Clipped From Kerrville Mountain Sun

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 - scntial commodities come from Indian territory....
scntial commodities come from Indian territory. The ships and railways \yhich serve Goa are Indian. Without the cooperation of the Indian Government, Goa would be "frozen" completely, such is the lack of economic activity within this potentially rich area. Politically the people of Goa live under a rigid dictatorship. The administration is carried on by the governor general and a cabinet of Portuguese officials whose function is purely advisory Civil liberties do not exist and there is no right of free speech or assembly. Censorship of the press, though childish, is irritatingly thorough and no news of developments in India, or the world can permeate it. The population of Goa is 51 per cent Hindu, 48 per cent: Roman Catholic and one per cent Moslem. As a result of a severe discriminatory policy followed for many years, though in principle no lon- _,. . ,. , ,. | goi- m vogue, Christians form the j upper layer of society and the of society right hand of the Portuguese ad- ministration. Having at the time of conversion taken Christian names, they have adopted western clothes and, to some extent a pseudo-European way of life, but continue to observe the four Hindu astes and preserve the custom of marrying- into their own caste. The renaissance of political thought in this area has, however, been the result of the combined ifforts of both Hindus and Christians, who together support the most important popular democratic organization — National Congress of Goa. Among the leaders of the 1947 political movement, now imprisoned in Lisbon, are a number of devout Catholics, and many Catholic nationalists have joined the movement for freedom despite the official declaration of the local church authorities in Goa to the effect that any move for unification with India is "anti- Catholic." On the attainment of independence by India, Goan nationalists sought to become one with India, with which they ai'e connected by ties of culture, ethnology and economic dependence. Their attempt to bring their political claims before the Potuguese by means of Gandhian satyagraha resulted in violent action on the part of the local authorities. Leaders of the movement were taken into custody, tried by courtmartial, and are serving- terms of imprisonment in Goa and Lisbon, ranging from eight to fifteen years. All attempts at political uprising were ruthlessly crushed and a heavy contingent of East African troops imported to terrorize the population. Prime Minister Salazar hinted in a recent speech that in view of changes in the Eastern Hemisphere the Portuguese Colonial Act may be revised. This revision, however, does not see further than making the possessions in India an "integral part of Portugal," conferring on the Goans the rights of Portuguese citizens, This doubtful privilag'e does not in any way answer popular demands for wide political changes. Changes in India, which have in- :'luenced world events and the future of peoples struggling a-

Clipped from
  1. Kerrville Mountain Sun,
  2. 27 Jul 1950, Thu,
  3. Page 16

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  • Clipped by kidiem – 31 Jan 2013

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