"Workers from Dust Bowl Provide Problem in Relief in California"
,40,000 Farm Hands Aided Workers From Dust Bowl Provide Problem In Relief in California By WALTER WARREN Associated Press Thousands of "Dust Bowl" mi- mi- datory workers are roaming Call-ornia, Call-ornia, Call-ornia, destitute and hunting jobs that do not exist, the Farm Security Administration reported today. "For the Iirst time tne-T&A tne-T&A tne-T&A nas had to resort to direct relief." Jonathan Garst, regional director of the Security Administration, said. '", The problem laps over into Arizona, Arizona, where jobless workers remain remain after finishing the cotton harvest. harvest. Garst said some 40,000 persons persons had been given Federal money In the last two months. Eight food depots have been set up in the San Joaquin Valley to .give immediate relief to hungry iobhunters. Dr. Omer Mills, FSA official Just returned from a tour of the dis- dis- tress area, said there is a "great nversuBDly of labor which will probably last through the year in . the agricultural areas." TTnlike the migratory workers who made California's perennial - roving-"farm roving-"farm roving-"farm labor problem before the dust storm era, most 01 inese inhhunters are former farmers, Mills said. HELP COTTON HARVEST rut loose from , their farms "iri Oklahoma, Texas and Arkansas brk. disaster and mechanization of farm- farm- TKTr ing, they moved West. The rapid "increase in cotton growing in California California and Arizona brought them to these States to work in the har vest. The picking was finished about February 1, and in 10 days - the Farm Security Administration had a problem on its hands Prolonged rains and floods de layed putting in new crops, and keDt farm employment low. Other crops, already growing, were de layed, postponing harvest. Much , land will not be harvested. So ' the relief problem grew. In less than two months the FSA handed out funds to 8525 families. Average payments were $28 in California California and $20 in Arizona. There haveVen close to 1000 repeat grants, orcrfscjts paid out. f Dr. Mills saioS the nomads are V5luctant to take relief. WAIT FOR HUNGER "They wait until they are hungry." hungry." he said. "When they finally ask for help, they have to get it right away. That is why we set up the food depots at Fresno, : Firebaugh, Madera, Merced, Vi- Vi- salia, Corcoran and at our labor camps at Arvin and Shatter." '' ' Besides the San Joaquin Valley, " "there have been other distress spots. Notably the Spring pea producing areas Imperial Valley, and Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo Counties. " ' Curtailment of California's cotton Qcreage this year will make the urplus labor problem that much worse, Dr. Mills said. Some increase increase in the sugar beet acreage vwill take up a part of the over- over- supply. . ' had message of pay S. new College M. on to the and can Medical Federal service, last is entire