am glad to say that the affair was worked in such a way that he could not be convicted." The seizure of opium in Chicago was a few weeks before the new tariff law went into effect. Two pickpockets were caught in a Chinese laundry with 'ZQ cans iu their possession. The opium fetched Sl.ltiO when sold by the United States marshal, but while the case was very strong against the smugglers, they were let off with a fine of JfloO each. They had the opium packed in grip sacks, one of the grips being new and expensive. The morning after their arrest one of the pickpockets sent for Mr. Craiu and said: "I borrowed that nice-looking grip from a friend of mine. I wish you would let me have it back, so that I can return it to him." Mr. Crain said he was sorry he was unable to comply with the request, and the man became almost tearful in his pleas for the return of the satchel. Finding he could not move the special agent in this way, he said, as though a brilliant thought had struck him: "Say, Mr. Crain, you give mo that grip, and I will 'pinch' you a much better one when I get out." It is needless to say that this unselfish offer was rejected. The Chinese themselves give the special agent considerable trouble. Under existing law only merchants and bona-fide tourists are admitted to the United States. When doubt arises nt the frontier, a certificate is taken as to the business of the celestial seeking admission and forwarded to the special agent nearest the ioint of his destination. This certificate lias a jiortrait of the Chiuamau attached. The usual claim is that tho man is a member of some firm doing business ia the United States. It is astonishing how many niemters there are to some of the Chinese firms, according to the certiticati-s received in Chicago. The number not infrequently runs up to fifty, and investigation shows the firm to consist of a laundry with perhaps a pound or two of tea in a show case to carry out the pretense of a mercantile pursuit. The laundry ioople will adopt all kinds of devices to accomplish the admission of their fellow countrymen, but they sometimes fail. For insramv, word was received the other day from Pembina that an alleged member of a Chicago firm wanted to return here. Inspector Ilerely visited the business premises of the alleged firm, and found a laundry without an evidence of merchandise or other trade. The tess of the shop was out, but his brother, with an inno-cene incompatible with what is regarded as the Chinese character, said he did not know the man seeking admission. "He no b'longee; no see piclul befol," said the young laundryman. Tliis was sufficient for the inspftor, who sent word back to Pembina that the niau was evidently n fraud. Two days afterward tho boss of the laundry came and s-wore that his l.TOther was "a lilul foolee; no undolstandoe business; man all lightee." But finding that this a mend incut was useless, the laundryman changed his tune. With tears iu his eyes he begged Mr. Crain not to tell anyone that his brother was the innocent cause of the alleged merchant's mishap. "Why?" asked the special agent. "Geteo into tlouble. Io me tlavol. please. Geteo into tlonble." Other questions brought out the fact that the men were afraid of bodily injury at the hands of the Highbinders, should it Ixrnnio known that they were unwittingly the cause of the Chinaman being sent back to his native land. The laundryman was very much relieved when Mr. Crain fold him that he was safe so far as that otlice was concerned. "You cannot put much reliance on a Chinaman's word," said Mr. Crain. "They will tell any kind of a story to curry their point. Wo make the closest examination of the certificates, and to have to be very careful in testing tho genuineness of the signatures of the persons vouching for their accuracy. Attorney-General Olney ruled that a man claiming admission as a member of a firm must be able to show that his name is either in partnership papers or on the sign of the firm. That they are very rarely able to do. v Fancy a sigu with fifty or sixty names on! And yet some of the Chinese firms claim to have that many partners so as to facilitate the admission of friends from China. When we refuse one of them admission he can stay in Canada by paying a head tax of $."0 to the dominion authorities. That it is only a question of time before he manages to get into tho United States. The frontier is a long one to watch at every point, and Chinamen are so much alike that it is dillioult to get evidence tf stick against thorn. Qver 4S0 came to Chicago to take part in the Chinese village exhibition during the fair. When Iuspctor Ilerely went to check the number the Chinese chased him out of the building with knives. They contracted to return to China after the fair, but the whole number scattered over the country in spite of all our efforts to make them carry out the contract. They are a queer people -and very resourceful in the way of evading law. When opium smuggling was worth following I have known them to feed opium covered with silk bags to lean and sickly cattle on the Canadian side of the line. Then they would drive them across the frontier and slaughter the beasts to recover the opium. Some times in Chicago they would inform ns that there was a quantity of opium at a certain spot, and while we were engaged in searching the place indicated they would be at another spot making away with an extensive cargo. We know them better now. however. We discount. all they" say, and by going on contrary lines usually manage to land them when they are contravening the law." According to Inspector Ilereley there are 2.800 Chinese in this city. "It took me sometime to pet acquainted with their MONYON Presents More Evidence Testimony From Sufferers Who Have Been Cured by Munyon's Remedies. Hon. Wllbert F. Fnrnliam, recently the candidate on the Prohibition ticket for sec-letary of state of Massachusetts, says: "One bottle of Munyon'g Dyspepsia Cure cured me of a very aggravated case of dyspepsia nud stomach trouble, from which I hud suffered for years. I do not usually give tcMimonluIs, but In this case the cure was effected sa thoroughly aud quickly that I deem it my duty that olher sufferers should know of It." Ixiuis Cupp, 1315 Sansoiii street, 1'hiladel-phlu, the steward of Forepaugh's Circus, says: ,-I was subject to most muliguaut attacks of rheumatism. None of the many lemedlcs 1 uted did me any good until I began usiug Munyou'ti ltlieuiuatisiu Cure. Its effects were marked. The pain left almost instantly und within a short tiu.e 1 wu entirely cur-d." Munyou's Itemedies act almost lunLauUj, speedily curing Hie most ohslinnle euse.i. Hlieuiuatlsui cured iu from 1 to '.i days. Dyspepsia and all stomach troubles quickly relieved. Catarrh Ksitively cured. Headache cured in 5 minutes. Nervous disease promptly cured. Coughs and colils effectually cured, r.nd Kidney troubles. Piles, Neunilcla, Autumn aud all' Female Complaints quickly cured. These remedies are sold by all druggists, mostly for 25c per vial. Munyou's ViiulUer impart new life and vigor to weak and debilitated men. I'riee, fl. Those who nre" in doubt ns to the nature i of their disease should address Professor ! Miinvoti, J. .'or. Arch street. Philadelphia, giving full symptoms of their disease. Professor Munyon will carefully diagii-se the ease nnd give you the benefit of hi" advice nnl absolutely free of all chafe. The remedies wid he sent to any address on receipt of re-tall price. childlike ways," said Mr. Ilereley yesterday, "but I have them down fine now. I know nearly every one by name nud features, which I regard as quite an accomplishment, considering the remarkable resemblance they bear to one another. They are very friendly disposed to the otlice now. They have been taught that it is bettiT for them to tell the truth than to attempt to deceive us by falsehood, and I think the Chicago Chinese average better in morality than their countrymen in other parts of the United States." Whenever a chill is born iu Chinatown a banquet is held, to which nil the attaches of the special agent's office are invited. These banquets are wonderful affairs. They begin at 0 ia the evening and last until tho small hours of tho morning. All" the favorite Chinese dishes are served, and there is an unlimited supply of foreign and native wines. When banqueting the Chinaman puts his whole heart and soul into the business. Ho does not stint himself either in eating or drinking. His glass is emptied every few minutes, and his constant cry is "Gem Imy," w hich, being interpreted, means "Fill her up again." Mr. Craiu has had considerable experience iu the public service. He wa cashier of customs under Collector Seeberger and was oil inspector of Chicago under. Mayor Cregier. He was appointed special agent of the fifteen district on July 1, I sax Merchants of Chicago agree that the office is iu excellent hands, while the' staff aver that Mr. Crain is a splendid . chief and an agreeable, companionable man. The staff of the district comprises:, C. S. Crain. special agent: Walter UudnalL. inspector of customs stationed at St. Paul; Whitnev Wall, inspector of customs stationed at Duluth: Theodore G. Kinsman,; inspector of customs stationed at Fern- bina; 1. J. McCarthy, inspector of customs stationed at Chicago, ami M. H. Ilereley and Alfred II. Smith, Chinese inspectors. RUNNING AN ART. Rules by Which a Man May Cover Long Distances. Exchange. Captain Raoul, of the French artillery, began five yeara ago i special study of the miiitnrv march. He concerned himself especially w ith the question whether the method of marching adopted generally by the armies of tho civilized world answers the needs of -war as well. He wished to devise a system that should permit certain young troois to acquire a resistance to fatigue and a sin-cd unknown in the European armies. Very robust young soldiers are occasionally found to acquire by training great speed, but they are exceptions to the rule, and in reaching the object aimed at they nre often greatly fatigued. After much study Captain Raoul thinks he has found tho solution of the question iu the method instinctively used by peasants iu the matter of respiration. " I am able," says Captain Raoul, " to take the first coiner between the ages of "0 and CO years and teach lim to run so long as his legs -will upbear him, without his feeling the least inconvenience." It is found that men without the least training are able to make by his system moi than six miles at the first trial. By th-j ordinary system of running such a man could not, without pain, cover u tenth of that distance. Captain Raotil's method Is to maintain the Inxly straight, hold the head high and well free of the shoulders, to expand the chest without special effort and to hold the elbows a little behind the haunches. The runner begins gently, with steps of a'oout 13 3-4 inches, lifting the feet only just high enough to ch-ar the irregularities of the track, the hams strongly bent, tho upper ynrt of the "body inclined forward as much as possible, so that tJie man must run in order to maintain his equilibrium. In fact, the man is kept chasing Ibis own center of grnvity, which tends to fall in advance of him. In the training exercises the soldier begins by running tho first kilometer (alout 1.0S4 yards) in ten minutes, the second in nine minutes thirty seconds, and so on with increasing speed. After several weeks the soldier makes from the third kilometer a speed of six minutes, or even fi?e minutes forty-five seconds. After the experiment had been tried upon several regiments some years agi a soldier made rather more than twelve nnd three-tenths miles In a trifle less than two hours. As the muscles em-ploved in this feat were not those especially in demand In the ordinary method of tiinrching. the soldier was able at once to take up the march in the usual step with s good spirit as when he left the bnrrccks. Captain Raoul recommends that after a little training the soldier run the first kilometer in seven minutes forty-five seconds, the second in six minutes fir seconds, the third in five minutes forty-five seconds and from the sixth on each kilometer in five minutes thirty seconds. Ha recommends that this Inst speed be not exceeded

Clipped from
  1. Democrat and Chronicle,
  2. 01 Sep 1895, Sun,
  3. Page 5

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  • Special Agents Chicago 1895

    TXHooper – 14 Jan 2017

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