Neit-door'g a dress- Smart- of it of In of the He Metas-taslo OLD SIMON POKAGON. The Massacre of Fort Dearborn in 1812. . WHATHIS FATHERTOLDHIM Not a Slaughter but a Fierce Battle. Rattlesnake Water in the River Cause of the Trouble Facts and Figures- Figures- the HaRTTORD. Mich., Oct. 17. To fa Editor: The float of 1813 at tie great pageant at the World's Fair on Chicago day, Oct. 9, and the part that was assigned me as the only living son of Chief Leopold Pokagon, who ceaed the land on which Chicago now stands to the United States, has led many to inquire of me what tradition I have of the massacre of Fort Dearborn in 1912. . Hence in Justice to my forefathers and their children now living and yet unborn I wish to have published the following, which I received from the lips of my father and mother .before and after thev were con verted to Christianity. For several years after the fort was built the IndiansSnd whites were on very friendly terms. But during the spring of 1812 two white men with red ctothes came among MMO POKAGOX, POTTOWATOMIE CniET. tbe Indians from Canada and told them the people of the United States intended to kill all of them and take their lands for their use. And further told them that the great king who ruled beyond the ocean and the great lakes would stand by them and fight for them from generation to generation, generation, and that the number of his people were more than the stars in the heavens, and that when the sun rose or set red it was but to remind them of the king's warriors. Believing the two men came with au thority from the king the Indians began to talk about driving the whites out of the country, but no steps were taken to do so until in early autumn. At that time the chief of the fort called the red men to meet in council with him. which thev did. when he informed them that he would evacuate the . fort and distribute among them the ammunition, firearms, whisky, provisions, etc., provided thev would send a safe band of the Pottawatomie with them to Fort Wayne, Ind., and that when they arrived at that fort they would give tbem large sums of monev. The Indians agreed to do so. being well pleased with the arrangements. and on the next dav went to receive the goods and were much disappointed to find that tbe firearms had been destroyed, together with the powder, and the whisky was poured into the river in their pres ence, but some drv goods and provisions were delivered them. Many of the Indians op seeing the fire water poured into the river took their boats into the stream and dipped into them larjre quantities of the river water of which they drunk freely, singing and shouting that the river water was more grggy than nrewater Itself. Under Its influence a war dance was gotten up by tbe more reckless of the tribe. But on the next dav some Miami Indians came from the east for the purpose of acting as escort fer the soldiers of the fort in place of the Pottawatomies, which aroused their jealousy and added fire to the war spirit. After a delay of a day or so the whites, with the Miamis as escorts, started south to go eastward around Lake Michigan. I he Indian warriors were stationed about two miles south of the fort and along the right of the line of march of the soldiers, who soon discovered the red men on their ri-iit ri-iit ri-iit and in front. Thev made a brief pause, then, like a hurd of buffalo at bay, headlong rushed upon the foe in front of them, where a desperate fight occurred. Many were killed on both sides. Still on they" rushed, clearing the field in front of them, only to meet with superior numbers, who hemmed them in on every side. The whites who survived the battle made an unconditional surrender, with an agree ment on the part of tbe red men that their lives should be spared. Manv were killed on both sides, but the Indian loss was much greater, as they had but few firearms. My father said that some of those whose lives they spared reported that the Indians killed some of the whites after the surrender, but that it was false He further said that during the battle a drunken, worthless Indian killed several women and children in the rear of the engagement, engagement, but that he was hated by the tribe ever after for the murderous act, Mv father never called it, as is re corded in vour history, a "massacre," but always spoke of it as the "battle fought south of the fort, in which both sides severely suffered." And further, I have heard my father say that he believed that "rattlesnake water," as he called it, had more to do with the fight on both sides than anything else. He frequently said that when shipments were received at the fort there were five barrels of "'snake water" to one of flour and meat, and that It was a common thing for traders to say: " 'Whisky is leiral tender for tbe red men." He often said with a sigh that he had seen muskrat skins sold for a sewing thimble full of snake water; a deerskin for a drink of it; a beaver skin for a glass of it; a buffalo robe for a pint of it, and a bearskin bearskin for a quart of it. Think of it '. Not long since I examined the old account account books of the American Fur company, which may now be seen at the old Astor house on Mackinac island, Michigan, which are kept there as a relic of the past. In books dated 1816, 1817, and so on, I found the whisky deal to nearly agree with what my father sai)d about it at Fort Dearborn. I do wish that all who visit the Island would examine those books for themselves. They were well kept. I think the writing is the finest I ever saw. While examining them my heart whispered, "If these books come up in evidence in the world beyond no expert will be necessary to read them," - . I have been censured for what I published published in my birch-bark birch-bark birch-bark book, "The Red Man's Greeting," in regard to the introduction introduction of fire-water fire-water fire-water among my people. But I wish now to say in all candor that I wrote it as i t was reflected from my heart, and with the help of him who roles the universe universe I will stand by It so long as I live, and as I am getting old and frail in body, and my voice is feeble, I prav the Great Spirit that the press of these United States will open its" mouth for my race and proclaim proclaim to all the people thereof the last words of the last chief of the Pokagon family, family, not to censure, not to encourage preju- preju- v dice, not to stir up strife, bat that food may coma of it,, and that my people who v may remain nere wnen t nave gone into the world beyond may be saved from tho blighting curse of that alluring destroyer close the leaves taken from my book whii a refer to the introduction ana result of Br-water Br-water Br-water among my people: "To be just, we must acknowledge there were some good men with these strangers, who gave their lives for ours, and in great . kindness tairht us the revealed will of the Great Spirit through his Son Jesus, the mediator between God and man. But while we were taught to love the Lord our God , with all our heart, mind, and strength, and -our -our neighbors as ourselves, and our chll- chll- -dren -dren were taught to lisp. Oar Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name bad men of the same race, whom we thought of the same belief, shocked our; faith in the . revealed will of the Father, as they came among us with bitter oatba upon their lips, something we bad never heard . before. and cups of Hre-water' Hre-water' Hre-water' in their bands, something we had . never seen before. They pressed the sparkling glasses to oar tips ana sain, 17 rink ana you will be happy.' We drank thereof, we and our children, but alas! like the serpent that charms to kill, the drink habit coiled about the heart-strings heart-strings heart-strings of its victims, shocking unto death friendship, love, honor, .manhood .manhood all that makes men good and noble crushing out all ambition and leaving '. naught but a culprit vagabond in the place ' of a man. "Now as we have been taught to believe that our first parents ate of the forbidden fruit and tell, so we as fully believe that this tire-water tire-water tire-water is the hard cider of the white man's devil, made from the fruit of 1 that tree that brought death into the world, and all our woes. The arrow, the scalping-knife, scalping-knife, scalping-knife, and the torua-ham-k torua-ham-k torua-ham-k torua-ham-k torua-ham-k used on the warpath were merciful compared with it; they were used in our defense, but the accursed drink came like a serpent in the form of a dove. Many of our people partook of it without mistrust, as children pluck the ' flowers and clutch a scorpion in their grasp; only when tbey feel the sting, thy let the flowers fall. But Nature's childn n had no such power; for when the viper's fangs they felt, tbey only hugged the reptile reptile the more closely to their breasts, while friends before them stood pleading with prayers aud tears that they would let the deadly serpent drop. But all in vain. Although tney promised so to do. yet with laughing grin and steps uncertain "like the fool, they still more frequently guzzled down this hellish drug. Finally, conscience ceased to give alarm, and, led" by deep despair despair to life's last .brink, and goaded by demons on every side, tbey cursed themselves, themselves, thej- thej- cursed their friends, they cursed their beggar babies and wives, tbey cursed their God, and died." Simon Pokagon. I Did! But Chicago's gone an' done it, aa' she did it with a will She accomplished it Chicago day, an' people got thetr All, An' now it looks as if " tritt" to rtt had smoothly slid. While all the world is laughin' glad to hear her saj: did.'" The father of his country used a hatchet so ! said But Chicago raised the latchet an' With proud, heroic tread Noble Fame, in royal purple, enteral in. as be was bid An' the Wljrwam of Pokagon U shs temple o' iidr There's somethin' in the this Western land That Br er Dana never could atmosphere at out believe or under- under- stand-But stand-But stand-But as Chicago's mighty light can hid- hid- Tbe Eastern "Sun" takes off his be no longer hat an' cont pliments " Did."' George E. Bowes. our i hlrago Kay Edition. Sturgeon Bay (Wis.) Adroeait: One of the features of the Chicago day celebration at Tbe Fair was the usual enterprise displayed by Tub I jtter Ot kAS. which published a souvenir edition, edition, containing several tine colored plates and a complete history of the great tire. The paper" will be treasured as a memento of this great day. Audubon County i Iowa I SfpuMu-oi) SfpuMu-oi) SfpuMu-oi) : The Ik-ter Ik-ter Ik-ter Oceas of last Monday was the handsomest newspaper ever published, and in the afternoon of that day was sold by speculating newsboys at l i-r i-r i-r copy, but the people were bound to havj it. Lalt Bntzt i White Bear Lake. Minn.i: The Chicago day edition of The Inter Oi Eas was perhais the finest work of art ever issued by a daily newspaper anywhere in the world, some of the engravings being fully up to the standard of the best art publications. Bloomington Lradtr: THE INTER OcEAS's Chicago day memorial edition was such a magnificent magnificent publication that the entire edition was soon exhausted and those who did not get the papers are offering liberal prices for them. The Inter Ockah Is certainly to be congratulated upon the success of that souvenir. Antl-truat. Antl-truat. Antl-truat. St. Paul Pionter PrtM- PrtM- The organization of the Anti-trust Anti-trust Anti-trust association at Chicago under ths lead of Governor Nelson of this State is the initial initial step of a movement which. If vigorously pushed on proper lines, promises to accomplish objects of great Importance to the public Interests. Interests. We have now upon the Federal statute books an anti-trust anti-trust anti-trust law. which. If zealously enforced, enforced, would put an end to some, at least, cf the trusts which are credited with unduly raising the prices of the products they control. Such aa organization representing every State of the Cuion. with its executive powers vested in a competent committee, would be able very soou to get at the bottom of tbe reputed coal combine and to bring It before the courts. There is every reason to believe that the existing law will be found sufficient to break un the trust if it exists exists in any form accessible to legal remedies, and it it shall be found that the law is defective such an organization would be a powerful agency in securing needed amendments to the law. Children at Tbe Fair. Wheeling Itttelliqtnctr: It was a good thought and beautiful to think of the children of Chicago who could not get a look at The Fair unless it were glren to them. The children-loving children-loving children-loving people of that city have gone down Into their pockets: the children of the poor are going to The Fair this week, and they are goin; to make this one of the great weeks of The Fair. They will be one of the most Interesting of all the exhibits. The least of these" will take away some memory that will last through life. Would It were possible to give every child In America the same golden opportunity. Stevenson's Opportunity. Hartford Pott.- Pott.- There Is hardly any question that Vice President Stevenson is in a position to. bring the Senate to a vote if he wants to, and can-get can-get can-get the support of Senator Voorhees. All that Voorhees has to do is to proceed to make motions tending toward final action and all that Vice President Stevenson has to do is to recognize those motions and refuse to recognize any other. It might ahake the traditions of the Senate a little but tbey need shaking. Now Is Ad la! Stevenson's opportunity. The c hildren's Age. Peoria Transcript: This Is surely the children's age. in untcago me youngsters nave neen givea a 10-cent 10-cent 10-cent rate to The Fair, and kind-hearted kind-hearted kind-hearted citizens citizens are seeing to it that thousands of them are furnished with free tickets, transported to and from the grounds, and fed while there. They will surely be the better citizens for the opportunity, opportunity, and so thetr benefactors will have their kindness repaid a hundred fold, for whatever helps make better American citizens cf the youth of this country Is the best Investment oossible. McKlnley's Triumphal Progress. Wheeling Intt'lioenetr: Governor McKinley 1 hall,, ,TIM)lhM than tl f n Ir In this year. Probably he never spoke so well, tor he never had so good a text. And ths people fh'ey that want to work and can find nobody who wants workmen tbey flock to hear him by the thousands. If McKinley had his way every man and woman of them would be employed at good wages and laying up something for the rainy day. McKinley ' Campaign, Peoria Transcript: A Peorian, who has recently returned from Ohio, reporu that Governor Me-McKlnley Me-McKlnley Me-McKlnley is making the most successful and enthusiastic enthusiastic campaign of his remarkable political career. All his meetings are attended by immense immense crowds, and the best of feeling is evident In lie publican ranks in all parts of the State. The only danger the Ohio Republicans have to fear this fall Is their usual one of overconfidence. Tramps .and Kallrowd Wrecks. Lafayette Courier: The despised tramp has enougn oi stna to answer ior witnout Deing bur dened with the criminal carelessness and negligence negligence of others who seem to regard human life as of very little consequence, especially if it is sacrificed in s railroad wreck.