The Times, London, England Thursday, October 13, 1887

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The Times, London, England Thursday, October 13, 1887 - A VISIT TO THE STATES. XXm THE U11H0N...
A VISIT TO THE STATES. XXm THE U11H0N RATTLEFIKI - P. A quick railway ride W mil" utn - wvet of Hamabunr t th. greetoat hatli. - fald of the Ammwu CM War - the mm of th ,v, . cootaxt at Gettysburg, which many rsarard as' having decided th struggl. Gettys burg m mile north of the JVunsyb boendarv the noted " Mason Iii. - n' line." whieh marked the northern limit of slavery TV route ia acros the Susquehanna r.ver rl through tho Oiuirlend Valley, a broad fertile MMMM regi.wi oi uirmy iarm ami wei filled narrw.errr"1 which Loo did not hear of proved of great porUnee. Lee had an idea that the Union Ml a Weakened, and ho formed right flank t attack ml tho ', and follow An outlying Union force of about 15.000 was guarding th' Valley of Virginia south ol tho Potomac, and the ware attacked and defeated hy Lmt advance on June 10. wnue :.t.ti subsequent cavalry raid developed a moat dnfniceleea rendition acruM that rirer. Lao than crossed the IVtomec and made a rapid movement hill. To give time for J. K. B. Stuart with the up tho Cumberland aney. ine cevairy overrun - cavalry to get around the flank, the attack in front bing all the adjacent country east of the South was not to be made until afternoon. Meade got Mountain, and doing much damage. The Potomac j all hit troopa well in hand, ready to concontrato on waa crossed June fl to 26, and the Confederate any threatened point, and both tide spent the concentrated at Hagerstown. Hooker did not ; morning in preparation, which couaistcd mamlv of wholly sross until the 28lh. and thou a northward getting cannon into position. Leo pla. ed 111) race began, with Lee MMMM in advance, gun along tho creat of Seminary Ride. but Mend - almoat level eurfaco although moving in the outer circle of tho could not get a many into position, aa much o drove. Swell off Oulp'a - hill, and thu advantage, j j"4 'uwt i tawj have Jhua fai a aahly of freedom, ud that (omwtrti of the naoole, by to peopU, for the people, shall not pariah tram" the earth. rom the cemetery ia teen the red - topped cupola hero of the battle on the Northern aide, aa Armiataad m on the Southern. Each died in action, Reynold harrying forward troop, and Armistesd leading a gallant but hopeless charge. The former waa a Pennryivanian and the latter a Virginian. Yet the ammoaitie of that exciting iving Virginians visited Gettyaburg this summer a the guest of the Pennsylvania soldier who pulsed their famous attack. acroaa the intervening valley, the moat conspicuous landmark of the Confederate line. To the north - THE STORY OF A CB1MMEM LOSCESSIVX eaat u Harlow ' knoll, now a grain field, where iJi' OF TUB tfjv L.&al"A JUMm, the wounded Barlow fall into the enemy' hand, ami the Confederate General Gordon, in the midst of the battle, succoured him and sent a flac of Ha ia welcome to thia privilege. The Chi new have bsen paving 6 8, and 9 percent. 3 pet cent, is, therefore, a distinct saving. They Mini I obtain a silver loan at any price from niMbli financial nooses (the recent trifling loan of a takes into account), wing to the fluctuation in the value of silver, which would make each a loan a highly speculative one, aad for the same reason the Chinas wish to avoid a gold loan, which they would have to repay in gold purchased with silver, which would probably be enormously de preciated. China could have a gold loan floated verden MM I fill III! Ilfl lllllTil inner circle MMMMMM ,rr,tw around between the range from the west ton. where, thi. C.ov. , t.nd it contain many fl.unehing For a good many yean past North China hi rvice which cemented their friendshir, ad "kin. and have laid their schwn.ee for the MM every July on the Cemetery - . . . Tf t . the south - cas't, covered with timbe'r. h" administrative and fiscal system, of theChine. the Pot. wiwawaw. hi gnu in the cemetery and southward along a thi creat airvica which cemented their friendship. ..'.;:... h. d..n to and across it garrison o! U'.IW M MM to Ma nrtny . T his tunes ns manv cannon, but could n t trot mere i. rl..'.i.;n ...... I j .w' itppue, for railways. U - leeranhs. a coinage, . where it becomea M asroallv not.1 a pitively refused, a,,d Hooker King die - into effective position. The battle began about ridge It is' strewn with boulders and iu trees PIr curncy, for dredging the canal, for fortu - VlrgIlla,' that tempted the Con - pleased resigned command of the f ones, and 1 o'alook, when the Confederate ojned fire, and ( to this dav show mark of the fierce' dentine It cton. PliU? ot campaign to meet every poatibla federate to make their northern liiraaion over auwaou oj , uenerai toorge w aie.vie. v. .10 thus ti, m(mt terrific artillery duel of the war followed. WM from thi, hill that the terrific cannonade MM lmP"lbl0 ttack. and ot embanking lam a as muraeroua, uismountiii pound intOBM IsMMM Tigers " which broke "V Y h f , t ! d Zn.Il .o ne was in i:.e ne:gii. in n . ..i . I i ,., w , re di. hareod ewrv econd. The infantry . f rvU, if4 - A - Pjm4 .1...; - rtnais ana monument ana marKing stone ir wwi snowing tne point lit, and on the second da thov tU3 .lw,: uPnJ Wd Ufore various high Ch.n. for the aasault, and on the second dav thev cot rKseesion of nart of H tllL' .W jI, - h' of Ll Hul K 0C ; iW . los.il on the eve of the Wtle laine I nion commandur Tb n..A. e .th the great battle. The rai'.wav. ft r cro.ng at .ett burg. W hen Meade asMin.wl command many of the Union gnu, and was so raiid that six :.a in full i. . f t.'ieaplemliugap on .nine .o i.ewa in u.o ue.cn i , n.,i , i tn,. guns were dm, - hrged every second. The) infantry r 1m - Vs thr. - uch tie - K.ttatinm. I otomac crov,,ng. and Lwell. with L advance, lay lw, however, behind the creat of the ridge. and jut below the " Cme! - . - lack brnu;e. runs had ir.arelusl up the t umlHTland alley to and thus suffered only Blightly. This for U miles am the Ml trm sasaa m the chief town of the OimUriand alley. 1 located the C, lw.n lajsawZ fr.im Uie I a - .id have already Iwu instructed, tiiat the U - - - - trin aawwraJ of these Indian and in BUI : :..r,.i t:.. ir strauht l.air. n.un.l might le atta. - k.Hl. and rer.viving that Uio mitted. ao that Meade made nrenaratioiw to reaiat i vallev that waa thA hntlewnt - td swarthy fac - s. and high cheek bono dreesed Norih.ru invasion could not 1 carried further it. Leo, upaiiug the Union Utterie. hml ceased third days' battle gr - und between the ridge. It . the surprising eff. - cU of a until he had crippled hia pursuers, ho determined replvhecau.se they were ,i Kneed, and that th - ir gradually diverge. 'from the T'nion linos and Civir. - i .xiu. - ati. - n in humanuring their features to concentrate his whole force in the .iire. - tioii . f wiai. try must Ih demoralized, then orden - d tho croaaea the level field over which camo Pickett's - kneeoBmy. i wtf op. m MR Mt M UM paMt grand attack of tho day. This was Pickett's cel. - famous charge. Monument, aome being of great Hotly Gap, from Cm ;!. - . and Lot - gatrcct a fyarda, colonizatio i IsMat n tmorrc highaat Carlisle, and wa preparing to push o'n to intended as a preparation Vv.i.nar. ia..ev More ,iv.Ti.t.urg. while 1 - ngatrt and Hill with tho after two hours of d.afoi.iug cannonade, General this natural stronghold. Out of the aouth - eartern n - u,n cmld be examined they would reveal h M '' "Wi f fl hamls rsburg. There waa Hunt, the I nicu Chief of Artillery, gradually Lm of the hill flow Spangler's Spring., where it tUM of which the LapuUn nhilcaopher. never h ,t the awM and girla have pra. - tioally nobody to oj u. them. , .uapoudo.1 liro.dosiring to let his guns cuol.andalao is said that on tho mornine of that second dav drea - nit - II murt haTe appeared to the Chineee a i e far wosteni trtlww to be Those movements had earned Lee far from hi. to Ml what Lee was going to do. Atm.it this time i when both line of battle wore formed and this lf a11 welth' and experience of the b ,, - th.His of . - .v.hration, and ba. e into the enemy country, wh.n he learnt the shaqi observer, on tho loft of the Union lino was neutral ground between them the soldier, from Wi,t W8re here lroueht d their feet. was north df the l'oloiua detected tho formation of i r r - ,s.:. - to a th. - usand j om:u ii for attack. The advanc giur.ls, which f,,t . h ration, it passes this range of broken and had overrun the country beyond York to the but Mld biU that run irregularly - Susquehanna, were all callcjla.k. Tlie various a. - roas the countrv and divide the Olllnn llllll 1 tOWM had bwM I. vu d for MMMl but rl r Susquehanna Valley to the rpOdd very meagrely, and Chambersburg soathaard The railway has sharp curve, cn - eee tall tretle li.lg,s in the hilly rvf Uv.nd the ri.ig. .which makes j ictureaquc and when the country is lartly sm.xth. .1 d( MMMMi Mate slo; OwttjMMf i the tirat .lav's battleflelJ of the j t. and i burnt. When Meade, who had just assumed his and, heard of Let s changed tactics, advance, under Puford, on Juno 30 hail ttysburg, and encamped west of tho .rigodes of cavalry, with their picket, inout across VYilloughby Hun along the ing to the mountain 'passe, through Confederates w. re coming. Meade'. wan. lie' of the hist, tic ground is marching columns stretched southwaid 4on.il. - s. : i niot.ur.K l.t "f the 'Massachusett. Pearful of tho riek of this extended formation, he clour Vsarer." who staiuls upon a sIojh. alongside dstwraaiaad to im et the new moVwBMnt by rtth - the flag of the Thirteenth drawirg the advance and hurrying forward the Mass. U, . mari. .: .c th. - st - t where rear, ooiicentrat imr aloru? a at rone defensive no.i - be M i a; the opening of the terrible fight. tion uih - .ii the Pipe Creek hills in Mary land, alK.ut og I., mne south - east ot ... ttyslurg. Lice did: ti; ulatioir living in remv and comfortable, know of Meade's position when he resolved rally plain, dwelling, on street tiawt concentrate at Gettysburg, for Stuart with tho . : angle with a centre square. Tho cavalry had lost communication and went entirely t wv. is the scat of two of the most prominent tdu - around the Liuon army to tho eastward. With cat - .onal institutions of tlie Lutheran Church iu the hostile armies each executing a movement for Ar .noa the Pennsylvania College and the Concentration the battle of Gettysburg began, 1 - v Theological Seminary : but it has crown there l - oiuc three day of tiehtine. Ihe oreninp dav was July 1. Buford had extended a tliin lino skilfully around west and north of Gettysburg to make an apparently - imposing arrav. Eweliwa coming on theroad from Carlisle, and tlill on other roads from the northwest ond west. 111 Willi with the Union infantry - advance, had "reached Gettysburg. Tlie disordci southward 1 hratod chareo. a force of U.OOO d Hill eastward front, advancing across tho intcrvc from Seminary Ridge toasaaultthe Union positi on the Cemetery Ki.igo. 1 hey had a mile to go and moved swiftly, but before they got half way aero all the Union cannon, from Little Round Top up to the cemetery, along tho entire line, had opened upon them. They directed their attack for an umbrella - shaped clump of trees at a low point in tho ridge, where the stone wolls made an angle with it. point toward, them, and in marching exposed their flank, which subjected ith brigade merit, line thia road. At the right hand of General sickle. . line, which waa ao vehemently attacked. mmt, the finest on the field. It represents tb landscape view ot tne enemy . line aa seen from the advanced position on which those troop, stood. This i moat exquisitely carved in the granite, and a soldier stand, rifle in hand.keenly looking for the foe. Thi. splendid picture i. cut upon a block weighing many tons. That war - like landscape i. a quiet pastoral scene to - day, with cattle feeding and birds singing. The front of denies s auvanceu line was composed largely 01 1 ne grape ami caniater ploughed groat turrow. Massachusetts troops, and that SUte has liberally through their ranks, which were quickly closed up. scattered iu beautiful monument, along this road. tho column came within 300 yards musketry fire was opened. P. ttigrew's brigade streamed back in disorder, but Pickett's advance pressed steadily forward, although thousands had fallen. This advance was led by General Armiatead on foot, who with about 100 follow c the great lttl, which gave it unend - MJ H Tlie battlefield is MM) mainly to Us. southward of tho town, and, topographically, representative field of the American war, being the plainest marked by the configuration of tlie ground, and the moat completely restored to it original condition. Tlie greatest - es. rve this famous battle - n charge of an organization fi. Id. and the work n ottvstui - llattlcficld M. which has Completely marked the line of the contending armies, extending over a - .:r:acv I about 16 square mile, has acquired tho ownership of the most imiortant part of the H i . ar. s f r Ifmnitl and cannon sh aiixth. p.iti. n of each orcanization in loth armies and the various batu ri.s. and has open, d avenue making all point accessible. Already or,r OMyMQ has been expended by the general t. v. nM n: and the various States' in work con nect, d with the preservation of this historical tho Confodi landmark, and as much more money i voted ment, and : vet expended. Fully a hundr. d into action monument, many of them of great artistic merit. Lieutenant Cuahing, mortally wounded in both thighs, ran his last serviceable gun towards the wwll, and shouted to his commandor, " Webb, I will give them one more shot." He brod his pie and died. Armiatead put his hand on tho cannon, and waving his sword, called out " Give them the cold steel, boys," and, pierced by balls, he fell dead alongside dishing. Roth lay near tno clump of trees about 30 yards inside the wall, and their corpse, marked tho furthest point to which Picke't'. advance penetrated the line. A hand - to - hand conflict ensued, tho Confederate, were overpowered, and their decimated ranks retroated in ine siaugnter had boon dreadful, and began tho action about two miles north - i,r,.ir...i h..ld m thir V,.H. west of the town and Buford watched the move - Not 0e - fourth of that gallant charging menu from the elevattnl cupola of the Seminary. column, composed of tho flower of tho Virginia K.ynoUa. Who MMMhd IfaMV right w ing troops, escaped . All tho other, were killed, hurried forward fa .support the cavnlrr, and almost wounded, or captun - d. Stuart', cavalry failed at the opening ol the battle was shot by a Con - u, oMtt, because they unexpectedly met the fed. rate shorpishooter, olid died instantly m tho (.'nion cavalry under Gregg about four miles east ented Muart s turning tho flank. Meade, when he attacking column of Picket t had been routed, .rdered a general advance, which drove back the enemy, and thus tho contest closed. The Con thus lost one of his best commanders. Howard s - u. ceded Reynolds, and each side hurried forward troop.. At first the I nion forces were superior, and for a lone - time thev clic ked tho capturing many prisoners, uui fode i lost 10,000 and the I pared in different parts of the rn eiit. but ther monuments, and the Confederate C : J. : of ::.t. rest ; stream of tourist from all part of tho world The three davs of combat at Gettysburg were among the most hotly contested of tho war, and the in the actual minders eneaeed made the lareest to t battle alwut B0,000 men being sogaged on each the new I Ma, while the casualties reached 50,000. To get an idea of the military campaign which uimmaiea in wis great nattl. rates , re, he,, om speedy of mov tllia third day's battle. Lee fully expected that oon Hill and Kwell got 30.000 men M.ale would f.dlow up hi. advantage with an ov.n, om,c lo ward, who had less attack, and awaited it during the night. Meade rested on the held, and upon the morning of July 4 held a council of war. which decided to remain quiet for a day and await the development of the enemy's plan. But Lee had already decided upon retreat, and was sending his train, and wounded south - west through the mountain passes towards Hao. rstown. Before night, as is usually the than half that number, and he driven hack iu confusion throuch (i. - ttvaburg. losinc a larue numbering io.ouo nee abandoned the the cemetery. t iti.,,i . i. the Cemetery and Culp's - hill, manned In the fierce fighting of this peach orchard which will be paid in silver ; and her cornea a gentleman from America, who not only offers to give her all the silver she wants, but to do so at 3 per cent. Three per eent., it will be remembered, is what the British Government pay for it money. A an earnest of what is to come, Count Mi tk iw wrs offered to lend theGovermner.t for the purpose of con tract ing tebgraph lino about half a million sterling at 3 per cent., and Li Hung Cnang a considerable sum without interest. Neither sum ha a yet been paid over. Count Mitluewicx, then, ha obtained, in regard to his telephone and bank, the right which every one of us ha got, and in regard to the loan ho ha the right to lend the Chines money on utterly impossible terms. But he ha great hopes. If the positive results of his mission are insignificant and worthies, the Chines having given him abso lutely nothing that they had the power to with hold, his nope are stupendous ana statu in lucre l no paltry per cent, mere, banks or telephones : we are at once t the whole, they have managed to avoid mm., sni,..ni of mil ..f rmilwav tb temptation j the bait was never taken, and financing of an army and navy, of the Imperial undred millions of person. For all this ther is absolutely not a syllable of authority ; it is pure fiction ; the Chineee have bound themselves in no single respect to the Count or to his projected bank t the railways, coinage, Ac , are mere figment of the imagination. They are inventions, and inventions of a clumsy aad ignorant kind. Take, aa an example, the coinage which is to pay the ' American Syndicate" (Count Mitkiewics. to wit) so well. China has no coinage now except one of copper ia, a coin with a square hole in the centre, worth about 1 - lOtk of a halfpenny. Silver is carried about in lamp commonly called " shoes," from hich the quantity required ou any parti cu - are a rare exception, reform, .till conceit of the Chinaman has saved h harm. During the laat two or three y has been directed for the fii colossal enterprises for tho ' p ' China, not that these did ne - . Thesuperb , before, but and her affair, have been forced on ry circumstances, and also because vernments have condescended to of competition for Chinese favour 1 recollect the vast loan which , backed by the influence of a great rer, off ere. 1 to lend China, and the European P. return ; but somehow the loan was never made, I and the privileges are withheld. Then there ; j, the which is still has long been extent of China, Sicklos lost a log. The li around the orchard, and here the attack was made hve nred the. imagination of some modern busi - eapabl. on both sides. Jhe greatest care has been taken , """V ,'l"u' ' . ": I nrst replant peach tree, as the old ,den trade which another nation afur centuries of this system, the Chinese become consequence of a war, but , persuaded of the necessity of a coinage that io clouds, although the war yy on - er tfc, right a sovereign right of peculiar and finished. The vast ,acrednes - to a, Polish - American who ha drooDed population, and the down from the cloud I Do w know anything of bendr.harply back trange habit and beliefs of the people appear to Chinese the attack was made hve fired the l imagination ol some modern busi - eapabl of anj , thoy cannot speak i here are monuments of exquisite fii ing riflemen ready to fire and other appropriate emblems of active warfare. Massachusetts was almost the first State to begin the work of marking the positions held by the troops, and nearly The other States, however, are emulating the exercising the example. Alongside tne peach orchard is the " wheat - field," now a grassy meadow, hardly to be realized as a scene of such fierce fighting and terrible slaughter. We then go down among the crags and boulders into the " Devil's Den," a ravine through which flow, a stream coming from the orchard and wheat - field, and separating them or judge of its affairs with with which thoy judge th which should lead u such folly I As a matter of fact, th ordinary - language about it j tn before Count Mitkiewics landed in China. un tne same sonnety ; Chang Chih Tung, the V iceroT of Canton, got per - any other mission to coin a dollar for Canton and the other , striking, and Everything appalling. this so - called American - Chinese con - ns, which has been seriously ids of so many worthy and other - ut rocky eminences of the Round Tops beyond it. The faces of the rocks bear many bullet marks, for they flew about numerously on the eventful second day in tho contest to carry Little Round Top, which is a pile of beetling sand.tone crag, reared high above the ravine. The Devil's Den is now devoted to tho peaceful pursuit of photography, and tho bullet - marked crags form an excellent background. The sloping fields stretching up the stream above the Den are known as the "Valley of Death," and were literally bathed in blood. Among these rocks some of the monuments are appropriately made of the boulders that are so numerous. Mounting Big Round Top by a toilsome path among the rocks, an elegant view is given from an olieervatoryover the surrounding country for many miles. The hill has tell timber growing, which is preserved as it was in the battle. Gettysburg is seen more than three miles northward, behind tho cemetery and its monument and waving flag. All the way between the lines held by the contending armies can be traced, and we look down from above into the fatal peach orchard, wheat - field, and Devil's Den. where Sickles "a men were great battles, a heavy rainstorm began, under slaughtered. The southern view stretches far over of which Lee made a swift retreat, leaving a ' Maryland and Virginia, tho entire country being guard to defend tho mountain pease. "w DroM1 expanse ot cultivated Holds, with d his force. With h the I ni - n u - iva i r. - tn r.teil southward rk of preservinc Here had already been hastily U ited by a constant position on the Comet. I who had tieen hroueht advancing Confederates captured the town, and itward, andfrotn that direct ion confronted i,,i ,i;,i . ilUcvxr bia until Utr ...! ft., n patches of forest ln lH - Bit.u.i uavuipram.. ...eae, r Although tho ra ns had awo en tho " ana crossing an intervening : 15 miles away at P - e Creek wliereho had potomac, and Lee was compelled to intrench hia climb the less elevated heights of Little Round " m position while awaiting tho suleidence of the flood ll'P. wmcn were tne scene M stubborn cnarge and r. - cao the configuration of tho ground in Central forward to Gettysburg I General Hancock vivaria, caused by tlie Jong parallel c Hancock. i of the Cemetery Ridge before he could cross, Meade felt that his force counter - charge and much bitter fighting. was too weak for an attack, and Lee finally MOaped the craE pn the MM tand cannon to repre - being adopted by the commander, Bun.(,ndCred to Grant, and they are tho two ioint firet Pennsylvania Regiment which supported the forward all the tro,,j.H. had suspended most of the active op il ho could get his nrmv up. and and night of the 1st were mainly spent of the Confederacy, which was afterwards ablo to down 401118 VH7 of Death - which spreads eff do little more than conduct a defensive campaign, to tnG Dev,l 8 en on the left. Tho peach orchard This crcat battlefield of Uettvsbnrc is now a expanse ol mil and vale, witn altoruati mtain range. The Cumberland the suggest Potomac river has two prominent towns Cham - Lee, after tlS U Krsburg, in Pennsylvania, and Hacerstown. in the town, hod su Maryland. To the southward of tho South M .,:n;a:n and . astward fr ::. Gettvabure is York. river flows iust south of " Mason in hurry ing forward tho foi nu wutou . line and not far from Hagerstown Meade had got his troops into position by early monumenU and marking posts dosienatine tho Seminary Ridge, and far off to the north wi i &ve m - t.ti. n..i the parallel n. xi morning, excepting his rear under Sedgwick, pogitjons of the two armies. Nearly a quarter of tho flag over the cemetery whioh was the ce - ler.rcti.c plain on which (Jettys - which, after a forced march of 35 miles, was got kc.utun - after tho contest I made a .unevof th of the Union lino. From this .pot, which curg is situated. About a mile - west of Gettys - up by afternoon. field as it exists now with time and care softenine the left of tho Union lino - given cbari MMJ is the 1. eg Seminary Ridge," stretching The second day was July 2, and early in the the Mperities of war Going southward from vew of almost the entire field of Gettys 23 V "th nC, u ftrn "i"" morning the bulk of the two armie. confronted c.ettysiurg to Cemctery - hiU? " Jenny Wade'. "treU - hing at our feet. The .teep .ide of L MM a stream known as Wdloughbgr Run. each other in line of battle. Tlio L nion army was house " is - on tho rood.ido She was the only Hound Top has carefully preserved upon it 1 cupola of the Lutheran Seminry posted along the whole line of Cemetery Ridge, i.;i'..d htUVM. - JT - SLSli f kW vBmtA boulder, which the soldiers ha ".""lOg the trees on the elevation of this their bivouac stretching around the curve of the .ut ., ,), rm,f,.liPrll,,. wMU hmlm br.. ft built for breastworks, and all about ooth aides. crt.Bti corned grass fields, dotted . and wheat - field now the greenest grass are itll timoer maraiug lue vxinieoeraie position iiing irregularly south from the Round fop, on the southern end, up to the town is another long ridge, parallel to and about terv at the bend, and around to Culp's - hill a mo., east ..f the Seminary. The aonthrn anl.nrha hmA, T.' nr waa atn.thH for nv. oi .j. ursi.urg are on the slope that boffin this teminenM i. a rounded ith a flat top, on which is the graveyard for tji Monntinn '(), uients marking the different position.. resort for excursion parties, who have only 1 mount the hill to get a place to see the ere: battlefield. Many thousand, come here durin the spring and .ummer, and the town frequently Nearly everybody climb. ea Culp's - hill, and Rock Cree of li.e steep eastern decline! this hill. These two f MMM end of the r 1 Cemetery Ridee flows at the bottom formations make the bend sharply around v - MMM, in shape not unlike a fi.h - 1 k. At the band of the hook is the com e - t ry. at the barb is Culp's - hill. and down at the southern end of the long straight rje called the I5lK was said for tho t m.fc - Cemetery - hill beyond, t" position is at once reccgnized, the doclivitie. along Seminary Ridge - to the westward, with Wfcre .)laot( protected by hastily - constructed n it concealed oenina a innge oi woods lunettes, and guns and lunettes are now therein ng the brow of the long ridge. Tlie Con - the identical positions, with monumenU recalling pied Gettysburg, north of the thc 1()(.ations and achiever rounded. levated, federates also cemetery, and Ewoll's corrw was around eastward and stretched along tho foot of Culp's - hill two miles away. The armie. were nearly equally matched. In the long intervening vallcy between tho ridges, and on the ravin. and alope of CVmetory Ridge and Culp's - hill, tho subsequent actions were fought. Lee evidently under - eati - mated Meade's force, not believing that his army had been all brought up, aud ho determined uj on an attack. L l.gatreet was to assail tho Union hold ine the Dal surrounding country, little village graveyai of James Gettys, attei The greater part of the hill outside over, d the noiae of the battle gav e that tho conflict 111, tl c . i.e. - country adjoining the two streams in movement, ami endeavoured to caj fire tl.e tW wash their ouU - r sides, made the Uttlo two Round Toj, particularly tho Little Bound fighting Uing acrues the intervening Top, whenco they could have enfiladed the Union t fari ai d and around to the north line. The struggle for thi was bloodv. but the t - rv and Culp's - hill. No - Unionist held it. General Sicklos, who com - i.vre oi, , th. e..,,t.g,i:anon of the ground display uiandcd the line northward of Little Round T. p. k '' - ' to Utter advantage. I where the ride., fell off into the valley, thought r. .. - hoiit the South which he could improve his position by advanc.nt: to the it.May.l.s.K.wa. - found the 'origin of the inva - y . - . ama Notw lthstanding tho severe heacauKd by U.c death of Stonewall Jackson, an: y were in high q.iriU and bent "jn an aggressive campaign. It is related that . iu the latter part of May, made requisition for ration. up. n the chief of the MMM of SuUisUnco at Richmond, and the '''" , " If th - (i. - iR - ral want provi.ions, let um. go and look for them in Pennsylvania." Thi. i the Southern feeling, and Lee r.lv.d upon a northern movement so a to take tnion army out of Virginia. and carry the war . y'. country He gathered all hi 'labie forcs - alout IW.OOO men near Culp.'Ir, in Virginia, some distance from tho - beat organired aud equipped army th 6 placed in the field during the great c Jt It included 10,000 cavalry, under J. E. J"L and th infantry and artillery were forn p u o uudr Longatroet, Ewell, and A. .' rrom Culpepper a slow and carefully - Pld movement began northward towardw - the 1 otomac General Hooker, who com molded the army then encamped along the Rappa - ppoaite Fredenckaburg, beard of i days, and also began moving crl'.okitg tho town and Hie cemetery was then a its chief tomb being that h. ni the town was named. graveyard to. k rough and rocky, but the Govemm tract of 17 acres and made a national metery for tho interment of the dead soldier, ho fell on tho field. Hire lie 3,M2 bodies, of horn nearly 1,000 are the unknown dead. A loeiiiiicent monument stands beside this mass of groves, which are arranged in semi - circle. Tho boulder of figures of War, History. Peace, snd Plenty sit at tho their tw base of the shaft, which ia surmounted by a statue ' monument intelligent persons in tnis China. Take any one of the accounts of this con - reflect on the condition of China, it the Mei dth southern port tc ma. ninery tor tno mint is at tnia moment oeing prepared in thi country and will shortly be on it way to China. And so one might go through the whole list of these expected concessions, finding each sillier than the last and more impossible. Tho bank ia what a tissue o! ! F thi. concession are living in cloudland. Mr. Wharton Barker, of Philadelphia, whose name is connected in some manner with the affair, discoursing th other day on what he wa going to do hen the line between Pekin and Canton was unstructed (about 1,500 miles, crossing rivers hich are sea in some months of the year) he ould run a line iust south of the Rusao - Chinese frontier, to comrete with the line the Russisn. talk of constructing to the A moor. One would other than sand for 1 The facts of these i and simple. A few fertile brain of a ce perhaps ther s traffic. n en can concessions are few nonths ago it entered th tain Count Mitkiewicx that oyster in China which he having th " control " of the fi ild be something novel : a sinele bank controlline the provincial treasuries of China would be more novel still. The Imperial Government ha never succeeded through th course of centuries in effectively controlling the province in any single respect, least of all in finance. Such provinces as Yunnan, Kansu, Shensi, are many months' journey from Pekin or Shanghai ; how is a bank to control the finance of thee province P Count Mitkiewics might aa well talk of controlling the finance of the moon from Wall - street, but that some think he was .peaking of a new line from Sow j than they do about China - Besides, the entire York to Philadelphia, or from London to Bngh - j knd absolute responsibility of the provincial lightly did he talk of it. Yet a line such Viceroy, for their district is tho corner - stone of ,oke of would carry him into the great th trhinea administrative avatem : to Dleasa Count Mitkiewics La Hung Chang (who ha BM got either the nominal or the real power to concede anything in the internal affairs of China outside hia own province) will infringe thia fundamental principle of the Chinese Government. As a fact, the Count has no promise of a concession for any of these things j ha was emphatically told that concessions for railway, or mines were out of the question Chin would under no circumstance make a concession of this nature to foreigners , - if his bank were established it might, when the time came, get its share of Government business, and, indeed, American financiers who gave him ome needed if it lent silver at 3 per cent. This is ItM ndition that thoy had extent of the Amencan - Chlriese concessions ! what obtain. In due timo he arrived at Tien - tsin, where j unattainable, h preserved an air of mystery and secrecy until The Philadelphia Correspondent of T Tim $ the moment came when, a one writer put it, he telegraphed the other day that it was reported Li effected " the capture of China," and, thanks to I Hung Chang was drawing out of his i naiinn hare - brained correspondents, electrified the world. I cannot speak on this point at first hand, but I It is almost humiliating at this time of the day i think the report a it stands may bo confidently and here in the capital of the British Empire, I contradicted. Why, indeed, should Li Hung Chang whore so much genuiue interest i. token in and so withdraw from such a .plendid bargain I He can much baa been written about China, to have to borrow money for nothing, bis Government can discuss these alleged concessions st all. The larger j borrow it, in silver, at 3 per cent , and for all part of thom is utterly alien to Chinese method this ho has given nothing. Li never made such a of administration and absolutely impossible. The ( splendid bargain in the course of a career man who first imagined them, whoever he may during which he has made many bargains. What have been, knew nothing of the Chinese system of has happened, I surmise, is this. Hi agent, Ma, administration or of Chinese geography, or be ha telegraphed to him from Washington that relied on profound ignorance on the part of th the promised loan are not forthcoming, and that public. he is alleged to have conceded th right to con - Now come, the question, what has Count Mitkia - struct railways and to mint a coinage, and that he tually got from the Chinese (jovernment has handed over the control of the Imperial ight open. Peorle were all talking about th country and th grand thing, to be obtained ther thought so, and accordingly he placed himself in communication with the Chinese Minister at Washington, and ultimately started for China, naving apparently nrst uiacussea nis prospect with some American financiers. who cave him son trifling pecuniary aid on condition that thoy had I the first refusal of any concessions he might rather from Li Hung Chang, for all the negotia - and provincial fcMM to is took place at Tien - tsin with Li or his agents, persistent statements to I , Shun, and Chow. It will hardly be credited, I also besrinninar ur all the noise on the subject, that the Count From informatioi Count Mitkiew: thi effect in China l The of tl tho Round Tops, and then thy return north along the avenue opened upon the Union line of battle, which i. bordered with monument.. The lines of breastworks are preserved, and thev finally bring ua to tne point upon lower ground wnere tne .ton walls angle so that a gore in the line, as it wen is thrust out towards the enemy iust beyond little grove of trees whose foliage expands much Tw entieth MassshusetUliegiment (whoso colonel, Paul Revere, was killed) have brought a huge boulder of conglomerate, weighing 19 tons, from Juiglanu nome, snd set it up as tneir This rounded, nuddine - shapod stone. of Liberty . Tho greensward has tho finest .hade 1 uPon ' J V"" them had P'ayed in early trees, cliictiv evergreei s. ,nd tno - r rough hill which was the centre of tho tnion line L,ld - Tho umbrella - shaped grove of trees along - of battle has been converted into a moat charmine eido was the object toward, which the march of nlace. This ei metery was coiii.ccrnt. - d diirme tho lickctt terribly - des " not far awa " This ' orotion ha but one equal, in that ' hort and desperate contest I r n unce.1 up. n th tv who ie:l during tho first , . , year of tho Poloponnesian War ; and in oci respect it is superior to that grest speech. It ii Seminary Kidgo. Thia made a broke n I nion line which tlie euomy quickly discovered. They foli .ii Si. kit - sin rroni aud Dank, Mid aimo - t cv.r - helmcd hi. lino in the " peach orchard," driving t, back to tno adjacent - wneat noid. in conflict was hot, reinforcements were poured in and the orchard and wheat field becamo alaughtei . in which thousands were killed. Tlie Con federates drove Sickle out of tho " peach orchard," he being dangerously wounded, and hi. corps was almost cut to pieces, losing fully half its numbers. Ewell was dilatory iu movement, tho adverse winds carrying the noise of the battle fendera beine weakened by those drawn off ,,(,,..... K.Vk - W Tho Union guns on Little! Round Top ultimately cleared the wheat field, and I equal. Now we are engaged is a (rest civil war, testing when night cam the com baton t rested after fierce "I1"!! "rtt irMaMvJlllll 1 and so fighting? which decided nothing but had rJ'ulullt inflicted over 10,000 losses upon Moade s army, the fmal mating pUe of thee wto here gave their liv.. that inspirited try nis partial successes, ana that nation uugnt live. It ia altogether fitting and proper though - Armiatead and hi. handful the lines and had their dene. of ocean., a Mr. George Grossmith sayi and bo forced toputupwith puddles. Readers shall judge for themselves. Ihe following are the concessions which Count Mitkicwicz has actually. - obtained : (1) the exclusive right to introduced ports of China ; (2) the right to establish an American or American - Chinese bank ; (3) in return he undertakes to obtain for the Chinese Government as much money as they require in silver at 3 per cent. ; and (4) to lend Li Hung Chang money without interest. As to the score of the bank and it relations with the Chinese Go vernment absolutely nothing is fixed, though ther They we - shall - see " order. N'ow, the Chinese have no right whatever to either grant or withhold the first ; the settlements in the treaty porta are extra - territorialized ; the Chinese can prevent no one from settingup any telephone he likes, nor canthey authorize anyone to set it up. for thev gave up their authority over these places by treaty so completely nothing ad bv the hut mail from had no power to give, and that he has once more wetting their brushes and preparing rather promised to pay a very high price j their inkfor an assault on the great Viceroy. Under It is hard after talking of hundreds of I these circumstances he may have thought it desir - iterling and the business of an Empire to able to state that he had nut wholly abandoned presaion of the kind would naturally oe construed by those who thought the vast concessions were actually made into a withdrawal oy u flung hang from them. uno incident wnicn nas perplexed even persons ho are well acquainted with China, and who know that the Count's statements are absurd, is the presence in America of two Chinese mandarins who are known to pes Li Hung Chang's conn - It is right to notice her that Ma who is at Washington is not famous Ma Kien Chung. but hn other, a much lea important personage. sent with Count Mitkiewics to see whether supply the money be ha promised, io, to receive it. He ought to be able to sterling, half a million being at 3 per cent., the rest without interest. Ma and the other are in America to receive this money, and to spend some particular manner, which, however, ha o do with the concessions. They have ol it as yet, and attempts are c and south ; and hence it was selected which lor two hours tne ilv nstural. fuller of feeling. that it was really delivered. Nature hero TiialW HonmTj Rui. The fields in front are level and takes precedence of art. even though it bo the art P1 and across them came the marching column of Thucvdidee." The formal oration in conse - of Confederate, receiving a galling hre m crating the cemetery was delivered by Edward ' ft and flanks. There was nothing to shield Everitt. Tlie President was requested to say a ! f d ff""11 " movement has few words by wsy of dedication, ft i. related that ! "r although it expediency, in ho drew from hi. pocket a crumpled piece of papr ot ""iTTj i7" JTi spoke with almost inspiration : Fourscore and seven year, age oar fathers broach! h upon thu ropfisaal a awwsautossenceireu u htcrty, losing the battle, telegraph line Scrota one of the aettiemwts them - beine mad in London to rtaa money tor the fane the line, the ridge selves without tho consent of the Consuls, or of . no. It mav also ba aaked why. if the coneea - readily defended both north t the municipal authority, if there is one. Count sions are so completely worthless aa her re - tne point ; jiiiKiewics, or a or i, or i , couiu go into presented, tn Cunt should pay anything at , j The chare might, however, have succeeded had ful, upon which Lee depended to attack th tied miles east ot uettysourg, wnicn stopped una determined iult next day, still under - estimating the strength of his foe, and i,U' f - a conyeraaa, wa ae haliow fch pUcing great reliance upon thofact that only half tertw'eoteril M empower TStZ his own troops had been engaged. detract. The world will little not nor long remember Upon the third day, July S, Mead began t can aevwr fonest what they did monument erected at the centre of the fight, now a potato held. But the tablet that is regarded with most interest at Gettysburg ia upon th scene of th first day's Just inside th edge of a grove of trees, which is carefully preserved, stands - a plain granite block on the spot where General Reynolds fell. He s little a. would avail them London if the Consuls objected. sere superfluity the Chines have give it, and the alleged gift alters no one's not vn mat oi toirni anisnewicx. remarks apply to the second concession or body of men, can establish a bank Mtty porta, as he or they could establish fullr: but it mav ha t would ; suggested that, after all, he is paying; nothing out then, ia of hi own pocket; he buy only in order to be be got 1 Chines butcher's or a baker' ebon. is not reouired for that. opposition prevent it. It ia the right secured to the subject and citizens of all the Treaty Power by treat. Ther are already four addition of an American or American - Chinese bank to the number ia an event which the Chinese Government cannot prevent. It My, indeed, promise business to a bank and tho aid it ; to this, however, we shall com presently. lending the Chinee money, m silver, at S V. and Li Hung Chang without interest. The j much the better for Count Mitkiewics; and they Any may be induced to boy by large promise for the l the , future of the financial aad commercial conquest of China, To the Chinese is offered money at S per cent., to the Its aril - . an thi Tumi , only it is the American that are to lend the money at thi impossible rate. Count Mitkiewics ha brain aad dresses up hia rmr nasi ins to catch the American fancy; the Americans have money wode. On tan the Count marbe two live ChaeeeMSAdsrina tTsxVihtt in the United State a evidence ol U mmmm ooncsaauona, only they are there for quite a ditTer - ent MMM .U., to get th money MM be mm. Wtk iVrin MM dens ant kncwthW.Jlm.welL Count Mitktewios and hi L I I I MM

Clipped from
  1. The Times,
  2. 13 Oct 1887, Thu,
  3. Page 13

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  • The Times, London, England Thursday, October 13, 1887

    sydneyh – 29 Jun 2013

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