Chinese Immigration

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Chinese Immigration - THIS a A b V l i T CHINESE IMMIGRATION KB....
THIS a A b V l i T CHINESE IMMIGRATION KB. HILBOBJf Of OALIFOBHIA MAEE8 A BlUXntO ABGUHEHt i fauUm th* Celestial » HenM* to Our QiTUintlon-Competition From ft 6-0-nti-a-Daj Sao* Mr. Hllborn of California mads his maiden ipeech In the house to-day. It wa» a ttrong and able exposition of the Pacific coast aide of the Chinese immigration question. Mr. Hllborn possesses an excellent voice and presence, and hla effort was listened to with close attention. In substance Mr. Hllborn said: We freouently bear it Bttld in the discussions of the Chinese question, but always among the uninformed, that the dignity of this great nation ought not to be lowered and that its traditional policy should not be changed to please a. few "hoodlums" and "sandlottcrs" In California. This .expression implies that opposition to Chinese immigration Is confined to a class, and that class a disreputable one, in the states border Ing on the Pacific ocean. I find the impression abroad that the advocates of Chinese restriction aro to be found only among the vicious, unlettered foreign Clements of our society. Those who entertain this opinion are greatly mistaken. The people of the state of California are practically unanimous in opposition to this class of immigration. \Ve have ceased to discuss the- policy of Chinese restriction amopg ourselves; ·with us the case Is closed. This is not u new conclusion. In order to settle all tioubts as to the opinions of our people upon this question tha popular vote was had, and that vote was recorded. The provisions ot law under which this vote was had in 1873 and the result of the same at the general election of that year are set forth in a statement made by the governor, as required by the Hume law. The statement shows that the legislature of California passed an act. approved: December 21, 1877. which provided for the submission to the electors ot the state at tne next general election the question of the continuance or prohibition of Ohiiwae ImmiKnuiuii. Thta question was submitted to the voters of the state, In pursuance of the act above mentioned, at the general election held on the 3d day of September, 1879. At said general election there were chosen all state and county officers and members of the United States bouse of reyi-'jsentatlvcs. The total vote cast at such election was 101,405 votes, which is several thousand more than the votes cast at any previous election In tha state. It is probable, therefore, that the vote was as nearly full ns It would be possible, under any circumstances, to secure. The vote was: For Chinese immigration 883 Against Chinese Immigration.... 164,038 iVoters who did not express any wish on the subject 0,884 "The conclusion from this vote," concludes tlie statement, "Is unavoidable, to wit: that tho cltlzcno of the state ve substantially unanimous against the continuance of Chinese Immigration." There has been no change of sentiment among tho people of California Bince that vote was taken. The evils resulting from this undesirable immigration arc mere thoroughly under- Btood now than ever before, and if a vote was now taken. In my opinion, llic majority would be still greater. Thero Is not a newspaper published In the state of California which favors Chinese immigration, and I can safely suy that what Is true of California, is ulso true ot Oregon, Washington and Nevada. Tha opposition to this unde- uir*.bl* Immigration la confined to no political parly and to no class of people. "' This to not now, and never has been, d contest between different races or njitlonaltlefl. Ill Is something broader Bijtd higher than that. It IB a contest between two civilizations, the oriental uivllization (if It can bo called a civil izatlon) and our own. One was hoary vlth age before the English language · was spoken on the face of the earth. A civilization which culminated before our western civilization began. A civ- ilisation of want and Enlllnir pni Under such a civilization the Chinese raoe has been developed. With them, from the cradle to the grave, it Is a hand to hand struggle with starvation, and fortunate are they who die of old age. They Inhabit a country whose re- eujurcea are taxed to the utmost to support ths population. When the products of a district fall off the population must diminish accordingly. These hfird conditions have produced a race of peo- ule whose serious faces *fe seldorr lighted with a smile. They have solved the question that a human being can live and labor on 6 cents a day. Thai u. little rice, flsh and vegetables will ·uataln lira. Their dress is the perfection of economy, and has not changec jfor centuries. This civilization of the orient, so equipped with these enforced economies, came across the Pacific ant came Into contact with our western civ lllzatlon, a civilization of comfort and plenty--a civilization which means the family, the home and home circle, tht hearthstone, the public school, the Sun. day school and the church. I bellevt God likes this civilization of ours, for It does not stifle or repress, but brings out of the human being all that Is good In him. but our civilization is expensive It costs money to maintain it. Our la. borers can not live and support families and educate their children on the wages which satisfy the Chinaman. The con dltlons are different. Tho one is dls charging his duties as a- citizen, th other has no family and assumes noil' of Che duties of citizenship. The Chi iiese are not available as jurymen; can not be called upon as a POBSO comltatui to preserve order nor be relied upon a: (soldiers. I believe it to be selt'-eviden that cither the American laborer mtia perish from the face of the earth or the Chinese laborer must be excluded. China ban a population of 400,000,000 and wa have 65,000,000. This great res «rvoir of humanity is just beyond ou western border, and only a peucufu ocean between us. For less than 34 per capita every Individual in Chint could be transported to American soil Kvery one of this vast collection o human beings could come from Hom Kong to San Francisco with as l l t t l expense and danger aa that attending a passage from Omaha to Washington They could overrun us like in) army o locusts. They could duplicate our popu latlon and tho absentees would scarcel: b* missed In their own country. Chin; uould spare a man to compete for th bread of every American laborer, his absence would not be noted in tha Brcat hive of humanity. The o.nestio imy be asked, why Is it that the An».-r lean laborer can not compete successfully, and I have heard tht- cruel opln ioa utUrvd that if ·!« can not coriv,v.t with thn Ohlne-fi he- ought to perish The American laborer can saccepsfull compete with the Chinaman In t'l struggle for exl«tcnco if h« can and wl K«-i down to hla level and live afi he dors Do we want thnt? Can we malntai our form of government tinder nuoh cim dltlonv? Can the family, which Is tl; corner of our elvill'/nfinn. be main talned when the bread winner receive only Chinese wages? There are a large number of manu'a: t u r l n g ^dtabllfthmrnts In rnlifc.rnia en paged tn manufacturing fur local con ·umptlon. Up to I860, and perhap* Juttr. the wurkcien la theee «oUillll«l- jmnui were'trttit* men, and they earned V*(M Buffickcnt to support thrtr faml- llc». TUiSaL wUbltenmonU itlH' exist, but the work 1* donu by Chinese, They ·huve driven the white mttu put of a!most every branch of .light manufacture, and this is the way It Is done. Suppose there Is an establishment for the manufacture of boots and shoes Bultkb'.e for the miners. There are a hundred oqen employed there, and the " «tat*» should bring this danger to the homes of their iwoplc by sentimental legl-iatton on this subject th»jr would, ··· - · - · - ..... _ ,,-- ,_,-..ew,-to**..foHowv-trun* no solace. In the .reflection that they had by have fo emotion when th.4 '·Uetatc- .._,,-- psM are S per day. thaTis ho more than sufficient for the support of a family.-.-A few Chinese obtain employment there. In «.U11 employment where mere* manual dexterity la required they are adepts. They learn the art of making' boots. One of- thoir number, their TspoltSsman, jgoes ^to. '^he pro-- tirletor and says: ' How muny men are you employing? : One hundred." How much do you pay them?" Three dollars per day." 'I will furnish all the labor you want or 52 G O ' a day." Here is a strong emptation to the cupidity of the pro- rietor. He can make $50 a day by ischarglng his white men and cmploy- ng Chinese. But he'Is inclined to give reference .to the people of his own ace. -and so he gives them the option ot ontinulng at 82 60 a day or quitting, 'he American workmen accept the sltu- tlon and continue to work at-.the re- uced wages, which 'means .fewer cpm- orts and no luxuries in their house- old. What makes the burden harder o bear is the knowledge that the rej uctlon of wages was not necessary ana lat the proprietor was making a profit ut oC his labor at the former rate, laving failed in his first attempt to upplant the white men, the Chinaman; riea It again, and offers to work for 2 a day; $1 CO a day; ?1 a day; 50 cents day; 25 cents a day; 10 cents a day if tecessary. I don't mean to say that lie Chinaman works for 10 cents a day, out It is becatise he does not have to. ie will get, all he can, but he will bid ust low enough to drive the white man ut ot employment. There comes a !me in this competition when the w.hlte man )-as to get out, when he con no ongei- support his family. So he goes jut and joins the great army ot the unemployed. He BOt'S to the sand lots and listen to the harangues of mis- hlef makers. His usefulness as a citi- :en is destroyed. He inveighs against he lawS and against the government. He knows there Is something wrong in c, system 'which 'has compelled him to compete with men who support no fam- lles and who can live on 10 cents a day. And when he hears the sentimentalists n their learned disquisitions say that he fittest must survive, and that in this contest tlie Chinaman hns shown that ic is the fittest, his breast is filled "with motions which bode no good to those irho have, been more fortunate in the struggle for wealth. I have seen these very men, educated, respectable Christian men, hus- jands and tallies, useful members of society, robbed of their employment by this competition with the Chinese, reduced to penury and almost to starva- ion. I have heard them roll at those conditions which have brought them to such dire distress. Tho peculiar conditions under which the Chinese race has been developed has nade them specially skillful as bread winners. As merchants they have proven themselves to be the best traders n tho world, and have outstripped all competitors in a fair i»ce. They understand the laws of trade, of exchange, and the values of money. The merchant .prince who sleeps under his counter and lives on 50 cents a day can drive out of business his white competitor who has his house in town and lis country seat. The Chinese laborer Is not the ignorant being he Is sometimes considered. AH of them have tho rudiments of their -,ccullar education. From my observation, I am convinced that 90 per cent of these people can read and write their own language. This can not be saul of any other foreign laborers who have emigrated to this country. And when we consider that the Chinese laborer in the United States is recruiter entirely from the very low- st strata of society, we are filled with wonder at Iho patient, plodding methods of this people, who find time · to acquire some education while engaged tn the fearful struggle for existence. They have their virtues. They are Industrious, and with the exception of tho use of opium are temperate. Their chief vice is gambling. With this exception they are very economical. This Is a paradox. The very virtues of these strange people inako them t the most dangerous to our civilization. They can monopolize our labor field if allowed to do so, and destroy our great middle, class. It is avoiding the question to say that these people are no more undesirable than some other foreigners. That is no argument, for if we can not make a success of excluding this race, wo may as well abandon all hope of excluding any undesirable Immigration. But there ifl a broad distinction between this kind of immigration and any other from which we have suffered. The Chinese alone will not assimilate. A Chinaman who was born In this country thirty years ago Is to-day just as thoroughly Chinese in habits, in thought and language, in everything, ns though he had been born In Canton. He knows nothing of our laws or our form of government and cares nothing about them. He knows nothing of our language or our religion, and he has a contempt for both. /ll that they earn, excepting the pitiful sum they pay for their expenses, goes to China, and there at last they go themselves. The average period of a Chinaman's residence in the United Stats is about five years. In that time they save enough to maintain themselves In comfort in their own country. Since their first settlement in California they have sent out of that state $300,000,000 of their earnings. What other state but California, with her wonderful resources, could have stood such a drain? Supposing that the "laborers of the state of Pennsylvania or New York should persistently send out of the country sttch a, proportion of their wages, how long would either of those states avoid bankruptcy? This is no time to relax our vigilanco against the encroachment of Iliip undesirable Immigration Notwithstanding we have had on our statute books for the past ten years laws either restricting the Incomlnff of Chinese laborers or actually excluding them the returns of our own census Dhow an increase In this population in the United States. Notwithstanding our vigilance In beating them off they have baffled ua at every point. In 18RO the total Chinese population of the United States was 105,165; In California it was 75,132. In 1890 thp total population was 107,475, showing a total gain of population In the United States of 2010. The Chinsese population In California Is 72,472, showing- a falling off in our particular state. They seem to have turned their faces eastward. Tn New York in 1870 there were only 23 Chinamen. In 1SSO, 1)09. In 1890, 2935. In Pennsylvania, in 1870 there were 13. Jn 1880, 118. In 3S30, i;4«. The Inctvafle- of Chinese Ir-. lhr =OMt although not startling In Its proportion!! Is nevertheless suggestive and contains a potent warning. If "astern capital, which now ompolyn the cheapest labor obtainable In Europe, should find public opinion tolerant of Chinese labor It would no* be. long hc.fore the Chinese question would loom up in tlanporous proportion* In our eastern cities and their Buhiirbs. I My danjreroup t»- cnus? expe/lenec has shown that the presence of these non-Rsalmllfttlv? aliens Is 11 constant menace to the peace of «n *oiv.'. v inr.Ity. . i.ot ^'con||npn Muve'. .·. ··· .- Froiffevery point of view this immigration Is undesirable, and It we would preserve the American laborer from ruin, If wo would prwtrvc 1 our cjvlllza- ttonittitlf, in .mutt .exclude this'pecul- !nr 'people'. "-' ' · For forty years this conflict between these Tlval civilizations has been .waged out on. our western slope. . . .. You of the east do not appreciate me. fierceness wf the struggle, foi- two mountain ranges and a brosd' desert plain separate us. But exp.erfcflce- has taught 'us this lesson: 'The civilisation of- the orient and the civilization of the Occident can not exist side by side in America. One or the other must go down. Which shall It be? the PILES OF SILVER COIN Stored In the Treasury Vaults at Capital. Washington Star. In. view of these troublous times In the 'money market and the eflect that the steady, purchase of silver Is snld to have upon It, the question as to just how .much the United States own naturally. becomes a very interesting ,one ; When 1 one begins 'to consider this matter he at once plunges Into the realms ot large figures. Small matters must bo forgotten In the attempt to conceive of millions. The United THE ALISGBD TIES pecuniary condition is ever tact worth, about 6000 tons ot silver. stored away in the vaults under the control of · the treasurer, Mr. Morgan. It is generally known that the government has been purchasing silver at the rate of 4,500,000 ounces a month, and when one stops to think what an immense mass of white- metal this has compelled the government t o ' take and care for ha is likely to be more than a little surprised. This monthly purchase Is said to be pretty much the entire · output ot the silver mines of the country. A, Washington Star reporter made a trip through the vaults of the treasury department on a recent afternoon. It Is a tour of Inspection that many people make every day, and is one that strangers In the city always louk forward to wltn especial pleasure. They have been told ot the novel experiences of holding in one hand a million dollars' worth of greenbacks and being ushered Into a room where there are silver dollars so many that it would be as useless to attempt to count them as it would be to them away. It is a visit that is of more than usual interest now that tbe two houses of congress are spending BO much of time In extra session dlscunsine the merits and necessities of'sllver. Only coin Is kept in the treasury vaults. Bar and bullion are stored in the subtreas- urlps and the mints. There are eight vaults in the treasury used for the safe-keeping and storage of money. The total value of the contents of these vaults Is $653,173,000. Only two of these vaults ore used for the storage of standard sliver dollars. Vault No. 1 contains $101,000,000, while the smaller vault, known as vault No. 2, has in it only about $00,000,000. . In addition to this there is $68,000 worth of fractional ellver. Tho other vaults are used (or holding bank notes, bonds, money for daily use, etc. The money in tne two silver vaults Is shifted about whenever a count is going on. It is an Interesting sight to watch the busy men at their task of handling large bugs of silver. The coin Is contained in stout canvas bogs holding $1000 eath. These bags are passed across, through a passuceway,, between the plies of silver, and there a man sits who weltfha each bag separately. On one of the scales Is placed a bag. that Is known to weigh the proper amount and to contain the right number of the shlnlMg dollars. If tho bag that Is to be welslied does not pull Us sldo clown at once the bag Is taken off and Its contents counted. Occasionally there Is a bag that shows signs ot too much handling or too long lite, and this Is turned over and its contents poured Into a new bag. It is hot and tiresome work, way down them IwMnw th«* reHon of light OtBVELAND'B fresh air, And electric lights and faiia without affected to president could weigh entirely time--but the Cleveland behalf have least, ' belongings. tackle, kept running: constantly; It also takes quite a considerable number of men to do the work, amcnj than a. number of big, brawny colored men, for the boas are not light and it. takes ^a gtrong wan to handle tncm as rapidly as must be done. The treasurer of the United Stnjea IB person oily responsible for all this wealth, which must, of course, be counted every time there la a change In the office, for the new man must receipt to bin predecessor for every cent the! him been turned over to him. Treasurer Morgan may never have seen any of thla Immense euro that ban been turned over to him, and he has to take the word of others a* to the accuracy of the count la tht» he la quite safe, however, for tho work la done by men who know how to do It, and there In aa much chance or the mone"y jralking awaj ot fit own accord there in of anyone 1 * beli'c able to take care of It for lito.own UBV*. Ujicle Sam's treasure Is well guarded, anil the place it Is *Luicl cumeu pr»Uy near to being a place where neither moth nor rust can qomipt and where thieves con not break through and steal. In the largest vault, a huge room 89x57 feet and twelve feet high, money is stored up all around, with only narrow passageways between the piles. Bach pile of dollars la In itself in a separate safe, surrounded as It Is with a lattice work of heavy Iron bara The walla of each pile are built up with boxes of silver dollars, and Inside these walls the money Is piled in canvas bass, for these take up lesn room than the boxes, a very important reason, as there in always the question how to supply enough room for all the money. The figures that go all this wealth aro of themselves Interesting 1 . The total coinays of silver dollars under the Bland act of 1878 was J389,936,374. The ! total coinage under the act of July 14, 1890, known aa the Sherman act, has amounted to $29,455,606. There are 917.000 silver dollaru In circulation. More than half of all tho silver owned by the United States is stored In Washington. At the mints and assay offices there is $120,231,000 worth of bar ellver. Altogether there is $331.000,000 In standard silver dollars. There is $12,469,000 in fractional Currency. Up to the time of the stringency in the money market about $50,000,000 wns redeemed In gold, and only about a bale million in silver, but, eincQ currency has become scarce, there haa been a large demand for silver to pay hands in factories and other places where there are large pay rolls. Tho silver that is stored in the treasury was moved there from the sort)treasuries, which wcrp overcrowded. Silver Is moved about throuffh the medium of the express companies. It. is handed over to them in double bags, and aa It Is carried at the risk of th« companies, they caro for it as thpy MO lit when f t is en route. Fractional silver in small amounts in usually sf-nt In small kegs. No money is being coined now except from unciirrcnt silver, which is beins recoined Into the present styles of coinage. LJ . 0- ' · '·--..- BEST DRESSED WOMAN IN EUROPE. Etowager Qucon of Portugnl Said to Enjoy .That Distinction. Cincinnati Corrnnjarcia.* (3-a.zette. The dowager queen of Portugal, Marie PJa, la said to bo the best dressed woman in Europe. She is toll and elegant of bearing, with a mixture or reserv*, sracc of manner and good nature which recalls htjr laLhor, Viutor .Emiiuuiuul. .Like lilin, also, she 19 a passionate votary of shoot- Ing and all kinds of sport, and when at her country place on the seaboard at Caldajr used to amuae h«r«el£ by almintf VAX a rifle from a blgh window at earthenware Iwttles floating in the sea, and placed there for that purpose. It Is said that Hhe did not oiten inij her unstable mark. Philanthropy la with her as much u patolon lus hlidotliiK, muulc or iiai.ntJng. Hhft is at tJi« head of all Portugii^so chflr- tle.hlo eiuiibHuhmenlM. and ha« Ruined by her unabrt.tlng goodnCNii tho title of "The AiiKe.1 of Chjirlti'." Ueforo hoi' liiiabnnd d'.'Hl It was Jio uncommon sifiht to see her ou a-lILUnir the cathedral after morn- in* scTVics surrounded by a crowd of IMjor people, who H, as sfc» poJUKd and kiH«"! tho hem of her draw or presented her with some petition. Thesa *h» Invariably took In nor own haad and on her return noina caused thr.rn Lo bo UiorougUl investigated. She In pn^Bionatrtly fond of flowcrfl, c*veo4Ajly m;i.ldorha4r ferns and llllies of th? vftiley, of whioh biuilcetfula nlwiura adorn her private aparUncnt*. Attar the KInfi'e health declined It won Vne oueeu who attended him aud proved herself the best ·spistont to the dootor*. HT son, the prwent sovereign. Is very fond of :ia mother, and K»n»rnlly consults tier Jf tha KDresentatlves ot tho taatero I « »U important «t»t« n»t.u.w, transpo been of less social inexperienced

Clipped from
  1. The Galveston Daily News,
  2. 22 Oct 1893, Sun,
  3. Page 12

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  • Chinese Immigration

    TXHooper – 27 Jun 2013