Ancient Egyptians connection to Leap Year

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Ancient Egyptians connection to Leap Year - - If Extra Day in Leap Year First Noted By...
- If Extra Day in Leap Year First Noted By Priests In Egypt Centuries Ago Shadow of Great Pyramid Found to be Different in Computing Seasons By MOSES B. COTSWORTH Leap - day la put Into our calendar every fourth yesr, to keep the calendar calendar In accord with the solar year, which Is 5 - hour and 48 minutes minutes longer than th usual year' 365 daya This nearly tt - houra excess excess can only be Included as the calendar' SMth day in each leap - yesr. We kno.r that the Egyptian were the first people to discover the exsct length of he year, nd consequently consequently the need for Inserting the leap - day. But It Is only within the last year that we hav re - dlsi - overed how I they did It. The writer has been ; privileged to bring (his knowledge to light, after a world - wide research. research. The evidenrea he hsa ao - cumulated Indicate that the F.gyp - i tlan discovered th length of the year and th need of a leap - yeer, by measuring the shortest yearly ahad - owa of the great pyramid. Th great pyramid was th most perfect ot Ui eerles of pyramids, which were purposely designed to keep agricultural operations true to th seasons. Its erection culminated culminated experiment made by the Egyptlsn astronomer priest who measured sun - shadows at noon and the passage of stars at midnight. In ordr to fix the recurrence of the Egyptian seasons. 52 - Degree Slope The slop of the pyramid was built to tb angle of nearly A2 - de grees. so that it apex would cast. th moon shadow on Ha meridian base - line, where It could be eaelly and accurately measured. During their date equivalent to our 27 to 29 of February, th high priest measured the shortest receding sha dow at noon, by laying their snored rod on th meridisn floor. The measuring rod w not les than 4 - feet long, because the shadow's shadow's length of February 28 was 4 - feet shorter than It was on Fobru. n - L - - - - - ry 27. They found that the short - est shadow's length In every veer that White could n menaured on 4 - foot rod, and that during each of three ouccesaive years the shadow l.nnlk.n.J fnn ......... ana uiil nays wrre luumru it tween each of thoas 3 years. Next they made th Important discovery that at the end of 4 years their dav - count nifiur e I . to .Hi diys Instesd of 363. and that the shsdow leaned bark to lea than Its length 4 yars before. Therefore Therefore It th" lean - year's shortest sha - dow at noon nu - amircd a foot, that for the first of 3 yenis is feet long; the second 2'v feet; the J , . nj, I 1 1 - - , third 3'. fret, but In the fourth yenr the .With diy's V - ng'h was 4' feet and p - ached beyond the 4 foot rod. Then next day was leaip - day when the noon shadow re - anptarp Its shadow Imped beck 4 ft, to less than S a foot in length. Visible en Feb. 29 Tf the pyramid's pointing spx hsd not since been destroyed, together together with the ralng - etnna which originally formed the perfect shadow shadow slope, that evidence would now he completely visible on Feb. 29. The reality of thst phenomenon is nevertheless born out by photographs photographs of the shadow chsnge I hid taken laxt February nnd which I am hsving taken this year on Icap - dny and March. The great pyramid's slope of 62 - degrces now yearly cuts off the sha - j dow on March 1 when the sun peeps over It e.pex. 44 feet high, end shines down the slope without, making making any noon - shadow until Oct. 14, when th noon ahodaw r - pptar bees use th lower sun I then behind behind the apex. Those dates, March 1. and Oct 14. wer not so numbered numbered In th ancient Egyptian calendar, calendar, but ar th dates In our calendar calendar to which the date In the old Egyptian calendar correspond. Thess season - finding dates were of trie greatest Importance In Ervpt. It wss only after menv trials In building pyramids that their designer at the great pyramid fixed It slope at r2 - drgrees, as the basis of whst Kter proved to be their successful experiment In finding the true length of year, by the use of the leap - year measuring of the pyramid' hortet shadows. Knowlsdg Secret Those early astronomer not only I nept mat most vbiusdw nowuge - J?,. from olhfr ,,, - h. from all outside the priesthood, by never Inserting leap - day in their public calendars. That k. - ;.; a mighty weapon In priesthood hands, until Julius Caesar conquered Kgypt and wrung' from Soslgenes. lha Egyptian tronoiner, their vital secret that the leap - day Insertion Insertion wa only msde In th controlling controlling calendar used by the priesta on the 10th. 20th, and 80th days or fach month, to declare to the people people whst agricultural and soTnrth operations must be done during the next 10 d'O's. Julius t'seser's adopted rule, In - vsriahly Inserted a leap - day In every 4 years. That was too much BSBB became nature's year Is only .54 oft a day longer tbn 3't5 days. not .2S of a d iy long"r. That frao'lomil difference canned an ceis of 10 leap - days to be inserted before Pope Gregory's r:form of the calendar In 1DKX Pope Gregory establiehed his rule wheioby three leap - day re omitted during every 400 years. SKETCH CLUB NOTES The lovely model of last week. "The Dsnclng Girl" certainly afforded afforded th members a splendid opportunity for figure work. Mrs. Jesn Eydrn made what wss considered by many of the member member to be the most charniinc sketch from this model, although the vigorous pen and Ink work of Mr. J. C. Pavls was admired, also the life - size heiid of Mrs Zella Ilcklnin In water mior. anu the psatel of Mr. 11. If Harris. Speaking of Mr. Harris' work. It has been amualn and interiwtlns nr Inte, to see what realy line results results he has ohtnlned while work ing with crayon on common brown wrapping paper of an unglszed. soft variety. Which nil goes to show tliHt it Is not hsvinit expensive tool, but the force behind the tools that makes the i - eaiilt Next cik 'The Dancing Girl" will pose egsin in ten or l.Vinlnutc poees - quick ekrl' - hes, In dlrT"rent pontilnnp - - .1. K. M. juality mo 'JgtJJ

Clipped from The Winnipeg Tribune27 Feb 1932, SatPage 11

The Winnipeg Tribune (Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada)27 Feb 1932, SatPage 11
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  • Ancient Egyptians connection to Leap Year

    staff_reporter – 22 Jan 2016

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