Clipped From The New York Times

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 - By John Reed Scott. I HE veterans of th Army of...
By John Reed Scott. I HE veterans of th Army of th I - Potomac and of th Army of , J Northern Virginia who return ' for the fiftieth anniversary of ; th battle will find little change in the ' town since they saw It In July. 1863 . that Is. assuming that they saw It at all during those three fierce days of 'strife and death. . - f , It haa Increased In 'sis and decreased m excitability. It has long -refused to become aroused over anything Incident to the battle It has ' been living with the incidents too long. Tt has been having reunions, celebration, controversies, processions, dedication, speeches, big and little and 'without number, for forty years. Privates. Lieutenants, Captains, Majors, Co'.oihIs. Generals. Governors, all look Uike to Gettysburg.' It has been sur- felted. Nothing less than a President . of the United States or a fire can ; cause it to become agitated with the ' odis In favor of the fir. . Hut for aQ its equanimity in matters -relating to the battle, Gettysburg, is mot hospitable' to the stranger, most courteous, - most thoughtfully kind. ; With a population of four thousand, the town, unaided, entertains at on . time two and three times tta popula- Hon and think nothing of it. Could ..New York, or Philadelphia, or Chl- cago, or Baltimore, or aay city In th . land do th same? I trow not. The celebration of this July, how-ver. is completely beyond It capacity and Its power. The town realises It; yet it will endeavor to provide food ..for all. and, with the aid of private . owellioga cf many of its citizens, lodging fur at least twenty thousand visitors. U may tall, but no on can vr truthfully aay that It did not strain , nwanfully to the task. The battlefield. tweaty-flv square , r-iiU l:i extent, over which 1S0.C00 ... uieo fuusht bc5 and forth during rthiwe r.ot July d;ys lUty yetiis ago. the Issue hung . trembling la HOW VETERANS AND OTHERS Provision Has Been Celebration the balance, and the God of Blood .and Death ruled, ha become a National Military park. Nowhere in the world Is there Its equal. For over thirty year It baa been preserved, first by the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association a corporation of. the States having troop in th Army of the Potomac and later by th General Government. The position of every regiment haa been marked, until there are now over seven hundred monuments, erected by the various States or by the United States, coating from five hundred to two hundred and fifty thousand dollars apiece. Along the various battle lines thirty-two miles of wide avenues have been built under direction of the Government Commission. ' composed of Lieut. CoL John P. Nicholson. Major Charlea IL Richardson, and Major Gen. L. L. Lomax. Practically the entire field, haa passed Into the control of this commission during the last fifteen years, and it has gradually brought It back, at great cost and enormous labor, to Its wartime condition. 1 To-day the veteran standing on any of the huge observatories erected on commanding: locations can look down upon the wide sweep of country Just aa he saw It fifty years ago av for the absence of the two armies. The gleaming memorials of granite and bronse have replaced th line of Blue and Gray. It 'Is to this restored field. an4 to such a hospitable and. to . effect. - an unchanged town the town Itself Is In tho very midst of the battlefield that the. veterans are coming back, l-lifty year ago, young- and lusty, they tame to fight the crucial battle of the uar; to-day. . feebl aad aged, they But lotal of 1 00,001) Visitors expected May Cause Some Hardship. come to celebrate a reunited country,; , the rancors of war long buried. Such' . as have not buried them would much better not come they will be sadly out of place; and, to their comrades, then absence will be a great relief . and not a disappointment. The fiftieth , celebration Is no place for Irreconcilable of either the North or the South. -' . . . ' ' v The Government baa made provision to care for 40,000 veterans in one great camp, where they ; will be the , honored guests of the occasion, and food and lodging will be provided free.. . ; Once more they win live in tenta as In their soldier days, but with no hardships, no labor, no drills, " no" guarding. Three hundred thousand dollars have been appropriated, one-half by Congress and one-half by Pennsylvania, for expenses of camp and entertainment' ;; All this money Is to be expended under direction of the War Department. The camp Is pitched Just south of the town, between the Eraml ttsb urg Road and West Confederate Avenue, and extending south aa far aa the point where the former intersects the Round Top Branch of the Reading Railway. It required two months to erect and equip it. Its area Is 27S acres. The number of tenta is WIS, arranged In street. Every streot Is named and very tent numbered. Five hundred electric lights in tb streets and fifty Interior lights will make the camp as biilllant a th Great White Way. jT Four huge wells , have been sunk that will supply 000.000 gallons of water daily; in addition ther 1 a 50,-000-gallon tank reserve. To feed the veterans there are 1XXX) cooks aad dishwashers. One hundred WILL BE Will Attend the and thirty baker will bake daily 185.-000 pounds of bread In fourteen field ' oven. It is expected that 180,000 pound of white and sweet potatoes and tomatoes, 200,000 pounds of meat, , 36,000 pounds of sugar, and 7.000 pounds of table salt will be used. I The tents are protected by 150 jnilcj of ditches twenty miles more than the distance from Washington tt Philadelphia. Eight men wtll be assigned to each tent, which Is provided with eight cots, two lanterns, two washbasins and a water bucket. Th camp has a total of 42,544, cots, lO.&kl lanterns. 10.630 wash-basins, and 5.313 water buckets. Running water is piped to every atreet Intersection, with 32 fountains of Ice-water hi addition. A bcspital corps of 110 men In command of a Surgeon-Major and 9 Captains and Assistant Surgeons will be in charge of th camp hospital. ' ' Caring for Other Visitors. These figure apply solely, to the veterans camp. ' In . addition the State of Pennsylvania has appropriated the further sum "of , $265,000 to bring the old soldiers from wherever they happen to be, and for the expenses Incident to the health and comfort of the 50,000 visitors, not veteran, who wtll throng the town. One Item alone of this 1 for an emergency hospital of SO tents, .with 175 beds. 19 doctors and 18 nurses. N with a fully equipped operating tent aad two hospital cars to transfer serious cases daily to hospitals In nearby cities. Two dispensaries with six he? each will be established, on near the railroad stations and one near the tent where the exercise win occur, aad six emergency stations will administer first aid promptly, with auto CARED FOR ambulances to convey patients to th main hospltala The battalion of State constabulary will do police duty In the : town. ' i The town, having the 40,000 veterans taken off its hands and provided for by the camp, face tb deluge of the 60.000 visitor or of as many as can : get to th battlefield. The transportation problem Is far more serious than the subsistence problem. How two railroads with an aggregate capacity, under forced operation, of not to exceed. 12,000 passengers In one day, are to land 100,000 In this town in two, three or even four days, 1 bothering the brains, of three able railroad managers whcC It happens, are also on the Pennsylvania State Commission Capt. John P. Green. Vice President of the Pennsylvania Railroad; Capt. George F. Baer, President of the Reading Railroad, and CoL James M. Schoomacher. Vice President of th New York Central. . ' It is the quartering and ubltenco problem that directly confront Gtt-tysburg. Tho who com by motor may spend tb nights In Ilarriaburg, Tork. Carlisle, Chambersburg. Frederick, and every other town and hamlet within a radius of thlrty-flvs mile.-bat, as for thos who com by train, th town may be able to feed all within ber gate, but she cannot provide sleeping quarters, for more than 20.000. . What are the remaining thousands to do? At first glance, this estimate of 40.-000 veterans aad 50,000 visitors to a town of 4.000 people may seem pre- . posteroua. It la not. Tho officer of the Quartermaster General' Department, who never run to excex?. who are calm, methodical, dealing witlt cold figures always, hav prepared for that our horses, and went AT GETTYSBURG number of veterans. Th average American, who always wants to got In a crowd and see. Just because there' Is a crowd and excitement, aad push and fight, can be depended on to be aa usual, and to flock- here In at least equal numbers. If be doe not It will be the first time he has lost the opportunity. This Is the old soldiers' show they paid the price of admission fifty years ago but they are likely to be vastly hindered In their enjoyment by those who are actuated by mere curiosity. Gettysburg had a population of about 2.500 In 1803 its growth since baa extended It. but not materially altered , it. The same buildings that were here when the men of the First and Eleventh Corps fought tb men of Ewell through th town are. In th main, here to-day eome with slightly altered architecture, but otherwis th same. And what of the loaders In the battle of fifty years ago Meade. Lee. Reynolds. Longstreet, Slocum, Ewell, Hancock. HIIL Sedgwick. Pickett, Howard. Heth, Sykea, Early, Doubleday, Rode. Pleasanton, Stuart. Hunt. Alexander. Butterfield. Marshall. Gibbon. Pettl-grew, Humphreys. Pender, Buford, Johnston. Merritt. Fltzhugh Lee. Xll-patrlck. Chambles. Warren. McLaws. Blrney, Anderson, Wright, Hood, v Webb, Armistead. CaJweH. Barksdale. Barlow, Gordon,' Stannard. Garnetf, Wadsworth, Wilcox. Mcintosh, Jenkins. Custer and Hampton? Dead! All dead!! ' " ' Of the ranking officers of toth armies but three survive; Major Gen. John It- Brooke. United State Army, retired, who. a a Brigadier, commanded a brlgad tf th Second comrades again." Corp: Major Gen. Daniel E. SIcKS the commander of th Third Corpa who brought on th appalling oonfiot ofth second day and around whom a controversy has raged for fifty years, and Major Gen. D. MeM. Oreg. who fought th cavalry fight. 'and battered Lee's last hope when h drove back th brave Stuart. The camp I In charge of officer of th Quartermaster General' Department, U. S. A.; Major J. H. Nermoyle, Major W. R. Gov. Capt. W. a Mo-Caky. snd Capt. If. F. Dalton. It la guarded by Companle I, K. U and M, Fifth United State Infantry, under Major Laawelgne. It wIH open with the evening meal of June 29 and break up on July & The exercises will occur on July 1-4. and will be held in a tent S00 by 7OT feet, with a seating capacity of I5,0t4 people. It stands south of the Intersection of the railroad and the Em-ralttsburg Road, Jujt west of the litter and tb Cotiorl Houne. There will b a Veterans Day. unJ-r the direction, of the Comianders-in' Chi-f of the Grand Army of the Republic and of(the United Confi-rate Veterans; a Military Day, in chart of the Chief of the Staff of the United States Army; a Civic Day, when tD Governor of Pennsylvania will ot:' the oration, and a .National IT July 4 when the Cbkif Justice of th United Stales will preside and. It Is hoped, the President of the United State will be present and in ait aa address. A Drolonrnd rain on any of th jays from Julyl to 4 win renJer of small avail th month of preparation and th hundred of thousands of dollars already spent. It will Un roui! mud! and yet mors mud! If, however, th sun smiles from clear kl. there will probably be a ce)bratlnn such aa the world has never seen. It waa clear for the battle will 't be clear for th celebration fifty fterf

Clipped from
  1. The New York Times,
  2. 29 Jun 1913, Sun,
  3. Page 38

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