Clipped From Arizona Republic

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 - •HARLAN, Ky., June 3—(AP)— The .process of...
•HARLAN, Ky., June 3—(AP)— The .process of changing Harlan county from a backwoods community community to a modern industrial center has been a long, bloody struggle. Twenty-eight years ago, August 5, 1911, the first carload of coal moved, out of Harlan county,,and since.-then bloodshed, strife and bitterness have marked the changing changing -of an isolated, impoverished community to a comparatively •wealthy, modem industrial region. National guardsmen in Harlan Harlan county are no novelty, having having been here six times in eight years. As'one guardsman expressed it: 'In the past I have been protecting protecting miners. I have protected protected Democrats against Republicans, Republicans, and Republicans •gainst Democrats. Now we are protecting the operators— •o who in the hell. are we supposed to shoot?" . Pictorially Harlan county is as peaceful a looking spot as nature could fashion. Round-top hills completely completely surround the city of Harlan. Harlan. The dense foliage hides bare spots and in the late evening and early morning heavy clouds or mist obscure the summits. Atmosphere Of Peace An atmosphere of beauty and peace lulls the visitor who is- not familiar with the turmoil that' is hidden underneath. At the start of the century Harlan Harlan was a pleasant frontier community community hidden in the hills of Southeastern Southeastern Kentucky. It had a population population of less than 10,000 and tne city of Harlan was named Mount Pleasant. There were no railroads and the state sent in more money than it- derived in taxes. There was a small logging industry, but agriculture was the principal occupation. occupation. In 1904, Mount Pleasant was renamed Harlan, and a few years later a rich vein of coal was discovered, and with it Harlan began remoulding its life, The Louisville and Nashville railroad ran a line into the county in 1910, and during the next decade Harlan began a tremendous expansion. expansion. The population of the county jumped to 70,000 with a great influx of persons from Tennessee, Tennessee, North Carolina and West Virginia. Miner Is Old American A feature of the immigration was the few foreign-born men who came to the fields. The United States Coal and Coke Company at

Clipped from
  1. Arizona Republic,
  2. 04 Jun 1939, Sun,
  3. Page 62

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