Bridge is a necessity

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Bridge is a necessity - FB1DAY EVENING, JUNE 11. Tilts paper bos tlio...
FB1DAY EVENING, JUNE 11. Tilts paper bos tlio largest Circulation of any Evening paper published In the United States. Its value as an Advertising medium Is thcrclore apparent. The East IMver BrlUso anu - Brldso at Cincinnati. We have before us the last report made to the stockholders of the Ohio Bridge, winch was opened on the first of January last, and which now affords uninterrupted communication communication between the Cities of Cincinnati, Ohio, and Covington, Kentucky. In view of the lact that a bridge designed to connect Brooklyn Brooklyn with New York is now under way, a synopsis synopsis of the history of the Ohio Bridge will not be uninteresting, especially if we can show from the success of the former undertaking, that there are no insuperable obstacles in the way of the triumph of - the enterprise whihis now universally regarded as necessary to the continuous growth and prosperity of Brooklyn. Brooklyn. The want to be supplied was almost exactly exactly alike in both cases. Cincinnati is a city containing over two hundred thousand inhabitants. inhabitants. Opposite to it, on the left bank of the Ohio, is the city of Covington, Kentucky, built on a beautiful plain, several miles in extent, and regularly laid out m accordance accordance with the plan of Cincinnati, to which it bears nearly the same relation as Brooklyn does to New York. Covington, from its convenience convenience to the business portion of its sister city, has been selected as the home of great numbers of the business people of the larger city. Both cities were connected by steam ferries. Travel by them was interrupted by ice for several weeks in the year, and in their own interest the Covington people started the bridgefoject. It was at first looked UDfiKTnoldlv bv the Cincinnatians. but in time both cities came to the conclusion that there mutual interest demanded uninterrupted communication between their people. Cincinnati Cincinnati in one especial point differs from New York. To the dimensions of the latter city there must necessarily be a limit. Its natural limitation in the Island of Manhattan. Beyond all question the greater portion of its surface within two or three generations will be required required for business purposes. The wealthy resident on the upper end of the Island may be able to afford to "resist the necessities of trade, but the great mass of those who toil in New Tork must find a home elsewhere. New York recognizes the fact, and unlike the people people of Cincinnati, at first, are eager to provide free and easy communication with the adjoining adjoining cities for her people. What is a luxury to the people of Cincinnati, is a necessity to those of New York. Regarded from other points of view the history of the Ohio bridge enterprise is of interest interest to us. It was built by the engineer, to whom the construction of the East River bridge has been entrusted; it is the longest iron bridge in America, and is the natural precursor precursor of the East River bridge, which will be to it what the Cincinnatti bridge is to ordinary ordinary bridges, except that both will embody the same well tested principles. The project for bridging the Ohio was contemplated contemplated seriously as early as 1813, and in that year a charter was obtained for it trora the Legislature of Kentucky. Ten years later the work was actually commenced. Mainly through the indifference or hostility of the Cincinnatians Cincinnatians the work dragged along until the outbreak of the late war, when all the energies energies of the country were directed ti other than peaceful purposes. In 1862, however, the necessity of moving troops and materials of war across the river made the want of a permanent permanent bridge all the more felt. In that year it was taken up in earnest with the hearty cooperation cooperation of both cities, and on the first of January last it was opened to the public. On that day seventy - five thousand people crossed it, and both cities joined in the celebration of a project which practically united the two great communities. " It is scarcely deemod necessary to say to you," says Mr. Robeling; the engineer, in his report, "that the "bridge is a complete success ; perhaps - v.iv vjf ivo iAituYt.uiu. in, vecu inure so " the wonder and admiration of all who "cross it and in the future there will doubtless doubtless few visit the city of Cincinnati, or its "vicinity, who will not cross thismiguificeut " structure." It is worthy of notice, and the fact will be assuring to the promoters of the East River bridge, that the estimates made by Mr. Kobeling were justified entirely by the result. The estimated cost was one million four hundred thousand dollars. dollars. The cost of the bridge will be within one million eight hundred thousand dollars. The estimate was matte before the war, and the entire discrepancy is accounted for by an advance in the price of material and labor caused by the war, and by the depreciation of the currency. The main arch of the Ohio bridge, or, in technical language, the "main span from centre to centre of towers," is one thousand and fifty - seven feet. The main span of the East River bridge will be nearly, if not quite two thousand thousand feet. The cost of the former bridge will be within $1,800,000; the cost of the latter is estimated at $6,000,000, and in view of the respective dimensions and of the experience and integrity of the man who prepared the estimate, we are justified in accepting it as correct. In the face of the necessities of a bridge at the two points, and of the respective respective wealth of the two communities for whose accommodation it will provide, and of the income certain to be derived from the East River bridge, who will say that we cannot better afford to bridge the East River than our Western friends could the Ohio? The material used, or to be used, iu both cases is iron. The medium height ot the Cincinnati Cincinnati bridge is 103 feet; that of the East river bridge will be 130 feet. In extreme hot weather the Ohio bridge falls one foot; in extreme cold weather it rises one foot above the medium height named. Prom the weight of the material to be used in the East river Dridge the variation, it is contended, will be much less. Referring incidentally to the latter latter pro ect, Mr. Robeling says in his report: "Since the inlerniplion of travel across the East River, between New York and Brooklyn caused bv M,iCe 6t(TiDtCr' thu ld IroJ!t of bVicMnsrtbls tidal arm of the sea has been revived, anA various charters are now being enacted to realize this conception. conception. The great tidal flow not only preserves the no - , mal contrition of the harbor of New York7biii it a o solves as one of the principal highways of its commerce. commerce. With a dcplhof water of 23'to 50 fef its whole width is navigable. ReflectiSI now on wlat an immense commerce will he crnVvrtni through this channel, say n hundred wars hen cm the question of a permanent obstruction bv nie'rsnr otherwise, be entertained 1 The planting of each obstacles to navigation would be a great natural or fence; it would e a thrust at the commerce of this continent. Except tvnmUng, all other pro jects which design obstructions to the East River are quite out of the question CJnrUe qnenlly the East Biver will have to be crossed by a single span, which may vary from 1.400 feet to 2,000 feot or more in the clear, according to location and at an elevation In the centre of no lcs than 185 feet above high tide. But the larger tiie spun Vt more rigid it can be made, and since the above dimensions are fuly uiMn the limits of pracfMIUy its erection IB SIMFLT A (JTJESTIOK OT COST." The intercourse between Cincinnati and Covington is less intimate than that between New York and Brooklyn. To the Cincinna - tian a residence in Covington is a luxury still, which prosperous business men mainly enjoy. To the New Yorker, a comfortable house out of the city, at a moderate rent or price, is a necessity. Brooklyn has a population greater than that of the two Western cities named. If it will pay two cities with a united population of 220,000 to connect themselves at a cost of nearly two umuon aouars, can it fail to pay in our case Wlluw. 41 . - - where there is a population of over mutton requiring the accornmoda - the amount? Bpenct three mpa "sucb snow that more rwinle Jew York ma flay than cross between Cin - mnaU and Covington in a month Tn view of the increase of the commerce of New York Iff? St ab81Ute penslou ferry travel is but a question of time. Every day it is becoming more difficult .and more dangerous. During our life time one - bridge may afford the requisite accommodation, accommodation, but the time will come when travel by ferry - boat will be as much behind he age as travel pj norse opais is now. Tbe rate of ferriage charged over the Ohio bridge to - av cent and a half to commuters, commuters, the same; rate as our ferri;s charge ;In the report tb.9 notable top fe 8ta - ted that a larger income is derived from tran sient passengers than from regular customers. Here, of course, from regular passengers a source of profit will be derived greater than the Western people dream of. The one great question is, will the bridge, pajft That it will and be a profitable investment, is beyond question. Parks, boulevards, parade grounds, wooden pavements, etc., are luxuries. The Iridge is a nccemiy, and not a day should be lost in commencing the work upon it. AfTulrs South. The Attorney - General has decided, and the Administration has accepted his decision, that the military commanders of the Southern States cannot remove and appoint civil officers officers at their pleasure. The Administration holds that civil officers cannot be removed without cause, which others can juoe of as well as the military commanders. commanders. If the former theory were accepted accepted the law would not work uniformly. General Sheridan, for instance, might remove all the elected officials of Louisiana for offences which General Ord would pass over as not worth noticing, and in this way there would be virtually different laws in different States, and the law in each would be the will ot a military subordinate. The Trimne stoutly defends this construction of the law, and insists that Congress meant to create an absolute military despotism in the Southern States, which has not even the merit of uniformity. uniformity. Says the Tribune : The purpose of the Military bill is to give certain Generals supreme power. To that end each General Commanding is absolutely in command, and ail offl - cers. clvi! or military, are merely so many lieutenants for the cxi r jssion ofhis will. If any officer interferes with this duty, he is to be put aside. Congress intended intended this, and what is more, the President recognized the intention. The President, in his veto, contended that this was what was meant. Congress denied it and disregarded his veto of the law. The author of the law, Senator Sherman, denied denied that there was any intention of interfering interfering with the existing State Government. The Tribune is blating for the widest liberty in one breath, and defending the most odious tyranny in another. The Radical organs tell us that the progress of reconstruction is most satisfactory under the Congressional plan, and it is nowhere so satisfactory as within General Sheridan's dominion. dominion. Let the following dispatch from Louisiana answer: "The incompetency of the late Governor and the extravagance extravagance of the Legislature have brought the State into a deplorable condition. The treasury is empty, and the State without credit. No prospect of relief on account of the large issue of State notes which are receivable receivable for taxes. The current year's taxes will only absorb those depreciable notes which on not re - issn - able. Governor Flanders has been notified that unless immediate provision is made for food the. inmates of the deaf and dvmb and insane asylum) will be turned loose cn the community. A like state of affairs exists with regard to the State prisoners." Sanitary Condition oftho Cities. Under the new tenement - house law much improvement is said to have been made already already in the condition of tenement houses in New York. The owners are held responsible for the sanitary condition of the premises to the extent, at least, of providing proper facilities facilities for ventilation and cleanliness ; the rest depends upon making the tenants avail themselves themselves of the means for protecting their health, and this will be found the most difficult task. The great evil is overcrowding habitations, which no law can obviate as long as there is an insufficiency of accommodations for the population of the city. The denser the population population the greater the ratio of mortality. The rate of mortality in Brooklyn is less than that of New York, chiefly because our population is spread over more space. The ratio is twenty - one in a thousand per annum in Brooklyn, to twenty - four in New York. Estimating Estimating the population of New York at one million, this would give three thousand more deaths a year in that city than would occur were New York placed under the .same sanitary sanitary conditions as Brooklyn. This comparison comparison has provoked some inquiry as to the peculiar peculiar advantages Brooklyn possesses over New York. The cities are so close together, there can be no climatic difference, and New York, between the two wide rivers, swept over by the breezes from the Bay, is as favorably favorably situated for health as any city could be ; Brooklyn really possesses no appreciable natural advantages over New York, and we can only account for this difference in the mortality mortality rates to the closer packing of the population population of New York. Nearly half a million of its population live in fifteen thousand tenement tenement houses or an average of over thirty persons in each house. With so many people crowded together under one roof it is impossible impossible to compel that degree of cleanliness which strict regard for health requires. The true remedy lies in diffusing the population over more space. This is not easy of attainment when a city has grown to the poportions of New York, and business requirements tend to encroachments encroachments every year upon the limited space. Increased facilities for travel from the heart of the city, to the suburbs and country beyond, is the first necessity. Thousands of people lire in the most crowded part of the city at the sacrifice of health, because they cannot afford the time it now takes to travel from their place of business to more healthy quarters in the suburbs. Give New York underground underground railroads, and the population instead instead of being huddled together in cramped limits would soon be diffused over the Island, and New York would become a happier and healthier city. o Government Taxes. The Collector of Internal Revenue, in the Third District, gives notice thatthe taxesupon incomes and other personal property taxable under the amended revenue law will ba due and collectable on the 15th inst. One month, till the 15th of July, is allowed for the payment payment of these taxes without default. The Assessor Assessor in the Second Collection District is behind behind hand, as usual, and his returns are not ready yet, consequently the fortunate residents residents in that district will have a little more grace. The falling off in the returns for the present year of Internal Revenue taxes from all sources is full per cent from last year's returns. Unless other communities have done better ,fifty fnd we donbt if any have,the government revenue lor 1867 will fall below the expenses, and instead of a decrease we may expect an increase of the National Debt. This may open the eyes of the people to the fact that reconstruction is not a mere political question, but quite important from a financial financial point of view, political tranquillity is a necessity to financial prosperity. Strong pressure has been brought to bear on the Commissioners appointed to repave Bedford avenue, to induce them to use the Nic - olson pavement. Upon examination the Commissioners Commissioners find that in the case of the sample blocks laid in New York, water has lodged between the planks and the blocks, and a churning of the reekingstuff takes place whenever whenever a heavily loaded cart passes. Fortunately Fortunately under this bill the Commissioners are free to choose whatever pavement they think best. That they will not use the Nicolson is settled. settled. Much discussion was provoked by the displacement displacement of John A. Cross in favor of Anthony Anthony Campbell on the Commission which ia empowered, among other things, to repave Washington avenue. Mr. Campbell's Campbell's political relation with Mr. Chittenden is well known. We will hesitate, hesitate, however, in believing that it embraces the furtherance of the Nicolson sceheme, for Anthony Campbell is a man who cannot afford afford to ally his fortunes with these Nicolson cliques. The commission is made up of the following gentlemen : S. L. Huested, Alexander Alexander McCue and Mr. Campbell. The Clinton street Commissioners have so far yielded to public opinion as to allow the property owners to determine what pavement they desire to pay for. Now let them call a public meeting of those interested. The parties parties in interest desire no other meetings in back offices. Let there bo light the pres3 and public ask no more. Injured by Fireworks. On Wednesday last, a little son of Mr. John Wheeler, Jr., residing at the corner of Quincy street and Bedford avenne, was severely Injured about the face by the explosion of fireworks which he was attempting to sot off. It was first thought he wouid lose the sight of bis eyes, but yesterday he was materially relieved, and, it is now evident that he will not be blinded. Mr. Wbeelor feelingly feelingly asks that the ordinances In reference to the sale of fireworks be enforced. A burning fire - cracker last year cost the city of Portland, Me., about 0,000,000. - hn?IR CointlBMOHBBS No BtfBTHESS; fran,o.oe 0nl8lonerg met last evening and HomnTof a'"rail m0mt ot 'outlne .haalnessT preparatory TuuV. BWp July and AuS 011 olr ramnie' raoatloa - li

Clipped from The Brooklyn Daily Eagle14 Jun 1867, FriPage 2

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York)14 Jun 1867, FriPage 2
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  • Bridge is a necessity

    nyctours – 02 Feb 2016

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