Times Recruiting Supplement 3 Nov 1915, explanation of Highland Regiments.
10 THE TIMES RECRUITING SUPPLEMENT, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1915. GUIDE TO ARMY SfiRVICE. CIVIL TRAINING AND MILITARY NEEDS. ft HINTS TO RECRUITS. The fallowing art id, is an attempt to furnish the intending recruit urith awncers to the many qnssesi&nt which will naturally arise in hi mind as to what section of the Army he should join, so that he may utilize to the best advantage the training he has had in civil life. The information information here given should assist the future soldier in arriving at a decision whether his physical and mental qualities fit him for tle Artillery, the Engineers, the Infantry, the Army Service Corps, or some of the auxiliary branches. It is an index rather than a complete guide to military retirements, and the reference for those desiring additional ip formation art to the nearest recruiting office, Tho man who wishes to enlist and ha had no previous military training has often very vague idea about the Army. Ho is frequently quite unaware thot certain qualification he posse em might be of considerable advantage in particular brand w of the Service. The Average recruit is thus left in doubt as to whether lie should join the new army raised far the duration of the war, or the Regv lac Amy; whether the Cavalry or the Artillery should be his choice ; if he ought to enlist in the Engineer!., the Guards, the Infantry of the Line, the Army 8ervioo Corps, or one of the other branches of the Service. With the - object of assisting the man who has resolved to make a gift of himself, body, soul and spirit, to the servioe of his country the "Recruits Hand Book," from which the following following particulars have been compiled, has been Kit. hknku's Army. A majority of those who answer the call to arms which is now being made will probably be attracted by the conditions of service of the new army which is being rained by Lord Kitchener. Tlie training, requirements, pay, titles, uniform, Ao., are in every respect the tamo as in the Regular Army, with one important exception, that the term ot service is for the duration of the war. Men are required required for all branches, and will he accepted Ayr any arm of tlie Service. Tlie mesaure - tnent standards fixed on Juno 16, lit l ;. are t Height, 5ft. 2in. upwards, according to the unit selected, the cheat measurement varying from 341m. to 36in., with a minumun expansion expansion of Jin. For ex - regular soldiers tlie age limits are between 30 and 46 years, for other men If to 40 years, for t lie war only, or Id to Jo jears for the usual terms. - . nouW pointed out tlint men of practically practically every trade are required in the various branches of tlie Army and additional pay and working pay are allowed t men employed in certain duties. Ex - warrant and non - commissionedcommissioned commissionedcommissioned officers are specially required to enlist for tlie period of the war. An ex - warrant officer on re - enlistment will be forth (with promoted to the rank he held on dis - charge, and the same applies to noti - eommia - .stoned officer who are ox - regulars. Married i men and widowers enlisting, whether ex - soldiers or civilians, will be eligiblo for the separation allowance for their wives or children, children, ranging from IJs. 6d. per week for e private or corporal's wifo to 23. jwr week tor W WU?a first - class warrant officer. The operation allowance for a wife and two cldldren ranges from Jls. to 31s. 0d. Those 4iving at the time of enlistment in the London jPostel area are allowed by the State 3s. fld. p week extra to separation rllowanoe or family eUowance as long as they continue to live there. Those rates include the usual allotment of 3s. 6d.jor week f rem privates and cornorels. and 6s. lAtk from other ranks, which is deducted from tlie married soldier's pay. CVo vision iias rdao been mnde wliereby dependents dependents of an unmarried soktief who have been suportel by him before enlistment mn receive cert in dy allowances. M. - n dis - abled on service are eligible for nsnshmi varying from 3s. Od. to 26s. a week for the private soldier, and widows of those who die on active serve .. r oejva cnion ranging from 10a. a week, according to rank, with 6s. a week for the first child. 3s. 6d. a week for the second, and J, a week each for tlie others. A sum of 6s. a week aw h w ill Ir allow. d in tlie case of motherless children. Particular stress may be laid in the case of Kitchener's Army for the need of ex non - eonunisaioned officers to assist in training tlie' troops, and old officers abeve the rank. nf sergeant will bo accepted up to 60 veara of Hr.ori.Aii Aitviv. The recruit wh. wuhea u join tho Rmniltf Army luw a arid ohofas h d t" bim. In the case of the cavalry soldier, considerable intelligence is required, and if la - is acquainted with any. trade in connexion with hor he is able to increase his pay. wliich ranges for privates on enlistment from 12. 3d. a week Itt the ease of the Household Cavalry, to (fa. Jd. a weak for Cavalry of the Una. increasing after two years' service to 14s. to 16s. Ud. m the former, and 0s. lid. to I la. fid. in th latter. These rates of pay. and this applies to every soldi r. are in aiWition to his maintenance, lodgment, und uniform, which, with a suialj deductiori fur messing, are provided free. There is a comparatively comparatively large number of non - coiu4uAioucd offiorrs 'in cavalry regiment a as compared compared with infantry, and therefor uore opportunity for promotion. fl tvitns ' . . of service are for the Household Cavalry MM years with the colours and four years with the reserve, and for cavalry of the line, which includes Hussars, Lancers, Iragoons, and Dragoon Guards, seven years with the colours and five with the reserve. ARTII.I.KRY. The Royal Artillery, an oll - importunt arm in this war, comprises the Royal Horse, the Royal Field, and the Royal Garrison Artillery, Artillery, and as Is the case with cavslry, the percentage of non - commissioned officers is higher than in infantry. The Horse Artillery is usually employed in conjunction with cavalry; the Field Artillery Artillery to support infantry in the field ; while the Garrison Artillery is usually stationed at defended ports. It is well that artillery recruits should havo some knowledgo of riding and be familiar with mechanism, and those who have' server! nn imorcnt iccshin tn (various trades, such as shoesmiths, wheel wrights, AO., - will be preferred and will le able by the practice of their, trade to inorease their pay. The age limits for recruits are 18 to 26 years ; tho height for gunners in the Royal 'Horse and the Royal Field 6ft. 7in. to 6ft.v10in., and for drivers 5ft. 3in. to 5ft. 7in., chest measurement being according to height. In the case of tho Garrison Artillery the height in all cases is 5ft. 8in. and upwards. Tlie terms of service am with tho Homo Artillery six years with tho colours and nix with the reserve, Field Artillery three years with tho colours and nine years with tho reserve, and Garrison Artillery eight years with the colours and four with tho reservo. Gunners on enlistment in tho Royal Horse Artillery receive 9s. 4d. por week, and drivers 8s. 9d., gunner or driver in the Field Artillery 8s. old. a week, and recruits recruits in the Garrison Artillery 8s. 6 Id. a week ; but in all oases higher rates of pay are received after two years' service Service in the Artillery presents consider - able attractions to mon of good intelligence and physique, and tho work is interesting. Royal Engineers. Enlistment in the Royal Engineers will make a special appeal to tho skilled craftsman. The duties of this branch are of a most varied nature, including all tho engineering operations operations required by an army in the field, such as the making of roads, bridges, railways, the laying of field tclegraplis and telephones, the provision of water supply, the preparation of camping grounds, and a great deal of other work which falls witliin the sphere of the engineer. The corps of Royal Engineors ranks with the Artillery as being tho most highly trained branch of the Army. Recruits are broadly grouped into three divisions according to thoir previous experience experience and present ability. Thoy ere divided into sappers, pioneers, and drivers. Sappers are enlisted for certain trades, and are almost entirely drawn from tho skilled artisan class, and a man has to puss a test in his trade before he can be accepted. Tho list of trades from which sappers are drawn is a very wide one ; it moludes blacksmitlis and bricklayers, clerks and coppersmith, engine - drivers and draftsmen, draftsmen, platelayers and plumbers, compositors and shoemakers, gas fitters and surveyors, inetal turners and paperhangers, tailors and telegraphists, wheal wrights and photographers, and a dozen other trades, Pioneers need not necessarily be skilled workmen when they enlist, but a knowledge of certain trade's connected connected with telegraphy and workshop practice practice is desirable. They are generally put as assistants to skilled sappers and con when iiroficient obtain promotion to sapper rank. )rivers are not required to havo any technical knowledge .'but are trained in drill, musketry, riding, and driving, and ore usually nut m charge of a team of draft horses. Mon of good education can join signal companies as linesmen. linesmen. ' Tlie terms of service are for sappers three or six years with t he colours, and nine or six with the reserve ; pioneers six years with tho colours, and six with the reserve, and drivers two years with the colours end 10 years with the reserve. The enlistment age is 18 to 25 years, except for engine - drivers, who can enlist up to 30 years, . and military mechanics, who are enlisted between the aims of 26 and 35 voar. - . KaOners ere m. L quind to be 5ft. 6in. and upwards in height ; n pioneers no irtrticular measurement. r. piired, and drivers from 5ft. 4in. upwards, cheat mocsurcincnt being according to height. The enlistment pay for a sapper is lis. 8d. a week, increeaed to 16s. 2d. a week on completion completion of recruit training, if qualified for corps duties ; for a pioneer 8s. 2d., increasing to lis. 8d., a week ; and for a driver 8s. 2d., increasing to 10s. Od., a week on completion of recruit training, if qualified for corps duties. Any craftsman of Mpsrior intelli - genee and industry has exceptional opportunities opportunities of advancement in tho Royal Engineers. Inkvntrv. The Regular Infantry is headed by tho I wig; .ile of Foot Guards, iiicinhors of which havo certain Kseial privileges, orvO being a rather higher rate of jsiy then that of tho Mas tntauirv. rvecruits lor urenadiar, ( old - i Ktry - .m, and Scot Guards must havo a minimum height of 6ft Sin., for the Irish and Welsh Quanfi :ft 7m , ml are required to , mt e three your with the colour end ninoyee.rs with the rvervo. Pay pj enlistment bat the i rate of 7. 7d. a week, uirfeajliii after two years' service to 0. 4d. to 11. Id. par w.vk. There arc M regiments of liduntrv of the Line, which may bo nl fjfUti a lfighland, lowland, Fusiliers. Rifles. Light Infantry, and ordinary lane regiment. The have in most instance a territorial eonneioU, taking their neme from the county w hen - they are mainly recruited and in which their chief depot is situated. R is the mtMM numerous M - ction of the Army, constituting uiue U'litlis of the total number of men, and as its records on many a hard fought Held sustained by tlie heroi&tii shown thiriiig tlie present war havo proved, forms tin Mil fightuig mnteriai the world ban cvr seen. Tho Highland regiments compriso such famous names as tho Black Watch, Soaforths, Gordons, Camorons, and Argyll and Sutherlands. These fivo are tho kilt regiments. - The Lowland regiments include tho Royal Scots, Royal Scots Fusiliers, King's Own Scott ish Borderers, ( 'ameronians (Scottish Rifles), knd .Highland Light Infantry. Infantry. Tho Fusilier! Yvgiments ore the" Northumberland, Royal Fusiliers, lanca - Hhire, Royal Scots, Royal Welsh, Royal Irmiskilling, Royal Irisn Royal . Munster, and Royal Dublin. The Light Infantry regiments are the Somerset, Durham, Duke of Cornwall's, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire, Buckinghamshire, King's Own Yorkshire, and King's Shropshire. Tlie Rifle regiments are the Rifle Brigade, King's Royal Rifle Corps, end Royal Irish Rifles. These ore" names which should make a strong anjK'al to the numerous clntfs whoso natural destination in the Army Will bo tho Infantry. There is not one of the regiments named which hns not made its record in history, and has great traditions to uphold, t radittons whloh may bo safely entrusted to tho new recruits to their ranks. The standard of measurement, which is now from 5ft. 2in., has been framed so that no able - bodied mim of military age who is in good health can fail to comply with tho requirements. Tho pay on enlistment is 7s. per week, increasing to 8s. Od. to 10s. 6d. a week after two years' service. The 23rd, 24th and 90th Battalions of the Royal F'usiliors (Tho Sportsmen's Battalions) enlist m n up to 45 years of age. Royal Flying Cows. This comparatively new. wing of tho Army is one of growing importance, but the work w'hich has to bo done calls for a class of recruit with certain special qualiti cations, wlule tho work is undoubtedly among the most interesting that can be undertaken by a soldier. Men. enlisting in the Royal Flying Corps are liablo to employment for either naval or military purposes, and must perform any requisite duties in connexion with the care, manufacture, management, and navigation navigation of all forms of military aircraft in the air or on land or water. While those engaged in a good many trades are eligiblo, tho most important requirement is that recruits should havo served in mechanical engineering works and havo a knowledge of motor engineering and be, able to mako rough calculations and intelligible intelligible sketches of machining details. The rates of pay are satisfactory, being 14s. a weok for a second - class air mechanic and 28s. a week for a first - class mechanic, while those who are selected and trained for flying receive flying pay In proportion to their proficiency. proficiency. The ages between wliich recruits are permitted to enlist are 18 to 25 years, and tho terms of service are four years with the colours and foil - years with tho reserve. Tho fine work wliich has bten done by our airmen and the personal ascendancy which they liave established over the enemy has attracted in the past a fine body of men for this corps, and there should be no doubt of the necessary number of recruits being now forthcoming in order that the air service may bo further increased in munbers and efficiency. Territohial Army. The Territorial Forces which have developed developed from the old Volunteer Corps, although nominally liable to be called but only for home defence, liavo without exception exception all volunteered for service abroad, and have given proof in the face of the enemy of fighting qualities which, in spito of their Comparatively Comparatively short training, ent itle them to rank with tho Regular Army. Recruiting it) actively proceeding to raise fresh battalions of tho many Territorial regiments now at tho front. The ordinary term of service in the Territorials is four years, the age limits .being 17 to 35 years, and while embodied or in camp the pay is the same as that of tho corre - 'sponding Regulars. Army Service Corps. In addition to the regular fighting forces there are other units, of which the Army Service Corps is one of tho most important, w Inch are charged with tho performance of various duties necessary in military, operations. operations. Tho Army Service Coqw, w hich from a peace strength of a few thousands has been caised to a strength rivalling that of the entire British Army before tlie war, has to carry out such duties as tlie transporting of military stores and the provisioning of the home and overseas forces. It is divided for purpOMM of convenience into tho two branches of supply and transport. Tho first numod branch enlists men engaged in a variety of trades connected with food and forage, wlule the transport branch, divided into horse and mechanical transport - sections, the last - named a modern development , calls for the services of men who understand' tho ririvino (and care of horses and those able to drive and repnir mo motor ur Meain wagon, ait llougll tlie great call is for those eupuhlc of managing a lorry fitted with an internal combustion engine. For work at home and overseas Kirts the Army Service Corps recruits a large number of stevedores ana , dock labourers generally. Then is thus ample kcosj among many classes of the community for recruiting for this brunch. The rates of pay vary, as much us ri. a day being paid to drivers in the mechanical transport sect ion. ! RovM. Army Mklum. Coups, i fhe care of the .sick and wounded is an iudispcn - aUe port of war Operations, and in , the British hervico this corps liaj been raised ) to a condition of great efficiency. Jn time of war the corps divided into tieliLlimhu - lanees, each in three lections, which are tub. ( divided into Bearur and Tent Mm, ions. The , tirt rJoUsctl the founded, ai.d. tho second , treats them, on tirt d lilies l - Oforo they. are tran.sferr.si to th - boapttsJi arranged at pointa along i he line of communication.. There are abo to ld h.M,p,tnl - . clearing ho - pitars, base hvmttak, a. well aj otho in Cieat Britain. thik corps is al. - o responsible for all matters appertaining to the nusiical examination of recniits, mid the pasting of the doctor h, in a majority of instances, the ordinnry recruit's only acquaintance with the R.A.M.C. While Io sjiernu Kuowieogv - Ul Mliuivi.i iiiiiiwin in required from a man on enlistment, it is necessary that ho should havo a good character and show intelligence or ho ha little chamn of boing accepted for this cors. The recruiting recruiting ago is from 18 to 25 years, and the term of Borvico threo years with tho colours and nino W'ith tho reserve. Tho pay. on completion completion of training, is 10a. 6d. a w.vk. and afterwards afterwards according to qualifications, the highest, pay being in tho musing and cooking sections. Royal Marines. ' .This popular sorvice, a combination of soldier and sailor too, has produced sonio of tho finest men in his Majesty's Service. Thoy are administered by tho Admiralty but trained for tho Army. They are divided into artillery and infantry divisions, and their duties include orderly, 'sentry, and other work on board warships, but Isith divisions are also skilled naval gunners. Recruits must, bo unmarried, unmarried, and aro taken from 151 years upwards, upwards, tho term of service being for three years. Motor MrHiNi: - ;i Service (M.M.Ct.8.). Ono of tho newest sections of the Army is tlie Motor Machine - gun Service. Tho former practice has been for machine - guns on tripods to bo attached to infantry and other units, but with tho recognition of tho important port which the machine - gun is playing in tho Iirosent war a special section lias been ormed so that in future a much larger number of these weapons will be employed. Other branches of tho Army wliich will offer opportunities to thosojw ith some. Bpecial qualifications aro tho Army Ordnance Corps, which deals with the issue of stores and equipment and the repair of small arms and artillery ; the Army Veterinary Corps, which as its name indicates, m engaged in veterinary work; the Dispatch Riders Branch, and tho Cyclist Corps, which all carry out interesting and important work. This - necessarily brief review of the various services open to t he recruit merely gives bare details which can bo supplemented on application to tho nearest recruiting office. The information given will, however, indicate that no man, who is eligible for military sorvice, need be deterred from enlistment by fear that any social qualifications ho may possess will not bo utilized. Tho British Army .of to - diy affords opportunities of national service for tho young and the middle - aged, for the unskilled labourer and the trained craftsman, craftsman, for tho clerk and those who have mado themselves masters of a profession ; there is room and need for all of those. THE ROLL OF HONOUR. THE SOLDIER'S FAMILY AND THE NATION. " If I join the Army, what is to become 6l my wife and children or my parents depending on me t " ' If I should bo killou, what will happen to them then ? " Those are questions put to every recruiting agent. It is only natural and right that the man with others depending on him should ask them. A mere vague promise that if anything anything happens to the soldier the country will look after his children is not - enough. From the beginning of tho war this Government has given this matter careful consideration. A scalo of pensions has been fixed for tho widows and children of soldiers and sailors killed while on duty in the present war, or who die of wounds or other war injuries within seven years of tho receipt of such injuries, or of diseases contracted while on active service. Tho allowances for tho family of a privato soldier are : . N Widow w ithout children , , Widow with one child Widow with two children Widow with three children Widow with four children P6r week. ., 10s. Od M Ife 0d. Ite. 6d. .. 20s. 0d. .. nmuuiiuiu ii imvu l uiiu 111 PXiCNS OI IOUT 'Jt. Oit. Motherless children , , .. jg. Oil. A discharged soldier who is totally disabled receives a pension ot 25s. a week, with 2s. 6d. a week for each child, and a gratuity on discharge. Men partly disabled receive a urant of from 3s. 6d. to 1 7s. 6d. a week, with 2s. ,rkl. for each child (discretionary), tho allowance varying according to circumstances. circumstances. The question of dependents other than wives and children has presented the greatest difficulty of any. A new schemo is being prepartsd for assisting dependents other than wives and children of soldiers whose deaths are due to the present war. According to this scheme, an allowance will le made to parents who havo been wholly supported by the soldier equal to what was received from the man before ho joined the Army, or up to the amount of a widow's pension. This allowance will continue so long as tho parents have no other means of support. For parents partly dependent on tho soldier and incapable of supporting them j elves, an allowance is proposed up to 6s. a wok. Able - bodied dependents will receivr a grant varying according to - circumstances. Women w ho hove been entirely dependent on a soldier or sailor and would be dost i - ftuto on his death aro to le given a monetary' monetary' grant. If thoy are wholly or partly incapable of Supporting themselves, from infirmity or ape, it is proposed to allow them from fs. to 10s. a week. If they have any children of tho soldier or sailor in tlmir care, an allowancd of lfW a week, wjJl4ergiven. hi addition to the Usual allowance, for tho children. In addition to these official allowances, a creat deul of practical help is afforded to the wives and children of soldiers by various et - nnizations, notably by the Soldiers' and DSJlOtW Families' Association. This body, working in cooperation with the National Jlelief Fund, endeavours to provide that within certain limits the families of tjic num who volunteers to .serve his country nhull not bo worse off because M hi patriotism.