Anti-pacifism, pro-preparedness article (1916)
men In nne mnhila recular armv. ex . - eluding troops In or Insular posses- posses- worm grown raster man in me mmg- mmg- I . . i l . l . ... I i.itA An whfi.h ft ftTAt m ft ti-t. ti-t. ti-t. isoiuiiamgiii nwiiuHi 'un. ,.,.-i ,.,.-i ,.,.-i : ..... v.. " . , aefeosee or detached on non-com- non-com- non-com- non-com- ties. He is In a fools' paradise who i bejnt duties. To relaforee this we ; supposes the country can continue ee- ee- The Pacifist View. (Nashville Banner.) Tha position of the so-called so-called so-called pacifists in most Instances la based on a cramped economy and failure to recognise recognise the natlon'a growth and increased increased responsibilities aa a world power, rather than any undue prone-? prone-? prone-? ness to peace or an abhorrence of i war. These people have not grown as the country has grown and they have neither the perspective nor the vision necessary for a proper comprehension of what tha United States In its present present statue as a world power, the leading leading nation of the western hemisphere, with its aegla over half the Rlobe, and a commerce extending to the uttermost uttermost parts of tha earth, may require. require. Mr.-Bryan Mr.-Bryan Mr.-Bryan has Indulged some sentimental sentimental talk to tha effect that we may conquer the wprld with love and friendship and possibly Henry Ford and Miss Jane Addams think It fcus-ibla fcus-ibla fcus-ibla for this country to Inaugurate the millennium, but to politicians of the Claude Kitchln kind that manner of view doesn't preeent itself nnd the real pacifist sentiment makes to their sort no appeal. What affects them la a rural constituency with no conception conception of what adequate defense means, or of tho nation's ability to put Itself in a proper military condition. These same people cherish nnd exaggerate exaggerate the military traditions of the country- country- They have patriotic pride In the story of the revolution, of the war of 1812. the war with Mexico and the Civil war. The stump oratot who begins at King's Mountain and comes down to Gettysburg Is sure of applause from Mr. Claude Kltchln's North Carolina constituents. The most of them have either been soldiers soldiers themselves or are descendants of soldiers and glory i the raer. North Carolina gave bravely her volunteers volunteers to the Confederacy. Her sons Would volunteer again for the national defense and fight as bravely as their progenitors did If the country called them, but some of them have not. kept pace with the march of events and the talk of appropriating millions for the army and navy In times, of peace appears to them an enormity which the conditions do not warrant. The following article from islle's j Weekly Rives the correct condition of the present military status In America: America: The regular army of the T'nlted States of America, although containing containing as fine a personnel of officers and enlisted men as can ba found in any army In the world. Is literally too small to fight. If by fighting' we mean a conflict with tha military forces of any first-class first-class first-class nation. Our army Is not too small, however, to sacrifice Itself valiantly and vainly In the event of an Invasion. We have today an argreaato of about 18.000 officers and SPECIAL TODAY FOB CASH Creamery Butter, per Qf pound., . r. ., OOv This is the beat creamery butter. O. F. MEADOWS Phone 801. and men. It la Inconceivable that any foreign foe would undertake to Invade the United States with a small army. Tha number of troopa to be employed would ba limited only by the transport transport facilities, and there are several nations which could more more than 100,000 troops across the ocean. "The small slse, however, of our defensive defensive army Is not Its only weakness-It weakness-It weakness-It Is notoriously deficient in field artillery, artillery, aeroplanes, transport equipment equipment and ammunition. In tha winter winter of 1918-13, 1918-13, 1918-13, while secretary of war, I laid before the military committee of the house of representatives facts showing that at that time tha total number of field guns In our possession. possession. In the hands of the regulars. In the hands of tha mllttta. In our storehouses, storehouses, was but 700, about one-half one-half one-half the number necessary to equip an army of BOO, 000, and that the total amount of field artillery ammunition which wo possessed would serve those men, at the rate with which field guns Used up ammunition in the battle of Mukden, Just one-half one-half one-half a day." Tha battle of Mukden was one between between the Russians and Japanese ten years ago. It bore small comparison In the number of men engaged or In Its fatalities to some of the events in tha present great European struggle. struggle. But tha Russians In that battle were (,000 miles from home and had been transported over a single line of railroad. It Is much easier to transport transport soldiers In ships across the S.000 miles of ocean between Europe and America. It would be simple folly for a nation nation of 100.000,000 people like the United States to suppose that It rests securely with an army of 30,000 men and practically no reserve force. This country has extensive seacoasts exposed to" attack. It must keep guard over tho Panama canal that great European commercial powers are certain certain to covet. It must protect the ex tensive foreign commerce it Is build lng or else cease to increase its pro ductlon beyond domestic need, and It must defend all America, the western hemisphere, against European aggression. aggression. It is idle and fatuous simplicity to suppose that the country Is secure and can maintain its relative standing with i he rest of the world without adequate adequate armament. The country needs a first -class -class navy And it needs such military preparation as would enable it on short notice to repel Invasion. War doesn't mean now what tt did 1 In Iti. n jt Tn m NMnw4 tiaa Ot. have an army reserve of elxteen men. We atno have a force of cltlxen soldiers soldiers organised aa tha national ruard of the various states, which on paper consists of approximately lif.enfl men. but certainly no more thalf half that number If even moderately welt trained, tt Is estimated that In case of war. the various national guards could mobilise for active service service about te.eoa partially trained and partially equipped anon. This tves a total aaobile force af 10.000 officers cure wiin practically no arrnameni and no trained reeerve. We are not going to hunt trouble; we have no lust for conquest, but It Is only common sense, a reasonable necessity, that we have adequate defense, defense, be atrong enough tp protect the natlon'a honor, and to command the respect for oar rights among the nations of tha earth. King Ferdinand af Bulgaria wears a steel breast-plate. breast-plate. breast-plate.