Aug 1963: M.L. King Jr. gives his "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington

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Aug 1963: M.L. King Jr. gives his "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington - I a a MARCHERS AT LINCOLN MEMORIAL—This view...
I a a MARCHERS AT LINCOLN MEMORIAL—This view from a helicopter shows Washington demonstrators gathering at the Lincoln Memorial. (AP VYirephoto) 200,000 Marchers Ask Negro Rights L ^ j WASHINGTON (AP) - In a great, dramatic demonstration, more than 200,000 Negroes and whi t e sympathizers massed before before tlie Abraham Lincoln Memorial Memorial Wednesday ami demanded across-the-board abolition of race discrimination. Then, after the "march for jobs and freedom,” President Kennedy Kennedy asserted that "the cause of 20 million Negroes has boon advanced” advanced” by the gigantic, orderly orderly assemblage. Kennedy conferred vvilh 10 march leaders at the V.liitr House and issued a statement pledging a continued drive for civil rights legislation, the removal of job barriers, better education and full employment. It was appropriate, he said, that the demonstration was conducted before the nation’s shrine to the Great Emancipator. By special train, plane, buses, private automobiles — and even in some cases on foot—tnc marchers marchers poured into the capital. As they headed homeward Wednesday Wednesday night, police and national guardsmen mustered to cope with feared disorder eouid report that only three arrests had been made —and not one arrested was a demonstrator- Many Fainted Though die temperature was a balmy 84 and a cool wind stirred, many marchers fainted. More than 1,700 were treated for ills such as ribs fractured in the crush, headaches and insect bites. Gathering around tlie Washington Washington Monument, the great sea of humanity moved toward the Lincoln Lincoln Memorial, which enshrines tlie marble statue of tlie man who freed the slaves 100 years ago. Softly, as they went, they chanted chanted the familiar civil rights hymn: "Deep in my heart I do beLieve . . . some day we shall overcome.” overcome.” Luther King S|x«ech Of all the speeches at the memorial, memorial, the one that divw the strongest applause was made by i the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King j Jr., head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Departing I from bis advance text, he said: "I still have a dream, a dream deeply rooted in the American ¡dream — one day this nation will rise up and live up to its creed, 'we hold these truths to ho self- evident, that all men are created ' equal’. "I have a dream that one day in Alabama, little blade boys and little black girls will be able to go hand in hand together with little little white boys and little white girls as brothers and sisters.” The movement out of the city was so peareful that by 7.15 p m., EDT, at Union Station only 900 of tlie mare than 20,000 who came by train were still awaiting departure. departure. Police Estimate The estimate of more than 200,- 1 000 participants came from the Washington chief of polk-e, RoE ert V. Murray. He mane rile assessment assessment in midaftemoon and added: "Up to now it's been a very orderly crowd, a very orderly orderly gathering.” At 4:24 p.m the march officially officially ended, with a plea from leaders for all to go home peacefully. The throngs began dispersing quietly. A holiday atmosphere pervaded the city. Many government workers workers took the day off and many business offices closed. Stores in the downtown area were largely deserted. Congregating at the Lincoln Memorial, the vast audience stretched far back toward the east end of tile reflecting pool. At the memorial, they heard many speeches, many songs and spirituals. They heard speakers demand passage of President ! Kennedy’s civil rights bill—and much more. A. Philip Randolph, 74-year-old prime promoter of tlie march, struck at those who want to amend the program to exempt little establishments establishments from the proposed antidiscrimination ban — places like "Mrs. Murphy’s boarding house.” "We must destroy the notion," said Randolph, the president of the AFL - cio Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, "that Mrs. Murphy's property rights include the right to humilate me because of tixe color of my skin.” A great cheer went up when RandoLph announced that more than 150 members of Congress were in seats on the broad marble steps of the memorial. Film star Buri Lancaster unrolled unrolled a scroll he had brought with him by plane from Americans Americans in Paris. It expressed hope that all Americans would be "liberated "liberated from tiie prison of their biases and fears.” There were hundreds of cases of heat exhaustion or fainting most cf them released after treatment at first aid stations. | i i reported| j

Clipped from
  1. The Pocono Record,
  2. 29 Aug 1963, Thu,
  3. Page 31

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  • Aug 1963: M.L. King Jr. gives his "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington

    staff_reporter – 16 Dec 2015

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