Wow! Whole page on Disney

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Wow! Whole page on Disney - 'By the hair of i'II blow you in! By Alice L....
'By the hair of i'II blow you in! By Alice L. Tildesley "WH, HQ'S afraid of the big, bad wolf?" e all could be singing this popular ditty with conviction if we had the confidence of Walt Disney, who has found the answer to this wolf-at-the-door wolf-at-the-door wolf-at-the-door wolf-at-the-door wolf-at-the-door wolf-at-the-door wolf-at-the-door menace. The answer, according to Disney, is: Invent your own job; take such an interest interest in it that you eat., sleep, dream, walk, talk and live nothing but your work until you succeed. Then you may take on a hobby or two if you feel so inclined. The creator of the increasingly famous Three Little Pigs started out in business business in his father's garage, his equipment equipment an old still camera and a supply of pens, ink and paper. Now he has his own studio, his own story and music departments, complete equipment and 135 employes on his staff. The earnings from the eight-minute eight-minute eight-minute Silly Symphony in which the pigs get the best of the big, bad wolf have been variously estimated as anywhere from $1,000,000 to $2,000 000, but this, alas! like the picture; is just a fairy story. "AH this talk about my making a lot of money is bunk," declares Disney. "After ten years of pretty tough sledding sledding I am now making a moderate profit on my products, bur every dime I take in is immediately put back into the business. I'm building for the future And my goal isn't millions; it's better pictures. "I'm not interested in money, except for what I can do with it to advance my work. The idea of piling up a fortune fortune for the sake of wealth seems silly to me. Work is the real adventure in life. Money is merely a means to make more work possible. What They Cost trnHE average cost of a cartoon in J- J- black and white is $18,000. In color this runs to about $20,000. These figures represent only the actual production cost and don't include cost of prints usually 250 prints a picture, but 350 for the pigs cost of distribution, advertising, foreign taxes, duties, ete. "It takes a Mickey Mouse comedy twelve months to pay for itself, while the average Silly Symphony doesn't craw out of the red for eighteen months. "On the other hand, these cartoon comedies last for a, long time. They are still showing the first Mickey Mouse comedy after nine years. Maybe ten years from now the big, bad wolf will still be huffing and puffing before the door to the house of bricks." Certainly the Three Little Pigs should "crawl out of the red" soon, for it's breaking records everywhere and has been-recalled been-recalled been-recalled as many as seven times to some theatres. America resounds to "Who's Afraid?" not such a bad slogan for any country! sung over the radio, played by orchestras and whistled by schoolboys. Yet, if you can believe it, when Disney suggested the idea for the symphony to his staff some nine months ago, the twelve men who compose the story department department remained unimpressed. , "It's lousy! Why don't you get a real idea?" they chorused. You see, Disney surrounds himself with good "no" men. Every one of these 135 who work at the one-story one-story one-story building called "Walt Disney Studios" is a member member of a co-operating co-operating co-operating organization. They are not expected to say "yes" when they mean "no," and nothing is done without a majority opinion in favor of it. T think the reason they didn't like the idea was that at that time the thing wasn't very clear in my own mind," confesses confesses Disney frankly. "I withdrew it and tried to forget it, but the pigs and the wolf and the little house kept haunting haunting me. I thought about them until I saw the story cieaiiy, and then I proposed proposed it again. This time they liked it. "I don't mean they threw up their hats, or that even 1 thought it would be a tremendous hit We considered it a typical Silly Symphony." . If Disney were running any other kind of studio, the proper procedure after your chinny-chin, chinny-chin, chinny-chin, "Work is the real adventure in life. Money Is merely a means to make more work possible," says Walt Disney, creator of Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphonies deciding on an idea would be to write the story, cast the parts, engage a director director and composer, if it were to be a musical, and build some sets. You can't do it that way at Disney's. First, a one-page one-page one-page story is outlined and read to the dozen members of the story department. Two weeks later this staff must turn in ideas that could be used in the tale, gags that might be included and drawings of their individual conceptions conceptions of the characters. Origin of the La La FOR the Three Little Pigs, for example, one man may have turned in the gag wherein the pig with the house of straw opens his frail door and pulls in the mat with "Welcome" on it when he sees the wolf come bounding toward it. Another may have suggested that the wolf grab hold of the little pigs' tails as they flee to safety in the house of bricks. One wall of the conference room was covered with twelve or more versions of how the four characters looked and sketches of their dwellings. From these selection was made by vote of all present present and the animators provided with models of the selections. . In an ordinary picture there is opportunity opportunity to rehearse the characters, try things several different ways and select the best "take" for the final product. But in a cartoon comedy, composed of from 10,000 to 15,000 drawings, the di , cJ Silly Symplion y Beco mes AME rector must visualize visualize his action, plan his entire cont inuity, entrances, entrances, exits, dissolves dissolves and cuts; in fact, do all his editing before a single picture is drawn. An artist-animator artist-animator artist-animator artist-animator can, with diligence, produce only five feet of action every eight hours, so it is necessary to conserve conserve his time by giving him the kind of work he does best. Some artists are excellent excellent at producing One of more scenes, others can create animated action. It is difficult for any artist to change his individual style and adopt a standard standard style for the benefit of the cartoon, so that the little pig drawn by one can't be distinguished from the little pig drawn by the other. For this reason Disney maintains a group of apprentice artists and trains them in the art of animation. They attend art classes at the studio. Their apprenticeship lasts six months, never less, and sometimes longer, and they are paid as they learn. metis Q(&AN Three Little Pigs Change the Psychology of the Nation Walt Disney Tells How He Makes Animated Cartoons A good animator should be a good actor also, for he must know what is dramatic, what is comic and what is pathetic. "We have three musical directors who compose the music, or adapt it, for our pictures," explained Disney. "Our three picture directors each has a film to direct, and each works with his own musical director. "The music must fit the mood of the story; it should enhance the action, and care must be taken that it does not instead instead detract from the picture or annoy the audience. "At first we tried to have the action follow the melody, but we soon saw that wouldn't do. The musical score must correspond to the rhythm of the action following the beat of the music. "The problem is simply one of re- re- " than 10,000 drawings that were made to portray the skeleton danct in Walt Disney's first "Silly Symphony" solving all musical tempos in terms of the standard speed and of making a consecutive series of drawings to fit this tempo. Certain basic tempos, multiples of the frame speed of the film, have been established. ' The fastest tempo employed is one beat every six frames amounting to four beats a second. The total range is from this-to this-to this-to one beat every twenty frames, or one beat every five-sixths five-sixths five-sixths of a second." In the case of the pigs, one of the "One and Two Of the big, bad staff during the first conference suggested suggested the line, "Who's afraid of the big, bad wolf?" Whereupon, Frank Churchill, music composer, sat down and wrote the jingly tune in five minutes, after which the lyric was composed by two of the young men on the staff. Originally the words appeared like this: Who's afraid of the big, bad wolf? The big, bad wolf, the big, bad wolf? Who's afraid of the big, bad wolf? He don't know from nothing! But that last line refused to fit, and the boys toiled for some time trying to find a rhyme for "wolf." At length one said in despair, "Let's just let the flute take it!" And the well-known well-known well-known "tra la la la la!" was slipped in to finish the . first hit melody furnished by a cartoon studio. The music having been decided upon, the scenic department artists prepare the backgrounds to be used In the action of the film, just as scene painters prepare prepare stage sets or set designers prepare screen sets. The action of the picture moves against these backgrounds, just as it does in an ordinary talking picture. For the pigs, these backgrounds were the three little houses, from varied angles, angles, exterior and interior. The action, of course, was that of the. ancient fairy tale, the big, bad wplf who came huffing and puffing to blow the little houses were scared to death wolfie's breath." down. The four characters must be opaque figures, so that when placed against the background the scene will not show through. When the director and musician have settled story, music, situations, gags and approximate footage of film, a layout sheet is made for the guidance of animators. animators. It looks like something prepared prepared by Einstein, but from it the gifted musician is able to prepare a complete music score with all the beats coming at the precise moment the cartoon figure figure needs them. When a dancing pig puts his plump foot on the ground, the music will keep time, and it will accent his movements when he plays the piano, skips under the bed or shuts his door in the wolf's face. The projection schedule, another Ein-steinian Ein-steinian Ein-steinian blueprint, is handed to each, animator. From this he discovers that he is to do scenes 25, 26, 27, the footage of each one marked and a description given. A third cryptic sheet, called the exposure exposure sheet, instructs the animator on the nature of the scene and the tempo of the music. Completing the Job rpHE twenty-five twenty-five twenty-five or thirty animators - who are to work on the picture have desks, not unlike the desks seen in schoolrooms, the tops being illuminated drawing boards, the light shining through from below, so that pictures may be sketched against their backgrounds, backgrounds, and the next picture in a sequence sequence may be sketched on a transparent transparent sheet just above the first, so that there may be the right amount of difference between the two to give the illusion of action when reeled through the projection machine. After the drawings of a sequenJ completed, they are turned over inking and painting department. traces and inks or paints therJ celluloid sheets, these celluloids being photographed on their appi backgrounds by a camera su; above an illuminated drawing be . Approximately 100 hours are r to photograph a cartoon subjei averages 600 feet of film. The P considerably longer than this a composed of 15,000 separate d; While the animators are doiil stuff, the studio orchestra recol musical score. A trio known 1 rhythmettes sang the words of tl in the Pigs, and a member of thl staff impersonated the wolf. Thl film resulting is then synchronic the completed cartoon and tl Symphony is ready for release. "The secret of success, if any, is liking what you do. work better than my play. I wnen 1 have time, and I cnU it can't equal work!" says DifJ Oh yes, indeed who's afrJ big, bad wolf? And why? f

Clipped from The Decatur Herald24 Dec 1933, SunPage 22

The Decatur Herald (Decatur, Illinois)24 Dec 1933, SunPage 22
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