Clipped From Arizona Republic
Lynch is the only mine here em- jloying any number of foreigners. A few colored men came up from the Alabama fields, but only comprise comprise 15 per cent of the population of the county. All in all the -Harlan miner "is of old American stock. With the discovery of coal, however, however, came violence and the name "bloody Harlan" to the county. . • Murder --is commonplace . here. In recent years statistics show an average of nearly a murder a week, frequently "with mass shootings such as the "battle of Evarts" in May, 1931, when four men were slain and four wounded. In the past eight years, with an annual annual average of near 50 murders, murders, there has been only one execution and only four persons persons sentenced to life imprisonment imprisonment for murder. A department of justice agent familiar with the county estimated the • other day that three fourths of the men in the county carry guns. Fought Unionization The coal mines in the county— 42—are largely owned' by local men who bitterly have fought efforts efforts to unionize the miners. Organizers Organizers have been beaten and even killed during the recent years. The companies hired men who were made sheriffs deputies, and it was their business to know who and why a stranger was in town. Last year the union pushed a law through the state assembly prohibiting prohibiting the paying of deputies by the coal companies. Two years ago national guardsmen guardsmen were rushed here to rescue William Turnblazer, president ot District 19, United Mine Workers of America, and several other or- guiUrers, who were imprisoned in their hotel room by deputies. The struggle between the two groups has spread into the political picture, witn candidates dealing with both sides. Troops frequently have supervised elections in the county. Yearly the union has nibbled nibbled away at the strength of the operators, and the recent- struggle may be the operators' last defiant stand against unionization. The union has won four contracts contracts in the field—each time with the aid of a federal conciliator. The first''contract was in. 1917, which was renewed after a struggle struggle in 1919. The next contract was in 1933 under the NRA and last August they signed a contract. Today Today a federal arbitrator is helping in the struggle for an agreement.