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PhiladelphiaTimes-1899-bottom - , conspicuous either among armed men, like the...
, conspicuous either among armed men, like the maid of Saragossa, or in the hospitals, like o the heroine of Scutari. The civil war has furnished hundreds of intrepid women who contributed time, labor and money to the comfort of the soldiers who always will be known to them as "the boys." It is true that almost In every town there was organized societies of relief; that women sewed and knit, made delicacies for the sick and gathered stores. Even little girls scarcly old enough to know what the charitable labor meant went from house to house collecting small sums of money with the result that the store houses and the treasury of the Sanitary Commission were kept full, but the most heroic work of self-sacrifice was done by the women in he field. They had In them the fine adventurous spirit and the glowing pride .of patriotism. They followed the men Into. the field of battle and even into the rebel prisons. They rescued the wounded, cheered and comforted the dying, labored In field and city hospitals and even on the dreadful hospital boats which are to-day remembered with a shudder. , These noble women were from the everyday ranks of life. They exhibited a like persistence, endurance and faith. Hundreds there are of them alive lo-day whose shining deeds have honored their country, and demanded for them an equal place in the honors of the brave. i ... The achievements of the women are for the most part untold. They do not figure in the official reports. They are not gazetted for deeds of bravery as gallant as ever were done. The names of them are unknown beyond the neighborhood where they live or the hospitals where they loved to labor. . In 18(il several women In Philadelphia organized themselves Into a society for charitable work. They called themselves ihe Keystone Daughters. This organization was composed1 almost entirely of professional nurses. When the city heard of the fall of Fort Sumter, the Keystone Daughters at once, tendered their services 'to Governor Curtin for work in the field and In the hospitals. George H. Stewart, founder of the t'nlted States nurses, met the party on their arrival there. She examined the young women as to their qualifications as nurses for army service. She had only one objection to offer, and that was that the majority were too good looking. This objection was the only one of Its kind entered on the army records during the war. Mrs." Emily E. Woodley, who organized the corps and Is the only survivor of It, prepared nurses who volunteered their services during the recent Spanish war for their work. Mrs. Woodley was born In this city In 1833. She Is a granddaughter of John R. Reed, of Germantown, who fought In the Continental army. Her nephew is In Otis' army in the Philippines. During the civil war "Mother" Woodley the title given her by General "Phil" Kearneyserved In thirty-three battles. It is safe to say that when the veterans are "gathered here next month she will receive as much attention as Independence Hall. When this patriotic woman entered her country's service it was with no idea of remuneration, but after the second battle of Bull Run her name was placed on the army pay roll. At the close of the war. she was grnnted a life pension. The most prized of Mrs. Woodley's collection of medals, badges and souvenirs Is a medal given her by Secretary Stanton at the close of the war. It hangs from a metal bar on which Is the Inscription: "Here I Am." On the obverse side of the medal are the words: "Emily E. Woodley, Last Survivor of the Philadelphia Women's Nurse Association." On the reverse side are the words: "Presented for Faithful Services Rendered Sick and Wounded Soldiers from 1881 to 1865." Secretary Stanton was opposed to medals and decorations, but he made a notable exception In Mrs. Woodley'ji case. Her best relics are kept In a child's coffin. She was'entrusted with the keeping of many documents and articles of value while the war was being waged. Her' trunk was repeatedly broken open and robbed. Finally a soldier whom she had nursed to convalescence said he would make her a box for her valuables thnt would never tet disturbed. A child's coffin, studded with silver-plated nails, was the end of his labor, and bis judgment was cor 7 A J I a i I o 1p In the Citizens' Volunteer Hospital, located at Broad and Prime streets. Among her many patients was a young soldier by the name of Charles Charlton. He was wounded in the field and sent to the home hospital. Good nursing alone saved him and he recovered. Naturally he thought a great deal of his nurse. He expresses his appreciation by greeting her every time he sees her with a great bug and a kiss. Both are now well on in life's pathway. He Is a sergeant In the Twenty-fifth district sub station at Taylor street and Passyunk avenue. Among those who will be present Is one nurse whose experiences would fill a book. In fact, they do till a book, for she has written one. Her name is Fannie Gorden Kelley. Besides being a nurse in the civil war and undergoing hardships In the field, she was captured by the Sioux .Indians after the war and suffered five months in their tents before she was rescued by the officers and men of the Eleventh Ohio Cavalry. The present president of the national association became a nurse through following her husband. He was captured and confined In a prison house In Richmond. Mrs. Ewlng forced her way Into the rebel lines to nurse her husband. She was treated with marked respect by the officers and men of the Confederacy, who fully appreciated the heroic action of the noble, self-sacrificing woman, and did nil In their power to help her on her way. After her husband was exchanged and went to the front again she came North and continued In the work of nursing. The oldest living army nurse In the association is "Mother" Ransom. She was the central figure In one of the most pathetic Incidents of the war the sinking of the North America. The North America was a hospital ship. She was commanded by Captain Mnrsbman, of Philadelphia. On December 20, 1864, as she was bringing home tonie 200 enlisted soldiers who had been wounded In battle near Dallas, Hermitage, Manning and Baton Rouge, she sprang aleak. She was off the coast of Florida at the time. The Mary E. Libhy, from Cuba, saw her signals of distress and came to her assistance. Owing to the darkness and the high sea the two boats collided, and it only through a like experience again. Mother Byckerdyke, from Illinois, will be there. All those who remained by the armies who fought their way down the Mississippi will remember her.. In August, 1S61, she was sent from Galesburg to Cairo to ascertain the needs of the troops stationed there. They remember her, too, at the bottle of Belmont, at the bloody field of Donelson, at Pittsburg Landing. They will recall the time when at the main hospital at Corinth a brigade was marched through the hospital grounds after a long journey. And how "Mother Byckerdyke" had prepared barrels of cold water for the boys as they passed through. She asked the commanding officer to halt the men long enough for them to drink, which he refused to do. "Halt!" ordered Mrs. Byckerdyke In clear tones, disregarding the look of the commanding officer. Her order was obeyed and the "Tin Bucket Brigade" worked energetically for a few moments. But her victories were not always so bloodless. After the battles of Mission Ridge and Lookout Mountain she remained in the field thirty days, till the last of the wounded were removed to Northern hospitals, working with ail her energy with one end in view, that the soldiers be well cared for. Mrs. Nash, who engineered the reunion In Buffalo In 1897, and who has always been the standard-bearer of the organization, will be present at this year's convention, as will also Hannah Palmer, who was secretary of the national association for three years. Every year the nurses meet the fact that death has been busy among them Is sorrowfully recorded. Year by year their membership grows less and less. They are all aware that some day the National Association of Army Nurses will be no more. In view of this fact, and in order to preserve some record of themselves to posterity, the association has placed a movement on foot to organize a Daughters of Army Nurses Society. So far the progress made has beeu rapid and a favorable consummation Is hoped for In the near future. The new organization haB the advontage of being a perpetual one, because the grandchildren and the children's. children will be eligible. ft. 1 N 7 3 CttrXvArMV FREAK IDEAS IN ARCHITECTURE mm Nisi. AN INTERESTING controversy has arisen in Ohio. It was the Intention of the committee having In charge the coming celebration of the centenary of the State to erect n huge exhibition building In the shnpe of a fish. The open mouth was to be the entrance hall, while the remc '..ider of the body was to be occupied by a general reception building, including a ball room, lunch and waiting rooms and billiard rooms and general recreation parlors. The whole structure was to be lighted by electricity to give the appearance at night of a huge fire fish. The plan met with general approbation and was definitely decided upon until a sung was struck In the form of a leenl Impediment. It cnine from the widow of James White Elephant that nttrneted so much attention some years ago and made so much money for its Inventor. He patented the Jdea and endeavored to get the right to prohibit the erection of all buildings in the shape of animals, birds and fish without the payment to him of a royalty upon the Idea. Whether the right was properly granted or not Is a question that the courts must settle. Until it is settled, however, the Ohio officials will have to hold their plans in abeyance. Their Idea Is certnlnly a unique one and well worthy a place among the world's strangest buildings. If ponsummated it will undoubtedly attract a great number of people to the exposition. These unique structures are almost unknown outside of the United States. England has a few. but none that can be properly classed with the peculiar American freaks. Perhaps the Btrangest building In Ene- fand Is the leaning tower of Bristol. It is the tower of the Temple Church there and has stood since the end of the fourteenth century; and there is in Wales a leaning tower which is even farther from the terlng the visitor shrinks back In fear that the building will collnpse. But "Architect's Freak" Is ns safe as any building in Penzance, and has been used as a shop for ninny years. Formerly it was used as a museum. The people of the little village of Hordle, a few miles from Bournemouth, were astonished some time ago to see an enormous tower, having the appearance of a factory chimney, rise up In their midst. It was not clear to what use such a structure could be put, especially as there were windows all the way up; but It soon leaked out that the owner, a wealthy spiritualist, had built It as n tomb! The tower measures 10 feet square inside, and. rises 220 feet, aliout as high ns the Tower Bridge across the Thames. The eccentric owner occupies the tower as a house while he lives, and it U the opinion of all who have climbed Its many steps that no other home in the country provides such a beautiful outlook. It Is said that since building the tower the owner has becdme convinced of the benefits of cremation, so that all that this strange tomb the tallest tomb in England Is likely to hold is a simple urn containing the ashes of tbe present tenant. . . The little village of Rushton, In Northamptonshire, possesses one of the most extraordinarily-shaped houses In the country. It was built by an ardent Catholic, Sir Thomas Tresham, to typify the dootrine of the Trinity. The house. Is triangular In shnpe, and has three stories, each story having three windows on each of the three sides, nearly all the windows being In the shape of the three-leaved shamrock. Three gables rise on each side, and the house Is surmounted by a three-sided chimney. Over the door are the words, "There are three that bear record," and on each side of the house is a triple Latin Inscription and three figures of angels bearing shields. It Is said that the mortar used In building the house was mixed with beer Instead of 4 1 A FORTUNE IN FANS AND LACES '4, RARE OLD LACES and fans, relics of bygone days, are to be revived next winter and worn and carried at all tbe leading functions. At least this Is what Paris dictates. New York Is preparing to follow the behest and the Vanderbllt, the Astor, the Thome, the Neweonib and other famous laces will doubtless be greatly admired this winter. The Vanderbllt and Astor laces have now been so largely divided up that they are no longer as striking as they once were, but thosehat replace them are even more beautiful, if less unique. The most remarkable collection in this country to-day is, perhaps, the Gould collection. Cobweb-like moucholrs owned by Louis XV. and his queen, by Marie Antoinette and the Empress Eugenie are in Mrs. George Gould's possession, and she never ronkes a trip abroad without adding modern duchess point, Bruges, point d'Angllterre and Honlton handkerchiefs to her lovely hoard, and $500 is paid without question for a handkerchief that Mrs.Gould's lace-trained glance approves. Another remarkable collection Is that of Governor Morton's daughter. Miss Lena Morton. Her kuowledge of lace Is very wide, her love of It sincere and her purchase of both antique and modern pieces very frequent. The majority of her evening dresses are draped with flounces, shawls and berthas worth many times their weight in gold, for this decoration she prefers to any modish Invention In frills and panels and lapels. Tbe hearty admiration of all the lace lovers goes out to a remarkable set of three deep flounces of the. richest Venice point owned by Mrs. Thome. When In Italy Mrs. Thome found and paid a big price for tho lovely pieces, draped them over a silk gown and wore it all triumphantly to an ambassadorial function in Rome. Lovely as her gown was, it excited something more than mere admiration, for all at once a guest at the reception fell on hla knees before the Rothschild owns the most wonderful, while Ex-Queen Isabella of Spain had a remarkable collection. Including over eight hundred, of all styles and periods. The handBomest feather fan on record Is that owned by the Countess of Lonsdale. It consists of five wide white feathers, the largest twenty Inches; the amber handle has her ladyship's monogram In diamonds. The bauble cost $1,500. An Ivory stick fan riveted with diamonds, with a Maltese lace mount and much gold thread, is one of Queen Victoria's fans. It won the prize at a fan exhibition given In London, and at the close of the show It was presented to her Majesty. It was made by a society with a formidable name "The Worshipful Company of Fanmakers." A court lady of Munich has a collection of fans painted with scenes from all of Wagner's operas. And this grand dame has a fan on which are the signatures of all tho diplomats who attended some famous congress held at Berttn. Countess Oriola has the most valuable autograph fan In the world; It has the autographs of all the royal family and the Berlin court, Including those of Prince Bismarck and Count von Moltke. Another fan which possesses historical interest is that which now reposes In the Castle of Monza, near Milan, Italy. This precious toy dutes from the first century and was the property of her Majesty Queen Theodellnda. It is made of leather, gilt and bejeweled, and folds in two on some sort of hinges. When open It Is rectangular, the leaves being square. The gold handle Is Inlaid with gems. Madame Pompadour had a wonderful fan. The lace mount cost $.10,000 and It took some years to make the five sections,' each one containing a medallion or miniature, which are so minute as to be almost invisible to the naked eye. It is now in existence, broken and apart, but still shows traces of Its great beouty. The finest one of Christine Nllsson's collection

Clipped from
  1. The Times,
  2. 20 Aug 1899, Sun,
  3. Page 19

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  • PhiladelphiaTimes-1899-bottom

    smars66 – 13 Mar 2014

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