W W Lea representing Gibson Co, TN re building RR lines across Tennessee
WctliiVMdny, Nov. 26, 1 84ft. To mi Editor or the Manner: A considerable natnber of the citizens of Smith county being present ia the ciiy of Nashville, met end conferred together on ihe evening of the 24lh instant, (a the proper candidate to fall ibe vacancy vacancy created by ihe -death -death of the Hon. Joseph II. Pr.1 ton in the Congreu of the United Slates for the 8lh Congreuional District of Tennosaeo the remit of oar conference was thai the Hon. JOHN HELL is the choice of the Whig parly of the District, end especially of Smith tconuty. Ae we are from different different eectioni of said conniy we hive taken pninslo Ascertain the voice of onr people, end we have come to the cnnclasion that if he will consent to be a candidate candidate all will be harmony in the Districtamong the Whigs; end that they would lake pride in voting for him. We, therefore, take the liberty, throagh yon to request him ti forego ahy objection he" may hjve end consent to he a candidate for oar suffrages at the election on the llth next month. By consenting to repreaent the 8ih District in the ensuing Congress, ha will enhance the high obligations the Whig party and the whole cooniry are tinder to him for hia paat nble and patriotic services in the councils of the nation. And, h the mean time, we ere confident bis prompt and favorable response 10 this call, will niect with no Whig opposition in the District, WHIGS OF SMITH COUNTY. Nov. 25, 1845. RAIL ROAD CONVENTION. Nov. 24th, 1845. At 11 A. M. the Delegates met in the Hall of the Home of Representatives ,nd were organized by the appointment of the following oflicete: NATHAN GREEN, ol Franklin co., President. Jambs Qyeh, ton, of Davidson, William Mabtin, of Smith, V. Prea'la. A. O. P. Nicholson, 1 Milton A. Haynes, V Secretaries. Henry Baldwin, ) Jodge Green, having taken tho Chair, retnrned his thanka to tho Convention for the honor which had been conferred opon him; and then directed tbe counties to he called, ia order that the delegates might report their names. After the call, it appeared that the following Delegates Delegates were present, authorized to represent the wishes of their respective counties in the Convention. Convention. From Giles Jonas R.Thomas, Thomas Jonea and Naih. Adams. Coffoe William S. Watterson. Warren H M Watterson, A Northern, William Block and Joseph Carter. Davidson A O (' Nicholson, T D Moseley, E M Patterson, H Hollingaworth. E Ensley, WJ Drake, W E Watkitis, J II Horton, F M'Gavock, Jesse Maxwell, Dr Winston, John Wolers, D Graham, Graham, John Corbilt, G M- M- Fogg, J P W Drown, 0 M'Nairy, 8 F Foster, Joel A Battle, John Kirkman, .1 H Smith, J Trimble, Dr Manlove, W K Ellislon, 3 J Gill, E P Connell, Thos Gowdey, S B David-eon, David-eon, David-eon, G W Martin and V K Stevenson. Hamilton Den) R. Montgomery. Franklin Nathan Green, B Dcckerd, M Taol, Thomas H Garner, John D Fletcher and Thomas Finch. Rutherford John C Hanghton, Dr Richardson, Robt L Weakly, W HC Bnrrns, Marmon Spence, Lewis Garner, James Rocker, and J R Newson. Smith William Cullom, W V R llallom, H R Flippin, S P Howard, J J Harnett, J D Goodall, J W Gaines, L II Cone, II 15 McDonald, Timothy Walton, V Allen, E Hughes, William Martin, A W Overton, J B Mnorea, William Young, J U Vaoghn and John Gordon. Gibson A 8 Curry, William W Lea, and H Y Done. Anderson John S Ross and Jarnea Ross. Whito Samuel Tuniey. On motion of Mr. Fletcher of Franklin, the members members of the General Assembly from ihe counties that had not appointed special delegates, were invited to take seats within the bar a delegates from their respective respective conn' ies. Mr. Trescoti and other gentle-tleinen gentle-tleinen gentle-tleinen from Sooih Carolina, who were delegates to the Memphis Convention, wrro also invited to seats within tho bar, and to participate in the deliberations of the Convention. Dr. Overton then proceeded to explain, in an able address of 20 or 3D minute, Ihe object of the meeting. meeting. He entered into a statement of the advantages advantages which wnold resnlt from the construction of a Rail Itond from Nashville to Chattanooga, connecting connecting wiih the Georgia and South Carolina Rail Road.' In conclusion, lie explained the object of the Convention Convention to be, to recommend, and if possible, to devise the means, by which that great work might be accomplished. Alter Dr Overton had concluded, Jndge Green left the Chair, and proceeding to address the Convention, Convention, said, ihat his friend , (Dr O) had already sufficiently explained the advantages which would result from the construction of thu Rail Road. In view of all these advantages be could not suppose that any person conld doubt that great good would result from its construction. Hut he conceived that there might be a difference of opinion ns to Ihe practicability practicability of effecting the object proposed. He therefore, offsred the following resolution: Resolved, That a passage for a Rail Road from Nashville to Chattanooga, acrosa the Cumberland Mountains, is practicable at a moderate expense. The resolution having been read, Judge Green continued, He said that he thought tho situation of Tennessee, Tennessee, most onpropitioos to the full and complete development development of all her resources, both physical and mental. Shot out on one side from the commerce of the world by a mountain barrier, and compelled on the other to seek a distant and expensive avenue for her commerce, by the long and tedious circuit of her rivers, the State of Tennessee seemed to him to be more unfavorably situated than any other portion of the Union. Possessing the richest soils and advantages of climate equal to any other region, yet her farmers cnu'd do litile more than supply themselves with food and clothing. There was now no stimulus to labor; there was no adequate avenue through which the surplus productions of the soil could be carried off. Hence it was, that the people of Tennessee, finding themselves impeded by barriers on all sides, had never yet been aroused to that enterprize and energetic action, which were necessary necessary to make a great and prosperous people; to make ihom strive lor pre-eminenco pre-eminenco pre-eminenco in moral, and intellectual improvement. But he said he had not intended to dwell open tr -s8 -s8 topics, lie had ir-trodueed ir-trodueed ir-trodueed the resolution for tl : r-.rsse r-.rsse r-.rsse of eliciting the opinions of the members of the Convention, rather in reference to the practicability practicability of the enterprize, than in reference to the important advantages, which would flow to Tennessee Tennessee by opening 6uch a communication with the south-Here south-Here south-Here Judgo G. asked leave to exhibit a Map of A route across the Mountains, which had been but a The alarm of-fire of-fire of-fire having been given, producing s;irne tlifturb4nce in the Hill, Judge G. yielded the floor to a motion to adjourn nn'il i o'clock P. M, AFTER NOUN SESSION. The President hiving called the Convention to order, invited Mr Cullom to take the Chair, and resumed resumed his address. He said he bad not come here for the purpose of setting np the claims of any particular pass of the Mountains, lie bad designated Montgomery's Pass, becaosa he had recently assisted in surveying that route; because he had found that ihe great obstacle of the psssageof the Mountains which was held up, as insurmountable, was not so great as had been supposed. supposed. All he desired to do was to exhibit clearly the fact, that the Cumberland Monntaina might be passed, without any very considerable expense; and tnai, too, at a point Dot little removed I orn the direct direct line ol the route from Nashville to Chattanoocs. He wished to exhibit facts, and then, when his fellow-citiz fellow-citiz fellow-citiz nr entered into the enierprizi, if ihey did, they would do so, with their eyes open, and coald not blame him for inducing them to undertake it. With the facts now made known, in reference to the passage of the Mountains at Montgomery's Pass, he conceived that the difficulties and obstacles supposed supposed to exist, had almost vanished. Ha thought the route a practicable and a cheap one; and the construction of the road ceased to be a work of such overwhelming magnitude. Yel in its bearing upon the destiny and welfare of Tennessee it is one of great magnitude and itnortance. It is important not only to Tennessee, but to this Union. We have given but a very imperfect sketch of Judge Green's able and appropriate address. It wae received with profound attention, and carried with it great weight; coming as it did, from one of the ablest men of our state, justly esteemed for his high character as a jurist, and hi great ability as a Judgo of the highest Court in our Stale. Mr Thomas of Maury, moved that a Committee often be appointed to draw op a report and resolutions, resolutions, declaring the object and wishes of this Con vention. The gentlemen appointed, were, Messrs. Jonas E. Thomas, Thomas McCampbell, William a. Watterson, John K. Kichardson, A. W. Over ton, Samuel Mihigan, M. Taul, S. Venable, John sheifiy, and James A. W fireside. On motion of Mr Thomas, the Convention unanimously unanimously added the name of the President. On motion, Messrs. Black and Trezcott, of S. C were also appointed on said committee. At this stage of the proceedings some gentleman proposed that the gentlemen from South Carolina be invited to address the Convention, and a very general call having baen mada from all parti of the hall, Major Slack rose and said that he could not but feel flattered at tho very general desire which had been manifested to hear htm, and he was sorry that he could not hope to meet the expectation of his hearers for it had so happened that he never had, mere than half-a-dozen half-a-dozen half-a-dozen half-a-dozen half-a-dozen times in his whole life, at tempted to make a speech; and never to such an audience, so respectable in numbers and talent ihe one now before him. But he could not but regard it ns a happy circumstance in his life that on the occasions referred to he had attempted to speak on the subject ol railroads. He claimed, he hoped without vanity or self confidence, to have been a pioneer in rarroad enterprises in tbe United states; he had been one ol those who had undertaken, undertaken, under ihe most unfavorable circumstances, the Charleston and Augusta Railroad, at a time too, when but little was known in this country in reference io the subject; when there wes no railroad railroad in tho country which could serve as a model. It was true tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad had just been chartered; but it was then considered by them that it was indispensible that atone should be used lor supports tor the rails We had a wooden country we had no atone we had no iron and it was considered madness for us to undertake the construction of a road from Charleston to Augusta. But we did undertake it. The route was a diffi cult one it lay through swamps, in which a boy night Btick down a 15 fett pole wiihoat touching bottom I In other places, when we had removed the upper crust of the earth, we found ourselves involved in quicksands, so that we were compelled to build our road on piles. Tlie distance from Charleston to Savannah was 136 miles. When wo began the road we had only the sum of $600,000 we went on and finished the road, and put on it 4 locomotives, 6 passenger cars, and 40 freight cars, at u cost of $944,000. In sjqir instances we had to run onr road on piles 30 or 40 feet above terra firma. In June, 1839, afier improving our road, by putting down u new set of ra ils of a belter descrip lion, we hud expended $2,200,000; but by the sate ol our old iron, we saved $luu,uuu, making the nett cost of our road, ot J St) miles, $2,100,000. We had much to contend against in our enter prise. We wero without experience and without models. 1 he inland swamps through which we had to pass, involved us in heavy expenditures It was deemed necessary then that we should throw up embankments, to sustain the piles which had been sank in the swamps, and we did this at a great expense. But it so happened that a great inund iticn came and swept away our embankments, embankments, leaving our road 30 or 40 feet above terra firma, resting upon tho much abused and slandered piles! There they stood, and there Ihey stand! monuments ot our inexperience, and lasting evi dence of our want of foresight in incurring the ex pense of embankments, when we conld have as well made our road without them I And you too, have obstacles to overcome! Not swamps and qutcltsands, as we had, but mountains. And what of thai? Many who now hear me have crossed the great portage railroad between Pitts burgh and Philadelphia; by which Pennsylvania has ascended and passed over the Alleghany at an elevation elevation of 2100 feet. Why, you have just heard from the Hon. Judge Green, the resnlt of a survey, showing yon that you have not more than of that elevation to overcome! Bat what if it were greater? What if it were Alps, piled on Alps, which you had to overcome; should it not be your proud boast to triumph over them? (applause) If I were, called upon to name the State in the world which needed such a railroad, that State would be Tennessee. If I were called upon to name a city that needed a railroad, railroad, that city would be Nashville. Why, gentlemen, you are cat off from the world: you are hemmed in by mountains on one side, and you cannot reach the Atlantic by your rivers on tha other, except by a circuitous voyage ot more man 2000 miles. At this city is yonr commerce; to this point all your turnpikes converge. And if, as I am told these turnpikes enhanced the value of your property, so also, and yet in a greater degree, would the railroad. It is a well known fact, that in railroad improvements, that city which first gets the advantage of a railroad outstrips its neighbors. How was it with Philadelphia.' At one lime she was supreme, and commanded the commerce commerce of the Union. New York opened her canals, and cut off one half her commerce. Baltimore opened her canals and railroads on her South, and thus was .Philadelphia sapped and undermined. She saw her error, and attempted to retrieve it. Pennsylvania has spent 20,000,000 in her canals, and railroads since, but she has never regained her pro eminence. And then what have you seen more recently? New York, like a rich man reposing in his strength, neglected her interest, and Boston steps forward intersects her railroad at Albany, and draws a third of her commerce to the emporium of Massachusetts. How stands Nashville now? Why sir, here is Memphis on the South of her, Beeking a junction fivers were only made to direct the engineer to tho most eligible routes frir r.iiboadil (laaghter. ) Here Maj B. explained at some length the ope-raiion ope-raiion ope-raiion of the railroad.; and compared the treighte, &c, from Charleron via New Orleans to N ishville, to those which would exist on the reilror.d. by which he showed an .bmieoso saving to the under and merchant. In conclusion he said, he would again thank thet Convention f its poire and flittering ttntion to ins teems remarks, and would say to iliem, a his last and parting words, "Let A'askville 'lie he railroad and the railroad unit make JYaitieiltt!" ! Here Maj. II- II- sat down in the midst of geat applause, applause, excited as well by the real merits of his address, address, as by the honest, frank, and practical manner in which, it was delivered; I And the Convention aljiarned till 10 o'c lock, A. ; M. to-morrow. to-morrow. to-morrow. - TtresDir, 25th Nov., 1845. Jadge Green called the Convention to order, and the following persons reported tbemst Ives as delegates, and presented their credentials: From Lawrence W B Allan, A G McD-ougal. McD-ougal. McD-ougal. From Giles John R Buchanan, Albert G Jfonre. From Gibron Dr Lea. Dr Lea stated that ho found his name rreported as a Delegate in the papers. He had not received any authority from Gibson, bat was willing io take his seat, bat coald not vote. The Report of the committee sppointed c a yesterday yesterday was now called for, and wn, at the request of Mr Thomas (tho Chairman), read by Mr While-side, While-side, While-side, as follows: The committee appointed to consider the general objects of the Convention, the practicability nnd ad-vantages ad-vantages ad-vantages of a rail road connexion between Nashville and Chattanooga, beg leave to REPORT, That the limited time allowed them to investigate the sobject enables them to present only in general terms bat a very few of the many important considerations considerations in favor of the proposed work. After the clear demonstrations which have been made within ihe last fifteen years, not only in the old world, but in the United States, of tbe beneficial effects of rail roads upon all interests in society, your committee deem any labored argument to prove their general olility wholly unnecessary. ilisa conviction conviction of their beneficial influence upon the country which has called this convention together, and prompts its action in the effort now made to secure to onr Slate a cheap and speedy outlet to the markets markets of our Sister States, and of the world, for her rich, varied and abundant productions, and a like introduction to all the necessaries and luxuries of life which we have occasion to bring from abroad. The first consideration to which attention should be directed in an undertaking of this kind is the practicability of the work. And on this branch of the subject your committee feel they are relieved from any reliance on mere conjecture not only by the concurring testimony of mauy intelligent gentlemen, gentlemen, well acquainted with the country and the subject, subject, and by . the examination and report of Dr. . Troost oar able State Geologist, but more especially by an actual instrumental survey across tho Cumberland Cumberland Mountain (the only interposing obstacle) re-; re-; re-; tently made by Dr. Estill of Winchester, an able and experienced mathematician, a report and , map of which have been presented to the Convention by the Hon. Judge Green and Col. Taul under whose immediate and personal observation the survey waa made. These evidences all concur in demonstrating the entire practicability of the work, and exhibit much more favorable results than the friends of this important important enterprize had anticipated. The survey shows that upon remarkably easy grades in ascending ascending one of the tributaries of Elk river, a point at th ' western bas sf the mountain is attained from whic i the distance is bat 2234 feSt to its eastern base on Rush creek a prong of Big Crow creek, and the greatest elevation above a horizontal line connecting the two points is one hundred and seventy seven feet. 'The descent of Rush creek for about fou-' fou-' fou-' miles is on grades of 75 feet to the mile, and the re maining distance through ihe whole length of Crow creek Vdlley, un'.il the mountain is entirely passed, open grades not exceeding ten feet per mile. So far as the committee are advised thin is the only roule across ihe mountain upon which an actual in strumenial survey has been made, but others whicl-are whicl-are whicl-are much recommended by their directness, you committee believe, from reliable information afford ed them, will, upon a proper test, be found to b -very -very favorable. . The routes by Baltic creek by the Fiery Gizzan' and by the Valley of the Little Sequacheo are al1 believed to be practicable, bnl the one most eligible can. of course, be alone determined by an actual survey, and a comparison of their relative advantages, The committee alludes to the different routes not fur ihe purpose of indicating a preference for on-over on-over on-over another, but alone to present to the convention as they now do with the more perfect confidence, the one important lact that a route is not only prac ticable, but considering the character of the country, remarkably favorable lor the proposed wotk. Aside from the difficulties which have been alio ded to, no serious obstacle to the construction of ii Rail Road from Nashville to Chullanooga is enconn tered; as the general surface of the country is level, and very favorable for the construction of such ; work. The Committee will, in this connexion, mention a fact, not unimportant in relation to works oftht! kind, that on and near the line of the road, are I' be found extensive furestsoflha best cedar timbet in the world, affording abundant materiel forth! wooden superstructure, not less durable than th iron which would be placed npnn it. Nashville is sarrounded ia all directions and for great distance, by a country, which, for fertility oj soil, extent of valaable agricultural prodnctions am! mildness and salubrity of climate ia surpassed by n place or country on the Globe; find with mineraj wealth, and manufacturing capabilities equaled by few. Yet in f. roseculing a commerce with th i world through the Atlantic Ocean tho great high; way of nations from ibis city the productions of this favored region have to travel a distance greate than lo tho mouth of the Oregon river, on the Pacif io Ocean, before thev pass, (us they do) almost i. sight of Savannah and Charleston, (now broogh: comparatively near os,) on iheir way to tha ports o; Europe, encountering great delays, expense and dam j age in so long, dithcult ana nazaraous a voyage. A great inducement to the coostruclion of thi-proposed thi-proposed thi-proposed road, is the facility which it will afford in the prosecution of this commerce with ihe old world in giving a shorter, cheaper, more certaio, safe ano expeditious route to the Atlantic, thai the single oni. now enjoyed, and also, the home market which i; will afford lor the peculiar productions oi tins count try in the Southern Atlantic aiates, wnere compeu ;. lion with the like productions of the rich states o; the north-west north-west north-west is not encountered, as at present, ot. the Mississippi River, and in the ports of the Gulf u Mexico. Ofconrse, the foreign imports which come in re turn to this now comparatively far distant and se cluded section of country have to perform the same long, circuitous, expensive and uncertain voyage. The noble enterprize ol our sister Mates ol Sonth Ca-olina Ca-olina Ca-olina and Georgia, if met with a corresponding spirit and exertion on our part, will now speedily unfetter Je enterprize of this favoured region, and throagh new avenues, and by greatly increased facilities facilities of transportation, appreciate the value of all we have to sell, and diminish the cost of all which our choice or necessities may induce us to parchase. Your Committee caonol omit an allaston to thet advantages which the proposed road will afford to the traveller from Nashville and the TcnneMeewith a good system of railroad oecu-; oecu-; oecu-; pies a position more favorable itutn any oilier smte ; in the Union for pro-ecottng pro-ecottng pro-ecottng a b'gitimare cnmimwc ', by exchange "f commodities with the Southern ; States ol the ennfedcrany, and tor- tor- lurni-tii-ig lurni-tii-ig lurni-tii-ig lurni-tii-ig lurni-tii-ig nrofi i- i- bW supply of provisions in those ensued in the ! production of the great staitlKa of rtc-i, rtc-i, rtc-i, c.ii'nn end sugar. , The proposed road, in conn.-xion conn.-xion conn.-xion with the improvements ol oar peb'tc spirited si-tr si-tr si-tr states of the South, opens lo -Middle -Middle Tennessee noi only ihe markets ol oiiutn Carolina and Uttorsia. but South Alab ima also, and as bringing into requisi ion an almost new element In oar aertculioral nnd ma - afacturing prosperity, may all ha fapplied from our bomp with rope and bagging Tor their cotton rtj-, rtj-, rtj-, The improvement of the navig-itton navig-itton navig-itton of tbe'Cum- tbe'Cum- nesseo berland river, below Nashville, bv lock and dams, is a work which taken in connexion with i he rail- rail- Mr. road is of great importance. A largo portion of the persons agricultural productions of the country in Tennea- Tennea- re-see and Kentucky near this river, and on the Ohio jeeted. is destined to reverse the coarse heretof. re taken to Mr in-market,and by ascending thet'uinberland seek an out- out- let and market in ihe ports ofSavamiah and Charles- Charles- settled ton. As a means of accommodating this trade of opening an uninterrupted line of travel from the rearing vast country of the Missouri on the nighesi mule to wool. ihe Allnmic. and as being imperiously called for by cf laeil, the increased and increasing business of -.lie -.lie country,.; As this your committee, ahhooah not charged directly wilb a its consideration, have thought it noi improper to i would call a'.leniinn to ihe sohjeet with a view ol concentra j But ting public feeling and sentiment on it; so far as it ho can be done by any action ef this convention. j don. The construction of the proposed railroad will af- af- He r-ford a menus of transportation lo market fur Ihe : port exhaosiless deposits of stone coal, which new lie be valueless embeded in our mounlains, alad to Nash-1 Nash-1 Nash-1 petition ville and other places West and East of its locality, of cheaper by one half this valuable species of fnel, at the Bame time lhat ii will develope the natural wealth ! and give profitable employment to a considerable j Mr. car-portion of the labor of thj country. I tain In addition lo theso considerations, other and ' having more patriotic motives, which appeal directly lo j ordor the hearts of all good -citizens, -citizens, come also to advo- advo- The oate the construction of this road: considerations j Ihe which are intimately connected with the perpetu -i -i and ity of our free institutions, and the elnrv. honor, i itnit and safely of our federal Union. Written com- com- ,j pacts and solemn constitutional provisions and re- re- i etneuons, intended lor the Government cf Slates nnd communities, have ever been found less bind-i bind-i bind-i ing, and less powerful thnn those ties which spring from social, and commercial intercourse; less patent patent than those ties which spring from mutual wants ' and mutual interests. This railroad communication would not only in-! in-! in-! crease the commercial and aocial intercourse of i the west with Ihe souths but it would give to the citizen soldiers of Tennessee, and of Kentucky the important position of an army of reserve, ready ready to be poured down.at a moment's warning opon the Gulf and South Atlantic Shores, for the support support and protection of their Southern neighbors-, neighbors-, neighbors-, who mast always be exposed to the first incursions incursions of a foreign foe. Thus, while we would find ihe West looking to the South for an avenue lo l!ieWumercu ol the world, arid deeply interested in everv event which might interfeie with the tranquility and prosperity ! of the southern ports and'cilie's tho South in her turn would , look to lbs hardy sons of Tennessee and Kentucky fnrnroteetion in every moment of pern io ner iree twitutlons, or to her commerce. In view of all tjse high and solemn considerations, considerations, your corjojriittee cannot but regard the proposed proposed railroad Enterprise ns one which appeals di" rectly to Ihejjhterest, to the liberality, lo the enlightened enlightened philanthropy and 'patriotism ol oyery brave and true-hearted true-hearted true-hearted Tennesseean. JONAS E. THOMAS, Chairman The Committee recommend to the Convention the adoption of the following resolutions: Resolved, as the sense of this Convention, That the construction of a railroad from Nashville lo Chattanooga, to connect with the roads of Georgia and South Carolina, is a woik cf the first importance to the prosperity of the Slate, and "one offeiing great inducements as a profitable investment of capital. Resolved, That this Convention place the highest highest estimate upon the increased, and profitable de-velopement de-velopement de-velopement which its accomplishment will give to the mineral wealth, manufacturing capabilities, agr'caltnjfal production, and commercial enterprise oL'the State; 'and the increased facilities which it will afford the travel and transportation of the country. Resolved, That it be recommended lo the Legislature Legislature now in session to grant a charter for the proposed proposed work, and to make therein suitable provision Hbrnn early survey and location of the load. Jiesolved, J hit the president ot the Convention appoint a committee of three delegates to prepare an address to tlie people of the State, on the importance, importance, practicability and general utility of the proposed railroad.. After the report and resolutions were read, Mr Trescott, of Charleston, being called for, made a few very appropriate remarksj.in relation to the ad vantages of thu union of Nashville and Charleston by railroad. He said he believed that where there was a will there was a way, and he presumed his friend before before him (Mr Whileside) woald say a rail-way. rail-way. rail-way. (Laaghter.) Mr T entered intolrte general advantages of a more intimate union between Tennessee and the South Atlantic States, and concluded in the midst of applause on all sides. The Chair appointed Messrs A O P Nicholson, James Overton and James A Whiteside to prepare the address tojhe people sf Tennessee. After the reading of the Report, Mr Nicholson offered the following resolution, as an amendment. Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed by the President of this Convention to correspond with the principal superintendent of the Atlantic and Western Railroad, or al their election to visit the seat of government of Georgia, and confer with the authorities of ibat Slate in reference to the continuation of that road to Chattanooga, on the Tennessee River. After some approp iate remarks in its support, the question was- was- taken on the report and resolutions, resolutions, which wire unanimously adopted Col Taul then seconded Mr Nicholson's resolution, resolution, and the vote having been taken, the resolution resolution was adopted, and the following gentlemen appointed appointed by the Chair, viz: James A Whiteside, V K Stevenson, G M Fogg, A O P Nicholson and John Belt. Judge Miller offered a resolution in relation to the navigation of the Tennessee. The Chair decided that the resolution was out of order'. And then after soma discussion, the resolution was laid on the table. The thanks of the Convention were then tendered tendered to the House of Representatives for ihe use of their.Hall. . , -. -. Also, lo the President of the Convention, ijr his able and impartial conduct in presiding oyer tho deliberations of the assembly. The Convention then adjourned sine die. From the O. S. Journal of JVbv. 20. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT CHILUCOTHE! We have bien advised by a letter from Cliijlico- Cliijlico- iK nt onhtlBman from lhat place, ol a most de structive firs that look place there on Tuesday niiht last. The Gazette and Advertiser offices are burned burned to the ground. Both pupers had recently procured Mr. the Also of of the which ; ; Mr. j fined reading. The of Mr. the alter Mr. table, its lasl A Messrs. system on its And o'clock Mr taker of a new ' Mr numher against Mr subject Mr subject Mr and reports on the Mr ihe Mr jurisdiction of hand, Mr aware the to lay Mr ebmmituBo introduced lhat magistrates. in his of se-cood Mr reported set--tling the offered recommended Tlie ils Mr the act persons of The county second Mr committee Memphis, The in the in the Mr for the up and Mr the act was Mr Senate's of Mr woultl the beaanfu! - Mr its Mr guarded, -and -and Mr guarded operate general law single Mr proviso House, on its Mr the The rule Mr for the or near He the end of Mr of the proper e-rected, convenient Mr G to Mr Mr an would Street.