Praise of cutover lands
TOE IXTETl OCEAX, TIITJRSDA V MOILING, OCTOBER 2G, 1Q03. CuUOver Lands Homeseekers Find Soil of Northern Wisconsin Equal to Any Demands for Crop Raising Good Farms at Low Prices Still to Be Had. Special Orreapondenc. ASHLAND, Wis., Oct. 23.-"Bscs. to the timbered Isnd" It the trend of the land movement of today. The sudden realisation of the possibilities and ralue of cut-orer lands for farming purposes recalls tbs fact, -not en-rslly known, that most of the fertile farming land now held at such high prices In Ohio. Indiana. Illinois, and Michigan was once covered with a heavy growth of timber. It was eteared at as early day by hardy settlers who got little or nothing for the timber, using It waetefully for firewood and letting most of It rot. What they were after was the land, and they found It amply repaid all their labors. The settlers who pushed West across the Mississippi went first Into the timbered land along the streams and made clearings, preferring to work hard for land that they knew was good, and distrusting the value of the prairie soil for farms. Later settlers found that most of the prairie was also fertile and rapid. cultivation, and, asitwat comparatively easy to break and crop, the rush for the prairie set in. it has gou-on until the good pralrlo land has been tsVn up, and even wild land Is held at comparatively high prices. The timbered lands, especially those which carried growths of pine, have been neglected of late, years, and have been much lower fa price than prairie land. The fertility of timber land has been re- OLD PREJUDICES ARE DYING OUT Farmers of High Priced Areas Com-... ing to See Northern Wisconsin Lands. LOW PRICES OF LAND EXPLAINED Lumber Concerns Refused to Sell Mineral Reservations Have - - . Hurt in the Past. BV W.A.OTIS. . v V Fpeelal Correpooitice. ; i ' MARINETTE. Wis., Oct. 21. It is gratifying to note the . increasing tendency on th part of the farmers living In the high priced- land sections to uop their" preju dice against' th territories, Jbat, are not aoates from -the lack of keowledgn of true conditions. The continuous publicity-given : to the Northwest for the past ten years, and more especially the past two years, is beginning to have its effact as an educator. ' I met a man on the Chicago & North western train the other day who was on his way back home from a tour of inspection of northern Wisconsin lands. . He was one of th men who were broad minded about this new country before they came to se It, but even so he was about as surprised a man as I ever talked to. He had lived his entire lifetime in a country which was well settled when he was-fcorn. He had r-ad from lime to time about the severely cold winters of the Northwest and about the vast areas of what he considered . timber waste In the states of Wisconf In and Minnesota. He had gained the impresloo that, because of the enormous amount of pine timber la the northern half of Wisconsin, the soil must necessarily be altogether too sandy for the successful pursuit of agricukure. ' "; It Is not surprising, therefore, that he was surprised whn he found potatoes better than he had ever seen raised In Ohio; berries that for size, quactity per acre, and lusciousnes far excelled anything that Ohio ever thought of raising: wheat, oats, barley, ' and rye the equal of anything he had ever heard of being raised anywhere; entire fields ' devoted to the raising of the sugar beet '' snd netting their owners $20 per acre. And' all this In a country where the farmer does not have to go more than five miles from his boaje during the open bunting season to shoot buk deer that wtll weigh 300 pounds; in a country where the farmer has flowing across his farm a river filled with speckled brook trout. I'robably w heo this man gets back to his home toe a and tells bis neighbors' what he has ieB, the story will seem exaggerated, but if this man tella the whole story of his experiences it will not be an exaggeration ill the possibilities and beauties of northern Wisconsin. - Even among those who are no longer prejudiced against this new country there is still prevalent a certain suspicion. - They cannot understand why lands which will produce what northern Vlscoosin lands are producicg can be bought almost for the price the pay for rentiLg land in th facility where they live. This Is not a hard point to explain so far as northern Wisconsin is con."rned. It must be remembered that the greater proportion of the northern half of tbe state has been owned or controlled by large lumbering roncerns, and thes companies would not gri) their lands until they had taken- from ihtm the timber that they considered valuable for lumber. Tbrn there was a great deal of excitement throughout tbe northern part of the state for a number of years, brought on by the s'aiemfnts of mininc; engineers' to the effect that all northern Wisconsin lands were underlaid by enormous deposits of copper, said to be vastly superior in quality to that of the northern peninsula of Michigan. This copfer excitement precipitated a d?masd by the large lao-1 owner that a clause reserving mineral rfflts be -Included in all their o "(!. Very nsturalty, "any man who is buying a pie-e of land would not have a reser- " vation of any kind in his deed. This kept a gr-at many people from buying, however. The mim-ral reservation Is practically all !one awsy- wtn new. and the people are flcckir it o nirt hern Wisconsin and making their selection before the prices advance. "Go tfcou acd do liki wise." Now High in Favor discovered. - The bomeseeker Hods that the adventurous first settlers on northern Wisconsin lands have made It go most decidedly; that they, have worked out for themselves fin farms and are raising' splendid crops, with do risk from drought and the usual crop-failure scares. He finds that equally good lands are still to be bad at low prices, and that the Opportunities for getting farms are better right now in northern Wisconsin than anywhere else he may turn. The situation Is summarised very well in statement by a well known Ashland man who has watched the land movement for a decade or so. He tart: . . .r ..... . ' 'Psmc4 By far Yesrt. .-' "It is only In recent years that much attention has been given to the cut-over pine lands In northern Minnesota and Wisconsin for agricultural purposes. The large mining, and lumber interests have been compelled to depend largely upon the East and South for their farm products In the pact, while those in search of cheap farm lands have rushed to the far Western prairies, or else into Canada, running over and away from -better opportunities than the government free lands of the' West could possibly offer. T. . '.' . "But of late years the tide Is turning. People are discovering that the prairies do not make the only, or even the best, farms, and that within a short distance of the great centers of Western population- are chances for making farms and homes tharare far more attractive and greatly superior to any that the prairie regions have ever afforded. This Is no discovery, however. The pioneers of this country nearly "all had to hew their farms out from the Umber, and the greater portion of southern and eastern-Wisconsin, today a garden, was once heavily timbered.: r "These 'earry settlers, most of whom have become rich from their farms alone, had none of tbe facilities for money snaking that are offered the farmer of today. They were compelled to cut their timber, and at great expense of time and labor to haul it to piles and burn It. The settler today haa a ready cash market for every stick of timber that grows on bis land, and instances are by no means rare lit which farmers, after building their houses, barns, and fences, have sold the remainder of their timber for more than enough to pay for the land. . -' . "The railroad companies are now a good deal in the way of offering inducements to settlers who will make their homes on the land which yet remains unoccupied. Much of the vacant land is controlled by the railroads, and the lumber companies still own a lot of It, but much more Is In the hands of individuals and companies who bought It from the lumber concerns and railroads as a speculation.. '-. .4; ' .-. ... . ' . J . - " ' -t - ' ' . i? ;;j . . Hardest, Vrl Is Doaev u ,;i The gentleman Wight hawaddetf that thosel who are coming now and taking farms have been saved many of the hardships and labors of the pioneers, who had to clear roads and get their supplies from long distances before towns sprung up and railroads gridironed Wisconsin Immigration and I Development I 'FaraiL Will furnish i : The Famous Write or Call John S. Owcti, Can Claire. Korthwcitcrn Lumber Co., Kan 1 i (J) y VTisconsin Central Jty., Milvcaukee. J. L, Gates Land Conipany, Milwaukee. IJecke Laud Company, Cumberland. Skulmore Land Co., Marinette. G. D. Jones, Wsusaii. Arpin Hardwood Lumber Co., Grand Rapids. Boy n ton & Hoi way, La Crosse. , "Sou tj wick & Sellers, Stevens Point. Ingram Lumber Co., Wauau. : the territory. It is bow possible to buy land In the vicinity of good roads "and near the market, which la still unimproved and held at lew prices. - .- -. v .V ;- The trouble for a long time was that farmers were prejudiced against pine land. Just as their fathers had no faith In the fertility of the prairie. They had the impression that land stripped of pine timber was worth little for agriculture. Experience and scientific demonstration have proved that Impression wrong. Soil analysis shows the clay and sand loams of northern Wisconsin, where great pines once grew, to be almost Ideal In their constituents for all around crop farming. In fact. It takea good land to produce the big trees that once covered this country, and much of It now carries a good growth ef hardwood timber, which was not touched by the lumbermen .who took the pine. - . ' The soil Is not only fertile, but It Is friable because of tbe sand mixed In with" nearly all of it. Therefore it works up esslly, does not bake and turn hard In the sun, and will take THE STORY Old Settler and Woodsman Writes Entertaining : Letter on County's Growth Also Treats on ' Diversified Pursuits Open to Settlers. Special Correspondence.' PARK FALLS, Wis.,1 Oct. 22. Columns can be written by the sightseer on tbe past development and preaent an4 future possibilities of northern Wisconsin, but no more convincing statements can be made than those by an actual resident who has been here for years. '; - Because of this- fact I have taken the liberty of securing an article on Price. county by Mr. A. D. Stevens, of this city, who says that he Is a woodsman and timber estimator. Mr. Steves has tramped over half of northern Wisconsin and knows It better than the guides of the Holy Lands know their country. He is an enthusiast on the possibilities of northern Wisconsin, and naturally so, be cause he has seen any number of people come Into this timber country with practically nothing, stay here a few years, and become Independent. -. . ' Equal opportunities are still open to the people who are unable to own land valued at f 150 an acre in the old settled states of Illinois, Indiana. Ohio,, and Iowa." ; " - Price county, with its dense forests, here and there broken into pleasant clearings by the ax of the sturdy settler, Is one of the beauty spots of Wisconsin, and holds a charm for the bomeseeker that has only to be seen to be appreciated. With the Flambeau river stretching like a ribbon of silver through Its vast forests, and furnishing the power for Its mammoth industries, it Is the country for the farmer, the investor, and a splendid location for all branches of trade. Nature, has been profuse In ber rare gifts of productive soil, that yields pleasant returns for f.he farmer 'a IaborTDeautiful seen-', erf .that Charms the ebserver:wTih its deep green "valleys and undulating hills, with' Just enough of altitode to feerve as look-out stations from which to. bring within vision tbe sparkling brooks "and larger streams, the mirrored lakes and wild green of this cen THE FOLLOWING Representing Wisconsin's Great aed aod Dairying Bel. accurate and truthful information regarding one of Garden G r eat Northwest. Upon the Undersigned for Detailed Claire. . Ellington Lumber Co., Hawkins. Wis, Blue Grass Land Co., Baldwin.-Benson and Anderton, Milwaukee. Wright Land Co.. Merrill. ; WYJ. Star, Eau Claire. Dati'l Shaw Lumber Co., Eau Claire. Tubb'aA Foy, Stock Yard Chlcapo. Darlington Bros,, Stock Yards, Chicago. Baker Land Company, Greenwood. W. O. Roberts, Neillaville. Stark-Levis Land Co., Madison. up. rain to any amount. . There Is always plenty of rain to make the crop, and an ex cess li not to be feared unless on low land liable to overflow. The land usually lies well for drainage, and gets rid of heavy rains without trouble, and without washing badly. This sandy soli, furthermore, Is what Is called "wtrm" toll, and crops mature more rapidly on It than on heavy black toils of. "cold" constituency. This neutralises the latitude and makes it practicable to raise almost any of the farm crops with good success and only the slightest danger of frost catching them before maturity. - . Sewewswesa Preset Gw4. - , .Experienced farmers from stales farther east and south, who have come to this section, are enthusiastic ever the. crops they raise, and are entirely sstisfied Jhat they have bought good farms at low expenditure of money. - It is common remark among the new settlers that tn a few years time they will have as good farms atthe wealthy farm OF tral spot of new Wisconsin. It is the banner place for portable mill sites, there being an abundance of . timber, on (be cut-over pine lands, that are now more valuable than the pine before them, and the new manufacturing industries of north Wisconsin furnish a market for all classes of lumber manufactured in a sraallway. , Price' county is not handicapped by lack of railroads it, is. now penetrated by some of the most prominent railroads of Wisconsin. The Boo and Wisconsin Central and numerous other roads are under construction. When Wisconsin was admitted as a territory. In the year 1836, it was divided Into two counties. Brown and Crawford. That part of it now defined as Price county was then part of Crawford county. In 1845 Crawford county was divided, and from its territory Chippewa county was formed. In 1ST Clown -ships 33 to 40, Inclusive,., of ranges 2 and S east, were detached from Chippewa county and made a part of the New Lincoln county. Price county was(organIzed, by an act of the State Legislature, of Chippewa and Lincoln, twenty-one from the- former and fourteen from the latter. The first county officers were appointed by the Governor. . The first general election was held In Price county In tho fall of 15S0. The act organising ' this county divided the territory into two towns, Barron and Worcester The former embraced the ten townships. in the south end of the county . and the latter the remaining twenty-five townships. From this territory, other towns have been organised as the settlement warranted until there are now fifteen organised towns, three incorporated vlllajtesr Kennan, Prentice, and Park Palls, and one Ujcrtered city ..Phillips. The village of Park Falls, situated en the Flambeau river, at the crossing of tbe Wisconsin Central railway, is a -very thriving village. Ten years ago it was a mere speck on the map; today it is a village of 1.500 inhabitants with numerous manufacturing in MEMBERS OF THE A ssociatioii Spots ers had back where they came from, farms such as they never could have earned la the older communities In a lifetime. They have found that good Und. needing only some Industrious effort, can be had for little more than as renters they used to pay for the use of a farm a single year. - - It is noticeable that a good many farms la this section of Wisconsin have been bought lately by men who were "burnt out' on far Western prairie farms, and got tired ef uf. feting from drought. They overcame their prejudice against timbered land because It was anything with them to find plenty of water. Now they are happy as-clams at high tide, with plenty of pasture at all times for their stock, and with everything In the crop line growing luxuriantly In the rich, warm loam, watered abundantly by summer showers. Not all the new settlers In northern Wisconsin are coming from the East. Tim. ber farms are a preposition good enough for anybody who wants to work, no matter where he Is or w hat he has. -.., . -: dustries. It has one paper mill, two pulp mills, one excelsior mill, one heading mill, one stave mill, one shingle mill, one planing mill, and1 three sawmills, is a ready market and pays the highest price for all farm products, and is rlfcht In the heart of the banner farming country of . Priee county. It Is surrounded by some of the finest farms in northern Wisconsin. - . - There Is also plenty of vacant land around Park Falls that can. be bought eheaprsbae an abundance of timber, and Is well adapted for new settlers. --. 'This country Is comparatively well supplied with roads, schooihouses, and churches. The people stand ready and willing for tbe accommodation of new settlers. .This country Is also well adapted to stock raising; the grass growing Immediately after the removal of the timber, and also grows in an abundance In the wild forests. All root crops grow very good as the first crop upon the lend. " The agricultural Interests of Priee county are being rapidly developed, the raising of sheep Is meeting with good success, large sheep ranches are being established, and the promoters are thus far well pleased with the result. - - The manufacture of beet sugar is believed to be, in the near future, a great industry. The raising of the beet has been tried in various parts of the county, and the test has been pronounced second to none in the state. Though Price county has a settlement that dates from 1876, Its agricultural advantages have received little attention until recently. The railroads never interested themselves to any great extent, bat now there Is not a railroad in the state but what is doing all within its power to Interest the settler as well as the lumbermen, to whom they once made a very liberal rate, to prevent the logs from being run under their bridges and being manufactured In the lower cities. There are also other industries in Price county, such as the tanneries, that use even the bark of trees... There is no necessity for any timber going to waste In Price county now that the sawmills take the logs, the pulp mills the pulpwood. the heading and stave mills the bolts; the people in the village buy the woodT and the tanneries take the bark, leaving the settler with his land clear to till the soli and raise his crops and stock. Though tbe pleasure of living in a new country Is great, it la not the only inducement to bring settlers into the county. There Is another feature that appeals to us. While we are working we are improving our farms and making our living, and while we are sleeping our crops are growing, so It Is only a question of a few years wben the new settler becomes independent. ---; i There is not an acre of land In northern Price county today that cannot be cultivated. The swamps are easy to drain, and when drained make the finest farms. It is only a matter of a few years until the stumps will rot out and the cleared Jand. become llke-the prairie, only more fertile..' Fertiliser In northern Wiscqnsln la thing unknown, as it i not necessary. Land can be cultivated foe ten years without. such a thing aa fertiliser. Any one desiring any further information in regard to Price county lands or timber can get same by addressing A. D. Stevens, agent Wisconsin Immigration association. Park Falls. Wis. . .. ; , 1 f, i JL U i p- - to W of Information. the Manning, Clark & Haviland, Ladysruith. V. IL Phippa, Hudson, Grinner & Burke, Marinette. JohnjCosfrilT, Ladysmith. ' D. B. Manes, Ladysmith. R. R. Sergeant, Ken nan. , A. D. Stevens, Park Falls, O Roe & Peterson, Stanley. . F. A. Schwaller, Burlington. W. E. Powell, Milwaukee. . S. Richmond, Arcadia. . v Germania Farm Co., 'W. II. F.. Eau Claire.