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THE BHOOKLVN DAILY EAGLE, NEW GATHER OLD-TIME PUN DEVICES IT "S CONEY ISLAND'S OLD CURIOSITY SHOP HE 11 Swing Was First Patented in 1847; Roller Skates Came on Scene in 1860. By JO RAN'SON. Several montfis have passed since the State of New York granted regents charter to the American Museum ol : Public Recreation, an institution built in Coney. Island for the purpose of hnusing replicas of amusement devices in addition to portraying the rise of the amusement industry. But in these several month! the museum has "grown enormously in material, which is now in the process of being classified and properly exhibited. Discoveries .of old-time inventions and who was responsible for these inventions is first coming to light. The museum has obtained the entire list of amusement patents issued by the United States Government fro;n 1790 on and a Eeerch through them has brought -forth ehow-business knowledge heretofore buried in the archives of Government records. In going through the patents it was found that the first amusement patent was issued by the Government on Oct. 16, 1847, to Charles Luxton, who had invented a swing. The first roller skates, records show, were made by a R. Shaler and the patent issued on May 29 in 1860. The two-story carousel, the first i of its kind, was patented on July 25, 1871, by W. Schneider. Then followed a long procession of amusement patents on different kinds of swings, game tables, see-saws, rnerry-go-round, etc. Patents were applied for on an "appliance for dancing instruction," "aerial observatory," "picture exhibitor," "apparatus for dramatic effect," "safety bathing apparatus," "gravity pleasure railway," "roundabout," which was the balloon carousel, "ap- , paratus for pyrotechnic " display," "machine for agitating liquids" and '."water chutes." It was an era of invention with " recreational ideas coming in from all corners of the United States. ' The museum, a dream fostered In . the mind of William P. Mangels, a )J1U11CCI "111 W1Q UIUUBUJ has been realized with the co-operation of Frederick W. Pearce, George V. McLaughlin, Edward F. Tilyou, Dr. Philip- I. Nash, Dudley S. Humphrey, Sam W. Gumpem, George P. Smith and R. S. Uzzell, who are the incorporators, with Mr. Mangels. Suggested in 1927. The American Museum of Publio' Recreation was first brought to the attention of the public when Mr iMangels, In 1927, at the National Convention of Amusement ParK3 in Chicago, sucested the building of such an institution; - At that .time Mr. Mangels pointed out that ttuch an institution would prtve of invaluable aid to all showmen. "It is proposed to organize," he ' told theconvention,- "and incorpo-; rate an association for the purpose of preserving and recording the history and progress of outdoor amusement devices and structures embracing amusement parks, beaches, resorts and similar places catering to the millions of people seeking healthy, clean, outdoor amusement: It is further proposed that such an institution should, in a proper and fitting manner, honor the memory of pioneers who have created de vices and methods which have proved of value to the industry, and from which it now benefits. . . . America today leads the world in the development and. production', of new and novel amusement devices. No other country can even remotely equal our production of these novelties." - Coney Island Ticked. ; The members of the Chicago convention agreed that this was an excellent idea; and the proposal of a site came up for discussion. Chicago, Cincinnati, Philadelphia. Cleveland and New York City ware proposed, but. finally Coney Island was settled upon as the jMace where the museum rightfuly belonged. It was pointed out that all men Interested in the outdoor activities of America travel to Coney Island every year to observe the latest in inventions, and therefore a mu scum located in the heart of the island would prove beneficial to every one interested. Many Exhibits Shown. The museum is housed a: the corner of W. 8th st; and Sheepshead Bay rd., on a site of land ottered by tho Brooklyn Boro Oas Company, of which Mary E. Dillon is president. A stone, Structure .of slinole 10 1 The American Museum of Public Recreation at W. 8th st. and Sheepshead Bay rd. is" William F. Mangels, Its tounder. ' Insert design with a dignliied front, the! museum promises, upon the acquisition of several more objects of historic value, to become one of the most educational features found in tbe entire city. Entering the museum, one will discover the most fascinating of exhibits that have been bequeathed, donated and loaned to form part of the show. ' Valuable originals, letters from famous showmen and photographs of inestimable value Illustrating the rise of amusement inventions are to be found. The replicas especially are instructive. A large showcase Contains a working model of the earliest loop-the-loop built in the 19th. Century. It was then called a "centrifugal railway." E. Prescott was the inventor and apparently, it created one of the biggest sensations when invented. Little trouble was had with the loop-the-loop, or "centrifugal railway." mechanically. It always worked smoothly, but the fault, it seems, rested with the people v. ho went on them for rides. Carousel History Portrayed. The rise of the carousel is viv idly portrayed in diagrams and models. The display of woodeh lions manufactured 100 years .go aed"' 'those- being built today also form,, part of an enlightening exhibit. The -old art work that used to play such an important part in the use of the carousel a decade ago also finds, a place in the museum... - - . :i The old oscillating swing and its various companions have been portrayed by models. The music boxes, it must be remembered, have always played and will continue to p!ay a great part In the amusement world, and they too have ran placed alonfj with the other exhibits. There is to be seen the first barrel organ, then the perforated cardboard and finally the paper rolls from, which music came forth. Pioner Roller Coaster. " , La Marcus A. Thompson, another pioneer in .the field,' who, back in 1885, went to Washington to patent the "roller coaster structure" (patent No. 310,966, according to Government statistics), will also be given a prominent spot in the museum. It is interesting to note that the roller coaster was in vogue in Coney Island in 1881, four Sears before Thompson decided to safeguard his invention- by patenting it. And only the other day a diligent search brought forth the original car used then. It was found in a junk heap on the Thompson scenic railway plant. The library of patents and other volumes pertaining to fairs and the outdoor show world will be complete and the only one of its kind in the world. Mr. Mangels has secured all the patents from the Government from -.1790 on to the present day. The first patent was filed with the Government in 1790 and the first volume of 'patents listed Is from 1799 to 1847. There was no classification of patents at that time and it was a tremendous task to go through them for amusement inventions. 1C4 Patents. Found. ' ' After going through the volumes of a hundred years, 164 patents on the amusement industry were discovered. Each one has now been classified. Hunting through these pateirl volumes provided Mr. Mangels with a thrill he never before had experienced. The search offered him an opportunity to come across all the patents filed by Edison and Fulton and other great inventors.. From all over the United States objects are coming in to the museum to be placed in chronological order. Various estates have already submitted Interesting material. The estates of the lute Louis Stanch and G. A. Dentzel. an early carousel maker of Philadelphia, are only a few of the many who have interested themselves In this movement. No Profit Basis. The charter of the American Museum of Public Recreation make it plain that the aim of the Institution is "to conduct all its busU ness and business transactions on the basis of no profit, without salaries, pecuniary profit, or financial or material compensation to any of its officers, directors or trustees, or to any person or persons acting in such or similar capacities . . to establish an endowment fund in order to insure and safeguard ths progress, growth and permanency of the museum and its appurtenances; to establish a membership of various classifications . . to offer to the general public free admission to tne museum, itc record, and ex hibits." There is no doubt in the minds of the incorporators that before long the American Museum of Public Recreation will broaded out into a great educational and vital institution. RIO STARTS WAR ON YELLOW FEVER BEARING MOSQUITO Brazilian. Metropolis Inaugurates 3-Year Campaign to Annihilate ' the Pest. Rio Janeiro, June 29 () Women have been playing important roles in recent weeks in the civic co-operative movement of ' the Brazilian capital aiding the health authorities in an educational campaign on how to exterminate the yellow fever bearing mosquito. V ; Chief among these workers Is Miss Bertha Lutz, who was the guest of many women's v clubs In - the United States not long ago.. She gave many radio talks on mosquito fighting and was a leader In the organization of tne committee aiding the authorities. It will take three years of concerted effort, according to Professor Miguel Conto, to wipe out entirely the ste.7pmyas. He made this statement in a radio talk in which he traced yellow. fever in Brazil since the first cases were brought here in December 1849 by the American bark Navarre. In May there was an Intensive campaign of leading citizens to brinj home to the people that it was their light to wipe out the mos quitoes, and that the health authori ties must have their co-operation. The telephone operators in answering calls resaonded 'kill the mos quito." Boy Scouts paraded with wmners witn the same slogan and distributed tens of thousands of cards with instructions on eradication of breeding places of the insect. Automobiles and autobus windshields carried these instructions also, and radio talks were liven by medical nnd other authorities dally and illustrated lectures in schools and cinemas. WOULD TAKE MAN YEAR TO REACH MOON IN ROCKET French Savants Award $400 to Marl for Plan to Propel a Tube by Hydrogen Gas. Paris, June 29 OP) A tourist from the earth might arrive on the moon within a year, it was calculated by members of the Aeronautic Society of Prance at a meeting here after they, had examined the plans of a German scientist, Prof. Hermann Oberth, for shooting a man to the moon in a rocket. The French savants had offered a prize of $200 for the best solution to this problem of interplanetary com munication and they were so enthusiastic about . Professor Oberth's scheme that they gave him a prize of $400 instead. Professor Oberth's plan called for a rocket machine to be propelled at a rate of 4.000 yards a second by ejections of hydrogen gas. Scientists from many countries submitted papers. An American, Noel Deisch of Washington, was awarded honorable mention for a plan to supply interplanetary voyagers with oxygen en route. This voyage to the moon, it was commented, is one of the few dreams of Jules Verne which have not been realized. Telephone Triangle S33 Est. 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Clipped from
  1. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle,
  2. 30 Jun 1929, Sun,
  3. Page 14

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