Earhart rescue hopes grow dimmer
r THE WEATHER East Texas: Parlly cloudy tonight a.nd Wednesday. Gentle to moderate southeast to south winds on the coast, (Complete wBatber tenon era market o«n.) Thermometer Readings ...8| 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 1 | 2 | 3 88 | 92 | 96 | 98 | 99 110011011101' VOL. XXXIX. NO. 186. B'Howeoftht OrtVamaadScmPMtdUy Homing light B FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE LOOM. MAHKETS VBW YORK, July n.—I.T)—sindo, itronir; «tMl» loud further advanco. llonils. hiitlicr: V. S. lonim move up. Curb, firm; oll». mUHIr-i yujli up. Fornlin Enchaium Mnhor: frnnc rnllic>«. Ootlon, iineron; July llqulilnllon, unfnvorniild rains. Hllltar, firm; improvM M'ol di'mnml. (•offer, rnsy: lower Ilraillliin nmrkotn. CHIOAUO—Whnni. weak: law prom-lnklnir. f'orn. llrm : crop nipiirt. untavor- nbln. C.iltli!, htKlipr; top $lll."6. »io«: 16-US hlnhor; top 512.78. . CORSICANA, TEXAS, TUESDAY, JULY 6, 1937 TWELVE PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS D JUSTICES UNDER ATTACK © © © © © © © © © © EARHART RESCUE HOPES GROW DIMMER t'| • MANY SHIPS AND AIRPLANES JOIN IN ., SEARCHJOR FLIERS METEOR MISTAKEN FOR FLARES FROM MISSING PLANE EARLY TUESDAY HONOLUL/uT July 6.— ,\W—Vessels from three nations nations joined the widening search today for Amelia : Earheart, after a meteor was mistaken for flares from her missing plane. , Another radio, amateur at ''Oakland, Calif., reported he picked picked up a message from tho aviatrix at »:35 a. m. (Eastern Standard time), despite the fact authorities agreed sl'e could • not broadcast had her plane v alighted on the water, Tho amateur, Charles Miguel, said the message read: "281 north Howland. Cannot hold out much longer. Drifting southwest. We above water. Motor sinking in water. Very wet." Coast Guard officials at San Francisco and George Palmer Putnam, husband of Miss Ear, Ear, hart, began in investigation of Miguel's report. . At 11:40 a. m. (EST) Coast Guard headquarters at Washington Washington had not heard directly from the cutter Itasca since 6:40 a. m. (ES) when the rescue ship announced announced meteors had been mls- , taken for distress flares. , Japanese. and British vessels wore, to aid American ships in the widening search, spurred after hope, was buoyed by the report of , the glares. . •. •;.Mirj(* 'Sweep: ;•. Jolna Itasca, /, The navy mine sweeper Swan "arrived to join the Itasca in searching north of Howland Island. Island. The Itasca was ordered 16 remain in the vicinity today and planned to contact tho battleship Colorado tomorrow and refuel. Thereafter the search was expected expected to turn southward from Howland. The Coast Guard here again picked up carrier signals at intervals intervals during the night, ending at 6:30 a. m. (Pacific Standard time) today, but officers said they wero unable to read them and were no» certain they were from too Earhart Earhart plane. ,. More than 102 planes, ten ships and 3,000 men wero listed in tie widespread search. There were 1,289 men aboard the airplane carrier carrier Lexington, 613 on the Colorado, Colorado, 80 aboard the Itasca, 71 on the Ontario. Personnel and radio ' operators aboard other vessels raised the number to more than 3,000 men. Despite the severe disappointment, disappointment, the' search will continue today, its center probably shifting southward 500 miles from a point 2480-miles north of Howland Island to the Phoenix Islands. Hope of immediate rescue of Miss Earhart and Fred Noonan, navigator of her $80,000 "Flying Laboratory," soared when the Itasca Itasca wag overheard at 3:45 a. m., See EARHART, Page 2 Flood of Grain -Sets New Record At Kansas City KANSAS CITY, July 6.-WA 6.-WA golden flood of newly harvested harvested wheat inundated the grain market here today, reaching a new all-time record of nearly 5 1-2 million bushels. . Carlot receipts were 3,366, surpassing surpassing the previous record set in 1931 of 2,947 cars on July 13. Today's deluge of wheat included arrivals since last Saturday afternoon. afternoon. .The exchange was closed yesterday. Railroads met the heavy grain shipments with dispatch, although early in the day a shortage of cars was reported in some areas. Prices displayed strength in .the face of hedging pressure, showing gains of 1 3-8 to 2 6-8 cents at mid-season. July wheat sold' here for $1.22 1-8; September for $1.24 1-8, and December $1.25 Awaits Word Mrs. Fred Noonan is shown at Oakland, Oakland, Cal., coast guard sub-station awaiting word from her navigator husband, Fred Noonan, who with Amelia Earhart has been forced down somewhere In the Pacific near Howland Island. Questions And Answers On A Bogey Man ' ,, • What la state medicine? Why should doctors be frightened of it? What are they doing about What is the government ...doing about it? ' What IB its future? These are' questions that probably pop into your head when someone mentions that bogey man of the medical world, state medicine. For the answers, turn to page 7 for this week's "What It Means" story by Morgan M, Peajty. SURPLUS IN SCHOOL FUNDS BRINGS BIG SCRAMBLE FOR IT SCHOOL MEN OVER STATE APPEAL FOR INCREASED APPORTIONMENT AUSTIN, July 6.— (fP}— Robert S. Calvert, statistician In the comptroller's department, estimated estimated today tho surplus in the available available school fund at the end of tho next month would bo $3,117,898.92, $3,117,898.92, a gain of more than • $1,600,000 $1,600,000 in a year. • Immediately after ho had presented presented his estimate to the state board of education, school men from various parts of the state appealed to tho board to raise the school aid per capita apportionment apportionment from $10 to $22. They contended the ad valorem tax for school purposes should be retained at 20 cents on the $100 valuation and said the ap- Seo SCHOOL FUND, Page 12 FOURTH OF JULY OSOERVANGE COST RECORDJIEATH TOLL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS TAKE HEAVIEST TOLL; ONLY FOUR KILLED BY FIREWORKS (By The Associated Press,) A total of 563 men, women women and children met violent death in the two day celebration celebration of the nation's 161st birthday. The toll was believed to be the highest in the history history of America's observance observance of Independence Day. Only four deaths were attributed directly to fireworks. Traffic accidents accidents constituted the biggest single cause. A > total of 310 persons persons were Injured fatally on streets and highways. There were 142 downings Sunday and Monday. The four fireworks deaths compared compared with 11 last year. This year's victims were three children and a man. Geraldlne Mulvey, 8, Woonsocket, Woonsocket, R. I, and Julia Frless, 9, Baltimore, Md., suffered fatal burns when their dresses were ignited ignited by sparklers. Eloiso Hope Burton, 4, bought a penny box of matches to ignite fireworks at Price, Utah. Neighbors found her fatally burned in her yard. Howard Howard C. Marsh, 48, Boxboro, Mass., was injured fatally while tamping powder into a home-made cannon. Among the states New York had the largest number of fatalities from all causes—39. Michigan was .jext'with 36 and California third with 34. Pennsylvania ' had•« v *26,' Ohio '25, - Texas and Missouri 21 each. Vermont was low with only one death from violence. Ideal weather in most sections of tho nation drew motorists to the highways by tens of thousands. thousands. Tho toll of 310 traffic deaths was tho largest in more than a decade, <•» Denver Attorney Is Disbarred by Supreme Court DENVER, July 6.—(/P)—Tho Colorado Colorado supreme court suspended Erl H. Ellis, prominent Denver attorney, who admitted "confederating" "confederating" with others to conceal microphones microphones in Gov. Teller Ammons' private offices, from tho practice of law today. The suspension, which came by a six to one majority of the court, is temporary, with the possibility it will be raised or furtner disciplinary disciplinary action taken in the future. future. "Studied espionage of the people's people's executive x x x is shocking to all fine sensibilities and viola- tlvo of the American conception of the decencies," the court's majority majority opinion, written by Justice Ben C. Hllllard, said. Milliard's opinion noted the court, in suspending Ellis, had "considered only his confessed acts." Six Passengers And Pilot of Transport Plane Are Missing EDMONTON, Alta., July $,—(Canadian $,—(Canadian Press,)—Six passengers and the pilot of -a tri-motored transport plane wore unrcported today on the maiden flight of a passenger-mail service to Whitehorse, Whitehorse, Yukon territory. Pilot G. W. G. McConachlo was believed, however, to have set his pontoon-equipped ship down overnight overnight on some lake. Ho had expected to complete tho 1,200 mile trip from Edmonton Edmonton to Whltehorsq last night, HOOD OF TRAFFIC HISTORY IS LIFTED BY AAA AND STARTLING VEHICULAR LIFE FACTS FOUND By EDDY GtLMORE WASHINGTON, July 6.— Tho American Automobile association association llfte'd the hood of traffic history today and discovered these startling facts about tho vehicular life of man: Traffic police, for instance, date back to 350 B. C., and Roman senators—irked at the chariot jams that blocked the streets— banned downtown parking. For years a law prohibited Roman Roman women from driving chariots chariots but they walled so loudly that officials finally gave in and thereupon thereupon Issued .the first operators' U-' censes. Chugging into contemporary times,, the. fact hunters bumped iato many early Inventive efforts to fool the horse with disguised horseless carriages. To prevent frelghtened quadrupeds quadrupeds from bolting at tho sight of the automobile, a man patented a car that had tho body of a horse. The motorassoclatlon workers crashed Into countless odd mishaps: mishaps: Two persons were Injured when a turtle crawled up the driver's leg. ...A young deer, wrecked a car and killed threo people ... A 7-year-old girl was hit by an automobile automobile and received a bruise, while tho driver died of shock, Strangest of all their discoveries, discoveries, said the • historians, is the fact that with a filling station to every mile of hard surfaced road 1,600,000 Americans ran out of gas last year, GUARD KILLER AGAINST LYNCHING While an-angry citizenry muttered lynching threats, Albert Dyer, shown above In a cell, was kept under heavy guard following his purported confession of the slaying of three little girls near Los Angeles, Cal., June 26. Dyer, a crossing guard, admitted the crimes after an all-day grilling, a district attorney announced. JAPANESE REPORT DEFEAT OF RUSSIAN TROOPSJ BATTLE DECLARED THAT SOVIET FORCES LAUNCHED TWO BITTER BORDER ATTACKS HSINKING, Manchoukuo, July 6.—WP)—The Japanese army declared today it had defeated a sizeable detachment detachment of Russian troops in a day-long battle on the disputed disputed eastern frontier of Manchoukuo and Siberia. The Japanese-Inspired government government of Manchoukuo Immediately t made' strong representations to Moscow over the renewed outbreak outbreak of hostilities. Soviet troops, the army charged, launched two attacks against combined combined Japanese - Manchoukuoan border guards Monday morning near the little frontier town of Chlenshan. An army communique declared the Russians opened fire and wounded one Japanese soldier before the assaults were repulsed. Throughout the day, tho army asserted, tho Soviet troops brought up heavy artillery and in tho evening started a bombardment bombardment of, the Manchoukuoan side of the border with heavy cannon. At the same time, tho army spokesman said, an attack In force was made by a detachment of 150 soldiers. Drive Back Invaders. The Japanese and Manchoukuan troops were said to have advanced Blames Police. ^ROOSEVELT'S COURT PROGRAM FORMALLY OEFOREIU SENATE DEMOCRATIC LEADER ROBINSON ROBINSON PLACES ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATION BILL BEFORE BODY Hlffl BIG FLYING, SHIPS CHART AIR ROUTE OIRATLANTIC UNEVENTFUL FLIGHTS MADE BY TRAIL-BLAZING CLIPPERS CLIPPERS MONDAY NIGHT i By The Associated Press, Two mighty flying "ships that pass in the night" successfully charted a route for regular commercial commercial flights between North America and Europe today. Tho Pan American Clipper III landed at Foynes, Ireland, after a 1,060-mile survey hop from Boatwood, Newfoundland, making the ocean jump in 12 hours and 40 minutes. Tho British Imperial Airways flying boat Caledonia completed the Westward hop of 1,990 miles from Foynos to Botwood in 15 hours and nine minutes. Neither carried passengers nor mall. The Caledonia landed at Botwood Botwood at 5:06 a. m., EST (4:06 GST). The Pan American slipper slipper alighted majestically on the River.Shannon at Foynes at 4:50 a. m., EST (3:50 GST). A brisk tail wind speeded the American plane, carrying Captain Harold E. Gray and a crew of seven on the inaugural flight. A large crowd, headed by President President Eeamon do Valera of the Irish Free State, greeted the Americans, Gray termed the flight a "pleasant, "pleasant, enjoyable trip." He added tho worst part came when the plane encountered rain clouds near Ireland. Ireland. The 19-ton/four cnglned Caledonia Caledonia completed her hop ahead of schedule, in charge of Captain A. S. Wilcoekson and a crew of four. He had estimated tho Caledonia Caledonia would make tho crossing In from 16 to 17 hours. Spectators cheered loudly as the big plane dropped out of the skies to an easy landing. The plane will fly to Montreal Thurs- See AIR ROUTE, Page 12 ^ Prairie Chicken Bill Signed By Allred Tuesday AUSTIN, July 6—(/P)—Governor James V. Allred signed today a number of bills passed at the recent recent special session of the legislature, legislature, including one prohibiting tho killing of parirlo chickens anywhere anywhere In the state for five years. Tho other bills were of local Interest. One authorized tho commissioners/of commissioners/of Bell county to pay bounties for eradication of rattlesnakes rattlesnakes and predatory animals, while another permitted convicts in Dallas county to work' out fines at the rate of $1 a day. The governor also signed a resolution resolution authorizing the board of control to take over the Hall of State in Dallas and determine to what use it ghpuld be put. ' DECLARED FRANCO REQUESTS NEW ARMY AND 500JRPLANES ITALY AND GERMANY ASKED ASKED FOR ADDITIONAL AID AGAINST GOVERNMENT By The Associated Tress. Tho Spanish government news' agency, Agenco Espagnc, declared today that Insurgent General Francisco Franco had asked tho Italian and German governments for 125,000 troops to aid in a new offensive against Madrid. A purported secret memorandum memorandum addressed to Reichsfuehrer Adolfe Hitler and Premier Benito Mussolini of Italy was said also to have requested 500 airplanes, 00 artillery batteries and tanks. The agency did not say where It obtained obtained the "memorandum." An Insurgent communique at Hendayc, on the Franco-Spanish, border, reported a government battalion had been trapped and cut down In fierce fighting In the mountainous country of Northern Spain near Somledo on llip Autumn Autumn front. Sources close to the French foreign foreign office in Paris predicted Great Britain and Franco might agree to give the Spanish insurgents insurgents "limited" belligerent rights in return for full Italo-Gcrinan co-operation In a "hands off Spain" sea patrol. Such rights would give Franco's stronger fleet tho privilege of Blockading government ports and control of shipping, government or foreign, within the three-milo limit. In London, Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden indicated to tno house of commons a possible compromise compromise in Europe's Spanish neutrality neutrality deadlock, saying the British British will consider "any other proposals proposals which are just and fair." The deadlock finds Britain and See SPANISH, Page 12 Bank Deposits In Corsicana Show Increase Continued improvement of economic economic conditions in ' Corsicana and vicinity Is reflected in tho official official statements of the local banks at tho close of 'busness June 30, 1937, made public Tuesday Tuesday showing approximately u quarter million dollars increase in deposits. Total deposits in tho Corsicana banks at the close of business June 30, 1937, amounted to $5,955,260.53. $5,955,260.53. At tho close of business business June 30, 1936, the total deposits deposits were $6,71'< ,623.42, an Increase Increase of $237,637.11. Well founded optimism pro- vails concerning crop outlook in Navarro county and Indications point to increased activities In all lines of endeavor, according to seasoned Qbeervors, to meet ,l,hft, - s 1 saauU, driving back .. Y,| • .... oroua counter attack, tho alleged Invaders with a vlg- Two, Soviet soldiers wero reported reported have been killed and many wounded. Tho latest outbreak was considered considered here to be serious, coming as it does so soon after tho break between Russia and Japan caused caused by last week's battle of the Amur river. Only tho most delicate diplomatic diplomatic negotiations at that time kept Russia and Japan from an open break after Japan had Invoked the mutual assistance pact with Man- chouquo tho state she carved out of Manchuria, and seconded the See SOVIET-JAP, Pago 12 Death Penalty To Be Deamnded Killer of Girl s LOS ANGELES, July 6.—</P>— District Attorney Buron Fitts called a special session of tho county' grand Jury for tonight to act on the sex-slaying of three little Inglewood girls. Fltts said Albert Dyer having twice confessed to the 'killings will be tho first witness. Tho only other witnesses will bo persons persons who will testify that the little little girls wore slain. Murder indictments against Dyer Dyer will bo asked, the district attorney attorney said. LOS ANGELES, July 6.—W— Declaring he would demand that Albert Dyer, 32, hang for the sloping sloping of three little Inglewood girls, District Attorney Buron Fitts sought evidence today to support Dyer's recorded confession. Two persons have been found, ho said, who saw the threo girls, Jeanetto Stephens, 9, and tho Ev- cretto sisters, Madeline,. ,7, and Melba, 9, following Dyer • toward the Baldwin hills whoro they thought they were to hunt rabbits but instead wero garroted and ravished. ' Fltts said ho had refused an offer by the WPA school crossing guard to plead guilty to tho ficnd- Sco KILLER, Page 11 Flatly contradicting testimony given given before tho senate civil liberties committee by Chicago police, who blamed strikers for causing the memorial Day clash In which 10 wero killed, Halph Beck, reporter and cye-witnesj, blamed police ior the r.ffalr vhen .lie testliiod, above. OHIO GUARDSMEN BROKE SIEGE BIG REPUBLIC PLANTS ONLY FEW PICKETS JEERED MEN AS THEY TRUDGED BACK INTO MILLS By The Associated Tress. CLEVELAND, O., July 6. —W : —National guard bayonets bayonets and machine-guns protected the back-to-work movement of an estimated 3,000 steel workers at three plants of the Republic Steel Corporation here today. Company officials gave the following following figures for returning day- shift employes after tho 7 a. m. "Zero hour" for the re-openings passed without a single reported case of violence: Corrigan-McKlnncy Works—1,500 Works—1,500 men returned out of normal two-shift total of 3,700. Upson Nut and Bolt Division— 850 men returned out of normal two-shift total of 1,700, TruscoVi Steel—600 men returned out of normal two-shift total of 750. C. I. O.- strike leaders disputed the company's figures and asserted many were office workers and clerks—not steel makers. They also charged tho company company was importing "strike breakers, breakers, alleging some came from as far away as Alabama. Ilonort All Quiet. Tho National Guardsmen, 1,500 strong, reported "all quiet throughout throughout the Cleveland area," and with the men safely Inside tho plants resuming operations after 41 days of idleness, tho khaki-clad militiamen militiamen amused themselves by play- Ing horseshoes. Stormier scenes were enacted at NllOfi and Warron, O., where several hundred union sympalhiz- Sco STRIKES, Page IZ WASHINGTON, July 6. —0<P) — Democratic Leader Robinson, opening the fight for the administration's judicial judicial reorganization bill f told the senate today that judges more than 75 years of age "usually are in a state of mental and physical decline." decline." As he spoke Senator Wheeler (D-Mont) leader of tho opposition to ' judiciary rcogranlzntion, emerged from a long white house conference and said he was still opposed to any compromise which would add any justices to the' supreme court. Wheeler and Senator Bone CD- Wash) talked with the President an hour and a half. Robinson began tho senate debate debate after that chamber had agreed without a record vote to take the judiciary legislation up for consideration. The democratic leader next moved to substitute for tho original original bill "submitted by President Roosevolt, .the compromise Informally Informally introduced last. week. The substitute would provide for tho appointment of new just!se.s, • at tho rate of one a year to sup> plement those nerving past : 75 years of age. .".•'• Before making this .niotlon, the Arkansan "had -served •• notice he would use «very means available to break any filibuster and to force a vote. Without waiting for a vote on his motion to substitute the com-» promise bill, Robinson explained the measure to tho senate. "Our statutes have recognized tho wisdom and the necessity for Judges who have the physical vigor to perform tho tasks that are aslgned to them." APPLICATION IS MADE BY NAVARRO RURAL POWER CO. FOR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE Application of tho Navarro Rural Power Company for an allocation allocation of funds for federal assistance assistance in a rural electrification program has been submitted to Washington officials in complete form, according to announcement made Tuesday. The 'company is unincorporated and is non-profit sharing, and is headed by a committee composed composed of E. P. Estes of Roano, chairman; E, B. Dawson of Dawson, Dawson, secretary; William Daln, Kerens, Kerens, vice-chairmanj E. M. Dawson Dawson of Frost, and Bernlo Moore of Purdon. A. F. Mitchell is tho engineer in charge of tho project project and Clyde Kimes la tho field representative, The application for funds Included Included a complete map of the proposed system with projected lines measuring some 310 miles with signed application for 1360 customers. Cost of tho proposed line Is estimated at $310,000, and more than 1GOO additional potential potential users are estimated, Tho project covers all of Navarro Navarro county, areas near Stewart's Stewart's Mill and Klrven in Freestone Freestone county; portions of Ellis county including Lone Cedar, Slay School, and extending to tho corporate limits of Italy; and some territory in Hill county starting west of Felham and extending extending near Irene. Members of the board directing tho company said Tuesday that tho lists for tho project had not been closed and any Interested party could secure further information information from tho commlttccman residing nearest them, WASHINGTON, July. «.— (' . Tho senate battle over the Roosevelt Roosevelt court bill, regarded as likely LO produce the gravest debate nlnce tho League of Nations fight, rat under way today. Democratic Leader Robinson, of Arkansas, launched tie administration drive for reorganization reorganization of tho courts. Ho made tho move after five months of heated discussion in congress and out. Early In the afternoon, the stocky majority leader moved to begin consideration of the Roosevelt Roosevelt bill, calling for the appointment appointment of as many as six now justices justices to tho supremo court If thoso over 70 years of ago do not retire. Preliminary maneuvering began Immediately upon tho making of Robinson's motion. Under questioning questioning by Senator McNary, republican republican leader, Robinson served no- tlco ho would keep the court bill See COURT BILL, Pago 12 •a Bodies of Waco Couple Found In • Woods Near City WACO, July 'o.—OT—Bodies identified as thoso of GloVor Love, and his wife, Ruth Copoland Love, of Waco wero found in tho woods 10 miles west of hero today ay Wl'A workers. Both had been shot In tho head. by u small shotgun which was found nearby. Sheriff W. B. Mob- Icy said ho found several clgaret; htubs near tho bodies, indicating they had conversed some time bo- foro tho double killing. Justice of tho Peace Claude So- great had not entered a format inquest verdict pending a check of the fingerprints on tho shotgun. Nearby residents told officers they heard a shot or shots about 0:30 p. m. yesterday, Tho oouplo was found sprawled across an automobile automobile .cushion several pace3 past a barbed wire fence In tho woods. Steel Strikes At a Glance By the Associated L'ress CLEVELAND, O.—1,500 militiamen, militiamen, 384 police and 75 deputies on guard as Republic Steel opens threo strike affected plants employing employing moru than 6000 men. Indianapolis—Appeal from Indiana Indiana Harbor ministers for state troops to "prevent bloodshed" In area awaits action of Governor on return from holiday, Johnstown. Pa. — Bethlehem Steel Corp. plant, employing 16,000 reopens after holiday shutdown, Akron, O.—Contingent of Ohio national guardsmen sent to Akron Akron as mobile unit to be available available for duty anywhere in strike area, First reported guards sent to Akron in fear of labor troubles at B, F. Goodrich plant.