Clipped From The Springfield News-Leader
IROQUOIS WILL PRESS CLAIM Grievances of Six Nations May Reach International Tribunal. . By International Newa Service. 8YRACUSE, N. Y.. July 27. Grievances of the Canadian Iroquois Indians, failing of settlement through action of a joint arbitration council, will be aired before The Hague International tribunal, provided the Canadian government accepts the offer of the council of the Six Nations, of which Chief Prank Logan, of the Onondaga tribe, Is head chief, by virtue of his office, religious leader. The offer has been duly forward ed to the Dominion authorities. Ac companying it Is a protest agalnit the Canadian government plan to submit the grievances to a three - heiaded judicial commission . Six Nations Want Freedom. The proviso that the differences be referred to The Hague carries with it the pronouncement by the Iroquois that there must be no question In such submission of the right of the Six Nations to full political independence or home rule within reservation tracts. For over a year Onondaga chief' tains have been attending conferences In various places at whlcli the problems of the Indiana living on the Grand river have been discussed. These are a branch of the St. Regis, who established a separate tribe within ' the Mohawks when the St. Regis embranced Catholicism. All of the Six Nations Indians are theoretically pagans, though many have embraced Christianity and all reservations have Christian missions. The Indians claim their sov ereignty, holding that under the treaties they are separate nations and as such are entitled to direct tbelr own destinies through tribal councils. When the tribal laws run In con flict with the white man's law, the Indians hold to the tribal decrees and for years have successfully defended their lights. One of the principal foundations of the Six Nations, and which has come In conflict with Canadian la, is the tribal law o'f maternal descent and women's control of tribal affairs. In all the Six Nations the mothers of the various clans direct all government affairs Indirectly, In that they select the chiefs. This custom, which has come down since the establishment of the Iroquois confederacy. Is the very basis of the Six Nations government, and Is In constant conflict with the white man's government, where paternal descent is followed. The old unsettled claim of tribal autonomy among the Six Nations in their relations to the United States and Canadian governments also la Involved In the Dominion dispute. The Indians also demand n accounting of the money which the Canadian government holds in trust for them, The funds accumu. lated from the sale of lands originally allotted to the redskins. Descent a Problem, Indians hold property only as tribes, and the property rights on both aides In the many complications which maternal descent brings, about. In that cousins become brothers and sisters, and uncles and aunts become fathers and mothers of chlldred of sisters and brothers. in this connection the fact that Indians take the clan of their mother, and not their father, In their relation to the tribe, adds to the complications. "The Canadian government is trying to imitate the ruthless Imperialism of congress In Its treatment of American Indians," declares Attorney George Decker, counsel for the Six Nations. "Americans at one moment make wonderful phrases about the rights of small nations and justice, and at the next totally Ignore the wrong done to small groups of Indiana whose tribal existence., la threatened. " "Some tribes allow their rights to be invaded and soon Inter - marry with whites and are dispersed, committing race suicide. But the Six Nations do' not Intend to do this."