Germans in the US 10/14/1883

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Germans in the US 10/14/1883 - TWELVE PAGES. SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER U, 1883....
TWELVE PAGES. SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER U, 1883. The Sunday Morning Edition of tlie Eagle has a Large and Growing Circulation Circulation Throughotit the United States. It is the Best Advertising Medium for Those tclio Desire to Beach all Classes of Newspaper Headers in Brooklyn and on Long Island. The Daily ("Evening) Eagle is now in iti Forty - fourth Year. Its Circulation is Larger Than That of any Other Paper oj ittt Class in the United States, and it is Steadily Steadily Increasing Keeping Pace with the Growth of the Great City of which the Eagle s Admittedly Admittedly the Journalistic Iteprcsentative. IlOW THE TARIFF PROTECTS. "We find in one of our Pennsylvania contemporaries contemporaries the following suggeativo little pieco of news: "It is announced officially that the " Thomas Iron Company has decided to blow " out two of its furnaces ns soon as materials " on hand are used up, and that a third fur - " nace will vory probably bo ordered out " within a few' weeks. The report comes in - " directly that the one remaining furnace of "the Allentown Company will likewise be "blown out shortly, and also that a more or " less general movement in tho direction of " curtailing production of pig iron is in pro - " gross." Announcements of this kind must have becorao painfully fuuiilar to tho men employed employed by the chief iron masters of the country, country, and if their right significance has not been appreciated by tho great body of American Bkilled and unskilled laborers wo must find the explanation in the lack of serious thought rather than in any obscurity in tho lesson. "While our wage earners aro urged by newspaper organs and politicians to sustain our so called protective tariff as tho barricade which defends them against "the paupor labor "of Enrope," the spectacle of enforced idleness idleness is reproduced from season to season with almost as much regularity as tho stated performances performances of "Humpty Dumpty" and "Kip "Van Winkle." The iron interest has been especially especially coddled by tho patrons and fabricators fabricators of the tariff. Tho cost of building railroads railroads has been nearly doubled, to the oud, according according to tho pretexts advanced, that our mines might bo developed and a high rato of wages maintained. Meanwhile, the fact stares every every intelligent person in tho face that tho premium put upon tho homo by means of tho impost placed upon tho foreign product does not go to labor ; that tho labor most poorly paid and most completely subject to combinations combinations of capitalists is that engaged in, the great protected enterprises, and that instead of fostering a healthful and self sustaining industry, tho tariff operates to alternate periods of panic, which reduco poor peoplo to wretchedness, with periods of abnormal activity which pour vast fortuuea at the general cost into tho coffers of a comparatively comparatively few men. What does this blowing out of furnaces and stoppage of mills mean if it be not that both the labor and cajital of the country have been misdirected, our ability to compete in tho open markets of tho world destroyed, the law of supply and demand vitiated vitiated here at home and a clique of capitalists put in a position to profit more by closing their works from time to time than by continuing in operation all tho year round on tho terms which unrestricted competition would yield ? For the laborer, tho meaning of this cannot bo misunderstood. Given steady employmont, with a concededly low rato of wages, and ho may with frugality keep himself out of debt, nt least; but whatever the'rato of wages, nothing is more certain than that frequently recurring periods of idleness will breed demoralization first, and utfer pauperism afterward. As the matter stands, those iron workers do not, at tho best of times, oiru more than will sustain them as civilizod beings ought to be sustained, so that when occupation is denied there is nothing left them but the roftige of debt and its attendant misery. This question of tho tariff is of interest to every honest man in the country, whether he bo rich or poor; but whilo tho wealthy can afford to treat it with comparative indifference, those who must exercise their muscles to mako a living cannot slight it without sacrificing themselves. With free trade, or rather a tariff bused strictly on revenue revenue principles, tho markets of tho whole world would be opened to our enterprise, with the effect of presenting our merchants and manufacturers with an opportunity to sell in other regions of the earth every article produced produced in excess of the demand here at home. In brief, this blowing out of furnaces and general stoppage of work, consequent upon an agreement between rich employers, is tho inevitable inevitable ontcomo of a system founded on ignorance, ignorance, bolstered up by prejudico and streaked all over with rascality. G Ell MAN SIN THE UNITED STATES Tho recent celebration by the Germans of the United States of the bi - centennial of tho arrival of the first German colony in this country was an event which has a greater significance in its way than tho recent festival in the Fatherland. The latter related related to a unified country rejoicing in a great political work achieved through more than a century of toil, and the guarauteo of future protection from hereditary foes. Tho American Germans rejoiced that they had followed followed their forefathers to tho laud of freedom nnd plenty, and had rapidly assimilated themselves, themselves, their character and their customs with a kindred stock developed on English soil and impelled by similar motives to seek n living in the Now World. It has already surprised superficial observers that tho German immigrant should so speedily settle down as nn American citizen with a full and complete realization of his duties and restraints. Coming as he does from a country which circumstances have forced into a military despotism, whoro his lino of conduct and almost of thought is marked out for him by a paternal government, ono would suppose either that he would incline to tho direction direction already given him or that the reaction reaction of freedom would unsettle his judgment. judgment. On tho contrary, the German, no matter what his previous station in life, immediately immediately perceives tho principles of our Government Government and adjusts himself spontaneously to them. It cannot have escaped observation, either, that in tho history of emigration the natural flow of a superfluous population haB been in tho direction of its own language. German German immigration to America is exceptional in this regard. There is nothing but a structural amruty 'DetweeB' tne ; two ; languages,' ana mas ia so slight as to be rather a bar than an aid to the acquisition of either by thoso who speak the other. This has been no obstacle to Ger man immigration. Despite the difficulties the people become Americanized in tongue as quickly as in sentiment and habit, overcoming their additional disadvantages with courage and perseverance. , TJndor such circumstances it is oloar that our institutions present to the Teutonic character character attractions that the monarchical systems do not. Tho German does not relinquish one monarchy for another. He does not leave his own country for lius&ia or Great Britain. The Eopublic is his dream of government, and he endures sacrifices in order to realize it. Once here ho finds that the realization exceeds even tho picture of his imagination. On the other hand ho is very welcome hero. His thrift, generosity and his gemuthlichkeit are akin to American characteristics ; his hatred of shams and his outspoken opinion rondor him a companionable companionable person. But above all the German has the superb faculty of minding his own business, of resenting impertinent intrusion into his private affairs and of taking excellent care that his neighbor, like himself, shall have full liberty, circumscribed only by tho equal liberty of the rest of tho world. Sumptuary legislation, to which tho effete sentiment of tho country seems to be tend ing, is especially odious to the German. He is a natural Democrat, even though ho voted, as did many native American Democrats, with tho Republicans on the slavery question, and has continued to do so with diminishing enthusiasm by force of habit. However, he is quite capable of voting according to his convictions, and has therefore all the essential qualities of a good citizen of tho republic. All good citizens, therofore, of native and foreign birth, had good reason to join with tho German Americans in their re cent celebration, aB no doubt they did in sentiment sentiment and good wishes. GENERAL CATLIN S WITHDItA WAL. Tho interview with District Attorney Catlin, which we publish in another column, will bo read with interest by all of our readers who take a hand in local politics. General Catlin, as will be seen, is not a candidate for ronomi - nationi Ho is out of the race. This statement statement is important, because whatever may have been thought about the chances of his re - eloction it has been conceded all along that if ho desired tho Republican nomination ho could obtain it. The courso is now clear for the various other gentlemen who respectively believe that they can defeat the representative of the Democracy. It will, however, take a man with a good many friends on the Democratio sido to ropeat tho eleetioneering feats of tho General. He has carried this county twice, despite its very largo Democratic majority. The last time, to be sure, he had an exceptional exceptional advantage in the divided condition of the Democrats and the unpopularity of his rival ; but on the first occasion ho had to face an opponent of high character and unusual legal ability. He could never have overcome Winchester Britton and, later, ex - Judge Troy, had he not possessed qualities and friends euro to count for more than any mere partisan nomination. Tho reason assigned by tho General for his withdrawal is tho Third Term cry which has been raised against him. Attaching no great importance to this in itself, ho perceives it to be an objection, and like a pool headed mon declines to enter a race whore for a Republican Republican to be handicapped even slightly is to bo defeated. defeated. In tho Eagle's judgment, there is more in the talk against third termism than ho seems to appreciate. Except in cases of emergency there is no good reason for electing any man three times, either to an office like that of District Attorney, or to one of large emoluments. emoluments. Unless the legal profession has run to emptyings there must be and continue to be a dozen 3'oung or middle aged men on either side of the political household fit to discharge properly tho duties of public prosecutor, and to hold tho position for a singlo term is a fortune not in money but in reputation, if the services rondered aro good. Whoever Whoever is elected to bo District Attorney is placed on a pinnacle where he must attract the attention of tho community, and if he be worthy make for himself a reputation sure to be of great advantage when he returns to private private practice. Because of this it seems to the Eagle a good thing to pass the office around, so to speak, while tho young lawyer who strives to obtain it, so far from being open to impeachment on tho ground of mercenary motives, ought to stand before tho public in tho light of that commendable ambition ambition which seeks tho approbation of good men for important and honorable deeds. Nor, indeed, should the opposition to third termiBm be limited to tho District Attorney's office. It is au excellent thing to change officials. officials. At present, to be sure, tho cant about Civil Servico reform has almost gone the length of a proposition in favor of giving all our functionaries a life tenure tenure ; but no matter what any sot of ono idea men may say, tho average American citizen knows that it would not be a good thing to mako a groat and distinct office holding class cut. off from dependenco on the common transactions of life, as soldiers aro. Moreover, Moreover, it is appreciated, oven by those who cannot cannot eiqress it very clearly, that one excellent excellent way to keep alivo in the popular mind tho spirit of self government is for the peoplo to show that they can govern by sending sending up from year to year from private stations stations hundreds of their neighbors to handle the reins of power. If wo wore to submit either to long terms of office, or to Buch a system as tho more extreme civil service men contend for, tho office holders might not only come to regard themselves as indispensable to the country, jbut plain people might lose that faith in thomselve3 without which a democratic form of government government would be as worthless as the freedom granted by tyrants on condition that it bo used as they desire and not otherwise. In short, the opposition to third termism, instead of being a thing to bo derided or lightly waved aside, is as logically related to popular government government as the conclusion of any valid syllogism is to its premise. General Catlin, wo observe, feels himself indebted indebted to tho Eagle for what he terms its "generous "generous and manly treatment" of him during his official career. It is unquestionably a pleasant pleasant thing for an official to be sustained in tho discharge of his duties by an influential newspaper, newspaper, read in tho houses of all tho people for whom ho is acting; but no officer who receives such support from the Eagle need feel himself under the slightest personal personal obligation. Tho Eagle would not be itself if it did otherwise. If it had no higher motive it would do so because it pays. No matter what our journalistio organ grind - to is It is is of of its is ter ho if if on be on of a a on of all a ful

Clipped from
  1. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle,
  2. 14 Oct 1883, Sun,
  3. Page 6

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  • Germans in the US 10/14/1883

    smckenzie – 02 Feb 2016

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