MMT 20 Sep 60 pg 3

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MMT 20 Sep 60 pg 3 - . ww, tit-r i LivintH ttj, rm MllUf UM1 MATL...
. ww, tit-r i LivintH ttj, rm MllUf UM1 MATL TRIBUNE. MEPFOTTO. Msk. - ..-O - Use of Mexican Laborers in U.S. Congressional To pre Ki nde rga rteri Va I ue Being Debated in Many Communities By LOUIS CASSELS UPI Correspondent Is kindergarten a valuable educational e x p e r ience for five-year-olds - or a costly baby-sitting service? Americans have been debating that question for more than a century, and the argu ment is still going strong in many communities. The kindergarten was ira-ported from Germany. (Its or igin is commemorated in its name which comes from a German phrase meaning children s garden." The first kindergarten in the United States was a pri vate institution, established at Watertown, Wis., in 1858. In 1873, St. Louis, Mo., be came the first community to Include kindergarten classes In its public school program Today, according to a re cently completed survey by the U. S. office of education, about 70 per cent of Ameri ca s cities and towns main tain public kindergartens. Gloomy Statistic This statistic has been re ceived rather gloomily by both sides of the great kindergarten debate. Educators who think highly of kindergarten as a develop mental experience for all children are discouraged to see that nearly a third of the nation's communities are still withholding public financial support. Critics of kindergarten, on the other hand, say it is a shame to see so many communities expending tax funds on "play schools" at a time when regular public schools are suffering from shortages Of teachers and classrooms. Sooner or later, the argu ment comes around to the question whether kindergarten serves a genuine educa tional purpose, in terms of preparing children for success in the first grade, or whether its main function is to relieve harassed mothers of the care of highly active five-year-olds for a few hours each day. One reason why the debate continues after a full century is that educational research has never yielded a clear-cut conclusive answer to this question. Some scientific studies indi- Come In and Register For the GRAND OPENING Sept. 22, 23, 24 More Than $2,500.00 IN GIFTS All you have to do it come In and register to be eligible to win 218 EAST MAIN cate that children who have attended kindergarten display lasting benefits, in behavior and academic achievement, Others indicate that kinder garten has no measurable impact on subsequent school records. Advantage Diminishes Many teachers report that kindergarten graduates show up favorably during the early months of the first grade. But their apparent advantage tends to diminish or disappear as the year progresses. The National Education association (NEA), which is strongly pro kindergarten contends in a newly issued pamphlet that kindergarten has a place in - the public school program regardless of any specific, measurable educational benefits it may confer. "All child development studies make it completely clear that kindergarten is good for' five-year-olds," said the NEA. It said children who attend kindergarten enjoy the companionship of other five-year-olds, supervised play activities, and intellectual challeng es that stimulate their "tremendous curiosity" and whet their desire for learning. ' Even if kindergarten achieved nothing more than to give a child a good fifth year in life, the NEA said, it would be a worthwhile institution, and its benefits should not be restricted to children whose parents can pay tuition at a private school. Wall Street Chatter New York - (UPD - Shear-son, Hammill & Co. consid ers the violation of the Dow- Jones industrial 600 level as a basically healthy develop ment and looks for the averages to stabilize at a "moder ately lower level. ' The firm advises Its clients to stop worrying about the market as a whole and con centrate on the purchase of sound stocks in the electric utility,- financial, entertain ment, special situation fields, where many issues have been able to buck the trend of a declining market. Kaiser Aluminum's tempo rary profit setback, prevalent throughout the industry, forced the company's shares down to what can now be considered an extremely attractive buying level, and a constructive approach to the equity appears warranted, according to the Fitch Survey. J. W. Sparks & Co.. saya that Standard Koolman Industries appears to have merit as a businessman's risk type of situation. It also likes the stocks' technical pattern and believes the near term market action to be awarding. Green. Ellis & ' Anderson says that Surburban Gas is a sound buy for investment ac counts. Earnings could reach $2 a share this fiscal year, it savs. and brina another of Sub's frequent dividend boosts. - ' INVESTIGATE REPORT State police, Jackson county sheriff's office and Med-ford city police are still investigating a fight which occurred at Kim's restaurant on Highway 99 south of Medford early Sunday morning. Officers said by the time they arrived the fight had ended. Use Believed Not in Nation's Best Interest By ROY McGHEE Washington - IUPU - "The Department of Labor is con cerned that the continued wide scale use of Mexican na tionals, approximately 450,- 000 annually, in agricultural employment in this country may not be in the best interest of the U. S. agricultural work ers and employers. Those 37 words presage a full-dress battle in Congress next year over continuance of a "foreign aid" program that for 10 years has been praised as exemplary and damned as inhuman. They were written by Secretary of Labor James T. Mitchell on July 20 to Sen. Allen J. Ellender (D-La.), chairman of the .Senate agriculture committee. Department Opposed Mitchell went on to say the department was opposed to extension of the law authorizing use of Mexican nationals (braceros) on American farms, past the June 30, 1961, deadline. Southwestern and California congressmen succeeded in getting the law extended through next Dec, 31 but they had to promise cooperation in a full-scale review of the program in the next session of Congress. In fact, before a group of liberal senators would agree to extension, they got a promise from both Ellender and Sen. Carl Hayden (D-Ariz.) that tne entire subject would be gone over with a fine-tooth comb. The same situation prevails in the House, where representatives of bracero users are in far greater numbers than in the Senate. All-Out Opposition Reps. John E. Fogarty (D-R. I.) and Alfred E. Santan-gelo (D-N. Y.) have declared all-out opposition to any ex tension that does not guarantee improved living and working conditions for the braceros. Opponents also want more assurances that Mexicans are not competing unfairly with American farm labor. Leading the Senate battle against extension are Eugene McCarthy. D-Minn.) and Ja cob Javits (R-N. Y.). They will gain strength for their Dosition, if the Labor depart ment maintains its position in the next administration. The Mexican farm labor problem began in the southwest during the war years. Temporary use of braceros was authorized to overcome an American manpower shortage. When the war was over, and the authority ended, hundreds of thousands of Mexicans swarmed across the bor der each year, seeking em ployment. They were dubbed wetbacks because many lit erally swam the Rio Grande. Presented Problems Their numbers rose as high as a half million a year and presented problems to immigration authorities that were almost insoluble. Finally, a public law was passed legalizing use of the braceros and rigidly controlling their entry. Illegal "wetbacks" were almost entirely eliminated. The law provided for agreements between the Mexican and American governments that were to spell out travel, pay, living and working conditions. These agreements have been renewed, usually for two-year periods, since 1949. When the extension came . 1 I" J. ,,. !. e -..jo Ail OIL TANK REPLACED A Marine Corps helicopter eases a 7,000-pound fuel tank into a cradle at the Coast Guard lighthouse station at Farallon Island, Calif., 25 miles offshore from San Francisco, completing a unique Navy-Marine Corps-Coast Guard operation. The operation to replace the sta tion's old tanks involved two 'copters, Navy tug and barge and Coast Guard vessels standing by in case of emergency. No dock or heavy equipment axists and use of the 'copter was the only means of getting the tanks onto the sheer-side island. (UPI Telephoto) Higher Welfare Budget Requested Portland -IUPU- A budget of about $11 million over the that set by the State Depart ment of Finance and Admin istration was requested for the 1961-63 biennium by the State Public Welfare Commission Monday. Chairman Joseph E. Harvey said the figure was $92.3 million, which includes some $41.6 million from state funds. $36.2 million from federal money and more than $14 million from the counties. The target budget set by the state finance agency was $81.2 million. The request is $344,668 over the current biennium's budget of about $92 million. Harvey said the funds did not include an estimated $2.1 million which will be avail- up for renewal this year, opponents organized a campaign to change the law which proponents say will wreck many segments of American agriculture. Union Voiced Concern The AFL-CIO voiced concern over the estimated 2,-300,000 domestic farm workers. The labor organization contends that Mexican farm labor depresses wages for these Americans. It also contends that the small farmer is put in an unfair competitive position with the large user of cheap labor. Southwest farmers argue that this is nonsense. They contend that Americans won't perform the type of labor Mexicans are hired for. Further, their representatives In Congress produce statistics to show that most braceros are used on family-size farms. able from amusement device taxes, collections and recov eries from other sources. The budget does not take into account any additional money which might be heeded to administer Oregon's share of the new medic-care program because information on the program was not avail able soon enough to be included in the budget. Harvey said it also did not include any money necessary to move slate offices from Portland to Salem. It was esti mated this would cost $86,620 Japanese Miners Trapped by Flood Tokyo-IUPll-A shaft under a rain-swollen river collapsed today and tons of water flood ed a coal mine in Kyushu, trapping 67 miners. Officials said there was almost no hope for survivors. A night crew of 127 men were working in the Ueda mine in Kawasaki when the cave-in occurred shortly after midnight. Sixty managed to outrace the swirling waters and reach safety above ground. The accident was believed to have been triggered by a series of minor gas explosions in the shaft which extend un der the river. ASKS EXPORT BAN Washington-IUPil-Rep. T. A. Thompson (D-La.) has urged the government to prevent Cuba from buying American-made replacement parts which are destined for seized U.S. oil refineries. Nasser To Live On Long Island New York-(UPD-United Arab Republic President Gamal Ab-del Nasser will live on a Sands Point, Long Island, estate across the street from the community synagogue while here to attend the U.N. General Assembly session. Nasser arrives Thursday night at Idlewild Airport and will motor to the 4Vi acre estate of the late banana importer Ronald LaVilla. ; German Machine Gun Found Near Sublimity Salem-IUPU-State police today were hoping to find the rightful owner of a World War I German machine gun found deep in a cave near the town of Sublimity over the week end. Police said the weapon was discovered Saturday afternoon by two boys on an exploring trip. The gun has a mount and is complete except for the bolt and firing pin. Portland State Has Enrollment Trouble Portland - ICPD - Enrollment problems are bothering Port-; land State college. i Registrar Howard Impeco-' ven said Monday admissions are running 23 per cent high-' or than last year. The school's budget is set up for an enrollment of 4,275. Impecoven-predicted enrollment would -be between 4,500 and 4,800. Last fall enrollment at the school was 4,008. Registration ends this week. Vessel Bringing Capsule To States San Diceo. Calif.-IUPII-Thp Navy destroyer USS Paul Re-! vere headed here today with ! an 83-pound capsule fired j 1,200 miles into space and recovered - the first capsule ever to be retrieved after so I high a flight. The capsule carried instruments in an experiment to chart safe courses for space travelers through deadly radiation belts surrounding the earth. It was fired Monday aboard a four-stage NERV rocket from Point Arguello, Calif., north of here. The Navy announced the destroyer was due here Thursday. There's Still Time to "Get Aboard" We Have a Course and Plan of Study to meet Your Individual Needs Ouri is a school of personal service and wi can htlp you, as wi have helped others, to obtain the nacessary training for a good position in business. Let us help you to plan a course and study program that will meet your individual needs. YOU ARE INVITED to visit our school without obligating yourself in any way. Call or write ut regarding the course in which you are Interested. OBTAIN THE NECESSARY SPECIALIZED TRAINING To enable you to secure and hold the better paying positions! ROBERTSON SCHOOL OF BUSINESS MEDFORD SP 3-4264 SEPT. 26 ROSEBURG OR 3-7256 KLAMATH FALLS TU 2-4126 FALL TERM SEPT 26 be specific... say UQ PACIFIC SERVES ALL TH E WEST ir mi I i 1 , V7 For Freight and Paaaertger Mwnartiofj CALL . L J. Ziefimer, 6m. Tret, Aat. iatli. Um teedfcvtl SP3&M 1 i ... .... XeT - W.I 1U ittarj' m IV m Til . e "!,.' 7 i? m " f -w'SS ,;.." v-V'J it's

Clipped from
  1. Medford Mail Tribune,
  2. 20 Sep 1960, Tue,
  3. Page 3

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  • MMT 20 Sep 60 pg 3

    cordiamm – 23 Jan 2016

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