Lebanon DaiJy News, Thursday, May 1, 1974 US Astronauts Go To Russian School HOUSTON. Tex. (UI'l) American American astronauts are going to school to learn the Russian language — and "graduation day" will come in July, 1975. That's when an American spacecraft is scheduled to link Honda Wide Selection From SOcc to 750cc Competent, friendly Service Garber Honda Centers LANCASTER 2350 Dairy Road Parallels Route 283 across from Comet Theatre Flory Mill Road Exit Phone 898-0117 ELUABETHTOWN 845 S. Market St. Phone 367-1181 up with a Soviet vehicle in space. Pilot ability, engineering, know-how and scientific accomplishments have carried U.S. astronauts repeatedly to the moon and back and seen them safely through hundreds of hours of orbit. But knowing how to speak Russian was not a requirement — as it is now to become. The astronauts' fluency in the Russian language could be a vital factor in helping the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project flight run smoothly, as well as an important safety factor in case of trouble while the two spaceships are joined in flight for two days. To Anatole Forostenko. the crewmen's chief language instructor, that flight will be particularly rewarding. Becoming Proficient ''In a classroom, the minute the bell rings you know the students are going out the door and start speaking English again and not think about Russian until the next day when class begins." said Forostenko. a University of California, Riverside, pro- fessor on loan to the space agency. "Hut with these guys, the language is not dead, it's very real and alive. You can see the immediate application during their training and during the mission, and it will prove to be the most rewarding thing 1 have done." Eight astronauts are averaging averaging more than 30 hours each a week in formal classroom instruction in Russian and most of them are spending evenings evenings and weekends becoming more proficient. "Their motivation is a language teacher's dream come true." Forostenko said. "They have a complete dedication to doing the job. The goal is total learning's sake, but because they have to and are determined to do it right." English Easier Forostenko said the Soviet cosmonauts who are learning English in preparation for the project have a much easier time, because the Russian language is the most difficult of the major languages, much tougher for a foreigner to learn than English is. For each Russian word there are twelve possible endings, and slightly different stress when speaking can make a lot of difference in meaning. Forostenko shares the teaching teaching duties with Nina Horner and James Flannery of the University of Wisconsin and Basil Kostun of the Universitv of Illinois. The prime crewmembers Hrig. Gen. Thomas P. Stafford. Donald K. "Deke" Slayton and Vance 1). Brand and and Robert Overmeyer. an astronaut who will work in Russia during the mission, spend four hours a day, at least five days a week, in the classroom. They have all had some exposure to the language. Backup crewmen Alan L. Bean, Ronald Evans and Jack Lousma and support astronaut Karol Bobko spend six hours daily in classes because they have had little or no exposure to Russian. Their classroom time will become more lirpited as the mission draws near 'and Forostenko hopes to teach them more than just technical language. "They couldn't hold their own in a philosophical discussion, discussion, but we hope to teach them more of the everyday language." he said. "Before they go to Moscow this summer for training, we're going to concentrate on the conversational things and. once there, they're going on a shopping trip alone. It ought to be.interesting to see what they comeback with." Coal Output Gains OTTAWA — Canadian coal production in 19773 reached 22.5 mill ion tons, up 10 per cent over 1972.