Hugh Cameron recalls bleeding kansas death
One of the First Men f lulled in Leavenwortn General Hugh Cameron, known as the hermit of Lawrence, Kan., who resides at a place known as "Camp Ben Harrison" three miles west of that town, recalled when he was in Leavenworth last month, the killing of one of the first men in Leavenworth in 1855. The man killed was William Phillips, a'. young: attorney from Ohio, but before he was killed he and his brother, armed only with revolvers, fought 100 pro-slavery-men under Fred Emory, and Dick Murphy, brother of a former mayor of Leavenworth. The house - where the killing took place is the one directly across Shawnee street from the "bpera house and General Cameron, ;vrho was in Leavenworth on that day twas kept a prisoner in the house withloae killed and one wounded man and several women, for denouncing' the crime as a brutal murder. '-- At the time Hugh Cameron was teaming, hauling government .provisions from Weston, Mo., to Lawrence, Kan. He came to Leavenworth on his way to Weston and camped with his ox-team beside a small creek a few hundred yards from the house where Phillips was killed and direct- j ly east of it The. big Fourth street j sewer was constructed along the lines , nis revolver and his brother, wno ran. to -his aid, also was wounded. Hugh Cameron came upon the scene about the time the shooting was taking place and denounced the murder ot rhilhps. He was grabbed by several of the men, his revolvers taken from him, and he placed in the house a prisoner all night. In the same room with him were the- mur dered man's body, the wounded brother and several women.. Hugh Cameron's Party. Cameron was taken the next morn ing to the law: offices of Perry & Lowe; arid his captives demanded to know " of him to what party he be longed. He begged the question by asking his captor: "To what party do you belong?" 'To ;'the pro-slavery party," answered, the man. Then; by the immortal gods, I do not,' was Cameron's reply. "Do you belong to the abolitionist party?" was asked him and he asked who belonged to it. "Jim Lane andRobison," was the answer. . . - "I do not," replied Cameron, and continuing said: "I would rather be a prisoner than a damned scoundrel." "After they took me to the ottice 1 J"r 1 r - j i of that creek. It touched where the., they stole my oxen and fed me at the- west side of the government building now is and then came toward the southwest, passing diagonally across the southeast corner where The Times building now is and ran out into the center of what is now Fourth street near Delaware. It passed directly through Delaware street in the center of what is now Fourth. Wi'Ham Phillips was an abolitionist He builded the foundation and the two front rooms of the building as it now stands and resided th;re with his family. He had been warned time and again to leave eav-enworth, but stated that he intended remaining. Several abolitionists hurried out of town, but Phillips and hi brother remained. 100 Pro-Slavery Men Organize. .One morning a company . of too young men, pro-sUavery adherents, organired in an old warehouse on the northwest corner of Water and Dela-wre streets. They formed the company for the purpose of driving out ti the town all anti-slavery men. Knl were ordered to leave and tfid, catching a boat at the levee, j William Phillips was ordered to leave, but remarked that he had come her to live and defied anyone to fun fiim out of town. The men rode tip what is now Shawnee street to the bouse Phillips had builded and he stood on the balcony to receive them. They ordered him to leave town and he refused. Emory. wno commanded the company, gave the -command to fire. Phillips fell mortally wounded after be had emptied mess tent of Majors & Kusseih freighers . Majors and Russell had so many ox-teams running out of Leavenworth that one night, when the pro-slavery men expected to be attacked by the abolitionists, they built a barricade with wagons entirely around Leavenworth which however, was a small place in those days. Cameron was taken back to the house and there it was that he gained his freedom by threatening the life of an army surgeon stationed at Fort Leavenworth- Captain Clark called to see the wounded man and as he step-peduo on the front porch Cameron walked up, quickly took his revolver trom the holster tnat nung irom iuc oficer's belt and presenting it. at his breast demanded that he get him released. The officer promised that he would do so and shortly after that Cameron was permitted to depart from Leavenworth. Even to this day, the holes made by the bullets from the pro-slavery men's revolvers may be seen in the door and also in the porch. General Cameron said, in regard to Phillips "If ever a man's bust is worthy of being placed in the Kansas hall of fame in Topeka William Phillips is the man. I call him the immortal Phillips. He was brave and fought during his life time here to make Kansas a free state. I do not think the people of Leavenworth and Kansas fully appreciate the bravery of that man or revere his name as they, should."