The Tennessean (Nashville, Tenn) 15 May 1938 (Sunday)

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The Tennessean (Nashville, Tenn) 15 May 1938 (Sunday) - In tha Inaat, uppar laft, tha Nathvllla man who...
In tha Inaat, uppar laft, tha Nathvllla man who flaw tha flrat rltlah air mall la aaan from train window en loava naar Saw World War Service With Canadian . Group By HELEN DAHNKE Maxwell O. Horklna, lika many another Naahvllle bualneea man, will aend hla mail by air this week. "Better aend It by air mail today, Miaa Louise," ha will ay to his aeo-retary, Thuraday as tha city Joins ta tha celebration of tha 20th anniversary of the American air 'postal service. FIMT IN BRITISH ISLES But In tha deeper recesses of his tnlnd as he dictates his letters, Mr. Horklns may be busy with memories of another mall service tha first aver flown in the British Isles, flown by a. certain young Captain Horklna of tha Royal Naval Air Service In January, 1919, along the east coast of England, from Tar-mouth to Martlesham Heath, 100 mllea every day. And then Mr. Horklna, 40 years old, president of a Urge real estate firm hera and done with flying sine 1983. may toss a aalute across tha years to the carefree youngster from Michigan who flew with a Canadian ' aviation unit for two years during the World War and then was given England's first air maU to carry mora than 19 years ago. It wasn't civilian air mall service as we know it today at all." Horkins said yesterday at his office at W. W. Dillon and Company. DISPATCH SERVICE "Tha Armistice had Just been Signed. Men In the Canadian and British aviation corps were -est-lesa and had little to occupy their time since the tension of daily fighting and flying was over. As a means of keeping us occupied, a dally mall acrvice for army dispatches along the east coast of England, from Tarmouth to Martlesham Heath and back each day, was projected. Major Cadbury-he later became England's great chocolate manufacturer planned it aa a project for peacetime In his military area. It was a section which would compare to one of our corps areas," Horklns said. Tarmouth. Bacton, Cove Hlthe. Norwich, Aldeburgh and Martle-aham Heath were the landing fields to which Acting Captain Horklns iiivrrt his military mall pouch very day. It was then January, J919. and In July of that year he was mustered out of the Royal Flying Corps to return to Canada and nearly two years In hospitals before ha could resume civilian Ufa. "When I came here In 1923 I thought I was never to fly again be-raiiM tf mi oMration on one lunc which had reeulted from exposure I suffered on one occasion, isui when some of my friends formed the 105th Aviation Squadron bare I took a physical examination and found I was aa sound aa aver," Horklns stated. ONLY PART OF STORY But tha mall-flying story Is Just the beginning of Horkins' story of the World War if one can get him to talk of it Those two years for which he received the 200 pounds gratuity for his service to His Majesty, King George V, were mostly spent not aa a captain but as a "Temporary Second Leftenant on Probation. Put simply, that means Horklns says, that he was a flying cadet lieutenant. 'My being elevated to the com mission of acting captain later was really an accident even as my be coming a pilot earlier was. Tou see I was from Calumet, Michigan, just a boy In 1916 with a liking for mechanics. When I ran away and enlisted in a Canadian unit I had no more Idea of being a pilot than a Jack rabbit I ifked, motors and I thought I was getting In the mechanics line. By mistake I got into another line for pilots. I was under age but after' training in Canada difrlng most of 1916 and part of 191T I sailed for England with a leftenant's commission in the 212th Squadron of tha Royal Naval Air Service."-TOAST ID KINO. ' In the months which followed young Horklns took his first drink sixpence worth of port wine at formal mess each week, in which he drank a toast to hla King. He grew his first mustache, learned to pepper away with a machine gun through his propeller at a German daredevil who was doing the same toward him, and altogether became "a hell of a fellow and lady-killer, as the mature Horklns said the other day. As accident had placed him In the wrong line at the recruiting station, his knowledge of the Amer ican Liberty motor mada him captain. ' "I was tha only one who could fly a Liberty motor then. It had only recently been designed by Howard Coffin and a group of oth era In Detroit During the war members of my squadron had flown the DH-9 and the DH-4, two-men biplanes, whose motors purred softly. The others had been accustomed to these, and tha Liberty motor was so much heavier that the ships equipped with them were too much for us. To balance them, they widened the wlngspread and put 20 pounds of lead In the tall of the ship. The combination was often too much for us," Horkins said. Most of Horkins' World War service was spent with his squad ron at Tarmouth, patrolling the North Sea area and frequently be ing summoned southward for Lon don . defense duty when German Zeppelins and submarines began to threaten England's largest city. THREE MONTHS IN FRANCE Only for three months was tha Naahvilllan ' stationed In France and then it was a Dunquerque for a brief service "light night bomb ing duty." "tTauallv we would ba assigned to some objective behind the Ger- mna lines, an ammunition aump nr rallwav As nllot I UBU&IIV USed a machine gun which was station ary and whose fire was synenron-ized with the propeller. I was only hit once, a splinter from my ship was shot up into my forehead. I have a little scar there now oui it doesn't amount to anything." T 191R the Rnval Air Corns was chiefly engaged all along the east' ern side of England in patrolling the North Sea coast (or enemy water craft Across the waters things were tightening up for the great ha.tU of Jutland, as tha German fleet became bottled up In the Kiel, Canal, oerman pianes were patrolling- heir area, too, watching for enemy water craft "We would pepper away at Ger man planes now ana tnen oui mosi Ran Away and Enlisted; Became Pilot by Mistake ly that was In fun. I'm not sure we ever intended to .hit each otner. They knew we had as our ob- tactiva watching- for ZeDDelin raids on tha civilian population of Eng land and lor water craii.-MAIN INSTRUCTION Chief instruction for the cadets dutinc theee months of sea patrol! Ing was in recognising all water craft. From thousands of feet In the air it la difficult to distinguish one ship from another. The cadets t Vaf-mnuth were taueiht bv small tov ahiDS such as Horklns buys now fnr hi. .mail son. Each was de- tn resemble a battleshln cruiser, submarine, dreadnaught of snecial vear or desisn for each nation. With these afloat In their bathtubs tha cadets would drill for hours, learning to identify type by name, year of Its construc tion or nationality. ; "ATI tha ihlna werw nalnted like sebras then for camouflage so they Trill JUimlUI 1 iJLU U U UaU all 111 1938 GIBSON THI FRIIZ'R IHIIP REFRIGERATOR Onlf I'.OOT MORi'S ja. REFRIGERATOR AT IMS 5 COST. WITH GIBSON'S FRCEl'R SHELF 11 i it nil wxj t

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  1. The Tennessean,
  2. 15 May 1938, Sun,
  3. Page 4

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  • The Tennessean (Nashville, Tenn) 15 May 1938 (Sunday)

    daycogs – 03 Dec 2016

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