Clipped From The Seguin Gazette-Enterprise

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 - 2*t/TH6 SEGUIN GAZETTE/MARCH 20, 1969 Last week...
2*t/TH6 SEGUIN GAZETTE/MARCH 20, 1969 Last week The Gazette published the first of ft two-part aeries on the adventures and work of Edgar (Ed) Caddell, who has been ft State-county official hunter and trapper of predatory animals for some 14 years* In this edition, Caddell gires a few pointers on some of the precautions he takes against being blUen by snakes, and some of the measures Involved In trapping and killing off coyotes. These destructive little wolves afe still plentiful In Guadalupe County, according to Caddell, and he says that he estimates ft coyote population in the area as one to each square mile. Coyotes have a high incidence of rabies among them, and this was the original reason why control of the coyote population was established In Texas many years ago. In continuing his discussions of snakes, Caddell has a few tips to pass along which he says he uses when out in the woods on the Job. Not Sure Sign "Cold weather Is no sure sign that rattlesnakes will be In their lairs asleep," said Caddell. "Just last week when the weather was quite cool, I killed a Diamond back near Geronlmo. •The day was cold but the sun was shining brightly. "The snake had crawled out of his hole and was sunning himself when I happened upon him," Caddell said. Walks Lightly "I walk pretty light out In the woods and keep a wary eye out for anything that moves in the grass or underbrush. "One thing that a lot of folk don't understand Is that a rattlesnake doesn't have to be colled to strike. "Ho can draw back in an S- shape and strike from that position. "Depending on his size, a rattler can strike from half to his full length. 'Stay on Banks "Big snakes can strike high. "I'm particular about walking In ditches/ or gullies because snakes on the banks can strike in unprotected areas of the upper part of the body, like the neck, face or head. "Rattlesnakes will not always rattle .'Tjjefore they strike— sometimes' they strike first and rattle later," said Caddell. .Wet Dogs Caddell continued, "I believe what makes a snake madder than anything in the world Is a wet dog. /. "I don't' know whether It's the scent, or what It is. "If I purposely go out on a snake hunt to find a rattler I'll take a dbg with me every time. "After tti^ dog goes chasing through the damp grass or wet brush for a while he gets plenty wet and this, seems to attract WOLF MAN PART II BY Len Schlaff News Editor rattlesnakes toward him. Turkey Clues ••Another sure way to find a snake, especially a rattler, Is to watch for turkeys with their long necks stretched out full length looking at the ground. "I'll guarantee that 90 percent of the time they're looking at a rattlesnake; and the other 10 per cent of the time they're watching a turtle or a frog. "Rattlesnakes are rough on turkeys. "One time I saw a rattler bite two turkeys and in less than two minutes both were dead. "They had been bitten on the side of the head," Caddell related. Other Precuations Caddell had other advice for •woodsmen in protecting them' selves against snake bites. He advised that everyone should always carry a snakebite kit whenever they venture Into unfamiliar territory. He said that some woodsmen wear aluminum leggings from the ankles to the knees. His own personal precautionary measure is the use of heavy leather caps on his legs. Last Resort Another old Indian cure for snakes bites which Caddell told about Is the treatment with hot metal over the wound, but this method he advised only as a last resort. If you don't have a kit, you can try this treatment by heating metal, then holding it over the opening until It forms a blister. '•You break the blister and keep repeating the process until all of the venom appears to be gone and the wound looks clean. ••Indians always swore by this method," Caddell said. Caddell's Job doesn't seem like one that might be performed by appointment, but that is not always the case. Many times he Is called upon either In person or through official channels to go to work at the requests of farmers, ranchers and other rural citizens to hunt down, trap, and kill coyotes. Just a short time ago Caddell was called upon by a farmer just nine miles east of Seguln to ••come out and catch some coyotes" that were after his chickens. Chickens are not the only livestock upon which coyotes prey. Caddell said they also attack and kill sheep, goats and other smaller animals. According to Caddell coyotes are smart and are difficult to track down and capture. He said that if a coyote is once caught In a trap and escapes, H would probably never get caught In another one. Caddell explained that the more practical way to get rid of them Is to set special traps and let them capture and destroy themselves. There are devious ways In which this might be achieved. One of Caddell's favorites Is to use a hollow pipe driven Into the ground, baited, then rigging a firing mechanism loaded with a ,38-type pistol shell filled with gunpowder and cyanide Into the face of the coyote and presto — another set of coyote ears to be taken to the County sheriffs office for logging of the kill. Love Rotten Odor Caddell says he uses his own bait made of lean beef tallow and fish, ground together and allowed to rot. '•Coyotes really love the smell of the rotten bait," Caddell said. He said that they try to pick it up and carry it away, and that's when they trip the firing mechanism and the shell goes off and — pop goes the coyote. Edgar Caddell has a head full of knowledge of wood's lore. He remembers when the program first started for trapping and ridding the County and State of wolves and coyotes on a scientific basis. It was Initiated to prevent coyote —carried rabies spread- Ing among domesticated livestock. He knows the habits of predatory animals and how to go about arranging their demise. Caddell started his official hunting and trapping career In Gonzales County in 1957, and within a few months covered Guadalupe County as well. Then In 1967 he was assigned exclusively to operating in Guadalupe, but often as not, being called upon to help out In other neighboring areas. Migratory Study He has been on coyote survey teams studying migratory habits of coyotes and other predators. He told The Gazette that he was on a survey party which tagged wolf and coyote pups then, released them. Nine months later he was Informed that the pups were 45 miles away from where thty were originally tagged. "They're migratory animals and keep traveling until they find a location where food Is ._- „ — „ „__ I caught :hat weighed 45 pounds" plentiful." said Caddell. "Coyotes are quite plentiful In the area of Stockdale, and In our studies of the animals we have come to believe that they come from the southern part of Texas," he said. Badgers Returning Caddell also said that badgers have been returning to the area over the last two years; some being reported as killed by hunters. He also said that there are a few gray fox and a few red wolves left In the area, "but not many." "About six years a a red wolflha and I've seen just a few since then," said Caddell. Getting back to snakes, Caddell said that hawks and owls are the greatest enemies of rattlers. Family Man Edgar CEd) Caddell Is married to the former Carol Sherman "Hensley of Dewvllle, and with their daughter, Eddie Ella, 11, they reside on Nixon Mall Route 1. The story told by county Wolf Man Edgar Caddell is one of the most unusual this correspondent has run across for some time. What started for Caddell as a service for rabies' control contamination among domesticated" animals and wildlife, has blossomed Into a full time job In which he seems completely happy. The Gazette thanks Mr. Caddell and Sheriff Phil Mecflln's force for making this story possible. We believe It Is not only a story worth telling, but one that contains much good advice to novice as well as old-time woodsmen —and that it might prove a real public service for everyone heeding this advice—especially If it can save Just one person's life by making him aware of dangers lurking in our .backwoods. Murder - cont. from page 1 It finally turned into the driveway and came to rest against the porch of a neighbor, Eddie Vetter of 762 Roberts. Damages to Vetter's tront porch amounted to $20; and an undisclosed amount to several flower pots. The Seguin Police Department invites all citizens and business establishments to file serial numbers of all office machines, typewriters and weapons in police files. Stolen property of this type can be traced and identified bj serial numbers. Tax — cont, from page 1 The Congressman said that the proposal to permit deduction of college expenses would also help parents who are faced with ever increasing costs of sending their children to school. "It will put more emphasis on higher education, and bring more relief to this growing burden," Kazen said. "In our rapidly expanding technological society, higher education Is becoming more and more a necessity, and we must make It possible for all to be prepared for change." Under Kazen's bill, any aid, received by students from any of the numerous federal programs would be subtracted from the proposed college expense deduction, "This bill would not mean any great reduction In the Income of the Federal Government. It would, on the other hand, encourage and aid our citizens to bo- come more productive and be better prepared for the future by obtaining a higher education." "Last year, when Congress was asked to approve the 10 percent surcharge, I pointed out that the people who would be hardest hit by the increase would be those who could least afford It," Kazen commented. "I think those now filling out tax returns will agree with me. I propose In this bill to offer some tax relief until a complete study of our tax laws can lead to closing Inequitable loopholes." Kazen explained thatfrom!913, when personal Income tax was adopted, until 1939, the personal exemption had always been at least $1,000. The idea was to leave untaxed enough of every citizen's Income to care for the basic needs of every member of the family. The present exemption of $600 no longer fulfills tnat purpose, he noted. During World War II, the exemption was dropped to $500, and In 1948 raised to $GOO, which was supposed to compensate for the dollar's loss in purchasing power In 1946 and 1947. NiW

Clipped from
  1. The Seguin Gazette-Enterprise,
  2. 20 Mar 1969, Thu,
  3. Page 2

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