fpp* | j j i I | ! | j ■ i 1 | I j | I , 1 > ! , j I WRITE LOOKED I.1KF. Tills whfn it wa< started with only onr itintaer stark by the Jackson Iron Company in 1RS*. The charcoal kiln* srr pirturrd in *m«k> operation at erntrr Irrt with hardwood pilrrt in front of thrm and an orr hargr from thr rail rnd at Karan a ha is in front of thr furnarr building*. Murh of thr nrtup rrmaina to rrmind thr visitor of today of thin now drad industry. Exhaustion Of Timber Near Marquette Caused Fayette I Hv JEAN WORTH Exhaustion of accessible hardwood hardwood for the charcoal kilns of the Jackson Iron Co., near Marquette resulted in the creation of the iron smelting ghost town of no coming th state park Fax ette (if the onci tinct iron Upper Pe cha.'cd re« Paper Co , ed to Mid sv on its wav to m newest of Michigan Fayette, made the to be- ed the G Wi Brow n. manager of the Jackson Iron Co., to search for such a U P, area. Albert Kidder, Howard Bridge* and Frank Brotherton, the father of R A. Brotherton, search and reeommenri- rden Peninsula on Rig Bay de Noc. Tne Jackson Iron j Co., bought 26,000 acres of timb- I or land there and in May IRfi" a blast furnace was constructed on Snail Shell Harbor, which was then named Fayette for Fayette Brown. The furnace was completed completed and the first pig iron was cast on Christmas Day in lRflT. A second second stack was added in 1870. All the main buildings and stacks were built of limestone taken from the high cliffs near the site. Adelle Elliott’s history of the Garden Peninsula reports that besides besides tiie two stacks, “the Jackson Jackson Iron Co., owned sets of huge, bee-hive shaped brick charcoal kilns. These held from 3« to 40 cords of wood each There w as a set of kilns at Puffy Creek, one at South River, one at Fayette, on Section 5. one set at Section 9. one set on Section 17 near Mud Lake, one set at Centre Kilns Section Section 29 and one set known as the Summer Island Kilns. In addition to those listed in Sack Bay and Fairbanks Township, there were also sets at Garden Bay and at Kate's Bay. Forests To Coal "At Isabella, Robert McClellan owned a set of kilns and sold on Iron Co., built the charcoal to the furnace. On Scc- k on the Great Lakes tion 23, T 38 N , R 19 W , Aime H well pre.served relic mportant a«d now cx- nelting industry in the nsula. It was pur- ntly by the Escanaba o that it could be ariri- tn's park system The pany will receive an cquival- value in state forest lands in lange for Fayette, he story of Fayette really s with the discovery of iron he M irquette Range by Capt. s party of gov- ‘ W'o are told." wrote Miss Elliott, Elliott, "that in several places coal was made without the use of kilns by making holes in the ground and covering the logs with earth These were known as ‘coal pits.’" The ruins of the kiln« at Fav- still are to be seen, as is of the lime kiln there. The tte furnace.* produced 18.- ette that Fay 000 to 20.001 an averase \ from the Ja naba overlai moved by 1 Rumage and to Fayettf out on tli J. B Kite ton fr >f pig n ore 24x80 fr The iron wa* companv’s s ■n and Favett 'hippy' n Hurt an ernmcnt surveyors on Sept. 19, 1R44 .<t a place now w ithin the city ¡units of Negaunee. A year later, reports R A. Brotherton of Negaunee Negaunee in his history of that city, Philo Everett found boulders of iron and jasper in the area and this discovery decided the location location of the Jackson Mine and the formation of the Jackson Iron Co., | by Jackson, Mich., financiers. The ; first product of the mine was iron outcrop reduced to size for hauling hauling to local furnaces and to lake ports for shipment to furnaces on I the lower lakes. Bnrird Railroad Line ! The .1 first ore Marquette in 1855 to load ore Rochcfort burned and sold char- ot is i from the Jackson Mine At first , coal to the furnace. The furnace | ore was loaded into vessels with closed before Rochefort's timber wheelbarrows and it took three to had all been converted into coal Peninsula six days to load a schooner of 200 j and he suffered the loss of the was apprc Fayette Railroad The Jack-on company also \ six miles of railroad out of F ette, with two locomotives. 10 c cars. 10 wood cars and 3 flat c. Much of the Fayete plant was stroyed by fire in the early e: ties and rebuilt. In the early ni ties operation of the furnace ended and Fayette became a gr town. Fortunately for its pres vation the tiuc of settlement ; development washed away, so t the little community was n cannibalized for salvage ai of it remains today. Fayette essentially suffered fate that caused its construe It. too, used up the fine h woods of the beautiful Ga Peninsula and then it lac ked for its furnaces. The charcoal industry was losing ground to competing coke proco*-* iron sti mg. but it survived in tr ung tne cent! much much Upp hen tr 300 tons capacity. Three years later a pocket type dock was built .it Marquette. The Peninsula Railroad was organized organized in 1862 and work on its Ime.s from Escanaba to the Jackson Jackson Mine was completed in the fall of 18H4. joining the Marquette, Houghton and Ontonagon Railroad Railroad at Negaunee. In 1884 it was consolidated with the Chicago & North W it possible to take a train from Negaunee to Escanaba. where there was service to Green Bay on the steamers Saginaw, George L. Dunlap and tlie Sarah Van Epps It was not until 1872 that North Western built its rail line north tn Escanaba to connect with tlie line fiom Escanaba to NYgau- nee In 1805 the Jackson Iron Co., started shipping iron ore to Escanaba Escanaba and from there to Cleveland on its sailing vessel Fayette Brown, a schooner which made i the trip to Cleveland and back as lor , quicklv 9S eight davs rest forest fir« Michigan industry The People's Business be be n and By RO(.ER LANE LANSING—The idea of pooling private enterprise capital for loan, tern Railway, making 10 stimulate growth of industry in the state is as far from dead even though not much has been said aoout it lately. In fact, the device ap*>ears to be growing slowly ¡n favor among thr those whose money is needed to make it work Supporters of the idea, in and out of government, are gingerly groping for the answer to some nagging problems, hopeful that in the end a new financial lure can be perfected to swell the state's job rolls. In 1956, after twice before rejecting rejecting the proposal, the Legisla- four hours I ture passed a bill authorizing set- ting up ne ations. eiopment credit cor por • ith a ugo of 975 tons These groups have the powei ■end “risk" capital to new <_« struggling enterprises, or to those wishing to set up sh«»p in Michigan upon m<*ing in from some other state. They can step in *here bank' and iniurance companies hesitate to tread, or are prohibited by law from treading. Backing would c«»me from banks, insurance firms, pubuc utilities and per hap* even large established industries. As thev did in the East, where the idea was put to successful use some years ago, bankers in Mich- gan have taken a cautious ap- proach.