Jopling Tells of Cornishmen The Wakefield News 13 Aug 1927
XVI--NUMBER 4 SUBSCRIPTION First TELLS OFCORNISHMEN feJef -TSnsfkieer of Cleve!and4Cliff s Â«^aies History of the "Cousin Jack" MINERS TERMS~FROM CORNISH "The Cornish Miners of the Upper Peninsula," is the title of a .p ape t pared by James E. Jopling Â£ n- of the Cleveland of n Historical sooietY. Mr Jopling has spent many years in the Lake Superior region and has come in cose contact with - the men who dÂ£ the iron ore underground. The which follows, has a distinct hi value and 'is Highly interesting from England and ^ed'Â£ S?SÂ£Â£ and iron district introduced manv of the mining terms and working conditions- now in eenernl use. general ev brought with them their dialect which "Yes. said veteran "Business we it years to do broke?" drawled managed got in Wakefisld." put his pocket and badly it from carefully. a nickel, Mine Edsel all of which expressed with a racial strength of character and intel- Htct make them the most interesting o^ the various ethnic types that settled in the upper peninsula of Michigan ."The present object is. to" noteÂ· the effect of this immigration, more especially in showing the nrinin and phrases. For this pm-p_ c principal emphasis of this article will j 1D " P r Â°bleras affecting to relate at some length a descrip- i eo -nipnient and affecting of "fVhmTMii. ^ving, the llistory ntaetnre have all assurance automobile W.SIK B. Ford:' of Cornwall;, Â° f terms -n to illustrate the use of a few of them concluding with some general remarks on the characteristics O f the Cornish- About i " The new Ford the! an accomplished fact. men. . before a is offered part will ery condition discover building automobiles the world. know exactly We have built and they better thau a variety of know also story of the Cornish mining terms can be traced through the many words and phrases used at the mine's of the upper peninsula of Michigan Cormshmen were principal miners who took part in the development of these mines during the past 80 years or more *fc was after 1840 that the copper and iron mines of the Lake Superior region were^raduaily opened. At that period the copper and tin mines of - Cornwall had reached their peak of production and relative value of the product. Those mines had been worked in .a small way for many centuries and i t w a s o n l y theintroduction n!Jcen - is now nearly steam driven machinery in the Iat-| " But we must realize part of the eighteenth century automobile that and factory schedule is now nearly tg.sink fheln. llc esteem today, iwhetber -- Â·4--~^^pttÂ«ri . ^a^^ ._ ore from greater depths. By this development a large number of'men had been trained in the work and as the Cornish mines became exhausted, they sought employment in other mining districts. The Michigan Pioneer Historical Collection contains in Volume XI an-article'by John H. Foster. 1887, entitled 'Life in the Copper Mines of Lake Superior', which tells of such Cornishmen. ."My^own experience in Cornish terms in the upper peninsula began some 4= years ago when I became a mining engineer. At that" time in the upper peninsula of Michigan nearly all the superintendents, or captains as they are called, in charge of the mines were Cornish, as well as the shift bosses and most of the miners. A knowledge of the principal terms was naturally an every day necessity and with it came an acquaintance of the Cornish dialect spoken by the men, many of whom, had emigrated to the. United States a few years before that date- This dialect was most pronounced, dif- Pitch as it is designed manufacturer.in to allow for him. The to permit imperfections 7 "Some of the things are interesting. 65 miles that the at an average miles per hour driver or passengers to motor or YOUNG OF sufferer from for the past of Mr. and died at ea'rly Friday a patient at few weeks. The young man the time of of this city. from the other dialects of England. It had followed the gradual dying out of the Cornish language j his parents and 200 to 300 years ago, but even Matt. Leonard Cornwall itself there were differences in speech so that among the Cornish the very town from which a sisters: Tynni. Vivian He attended until he could be identified by hear- ne left school to Funeral services Monday afternoon he made in him speak. "TKe Cornish language, from which originated many of the terms and more particularly the names of places and people, was Celtic or Keltic and belonged to the third division of that, language known as the Brythomic similar to that spoken by the ancient Bretons of France. These Celts, who were a fair-haired, blue-eyed people of great stature, conquered the older races in the southwestern part of England and. imposed their language. "This differs considerably from that .pf the Welsh and Irish and still more from the Gaelic. "The dialects of Cornwall were established gradually, following the intercourse with the Saxon Conquerers of England. Even in Cornwall itself the dialect of the west division differs greatly from that of the eastern, whioh is more like that of Devonshire. "In Cornwall a change in speech has continued so that when I visited it in 1905 it was to be noted that the dialect was hardly spoRen at. all in the towns but still could be heard in the outlying villages. "My visit to Cornwall "was a delightful experience, although but for a week, and that just before the Christmas of 1005. The weather resembled Fined for Drunken Linn was license Monday, when Justice A. car when drunk. by Leo Isdebski. on the Tula Rauha. Linn's $W.2Z for their fines. and Mrs. a short visit, Jaeobson of the Plymouth, from a business Mrs. H. H. Brown a few home on' Lake Mrs. Joseph Sailer morning from past two and been taking of an Indian summer, as we call i William Blum, weather in Michigan. The coun- j Action. Mrs. has been described by many visi- 1 PTMved in health who speak in glowing terms of 5t to Dr. Blum for his ' the scenery. The high rocky hills (Continued on page 3) 'in her behalf. Chicago in eight final examination.